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Full text of "The Pickering genealogy : being an account of the first three generations of the Pickering family of Salem, Mass., and of the descendants of John and Sarah (Burrill) Pickering, of the third generation"

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3 1833 01419 4549 




jFirst %\)m (fenerations 

* OF 






AND . , ; 


Vol. I. 

Pages 1-287. 




^i ' BT^<'!5i 

' I 

Coptiright, 1S97, 
Bt Charles P. Bowditch. 


TTwrrEEBiTY Press : 
JoHM Wilson and Son, CAMBBiDfiE, U.S.A. 

*^ ~ ■ -. 


IN 1887 I published, under the title of "The Pickering Genealogy, 
comprising the descendants of John and Sarah (Burrill) Pickering, 
of Salem," seventy sheets which contained the names and dates of the 
birth, death, and marriage of the descendants of John and Sarah 
Pickering, and of their husbands and wives, as far as they had been 
ascertained. I stated in the preface of the index to that publication 
that the general plan of "The Pickering Genealogy" was: — 

First. To print in the form of sheets (like those to which this volume is 
an index) as complete a list as possible of the descendants of the tirst JOHX 
PICKERING, who came to Salem about 1636, tracing out the female as fuUj 
as the male descent. 

Second. To issue a book, referring to the names on the sheets, and giving, 
as far as practicable, sketches of the individuals whose names are there recorded, 
with statistical information as to the size of families, length of life, birth of 
twins, preponderance of male or female children, etc., in tlie different generations. 

Third. To trace, either in the above book or on additional sheets, the 
ancestry of the men and women who have married descendants of John 

The scope of this plan was so large that I have been unable to carry 
it out in full, and I have limited the work in the fourth and succeeding 
generations to the descendants of the third John Pickering, although a 
great deal of information has been obtained about the descendants of the 
other children of the second John Pickering and of his brother Jonathan. 

At the time that the sheets were printed, nothing was known about 
the descendants of Nathaniel Gardner Dabney [5. VTI. 32] and of Lois 


Pickering [6(3. VI. 13-i]. Since tlien I liave obtained information about 
these descendants, ■vvhicli is printed on the new sheets, 5, 5*, 5**, 5°, 5^ 
66, 66", and 6G"'. Additional information relating- to the names on the 
original seventy sheets is printed on the thi-ee sheets of Additions and 

In attempting to cany out the plan set forth in the second para- 
graph above referred to, the present volumes have been printed. They 
contain, as far as practicable, sketches of the individuals whose names 
are recorded on the sheets ; while statistical information as to the size 
of families, length of hfe, etc., will be found at the end of the third 

The plan as set forth in the third paragraph has been carried out 
in manuscript, but it seems very doubtful whether it will be possible 
to print the ancestry sheets of the men and women who have married 
into the Pickering family, although I now have in manuscript nearly a 
thousand pedigrees of these persons. 

The sketches given in these volumes are, in many cases, very short, 
which is, in a great measure, owing to the unwillingness of some fami- 
lies to give the information which has been asked for. In other cases, 
the sketches seem to be mere eulogies, wliich is owing to the fact that 
obituary notices taken from newspapers are very apt to extol the vir- 
tues and to keep silent about the peculiarities of deceased citizens. 
Through the seventh generation authorities have usually been given in 
the notes, where the sketch is an extended one, but additions have 
often been made from family letters, for which it has been thought 
unnecessary to give the authorities. Through this generation also any 
discrepancies in the dates of birth, death, and mamage, as given by 
different authorities, have been stated in the notes at the foot of the 
page, but in the generations after the seventh, it has not been thought 
necessary to mark these discrepancies with so great care. Through 
the seventh generation every name which appears on the sheets is 
given in the text, except of those persons who died at an early age; 
but after the seventh generation the names of persons have been 
omitted about whom nothing more was known than merely their 


birth, death, occupation, or residence. In carrying out this plan, I 
have not attempted to give sketches of any one beyond the tenth 

I have endeavored to obtain heliotypes of as many of the portraits 
of the men and women of tlie earlier generations as possible, and in 
this endeavor I have been very much assisted by the owners of these 
portraits, with a single exception. I have also included more than 
twenty heliotypes of the houses which have been occupied by various 
members of tlie family. 

Among the material collected is a large amount of data related to 
the allied families of the earlier generations, notably those of BuiTill, 
Hardy, lugersoll, Gardner, Pickman, Cabot, Jackson, Lowell, etc. It 
was my intention to print pedigrees of a number of these families in 
this work, and many had been partially prepared for this purpose, but, 
owing to Mr. EUery's illness, only two of these were completed, and 
these, relating to the Burrill and Orne families, will be found in their 
proper places. 

In the sketches which are given in the work, figui-es which appear 
against the proper names — as, for instance, 5. VI. 2 — refer to the 
sheet, generation, and the indi\adual, respectively. The names and 
numbers in brackets which follow the name of the individual refer to 
his or her parent on the Pickering side. Then follow the place of 
birth and death, and the occupation and residence, as far as known, — 
the residence and occupation given referring to the last residence and 
the usual occupation. The word " probably " is often used in connec- 
tion with the place of birth or death, where no exact infonnation on 
this point was found, but where there was very little doubt on the 

It has often been difficult to decide upon the form of spelling which 
belongs to both the Christian name and the surname. For instance, 
Lowell appears to have formerly been spelled Lowle ; Raymond was 
formerly spelled Rayment; Orne, Home, etc. As a rule, the modern 
spelling has been adhered to. In some cases, an unusual spelling has 
been accepted on the authority of the family. 


The term "Aiice.-try Tables," as used in the text, refers to the 
manuscript ancestry sheets in my possession. Where tliese words are 
preceded by tlie word " See," tables of more or less extent exist, but 
where the words " Ancestry Tables " are used by themselves, it merely 
shows that a number is rt-servL-d for the ancestry of the individual after 
whoso name these words occur. In tracing back the ancestry of those 
who have married into the family, I have gone back only to the first 
immigrant, and have not included in the lists the names of those who 
lived or died on the other side of the ocean. 

The names which follow in the text after the words "His (or her) 
ancestry includes the following families," refer to the stocks of the 
individual as far as I have been able to ascertain them. 

An index of names has been added to the third volume, containing an 
alphabetical list of all persons whose names appear in the following 
pages; and an index of families is also appended, containing an alpha- 
betical list of the family stocks from which the consorts of the mem- 
bers of the Pickering family have drawn their birth, and thus showing 
the common ancestry of these consorts. I have not thought it wise 
to increase the size of these volumes by adding an index of places. 

The statistical tables at the end of the third volume explain them- 
selves. These tables were compiled several months ago, and, therefore, 
do not include all the names which have been collected while the 
volumes were passing through the press. 

In the collection of material for this work, in preparing it for the 
press, and in the tabulation of the Ancestry Tables, Mr. Harrison 
EUery has devoted nearly ten years of his life. He has travelled over 
most of the New England States ; has examined state, county, town, 
and church archives ; has transcribed many inscriptions from grave- 
stones; has considted very many town histories, works on family 
genealogies, and files of newspapers; has visited many families, and 
has conducted a wide correspondence. To him, therefore, belongs, to 
a very large extent, the credit, as well as the responsibility, of this 
work. And it is a very great sorrow to me that, owing to an acute 
attack of a disease of his eyes, Mr. Ellery was unable to finish his 


work. I must, tln-refore, ask the indul<,^euce of my readers for wliat- 
ever imperfections may be found in the hist one hundred and fifty 
pages of the text, whicli liave passed through the press under my care. 
In preparing the Ancestry Tables and the sketches contained in 
these volumes, I have received most valuable assistance from members 
of the family, and from others who have taken an interest in the work. 
Among those to whom I am especially indebted are Francis H. Lee, 
Esq., George R. Curwen, Esq., Perley Derby, Esq., Samuel H. Gooch, 
Esq., and Miss Sai-ah Clark. 


December 1, 1897. 



Preface v 

The Name of Pickering ix England 1 

Pickering Coats of Arms in England and America 10 

Other Settlers of the Name of Pickering 14 

First Generation 17 

Second " 28 

Third " 44 

Fourth " 67 

Fifth " 88 

Sixth " 176 

Seventh " 288 

Eighth " 498 

Ninth " 773 

Tenth " 1009 

Index of Names 1089 

Index of Families 1179 

Tables of Statistics 

BuRRiLL Pedigree Between pages 46 and 47 

Oene " " " 68 " 69 


Pickering House in Salem Frontispiece 

Ruins of i'ickering Castle to face page I 

Seal of John Pickering [III] 10 

Pickering Coat of Arms 11 

Silver Watch and Seal of Timothy Pickering [V] 12 

Agreement between the Town of Salem and John Pickering [I] for Building a 

Meeting-house 18 

Deed of Pickering Land in Salem 20 

Back of Fire-place in Pickering House in Salem 23 

Interior of East Room in Pickering House, showing Furniture made by Rev. Theoph- 

ilus Pickering [IV] 24 

Communion Service given to the First Church in Lynn by John Burrill and Theoph- 

ilus Burrill 48 

Commission of William I'ickeriug [III] 57 

Portrait of Lois (Pickering) Orne [lY] 67 

" Esther (Orne) Gardner [V] 90 

" Samuel Gardner \Y} 91 

Gardner Coat of Arms 94 

Portrait of Timothy Orne [V] 95 

House of Timothy Orne [\^ 96 

Portrait of Rebecca (Taylor) Orne [V] 97 

House of James Diman [\^] 98 

Portrait of Isaac Peirce [V] 106 

House of John Clarke [V] Ill 

Portrait of Mary (Pickering) Leavitt [V] 112 

" Rev. Dudley Leavitt [V] 113 

" Lydia (Pickering) Williams [V] 118 

House of Rev. Paine Wingate [V] 128 

Portrait of Timothy Pickering [V] 133 

" Rebecca (White) Pickering [V] 160 


I'ortrait of Lucia (Pickoriug) Dodge [V] to face page IQZ 

" Israel Dodge [V] 165 

" Esther (Gardner) ^Mackcy [VI] I79 

" Daniel Mackey [VI] 180 

" Rev. Thomas liarnard [VI] 181 

House of Rev. Thomas Barnard [VI] 183 

Portrait of Elizabeth (Gardner) Dabuey [VI] 185 

" Rebecca (Orne) Cabot [VI] 186 

" Joseph Cabot [VI] 187 

House of Joseph Cabot [VI] 187 

Portrait of Elizabeth (Pynchon) Orne [VI] 188 

House of Clark Gayton Pickman [VI] 189 

Portrait of Lois (Orne) Paine [VI] 189 

" William Paine [VI] 190 

House of AVilliam Paine [VI] 192 

Portrait of Rev. John Clarke [VI] I93 

" Eunice (Diman) ^Nfason [VI] 196 

" Thomas Jlason [VI] 196 

House of Jonathan Haraden [VI] 198 

Portrait of Eunice (Orne) Green [VI] 200 

" Rev. Aaron Green [VI] 201 

House of John Orne [VI] 203 

Portrait of Benjamin Goodhue [VI] 207 

House of Benjamin Goodhue [VI] 208 

Portrait of Frances (Richie) Goodhue [VI] 209 

House of Joohua Phippen [VI] 211 

Portrait of Joseph Peirce [VI] 213 

" Ann (Dawes) Peirce [VI] 216 

" Isaac Peirce [VI] 218 

Peirce Coat of Arms 225 

House of Jerathmeel Peirce [\T] 226 

Portrait of Ichabod Xichols [VI] 228 

" Francis Cabot [VI] 234 

" Mary (Lcavitt) Orne [VI] 234 

" Samuel Williams [VI] 239 

" Mary (T\'il]iams) Pratt [VI] 243 

" William Pratt [VI] 244 

" Stephen Williams [VI] 245 

" Loammi Baldwin [VI] 247 

" Charles Williams [VI] 249 


Portrait of Samuel Blauchard [VI] to face page 21'.) 

" Samuel Pickering Gardner [\'I] 250 

" Rebecca Russell (Lowell) Gardner [VI] 251 

" Sarah (Gooll) Putnam [VI] 252 

" Samuel Putnam [VI] 253 

House of Samuel Putnam [VI] 254 

Portrait of George Wingate [VIj 256 

" John Pickering [VI] 258 

Houses of John and Henry Pickering [VI] 261 

Portrait of Henry Pickering [VI] 263 

" Octavius Pickering [VI] 2tJ5 

" Jane (Pratt) Pickering [VI] 266 

" Elizabeth (Pickering) Dorsey [VI] 269 

House of Hammond Dorsey [VI] 270 

Portrait of Pickering Dodge [VI] 273 

" Rebecca (Jenks) Dodge [VI] 273 

House of Pickering Dodge [VI] 273 

Portrait of John Stone [VI] 274 

" Eliza (Dodge) Devereux [VI] 275 

" Humphrey Devereux [VI] ojg 

House of Humphrey Devereux [\'I] 277 

Portrait of George Gardner Lee [VII] 290 

" William Colman Lee [VII] 292 

" Benjamin Carpenter [VII] 293 

" Joseph Lee [VII] 294 

" Henry Lee [VII] 300 

" Edward West [VIT] 303 

" Elizabeth Gardner [VII] 3O7 

" Esther 0. (Paine) Cabot [VII] 313 

" Catherine S. P. (Orne) Gushing [VII] 3I4 

" Ichabod Tucker [VII] 3I8 

House of Icliabod Tucker [VII] 3J8 

Portrait of Harriet (Paine) Rose [VII] 319 

" Joseph Warner Rose [VII] 320 

" Harriet (Orne) Emerson [VII] 332 

" Hubbard Emerson [VII] 330 

" Sophia B. P. (Orne) Spencer fV^II] 333 

" Henry Prince [M^I] 333 

« William Ward [VII] 337 

" Jonathan Goodhue [VII] 344 


Portrait of CatLerme K. (Clarkson) Gooilhuc [VII] to face page ^& 

" Joseph Hardy Peirce [VII] 353 

" Ann (Peirce) Lathrop [VII] 355 

" Solomon Towne [VII] 368 

" George Mcliols [VII] 380 

House of George Nichols [VII] 381 

Portrait of Betsey (Peirce) Nichols [VII] 382 

Ichabod Nichols [VII] 383 

" William Kopes [VII] '. 388 

John Bertrain [VII] 402 

Joseph Orne [VII] 410 

" Mary H. (V\^hite) Gile [VII] 411 

Elizabeth L. (Payson) Goddard [VII] 412 

« Dudley Leavitt Pickman [VII] 414 

House of Dudley Leavitt Pickman [VII] 414 

Portrait of Theodore Lyman [VII] = 418 

" Mary E. (Henderson) Lyman [VII] 420 

Charles Pickering [VIl] ....,.■ 452 

« Mary J. (Dodge) Jenks [VII] 460 

Lucy P. (Dodge) Allen [VII] 460 

John Eiske Allen [VII] 461 

House of John Henry Silsbee [VII] 463 

Portrait of Lucy P. (Stone) Robinson [VII] 464 

John Robinson [VII] 465 

John Clarke Lee [VIII] 499 

Harriet P. (Rose) Lee [VIII] 500 

Henry Wheatland [VIII] 518 

Bailey Loring [VIII] 520 

" Thomas Wren Ward [VIII] 554 

« Lydia (Gray) Ward [VIII] 555 

" Mary Orne Pickering [VIII] 677 

« Richard Saltonstall Rogers [VIII] 685 



No connection between any family of Pickerings in England and John 
Pickering of Saleui has as yet been established; and, in fact, no 
special effort has been madw to discover such a connection. Plence this 
preliminary chapter is devoted simply to showing hoAv the name of Pickering 
existed in England for several centuries before the settlement of this coun- 
try, and to stating in a general way its position there to-day. 

The derivation and meaning of surnames are generally matters of con- 
jecture, and most of the books which attempt to explain them are tmsatis- 
factory. In only two of these works have we found the name of Pickering 
mentioned. One of them, " The Nomian People," gives Beckering and 
Pickering as having the same coats of arms. The different Beckering arms 
which Burke gives vai-y but slightly. One is chequy argent and gules, a 
bend sable. The same author gives several Pickering coats of arms, and 
only one of them is similar to this Beckering one. Mark Antony Lower 
says: "Some printers in recent times have imitated their typographical 
ancestors by the introduction of their rebus on titlepage. Some of ^h: 
Pickering's books have an anticjue device representing a ' pike and a ring.' " 
In his " Patronymica Britannica" he gives us no additional information. 
He merely says: "Pickering— A market town in the N(orth) Pi(iding) of 
Yorkshire. The name is widely spread over many counties, and there are 
about twenty coats assigned to it." 

The name is doubtless territorial, as the prefix "de" shows. It is still 
continued in the market town of Pickering, where stand the ancient ruins 
of Pickering Castle. The town and castle have been described as follows: 

" Pickerin<T (which g-ives the name to the wapentake) is a .small market and parish 
town, eight miles from Kiikhy Moorsidc, and nineteen from Scarborough. The 


murket is held on Monday ; and there are fairs on the Monday before February 14:, 
Monday before May 13, September 25, and tlic Monday before November 23. In 1821 
this town contained two thousand seven hundred and forty-six inhabitants. 

'• This town belonj^s to the duchy of Lancaster, having jurisdiction over several 
neighboring villages, called the honour of Piclcering. It is a place of great antiquity, 
and formerly sent two members to parliament, but it no longer retains that privilege. 
The town is long and straggling, Ijut is pleasantly situate on an eminence, at the 
bottom of which runs a brook called Pickering beck. 

"The church, an ancient and spacious building, witli a lofty spire, is dedicated to 
Saint Peter. Xear (lie nurthcrn extremity of the town stands the castle, which is now 
in a very ruinous state ; and part of the ground within the walls is converted into 
gardens. The brow of the hill commands a delightful view over the vale of Pickering, 
celebrated for its fertility. In the reign of King Henry III., William Lord Dacre was 
owner of this castle and lordship; it afterwards became the property of Edmund 
Plantagenet, second son of King Ilenry III., who was succeeded by his son, Thomas 
Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster : in the tyrannic reign of Edward II. he was beheaded 
at Pontefract, in the year 1322. This manor and castle, with all its appendages were 
afterward given to the Lady Blanch, then the wife of John of Gaunt, duke of Lan- 
caster. Richard II. was for some time imprisoned in the castle here, before his 
removal to Pontefract. This castle was of an irregular figure : in the first court were 
four towers, one of which was called Rosamond's tower ; in the inner court were three 
towers, beside the keep, which stood on a circular mount, surrounded by a deep ditch. 
The whole of this once stupendous castle is now a mass of ruins. Pickering forest 
was an appurtenance to the castle, and was very extensive. There is here a subscrip- 
tion library, and an endowed free school. The town has an ancient honour coni't for 
the recovery of debts, and the trial of actions, where the matter in dispute does not 
exceed the value of 40s." ^ 

Mention of this castle and forest is frequently made in ancient English 
records. In " Syllabus of Rvmer's Fanlera," Vol. I. p. G7, is tlie following: 
"Henry III., Aug. 8, 1201, H. abp. of Canterbury sends a copy of a bull of 
pope xMex. (IV.) by which he excommunicates Hugh le Bigod, unless he 
gives up the castles -of Scarbnro' and Pickering." On page 184, the name is 
again mentioned: "Oct. G, 1314, commission to Robert de Pickeryng, dean 
of York and others, to treat with the embassadors of Robert de Brus, respect- 
ing a truce." 

It seems highly probable that the Pickering family derived Its name 

• A New and Complete History of the County of York, by Thomas Allen, Vol. 6, pp. 


from this town of Pickering ; perhaps it originated here. However this 
may be, Pickering is certainly a name of great antiquity, and was borne 
by a family whose services and alliances were most impoitant. Like 
most surnames, it has been variously spelled, but rarely, if ever, in such 
a way that it could be mistaken for any other name. In early works the 
" c " is generally omitted, and the name is commonly written Pikering, 
Pykering, Pykeryng, or something resembling one of these three. 

Many publications of the Public Record Office of Great Britain have 
been examined, and it is found that in most of them the name appears to be 
both that of a place and of an individual. 

It is unnecessary for our purpose to give all the passages where the 
name occurs, but a few are cited. 

In 1203, Robert de Pickering appears in the Charter Rolls. 

" Abbreviatio Rotulorum Originalium," (Edw. I.) Vol. I. p. 133, gives 
Jlagi* Witts de Pykering, and in the second volume of the same work 
several others of the name appear. 

" Taxatio Ecclesiastica," taken about 1291 ; "Rotuli Litterarum Paten- 
tium" (Edw. I.) ; and tlie Hundred Rolls (Edw. I.) abound in the name. 

Thomas de Pikering, Chivaler, is found in " Calendarium Inquisitio- 
num Post Mortem" (Edw. III.); and the name of Pickering occurs in 
many other places in the various records of this character. In one of these 
works, "The Parliamentary Writs," under the head of Alphabetical Digest, 
Vol. I. p. 782, and Vol. II. pp. 1290-1291, we find several persons of the 
name, viz. : 

1324. Adam de Pikering, Bailiff of the Libertj of Scarboronirh. 17 Ed. II. 

1311. John de Pikering, Citizen returned for Canterbury -Parliament at London. 

1813. John Pikerins: Manucaptor of Johannes de V^vuonia, Knt of the Shire, 

ret'd for Wilts, 6 Ed. II. 

1313. John de Pikering obtains a pardon, as an adherent of the Earl of Lan- 
caster for his participation in the death of Gavaston and the disturbance occasioned 
thereby. Tested at Westm' 16 Oct. 7 Ed. IL 

1316. Richard de Pikering . . . certified, pnrsnant to writ tested at Clipston, 
5 March, as one of the Lords of the Township of Oswald Kirk and Lord of Ample- 
furth, in the County of York 9 Ed. IL 

1314. Roger de Pikering, Burgess returned to Parliament for Leicester. 

1318. Roger de Pikering as one of the adherents of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, 


obtains a pardon for all felonies and trespasses ciimniitted Ky him up to tlie 7lh 
August then last. Tested at York 1 Nov. 12. Ed. 11. 

1301, 2, 5, 7. ^Villiam de Pikering summoned to Parliament. 

1307. Ambassador to Rome ; canon of Cathedral of Lineoln. 

1294. Tiiomas de Pikering, Assessor and Collector in the County of Westmorland ; 

1300. Ri-turned from the Wapentake of Herthill in the county of York, as hold- 
ing lands or rents either in Capite or otherwise to the amount of i!4rO yearly value, 
and upwards, and as such summuned under the general writ to perform military 
service against the Scots. 

1309. Commanded to repair to his demesnes in thr Jlaiehes in order to defend 
the same against the Scots. 

1312. Summoned to appear before the King at York to treat upon certain 
arduous affairs. 

1312. Summoned to meet the King at Pontbell or Battle Bridge to do and perform 
what should be then and there enjoined. 

1316. Certified as one of the Lords of the Township of Ellerton ^ in the County 
of York. 

Robert de Pikering (Jlagistcr Robertus de Pikering, Pykcring, Pykeryngg) was 
summoned to Parliament from the year 1301 to 1325, almost continuously. In 1302, 
March 18, he was .summoned to give counsel on the King's affairs. 

1305. '• One of the Canons of the Cathedral of York . . . the King addresses 
a writ to the Chapter, requesting that he may be cxcuseil from residence whilst 
attending the ' Council' in Loudon.'' The same year summoned to appear at the 
E.xchequer at York prepared and ready to proceed aa the King's Ambassador to the 
Court of Rome. 

1307. One of the Canons of the Cathedral of Lincoln, appears as the Procurator 
of the Chapter at Parliament at Carlisle. 

1322. Robert de Pikering, a townsman of CambridLre charged with having 
joined in the great riot against the University. Sjn'cial eununission of oyer and 
terminer issued for trying him. Tested at York IS ifay, 15 Ed. II. 

From these sources and the county histories it would appear that the 
name of Pickering at this early period was confined to tlie northern counties. 
In fact, at no time have we fouiul tlie name prevailing in the south of 

The following accounts are extracts from the county histories of 

* In 1410, the family seat was still at Elh'rton, for Thomas Palmes, Esq., in that year 
married a daiii^liter of Juhn Pickering, Ksip, of Ellrrton. (Burke's Commoners, Vol. I. p. 

Yorkshire, Engl.a.nd. 

f T-' ^^rn^mr^^-rr^' 

, . =;ii':s"W' 




The History of Westiuorlund iind Cumberland stiites ibat, — 

"Killiugton and Fiibaiik were aacieutly one manor. The latter was not so-called 
as having heretofore been planted with hr-trees ; for the ancient name of it univer- 
sally was Frithbank." 

"In the rei'j;n of king Edward the first we find one William de Frithbank a juror 
on several imiuisitions post mortcin of the Taleboid family : But the manor at the 
same time was in the name and family of Pickering. The of the name of Pick- 
ering that came to Killiugton, was William de Pykcringo, son of Thomas, in the 
reign of king Henry the tliird. For in the 44th year of that king, Peter de 
Brus the third, grants to William de Pykcringe the manor of Killington : To hold 
to the said 'William and his heirs and to his assigns (except Jews and religious 
persons), of him the said Peter and his heirs in fee with all the game thereof and 
other appurtenances whatsoever. Saving to him the said Peter, during his life, 
freedom of chase for himself or his men, at their pleasure, within the boundaries of 
the said manor ; yet so, that neither he nor any for him shall have entry into the 
inclosed grounds to make chase. Rendering for the same yearly a pair of gilt spurs, 
or sixpence, at the Feast of Pentecost ; and doing service of the iOth part of one 
knight's fee when occasion shall be, for all services, suits of court, and other customs. 
He grants moreover to the said William, his heirs and assigns, that they shall have 
the same liberty in pursuing the game out of the boundaries of Killington as far as 
the limits of that part of the forest of the Hay, which belongs to "Walter de Lindesay 
and in driving back the same with their men and dogs, which he, the said Peter him- 
self, had : So nevertheless that they shall claim no such liberty in the said Peter's 
part of the forest of the Hay." 

Tlien follows a genealocry of the Pickering family. The Pickering 
arms are given as ermine, a lion rampant azure, crowned or.^ 

The following condensed account is taken from the History of North- 
amptonshire : '^ 

William Earl of Worcester in seventh year of Edward VI. having obtained a 
fresh grant of the manor of Tichmersh sold it with the advowsons of Tichmersh and 
Aldwincle to Gilbert Pickering, and to John, James, and Boniface, sons of the said 
Gilbert. In the thirty-third year of Queen Elizabeth died John Pickering, Esq. 

* The History and .Vntiquities of the Counties of Wpstmorland and Cumberland, by 
Joseph Nicolson, Esq., and Eichard Burn, LL.D. Vol. I. pp. 261 -203. Page 408 gives 
an account of the Pickering family of Crosby. 

' The History and Antiquities of Xorthamptonshire, compiled from the manuscript 
collection of the late learned antiquary, John Bridges, Esq., by the Kev. Peter Whalley. 
Vol. II. pp. 383-387. 


Gilbert Pickering descended from an ancient and rcsjirctable family in the 
county of Westmorland. lie was second son to John Pickering of Gretton in this 
county, second son of Sir James Pickering of Wynunderwater, Knt. 

Gilbert Pickering held employment under the Lord Treasurer Burleigh. 

On the north side of the chancel of the church of Tichmersh the principal burial 
place of the Pickerings, are several monumental inscriptions to members of the 
family. Against the north wall is a monument to Sir John Pickering, of Tichmersh, 
Knt. who died in the year 1627 on which it says " Here are also interred diverse of 
the lineal ancestors of the first named Sir John." "This monument was erected in 
the year 1608 by the last named Sir John Pykeriug in memory of his pious ances- 
tors and relations who (according to the direction of the Holy Apostle) were rich 
in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate. St. Paul to Timothy." 
There is also a monument " In memory of the late Reverend and Learned Theophilus 
Pickering, D.D." who died 20 March 1710. It bears a long inscription, setting forth 
his good works. He was son of Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bart.^ 

The following- account is taken from " The Topographer and Gene- 
alogist" from -which it appears that a family of Pickerings located at 
Charleston, S. C, were descended from the occupants of Thelwall Manor. 

" The Pickerinors who were next in possession of the manor of Thelwall -were of 
a very ancient descent in the county of Chester, and appear to have been from time 
immemorial landed proprietors in that palatinate. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth 
they were settled at Walford in the parish of Runcorn which had long been the seat 
of their ancestors, and the names of members of the family for successive generations 
will be found in the early registers at Daresbury." 

After reciting the pedigree at length, the account goes on : — 

" John Pickering, Esq., elder son and heir was born in 1645 and was entered a 
student of Gray's Inn, anno lOGl. He was shortly after called to the Bar by that 
Society, but succeeding to an amf)le fortune did not long continue in practice." 

" His third son was Danby of London, merchant and had numerous issue." 

A foot-note adds the following account of Danby's children : — 

" Several of his sons went out in early life and settled in Xorth America. One 
of them, Samuel Pickering, died a merchant at Charlestown, South CaroUna, in 1737. 

> See a pedigree of the family of Gilbert Pickering in A Genealogical and Heraldic 
History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland by John Burke. Vol. II. pp. 
191- 195. 


Auother member of the same branch of this family, Joseph Pickering, Esq. died 
shortly after his return from Suutli Carolina in 1757. Tliere is the following memo- 
rial to him in Wiiippiugham church-yard near East Cowes, Isle of Wight : ' Here rest 
the remains ot Mr. Joseph Pickering, merchant, who died at Southampton, 21st July, 
1757, aged 36 years. And was interred at this place, at his own request, a few weeks 
after his arrival from Charlestown, South Carolina, where many years he conducted 
business with credit to himself, integrity to his friends and emoUunent to his family. 
In remembrance of his social and domestic virtues this stone is inscribed by his 
afflicted widow.' The last survivor uf this branch of the family was Michael Picker- 
ing of Stepney, brother of the last named Joseph." ^ 

From Smith's " Old Yorkshire " we make the following- abstract: — 

About half way between Leeds and Dewsbury, Yorkshire, stands Tingley Hall. 
Just beyond the fence wall separating the Park from the road is Tingley Burial 
Ground, which more than two centuries ago belonged to a small body of Congrega- 
tional Dissenters or Independents who worshipped in a chapel at Topcliffe. The 
chapel was built and given to the Independents by Mr. John Pickering, son of Captain 
Thomas Pickering, an old Republican officer who lived in the neighborhood. In 
addition to the gift of the chapel it is said that Mr. Pickering gave a handsome piece 
of ground at Tingley for a burial place, and had wholly, or partly, built a wall round 
it at his own expense. The church records connected with the Independents at 
Topcliffe are preserved in manuscript and commence Feb. 5, 1653, evidently indicat- 
ing the society's origin. 

Among the chief heads of families of the society at Topcliffe, of which 
there were about thirty, was Captain John Pickering, whose death is thus 
recorded in the Register of Topcliffe as quoted in " Old Yorkshire." 

"1699. Our bond, elder Mr. John Pickering (who built the buring place) dyed 
about 4 in ye afternoon and was buried in the 75th year of his age. — Apl. 22." 

" Thoresby in his diary records : — 'Pastor Elston was married in 1685 to Miss Mary 
Pickering, grand-daughter of Captain Thomas Pickering, an old Republican Officer.' "- 

From " The Registers of Topcliffe and Morley " we make the following 
quotations : — 

"The Church met for worship in Topcliffe Hall, then inhabited by Captain Picker- 
ing, a person in whom Cromwell expressed great confidence." 

" ' Here lyeth interred the bodi of Captain John Pickering who died the 18th of 
April, 1699, in the year of his age 75, and also of Deborah his wife who died Novem- 

* The Topographer and Genealogist, Vol. I. pp. 441-4."3, by John Gough Xichols. 

* Old Yorkshire, edited by TVilliam Smith, Vol. I. pp. IDG, lOS. 


ber oth, 1*3^3 in the TO year of her age, daugliter to Horatio Eure, Esquire, and sister 
to the Right Hnuoural)le Lords G. and R. Etire.' (The fine parchment pedigree of the 
Lords Eure, with special reference to the Pickerings of Tingley, the Heskeths, and the 
Swaines, is preserved at Braboeiif Manor, Guildford.; " 

" ' Here lyeth interred the body of Robert Pickeringe Preacher of the Gospell att 
Morley wlio accounted himself the meanest servant in the work of Christ, who de- 
parted this life October the 11th 1G80. Master of Art, Sidney College, Cambridge.' " ^ 

It would be natural to look for scions of so prolific n stock in London ; 
and we find that it flourished there at least one hundred years before the 
emigration to New England ; also, at that period and later, the name 
frequently appears in the parish registers of London, printed by the 
Harleian Society. The Visitation of London gives a brief pedigree of one 
branch of the family. 

The following abstracts of English Wills are interesting, one of which 
gives three well-known Salem names, and the other shows that there was 
an Edward Pickering in London who was interested in New England, and 
who had a son John Pickering whose birth must have taken place about 
the time of our John Pickering's birth, which was in 1615. 

" Thomas Gardener, citizen and grocer of London ; 23 Aug. 1590, proved 24 Oct. 
1590 ; wife Kutherine, cosen John Gardener, sons Thomas, Christopher and Jeremy, 
cosen Richard Grafton, Henry Pickering and others. Drury L. 69." ^ 

" Edward Pickeringe, 1 July 1623, proved 26 August 1623. To my loving and 
dear wife ^fary Pickeringe eight hundred pounds. To my dear and tender father 
John Pickeringe one hundred and fifty pounds, to be kept in the hands of my execu- 
tors «fcc. and disposed of for his benefit. I give unto my dear child John Pickeringe, 
my first born son, three hundred pounds. Similiar bequests to daughters Sinseare 
and Mary Pickeringe. To Francis Stubb my brother in law fifty pounds. 

" ' Item, I giue unto that hopefuU worke begunn in Newe England, to be ymployed 
and layed out for the benefitt and helpinge ouer those Englishe people whoe dwell 
in Laydon thether with the first fiftie poundes.' To Randall Thickens, my loving 
friend, ten pounds. To certain friends here in London ten pounds (if the accounts 
prove overplus). The residue to be divided equally into five equal portions to be 
distributed between ray wife, my father and my three children. I appoint my friends 

* The Registers of Topcliffe and Morley, in the West Riding of the County of York, 
edited by William Smith, pp. 4, 6, 50. 

^ Gleaning from English Records, by Emmerton and Waters, Essex Institute Historical 
Collections, Vol. XVII. p. 40. 


Mr. James Sherley and Mr. Ricliard Aiidrovi-es fur executors and my good friend 
and brother Mr. Thomas White and Mr. Julia Jftubbe for overseers. Swann, 80." ' 

At the present time, tlie name in England seems to be widely spread. 
The London Dii-ectory for lS8a gives forty-one persons of the name of 
Pickering, twenty-eight under the head of " Commercial " and thirteen 
under the head of " Court." The Boston Directory for 1892 gives thirty- 
seven persons of tlie name. 

The return for 1872 and 1873 of the owners of land in England and 
Wales,^ a work intended to show the number and names of owners of land, 
whether built upon or not, in each county, with the estimated acreage and 
annual gross estimated rental of the property belonging to each owner, 
etc., contains the names of eighty -four landholders by the name of Pickering 
in England and Wales ; also two in Scotland, and three in Ireland. 

None of these are large landholders, the largest owning four hundred 
and forty-five acres, and tlie smallest, one acre. 

It is an interesting fact that the northern counties, as in ancient 
times, continue to be the home of the name ; for there are none mentioned 
in this work who hold land in Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Essex, Hereford, 
Kent, Monmouth, Salop, Somerset, Surrey, Sussex, Wilts, or Worcester. 
Yorkshire heads the list with twenty-eight proprietors. 

» The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Yol. XLIX. pp. 369-370. 
" Return of Owners of Land in England and Wales [exclusive of the Metropolis], Vols. 
I. and II. ; Yol. HI. Scotland ; Yol. lY. Ireland. 


THE first approach to heraldry that we have been able to find in the 
Pickering family of Salem, is on the will of John Pickering [1-70. 
III. 1], a grandson of the original settler. His will was proved July 19, 
1722, and is signed and sealed by him. The impression of the seal is an 
excellent one, and shows a lion rampant, the well-known device of the 
Pickerings. The heliotype here given, was taken from the original will 
which is on file among the Essex County Probate Records in Salem. No 
impression of a date earlier than 1722 has been found, which may be ex- 
plained by the scarcity of original papers on which a seal would be used, 
and therefore we cannot detenuine whether it belonged to a former genera- 
tion or not. 

The next knowledge we have on this subject is from a correspondence 
between Colonel Timothy Pickering [58. V. 24] and the Rev. Joseph Pick- 
ering, of Wickham, near Fareham, Hampshire. England, in which the latter 
inquired whether their ancestry was the same, and whether they bore 
the same arms and crest. Colonel Pickering replied to this letter as 
follows : — 

" Theophihis * Hved a bachelor and died in 1747, -trhcn I was two years old. He 
was critically exact in all his affairs and notices of things. Ho left (I believe his 
own drawing) what have been considered the family arms, — a lion rampant, in a field 
ermine, witli a helmet for a crest. Such is my recollection of the arms ; for the 
drawing remains at Salem. We pay little regard to these matters which are of no 
use amongst us, unless to trace family connections and distinguish seals. There 
has been a tradition in the family that our first American ancestor came from York- 
shire. Perhaps this circumstance with the detail I have given, may enable you to 
communicate more accurate information of my ancestry than, in this country, we 
have the power to acquire." 

' For an account of Theophilus [48. TV. 8], see p. 75 of this work. 


[i-7c. III. I.] 

From his original Will in the Essex CouNrv Probate Record Office, 
Salem, Mass. 

hi ^ f^ o s< 

[' ;-:-v: '?x-'_' "j- -V 1"~: 



From an Embroidkkv wrought bv Sarah Pickering [4S. V. 17.]. 1 

'"5j' ^'l^^^' 'N THE POSStbSION OF JoHN PlCKERINci, ESQ , SaI.EM, MaSS. 


In his reply of June 30, 1797, the Eev. ]\rr. Pickering wrote us follows : — 

" Your anus and mine arc exactly similar, and that circumstance I consider proof 
enough. Our Crests are different, but that is not material, since crests, the heralds 
tell us, are mere matters of caprice and fancy and may bo varied at pleasure, and 
therefore are never allowed to be of any weight in the tracing of pedigrees." ^ 

The Rev. Mr. Pickering was right in his remarks upon crests; but Colonel 
Pickering fell into an error when he called the helmet on his shield a crest. 
The helmet is not a crest. Its use is entirely optional, and it should never 
be mentioned in a blazon of arms. Its place is between the shield and the 
crest, resting upon the shield. In early times, before the general use of 
crests, the shield was usually surmounted by a helmet. 

The next example, which is reproduced here, bears the date of 1753. 
It is a Pickering coat of arms embroidered by Sarah (Pickering) Clarke 
[48. V. 17], a niece of the Rev. Theophilus Pickering. Possibly this piece 
of work was made by her from the di-awing before mentioned. Her name, 
with the date of 1753, is -embroidered beneath the shield. No crest is 
given. This coat of arms is still hanging in the entry of the old Pickering 
house in Salem. There is still another example of these arms, in the form 
of a hatchment, which was probably worked by Abigail (Pickering) Bald- 
win [70. V. 32], a cousin of Sarah Pickering, and from whom it descended 
to her niece Hannah (Pickering) Siraonds [69. VI. 141], and from her to 
her daughter Hannah M. (Simonds) Clark, of Lynn, in whose possession it 
was a few years ago. 

There are also several seals engraved, with arms and crests, now in the 
possession of Henry Pickering [58. VII. 334], of Boston. The oldest of 
these, which from its antique and quaint design may antedate the embroi- 
deries, is a silver seal engraved ermine, a lion rampant, crest a demi-lion. 
This seal is attached by a ribbon to a silver watch which belonged to Henry 
Pickering's grandfather. Colonel Timothy Pickering. It was used by 
Colonel Pickering to seal his letters, and impressions from it are still on the 
letters addressed to his wife. This watch is in fine order, and on the inside 
of it is engraved tlie maker's name : — " Pitt, London, No. 946." A helio- 
type of tbe watch and seal is here given. 

* For this correspondence, see The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, 
Vol. III. pp. 303-SOG. 


Anotlior of tliu seals is of carneliaii set in goKl, and bears the crest a 
demi-lion, under which is the nlono^■ram of Ilenry Pickering [58. VI. 111]. 
Another carneHan seal set in goM is cut with the Pickering arms quarter- 
ing those of White, and with botli the Pickering and White crests. A later 
cornelian seal set in gold bears the crest a demi-lit)n, and the monogram of 
Octavius Pickering, Ilenry Pickering's father. 

John Pickering [58. VI. lO'J] had his bookplates engraved ermine, a lion 
rampant, while his brother Henry Pickering had for his bookplate a crest 
of a demi-lion, with his name underneath. Several of these last plates are 
owned by Henry Pickering [r)8. VII. 334], and books containing the book- 
plates of John Pickering are now in possession of the latters son, Henry 
White Pickering, of Boston. 

The numerous Pickering coats of ai-ms which appear in Burke's General 
Armory ' are given below : — 

" Pickering (Tichmarsh, co. Xorthampton ; descended from Gilbert Pickering, 
esq., who purchased the manor of Tichmarsh, Uinp.. Elizabeth, from William, Earl 
of Worcester. Gilbert, wlio was son of John Pickering, of Gretton, and grandson, 
by Margaret his wife, dau. and lieir of Lascells of Esrick, co. York, of James Picker- 
ing of Winderwath, co. Westmoreland, m. Elizabeth,, dau. of John Stanbank, and was 
great-grandfather of Sir Gilbert Pickering, of Tichn>arsh, created a Baronet of Nova 
Scotia). Quarterly, first and fourth, erm. a lion ramp. az. crowned or, for Pickerint, ; 
second and third, ar. three chaplets gu. for Lascells. Crest — a lion's gamb erect and 
erased az. armed or. 

"Pickering. (Old Lodge and Clapham, co. Surrey ; as borne by Edward Rowland 
Pickering, of Old Lodge, esq. son of the late Edward Lake Pickering, of the 
Exchequer Office, Temple, esq., by .Mary his wife, only dau. and heir of Wdliam 
Umfreville, esi]. a lineal descendant of the ancient baronial family of Umfreville). 
Erm. a lion ramp. az. armed gu. crowned or, quartering Umfreville, Meres, and 
Weld. Crest — A lion's gamb erect and erased az. 

" Pickering. The same Anns. Crest, A lion's gamb couped az. 

" Pickering (Wallford, co. Chester). Erm. a lion ramp. az. crowned or, within 
a bordure of the second, charged with eight plates. Crest — A lion's gamb erect and 
erased az. entiled with a ducal coronet or. 

' Encyclopcedia of Heraldry or General Armory of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by 
John Rurke, Esq., and John Bernard Burke, Esq. Third Edition with a Supplement, 
London, 1844. 


[5S. V. 24] 


" I'lCKEitiNc; (CliL'shiie and Yorkshire). Gu. a fesso ar. fretty az. betw. six annulets 

" Pickering (Paxton, co. Huutinqdon). The same Arms as of Tichmarsli. 

" PiCKKUi.NG (Alkmonbery, co. Hiiutingdon). Gu. a fish naiaut iu fesse, betw. three 
annulets ar. 

" Pickering (Xorthamptonshire). Or, a fesse, per fesse crenellee, gu. and az. 
betw. three cock's lieads erased vert, combed and wattled of the second. 

"Pickering (Nottingham). Gu. on a chev. betw. three fleurs-de-lis or, as many 

" Pickering (Nottinghamshire). Gu. on a chev. ar. betw. three fleurs-de-lis or, 
as many pellets. Crest — A leopard's head or. 

" Pickering (Tablehnrst and East Grinstead, co. Sussex). The same Arms and 
Crest, as of ; on the arms a crescent on a crescent for diff. 

" Pickering (VDiaddon, co. Cambridge ; as borne by Sir Henry Pickering, who 
purchased the manor of Wiiaddon in 1G48, and was created a Baronet 2 January, 
lGGO-1). As Pickering of Tichmarsh. 

" Pickering (Thorpe's Lodge, Yorkshire). Erm. a lion ramp. az. crowned or. 
Crest — A lion's gamb erased and erect az. armed or. 

" Pickering (Yorkshire). Gu. on a chev. betw. three fleurs-de-lis or, as many 

" Pickering. Or. (another, ar.) a lion ramp. sa. within a borduro gu. bezant^e. 

'• Pickering. Gu. a chev. between three fleurs-de-lis or. Crest ■ — A fleur-de-lis or. 

" Pickering (Tiirelkeld, co. Cumberland). Erm. a lion ramp. az. 

"Pickering (Hartford, near Northwich, co. Chester). Erm. a lion ramp. az. 
ducally crowned or. Crest — A dcnii-grifhn sa. beaked and membcred ar. grasping a 
wheat-sheaf or. 

" Pickering (Coram, in Coveidale, co. York ; now represented by William Henry 
Pickering, esq. Captain in the Royal Artillery). Gu. on a chev. betw. three fleurs- 
de-lis or, three annulets sa. Crest — A lion's gamb erect and erased az. 

"Pickering. Ar. a lion ramp. az. ducally crowned or. Crest — A sword erect 
ppr. hilt and pomcl or, within two branches of laurel, disposed in orle, vert. 

"Pickering. Ar. a lion ramp. az. crowned or. 

" Pickering. Gu. a fesse ar. betw. six annulets or. (Another adds, on the fess 
an ogress.) 

" Pickering. Cliequy ar. and gu. a bend sa. 

" Pickering. Gu. on a chev. ar. betw. three fleurs-de-lis or, as many hurts. 

" Pdckering (Weston, co. Hertford and Warwickshire), sa. a bend fusily cotised 
ar. Crest — A buck ramp, (another courant) or. 

"Puckering (Flamborough, co. York ; confirmed ^G June, 1579). Sa. a bend of 
lozenges betw. two bendlets ar. 

" Puckering. Sa. five fusils in bend cotised ar." 


IT is well-kno^vn tliat the Salem family of Pickering was not the only one 
of that name to establish itself in this country. While John Picker- 
ing resided at Salem, another John Pickering was living in Portsmouth, 
N. H., of whose family the late ^Ir. R. H. Eddy printed a small and very 
incomplete genealogy, in which the opinion is given that they were in all 
probability cousins. We do not know the basis of his opinion, as he gives 
no reason for it. W^e have never met with any traditions or documents that 
indicate such a relationship. In that genealogy, it is stated that John 
Pickering came to Portsmoutli from Massachusetts, in 1G33. There was 
a John Pickering, of Cambridge, Mass., who by his wife Mary had a 
daughter Lydia, born Nov. 5, 1638 ; and also one John Pick who by his 
wife Mary had a daughter Abigail, born April 22, 1642. Pick and Pick- 
ering are thouglit to be ditferent forms of the same name. Savage thinks 
that he was identical with John Pickering, of Portsmouth, who, he states, 
was in that town in 1635, and may have been there as early as 1630. This 
seems possible, as the name disappears from Cambridge after the birth of 
this child of 1642. 

There was, in Watertown, a John Pickeram or Pickram, husband of 
Esther Pickeram, buried Dec. 10, 1630, aged 60, and Jane, daughter of the 
same, buried Dec. 13, 1G30, and John, son of same, buried July 6, 1639. 
Esther Pickeram was a proprietor in 1636-7. George Pickeram was a 
proprietor in 1642. Sept. 1, 1646, George Pickeram, of Watertown, and 
Esther his mother, sold to Joshua Stubbs and Abigail Benjamin, his mother- 
in-law, a house and 16 acres, and other lots of land. They probably soon 
left Watertown, for their names were not found there in the division of land 
in 1G52. Savage thinks this may be the same as Pickering, which seems 


plausible.^ Perhaps the John Picteram who died at Watertown, in Decem- 
ber, 1G30, was the same man who was sentenced, Sept. 28, 1630, to sit in the 
stocks at Salem. In 1630, our John Pickering was but fifteen years old, 
and was probably still living in England ; for he is not found here till 
1634, when he Avas living in Ipswich, and appears not to have removed to 
Salem until 1637. The account of this case is as follows : — 

"A Court of Assistants liolden att Charlton 28* of SeptemV, 1630. It is ordered, 
that John Goul worth shall le wliipped, and afterwards sett in the stocks, for fellony 
comitted by him, wlicreof hee is convicted by his owne confession ; also, that 
Henry LyQ shalbe whipped for the like offence, & John Boggust cfc John Pickryn to 
sitt in the stocks 4 bowers togeath', att Salem, for being accessary tlierevuto." ' 

These are the only instances of the name whicli we have found in New 
England at so early a period ; and of these, apparently, John Pickering, of 
Portsmouth, and John Pickering, of Salem, were the only ones who founded 
permanent families. 

In the Middle and Soutliern States, we find tliat the name existed at a 
somewhat later date. Sept. 17, 1689, a Charles Pickering, of Philadelphia, 
merchant, gave bond witli Jane Bartholomew, widow and administratrix of 
George Bartholomew of Phihidelphia.' One of the earliest attorneys of 
Philadelphia was a Pickering. In Charleston, South Carolina, as has been 
previously stated, there were Pickerings in the early part of the last 
century. In the island of Barbados, W. I., there was a family of the 
name of Pickering well settled in the parish of St. Lucy sometime before 
1700. The name still exists in the West Indies. A descendant of this 
family, Rev. Joseph Pickering, of Wickham, Hampshire, England, con-es- 
ponded with Colonel Timothy Pickering on the subject of family history, 
and claimed khiship when he found that the Salem family and his own 
used the same coat of arms. 

* See the History of Cambridge, Mass., by Lucius K. Paige, p. 627 ; Genealogical 
Dictionary of Xew England, by James Savage ; Genealogies of Watertown, by Henry Bond, 
p. 406. 

' Records of the Governor and Company, of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, 
102S-1641, edited by Nathaniel B. Shurtleff. :>r.D., Vol. I., p. 77. 

' The Bartholomew Genealogy, by G. W. Bartholomew, p. 420. 


Of all the families mentioned, the two, oriyiiuitiny at Portsmouth, and 
at Salem, have been the most prolific, the most important, and the most 
widely known. The Portsmouth family has been one of local importance 
for more than two centuries. 

Altliough no relationship is known to exist between the two families, 
there was certainly a marked similarity in their names, their character, and 
their official and social standing. 

The heads of the two families were both named John ; both came to 
the towns of their choice at about the same time, and both acquired land 
by grant or purchase, part of which has continued in their families to the 
present day. Each had a sou John who took a leading part in their re- 
spective towns. Both of these second Johns were officers in the militia 
and held a large number of town-offices by election of the citizens, while 
many of their descendants for several generations were noted for their 
strength of body and will, and for their remarkable longevity. The name 
of the Salem family has been given to Fort Pickering, Pickering School, 
and Pickering Street in Salem, and to Pickering Avenue and Pickering 
Place in Boston. There are several towns in the United States bearing 
this name, viz.: Pickering, Marshall Co., Iowa; Pickering, Nodaway Co., 
Missouri ; Pickering, Chester Co., Pennsylvania ; Pickerington, Fairfield 
Co., Ohio. 


1-70. I. 1. John Pickering, the founder of tlie Pickering family in 
Salem, was born in England, in 1G15, according to a record made in the 
family Bible of his grandson John Pickering. Tradition says that he came 
from Yorksliire, England. Tins is quite probable, but by no means certain. 
He is said to have been living in Ipswich, ^lass., between 163-4 and 1637. 
lie was living in Salem in the early part of the year 1637, as we learn 
from the following entry in the Salem town records: " 7 of 12 mo: 1636 
[that is, Feb. 7, 1637] Jn°. Pickering, Carpenter granted to be inhabitant."' 
Shortly after this he was guilty of irregular action in fencing land with- 
out the consent of the autliorities, as appears from the following: " 17"'of 
2 mo : 1637 [April 17, 1G37] That wheras Jn°. Pickering hath tensed in, a 
portion of the Towns Land [contrary] w'^out Consent from y' Towne A fine 
of Twenty shillings therfore we think meet should be Leuied vpon him, 
but being [a] full court [doth] not assent hear\Tito : we tlierfore whose 
names ar[e here] vnderwrit doe ptest ageanst all disorderlie Lay[ing] out 
of Land in thes Limitts of Salem." ^ This method of acrpiiring land seems 
not to have been uncommon, for we find that other citizens, and even so 
prominent a man as ^Major William Hathome, transgressed in the same way. 
At a town-meeting held in Salem on the 25th of the 10th month, 1637 [Dec. 
25, 1637] it was agreed that the marsh and meadow land that had formerly 
laid in common to the town, should be appropriated to the inhabitants. 
Jtdin Pickering's name is in the list as the grantee of one-half an acre, and 
the ninnber in his family is put down as two.^ The loth of the 3d month, 
1G39 [May 15, 1639], he requested a farm at the south end of tlie long pond, 
going to Lynn, which he received,^ as the town records state that " S'" of 
the 6" moneth 1639 [August 8, 1639] at a priuate towne meeting C4raunted 

' Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IX. p. 35. * Ibid. Vol. IX. p. 87. 

' Ibid. Vol. IX. p. 46. 

• Ibid. Vol. IX. pp. 61, 103. 


to John Pickcringe 50 acres of land beyond the "West pound lying next to 
Lin bownds to be layed out by the towne." ' 

He had a grant of four poles of ground near his house the 29 of the 
9th month, 1642 [Nov. 2'J, 1642],- and at a town-meeting held the 17th of 
the 10th month, 1649 [Dec. 17, 1G49], it was ordered that: "Wheras good- 
man Pickerin left some pt of his ffarme by running of lin lyne it is ordered 
that the layers out shall lay out soe much as neare as they can adioyning 
to the rest of his land." ^ He also acquired other land by purchase, as will 
appear later. 

It has been seen that he was by trade a carpenter, which vocation he 
probably combined with agriculture. The only knowledge we have of his 
services as a builder is derived from the Salem town records, where we 
find a contract between him and the town for building a meeting-house in 
1639. A facsimile of this contract is here given. 

"We suppose his work on the meeting-house was satisfactory, for we 
find him again employed by the town to keep the bridge in repair, as is 
shown in the following order : — 

" At a generall Towne meeting held the XXV"' of the first moneth 1644. [March 
25, 1644.] 

" It is ordered & agreed w"" the consent of John Pickeringo that the Bridge shall 
be kept in repaire by John Pickeriuge for sixteene yeares to come, for W" the Towne 
is to giue him twentie shillings a yeare. excepting the finding of the planke or new 
planking thereof w'"" is to be done at the chardge of the towne. bnt for the mending 
of any planks to sett in a plank twoe or three || ns neede shall require || , that is to 
be done at the chardge of John Pickeringe. And || it is ordered |j that he shall be 
paid out of the rates yearly or allowed in his owue rate." ■* 

From the following it would seen\ that John Pickering did not always 
keep the bridge in a satisfactory state of repair. 

" 23 of the 11 mo 1645 [Jan. 23, 1646] Inioyned John Pickering f&rthw'^ to re- 
payre the bridge." ^ 

* Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IX. p. 89. 
» Ibid. Vol. IX. p. 113. 

» Ibid. Vol. IX. p. 162. 

* Ibid. Vol. IX. p. 127. ' Ibid. Vol. IX. p. 140. 

Made betwlen the Town ok Salem, M.ass., and John Pickering 

[1-70. I. I.] 10 ELILLi A MeETING-HoUSE. 
From thf: ortgi.val Town Records of Salem. 


At a meeting held tlic IGth of the 12 month, 1645 [Feb. 16, 164G], it was 
j,a>nerally agreed, " That the Timber bridge at the Townesend shalbe pulled 
downe, or so much of it as shall be needfull when the Causeway is begun 
to be made." ' Probably the bridge was reconstructed, or a new one built, 
for on the 26th of the 8th month, 1646 [Oct. 26, 1646], tlie following order 
was passed : — 

" It is ordered by the Towne that the eight pound & fowre shillings due from 
John Pickering in regard of liis defect in building the old l)ridge it his agreemt vnder 
his hand to pay it to the building of the last bridge for w"' hee hath giuen securitie 
A Bull & a Cow, The Towne doeth agree that the said Bull k Cow shall be sould 
forthwith II unless hee giue otlier satisfaction || to be prized by 3 indilferent men. 
The one to be chosen by the said Jo : Pickering & an other by the Towne & the third 
to be the niarshall || to prize them. || k if the said Jo : Pickering refuseth to choose 
any, the Marshall is to choose one for him, & the Cattle to be deliuered into the 
hands of Mr. Garford & Mr ffogge. 

" It is agreed that Thomas Wheeler shall worke at the bridge worke w'" hee is con- 
tented to doc. k he is to haue 2' 6'' a day till the bridge worke be ended if hee work 
so long. But the said Tho: Wheeler doeth binde himselfe to worke there 10 dayes 
together if wether will pmit k to begin vpon the sixth day of this weeke : k is to be 
paid in come or cattle at the M'chants price." ^ 

It would appear from the following extract from the memorandum-book 
of Colonel Timothy Pickering, that John Pickering at one time contemplated 
moving from Salem : — 

" It rests on my mind, that when a boy my father told me that my first American 
ancestor (1 mean the John Pickering who came from Old England) made a journey 
from Salem to Connecticut, with a view to find land for a plantation on which he 
might settle ; but returning in the winter season, his feet and legs got frozen, which, 
rendering him a cripple for life, put an end to the project." ^ 

The following statement in regard to the family estate is taken from 
the same memorandum-book : * — 

* Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IX. p. 141. 
' Ibid. Vol. IX. pp. 144-145. 

* The Life of Timothy Pickering, by his son Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. pp. 4-5. 

* The following description of this memorandum-book is found on page 3 of the life 
"f Colonel Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering: "A brief account of the first settler 
iaJ of his descendants, was collected by the subject of these Memoirs from various family 


" Tlie lot of laud on which my brother [Jolui rickoriiiL;] now dwells has for a 
long period belonged to the fauiily." ' 

Octaviiis Pi( kering-, in the lite of his fatlier, Colonel Timothy Pickering-, 
quotes the ;ibovo passage from his uiemoraudum-book, and adds the follow- 
ing foot-note : — 

"It was purcliascd by the first settler (John Pickering) in 1642 who built upon 
it a wooden liousc, of which the frame is in part still standing and in a sound condi- 
tion. J. P. It is now ownod and occupied by John Pickering, a grandson of Colonel 
Pickering. 0. P." 

This land was bought of Emanuel Downing. The original deed is still 
in possession of the Pickering family, and hangs in the old mansion. The 
heliot3-pe which is here given, was taken directly from the deed. The 
story is told in Salem that the land was sold by Mr. Downing to pay for 
the Commencement Dinner of his son, Sir George Downing, who graduated 

papers in the year 1793 and entered in a meraoramluni book kept bj' him." This memoran- 
dum-book, or a copy of it, has been added to and annotated both l)y Colonel Pickering's 
son Octavius, and his granddaughter Mary Orne Pickering. It is now at the old home- 
stead in Salem. A copy has been made by Francis H. Lee [1. IX. 9], of Salem and anno- 
tated by him. 

The original book is prefaced as follows : — 

Pnir.ADiiLPHiA, April 14, 1793. 

" Family attachment, the interest we naturally take in Events relative to our an- 
cestors — the curiosity (perhaps the vanity) we are disposed to indulge in tracing our 
descent, — and the gratification it may afford to my posterity, induce me to mark 
such simple facts relative to the family of which I am a member, as have come to 
my knowledge; though it will amount to little more than the noting of their births 
and deaths. ,, Timothy Pickeeixg." 

After a record of the births and deaths of John and Sarah (Burrill) Pickering's 
children, it contains the following statement : — 

" The preceding account of births marriages and deaths of my ancestors and their 
children I transcribed on the 24"'- of ilarch 17G3 on a loose paper from a manuscript of my 
uncle Theophilus Pickering who at the foot subjoined the following certificate ' Copia 
Vera ab originalis bibliac patris inscripto a me Theophilo Pickering accurate deducta 
Septembris 23, 1719.' From that loose paper I have taken the preceding account preserv- 
ing accurately the dates." See also Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. 
I. p. 3. 

' The Life of Timotliy Pickering by his son, Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 5. 


From the original Deed, now in the possession of John Pickering, 
Esq., of Sale.m, Mass. 

V '•/ 


oH-- :-,", '.'"^A. ' aJC, 

riv*- ,>p-Vf' *M J-fUr- ^^xuJ'*' r*^ 

• - -^ . ■ , ■, n ,-■ •^- > 

^^ <r -vV-,.->- »^^ ^n>iH<.+1. -Hod -Kt>VMi-\ r>« , Mia i.,.x<St rt^x»«t-^:(o^u,^<J . 

..-..-.. M^J^ ^^ 

,h I ■—»-**" 


i ^ 


with the Class of 1642, tlie tirst class to graduate from Harvard College. 
The deed was not recorded till 1785. 

The following account of the estate appears in a book of records which 
lias been added to by several members of the family, and which is now in 
the possession of John Pickering [49. IX. 970], who occupies the Mansion. 

" Soutli of the Kitchen field and the Antrum lot, and fronting on Broad street 
frum the hand of Fi'uucis Lawes to Cotta's Lot, ■which was about two hundred feet 
wc-<t of Pickering street, was the homestead of John Pickering, of about five acres. 
Tlie first house in which he lived when he bought the Broad field of Emanuel 
Downing, was near the site of the present dwelling, now occupied by John Pickering, 
Esq.. his descendant in the seventh generation. This house now standing, is one of 
tlie most interesting relics of the past we have in the city, both from its having been 
always occupied by the same family, and on account of its well authenticated antiquity. 
The following is taken from an account of this house in a memorandum book, and 
was written by Col. Timothy Pickering, Dec. 3, 1828. After referring to another 
house, which his eldest sister, Sarah (Pickering) Clark, who died Nov. 21, 1826, in 
her 97th year, remembered as standing at a small distance eastward of the present 
house, Col. Pickering writes ' I well remember that when I went to the woman's 
school, being then only six years old, my father raised the roof of the northern side 
of the present house and so made room for three chambers to accommodate his 
family, having then nine children. The roof according to the fashion of the time 
running down on the northern side so as to leave but one upright story. The windows 
were glazed with small panes, some diamond shaped, and the others small oblongs. 
These were all set in leaden strips, formed thin with grooves (by a machine made for 
the purpose) for the reception of the glass on which the lead was easily pressed close 
down. Where the lead crossed they were soldered together, and I perfectly remember 
seeing the glazier, Moore by name, setting the glass in the old windows in the manner 
here described. I remember hearing my father say, that when he made the altera- 
tions and repairs above mentioned, the eastern end of the house was one hundred 
years old, and the western end eighty years old, consequently the eastern end is now 
(Dec. 3, 1828) 177 years old ; for I am 83 and was but six years old in July 1751, 
the year in which the alterations and repairs took place. I also remember hearing 
my father say, that, supposing the sills of the house must be de'cayed, he had pro- 
vided new white oak timber to replace them ; but that the carpenter when he ripped 
off the weather boards found the sills sound of swamp white oak ; and the carpenter 
told him that they would last longer than any new sills that he could provide ; and 
the same sills remain to this day.' 

" At the southern side of broad field, a little eastward of the salt marsh, were 
many logs projecting beyond the low bank, manifestly the remains of a wharf, erected 


when what is now the Mill Pond of the South Mills was a confluence of the South 

"Jonathan Pickering, son of the first John conveyed in 1727 his portion of the 
homestead, lieing the eastern half part and consisting of an acre and a half, together 
with the dwelling liouse on it, in which he then lived, to his grand nephew Dea. Timothy 
Pickering. This house was no doubt the one remembered by Colonel Pickering's 
sister Sarah. Deacon Timothy Pickering had five years before inherited the western 
part of the homestead, including the house now standing, from his father John, who 
was a grandson of the first John. There can be no doubt, therefore, that his state- 
ment of the age of the house was correct, according to which the eastern half of the 
house is now two hundred and eighteen years old, and the western part one hun- 
dred and ninety-eight years old. This is also confirmed by the records, particularly 
the commoners' record, which shows that John Pickering was in 1714 allowed two 
rights ' for his father's house,' that is the house in which his father had lived (the 
one now standing) was built before 1661. It also appears from the same record that 
Jonathan Pickering's house (which stood to the east of the present house), was the 
same which one Deacon built before 1661. 

" The first John Pickering died in 1657, and his widow, Elizabeth, married John 
Deacon. The oldest sun, J(3hn, remained in the house which his father built in 1651 ; 
while his mother and the younger son, Jonathan, removed to the new house which 
John Deacon built on that part of the homestead which was sett off to Jonathan. The 
mother died in 1662, and in 1671 the two brothers made a final settlement of the 
estate between them, at which time according to Deacon Pickering, the western part 
of the present house was built. In regard to the original house in which John Picker- 
ing lived previous to 1651, we have the following evidence in a deposition given by 
his grandson, showing that it was sold in 1663 or 1661 and removed to another place. 
On the Commoners' Record for 1714, is entered one right to John Pickering 'for 
his grandfather's house,' which shows that another house had stood on his land which 
had belonged to his grandfather, and was built before 1661. The following shows 
what became of it, and is also interesting in showing at what an early period houses 
were moved : 

" ' The testimonie of John Pickering of full age saith to his certain knowledge 
the little house that was William Beenes was his father's Cottage Right that is 
allowed to me.' 

" ' He further saith that in the year 1663 or 1664 my father sold it to William 
Beens, and it was removed to that place with oxen. John Pickering.' 

" William Beens lived where now is the corner of Boston street and the 

" Opposite the Pickering house and south of Broad street ("which at first included 
the present cemetery and a strip of land west of it) was Broadfield, consisting of 
twenty acres, and extending from the Hathonie farm, the line of which correspond,=i 



Prom the original one, formerly belonging to the Pickering House, 



iioarly with Phelp's Court, east and south to the South river, now the ilill Pond. 
Tliis was at one time called the Governor's field. It was sold by Gov. Endicott 
to Emanuel Downing before 1G40, as appears by a deed of mortga;je on the Suffolk 
Records dated June 8, 1040, and acknowledged Dec. 20, 1644, by Emanuel Downing, 
of his mansion house at Salem with four acres more or less thereunto adjoining and 
twenty acres more purchased of Mr. Endicott lying upon South river. 

" John Pickering subsequently came into possession of the Broadfield by virtue 
of a deed of indenture now in the possession of John Pickering, Esq., of which the 
following is a literal copy." 

Then follows the copy, which we omit, and in its stead give a helio- 
type directly from the original deed, which is now in possession of John 
Pickering [49. IX. 970]. 

From the foregoing account, we get a very good idea of this ancient 
estate, the house of which was partly built in 1G51, by John Pickering, and 
which was probably much larger and more comfortable than his pre^■iou3 
dwelling, but which unhappily he lived to enjoy but a few years. 

In this old house there were formerly two iron chimney-backs, oue of 
which is still in the fire-place of the dining-room. The other is now at the 
Essex Institute, and it is from this that the heliotype here given was made. 
Both bear the date 1G60, and the initial letters of John and Alice Pickering. 
These chimney-backs are thought by the family to have been cast at the 
foundery on the Saugus River in Lynn, which was the first foundery 
established in this country.' 

The old mansion which at the present time (1894) is two hundred and 
forty-three years old, is among the most interesting relics of Salem architec- 
ture, and is still a comfortable and roomy dwelling, in excellent condition. 
In 1841, it underwent tliorough repair and considerable alteration at the 
hands of John Pickering [')8. VI. 109] of the sixth generation. He restored 
the former appearance of the roof, making changes in the ornamentation 
of tlie front and top of the roof.^ 

' See the History of Lynn, by Alonzo Lewis and James E. Newhall, p. 208. 

' Joseph B. Felt, in his Annals of Salem, after describing several Salem houses 
of the same general character as tlie Pickering house, says : •' Under the like class, 
we have the dwelling, situated in Broad street opposite to the western end of the 
burying hill. It occupies the pleasant premises, which once belonged to Emanuel Down- 
ing. It was built about 1650 by John Pickering who was its owner and whose descendants 


The grounds now consist of about one and one-third acres of the 
original land, devoted to lawns and gardens, planted with shrubs and fine 
olil trees, making it one of the most attractive residences in Salem. An 
additional charm to the place is the fact, that it has been continuously in 
the possession of the family from the first settler to the present John 
Pickering who is of the eighth generation in the male line and the ninth 
in the female line. 

The interior is artistic in its furnishings, the walls being hung with old 
portraits of the family; and there is much antique furniture, a part of which 
was made by the Rev. Theophilus Pickering [48. IV. 8]. There is 
also an ancient oak table wliich is said to have been brought to this country 
by the first John Pickering. A heliotype of the East room is here given, 
showing this furniture. 

The early death of John Pickering, in the year 1657, when he was little 
more than forty years old, leads us to suppose that his end was hastened by 
the injuries he sustained during his journey into Connecticut. His will is 
dated the 30th of the 5 mo. 1(555 [July 30, 1G55], and it was proved the 
1st of the 5th mo. 1657 [Jiily 1, 1657]. It reads as follows : — 

In y name of god Ameii I Jn° Pickeriiige of Salem beeing of pfect mind and 
memory doe make and Ordayne this my last will and Testament in man and forme 
followinge first I bequeath my scale to my lord god and sauiour : and my body to the 
earth from wlience it came. 

Imp' I dcuid my estate into flue pts : vidz : lands houses CattcU houshould goods c' : 
Ite I bequeath to my son Jn'^ Pickeringe two parts out of my estate as aboue 

mentioned at the age of one and twenty years 
Ite I bequeatli to my son Jn'than one part and halfe out of the estate of mine as 

aboue said at the age of twenty one years 
Ite I bequeath tlic other pt i^- halfe to my wife Ehzabeth for her mayntenance for 
her life : puided sliee line unmaried & if her part of my estate will not mayn- 
taine her Comfortably that there shall be an alowance made to her out of 
my sons pt and accordinge to the pporton of their legacies But if my said wife 
Elizabeth shall marv aeaine her next husband to be bound to returne to mv 

have ever since retained it in tlieir possession. Its present proprietor, who bears his 
name, has, within a few years, restored two of the three peaks which formerly belonged 
to its front. We might speak particularly of others, as that of "William Pickering at 
Wood's gate, another of the Pickering family facing Pine street." 


two sous tlieir hiors or admiiiistra? or assigns to be cqualy deuided the same 

pportion or value of goods or estate, that he shall haue with my said wife when 

he doth mary her if she died before him 
Itc I giuo to my son Jn' my musket and Armes complete and the choise of my 

foulingc peeces. 
Itc I gine to my soti Ju'athan my other foulingc pcece and my Carbine 

Lastly my will is y' when my Chilldren come to age to inioye their pcoiis : y' 

the increase or losse y' then shall be found to be in my estate more or loss 

then was at my death shallbe borne by them. 
It I make my beloued wife Elizabeth & my sons John and Jonathan my Executrix 

& Executors 
It I apoynte <fc desire John Home and Edmund Batter my overseers : to see the 

fi'ulfiUinge of this my Last will and I giue to each of them twenty shillings 

dated SO'!" 5™ 1655 
Signed and Delided John Pickering 

in the p'ence of vs 
Edmund Batter 
John Home 


John Kitching 

The original will is in Vol. III. p. 128, of Essex County Quarterly Court 
Papers. Endorsed on tlie back of the will is the following : — 

" The Will of John pickering brought into Court 1 5mo. 57 proued by W Batter 
John Horne & Jn" Kitchin." 

" Tiie Last Will & testam' of John Pickering brought into court also an Inventory 
of 137X : 3s : 2d sworne to by the widdow pickerin allowed." ' 

1-70. I. 1. ElhabetJi the wife of John Pickering, probably 

died in Salem. 

We have not been able to ascertain the full maiden name of John 
Pickering's wife, neither have we found the full date of their marriage, nor 
wliere it took place. The Bible of their grandson, John Pickering, accord- 
ing to the memorandum-book of Colonel Timotliy Pickering, says that they 
were married in 163(3 ; and if this is the case, we suppose it must have taken 
place in this country. 

* Nathaniel I. Bowditch Record, p. 318. 


Of theii- cliilJreu, but four are known to us: John, and Jonathan, 
and two named EHzabeth. The daugliters must have died young ; for 
only two chikh-en, Jului and Jonathan, are named in John Pickering's 
wiU. The married life of John and EHzabeth Pickering Lasted abovit 
twentv years ; and it is highly probalde that there were other children, 
who died young, for this would be an unusually small family for that 

We do not know whether John Pickering was a church-member or 
not ; and from the fact that we do not find that he took the freeman's 
oath, or that he ever held public office, we infer that he was not. His 
wife Elizabeth, however, joined the Salem church, for she with others 
" renewed y° covenant." ^ On the Church Records her name appears 
following the date "5:3: 1639," in a catalogue of those persons who 
were joined in full communion. 

She is undoubtedly the Elizabeth Pickering to whom John Alderman 
of Salem bequeathed by his will of July 3, 1637,- "one greene cloth 
suite," and he also made bequests to her sons John and Jonathan. 
Whether John Alderman was their relation, or only a friend, we are unable 
to say ; but we are inclined to think that a relationship existed between 
them. Of John Alderman, Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary of New 
England, says, that he lived in Dorchester, in 1G34, but had moved to 
Salem in 1C3G, when Jane Alderman, probably his wife, was a member 
of the church. He had a grant of land in Salem in 1637, was made 
a freeman. May 22, 1639, and died in 1657. Elizabeth survived her 
husband John Pickering, and on Dec. 25, 1657, married John Deacon 
of Lynn. lie removed to Salem, and built a house near that of her 
former husband, on land belonging to the Pickering estate. To this new 
dwelling she removed, leaving the old house in possession of her son John 
Pickering, who had married the same year. Savage gives the following 
account of her second husband : " John Deacon, Lynn, came in the 
Abigail, 1635, aged 25, with w. Alice, 30, who d. 27 July 1657, was a 
blacksmith ; m. 25 Dec. 1657, Elizabeth, widow of John Pickering, rem. 

1 Essex Institute Historical CoUectioo, Vol. I. p. 39 ; also EeconLs of the First Church. 
^ Ipswii^h Keeonls, Vol. 1, p. 197, in the Essex County Eegistry of Deeds. 


Showing the Table which was brought ro this Country by John- 
Pickering [1-70. I. I.] ANu THE Chairs which were made by 
the Rev. Theophilu^ Pickering [4S. IV. S.]. 

^ --5"^ W 

/-^ £^^ 



■ 9 



' u>*-. 



. >• 


to Boston, was of Mather's clnircli in I'iGO." The History of Lynn^ states 
that he was the first blacksmith in Lynn, and that, in 1638, he had twenty 
acres of h\nd allotted to him. 

From the following abstract of a conveyance,^ lie appears to have taken 
a third wife : John Deacon of Boston, blacksmith, for a valuable considera- 
tion sells to John Pickering, yeoman, of Salem a piece of salt marsh in 
Lynn, called Thorn's neck of about two acres, x\.pril 5, 1670, signed 

Jno Deacon. 

An Deacon. 
Ancestry Tables -j- 

> History of Lynn, Mass., by Alonzo Lewis and James K. Newhall, p. 153. 
' Essex County Eegistry of Deeds, Vol. 3, p. 82. 

Note. — When the greater part of this work had been finished, my attention 
was called to an entry in the Notarial Kecord ]5ook of William Aspinwall, where 
John Pickering of Salem is shown to have pcssessed a house in Coventry, England. 
By the kindness of William II. Whitmore, Esq., who has made a copy of the entire 
book, and of Walter Kendall Watkins, Esq., I am enabled to give this entry, which 
is, as far as I know, the Hrst substantial piece of evidence to show where the Salem 
Pickerings had their origin. 

William Aspinwall's Xotarial Record Look, p. I'yS. 

"25 (8) 1650. John Pickering of Salem did constitute Mr. Thomas Potter of 
Childsmore his Attorney for him & in his name & to his use to enter & take posses- 
sion of a certaine house neere the Newgate in Coventry & the same to possesse & 
enjoy for the use of the s* John Pickering (being his pper possession) untill further 
order taken thereabout. Giveing him power to coinence and psecut any action at law 
against any that shall hinder or interrupt him in the possession of the s** house. 
Dat. 25 (8) 1650." 


1-70. II. 1. Jolin Pickering [John 1-70. I. 1], probably born in 
Salem, died in Salcin. A farmer. Residence : Salem. 

Lieutenant John Pickering and his wife were admitted to membership of 
the First Clmrch in Salem in 1684, and he was admitted to full communion 
of the same on April 1, 16'J4.^ 

By inheritance and by purchase from the other heirs, he came into 
possession of the family mansion and estate, where he continued to reside, 
and which property he transmitted to his son John. lie is best known to 
us in his connection with public atlairs, and his continuous services prove 
that he Avas a capable, enterpri.sing, and public-spirited man.^ Confidence 
in his good judgment is shown by the frequent mention of his name 
in connection with the administration of estates, the taking of inven- 
tories, and as an overseer in wills. He was a selectman of the town 
several times, a constable in 1664, and one of those appointed to run the 
Lynn line in 1669. He also filled various other offices. One of these was 
in collecting the subscription money of Salem for the support of Harvard 
College, as appears from the following record : — 

" April 5, 1680 Return was made to the Committee at Boston Concerning y' 
CoUedge money. Lent. John Pickering chosen & sent for that end and purpose " 

" May 11, 1686 Agreed with Lt. John Pickering, for thirtey shillmgs in money to 
bee alowed for his paynos & troble in gathering ; and journey Concerning the Sub- 
scription for the CoUedge." ^ 

In 1668, his signature appears on a petition of two hundred and thirty- 
three inhabitants of Salem to the General Court against duties of 1 per cent 
on exports and imports, and 2d. on each bushel of grain.* 

* Original records of The First Church of Salem, p. 111. 
' See Annals of Salem, by Joseph B. Felt, p. 317. 

' See the Town Records of Salem, also Annals of Salem, by Joseph B. Felt, Vol. I. 
p. 4.35. 

* Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 60, pp. 41-42. 


His prominence, however, is most fully brought out by the part he 
took in military alTairs. In 1G75, he was appointed ensign of the Salem 
militia, as is learned from the following order of the General Court : — 

" It is ordered that Richard Leach be leftenfit >fc John Pickering ensigne to the 
scccond foote company in Salem vnder the conduct of Capt John Coruin." ' 

From the following record he appears to have refused to serve in this 
capacity : — 

"May 30, 1G79. The Court, being informed that John Pickering, of Salem, 
refuscth the place of ensigne, on a motion made, the Court appoints Nathaniel Felton 
to be ensigne to Capt Coruins compay." ^ 

Before this last date he had certainly filled the office of lieutenant. 
He was generally known by this title, and had served in this capacity in the 
Indian war of 167o. He was present at the fight at Bloody Brook, near 
Deei-field, after the defeat of Captain Lothrop on Sept. 18, 1675. Captain 
Lothrop, who had been sent from Hadley to Deerfield to bring a large 
supply of wheat into a place of safety, fell into an ambuscade of Indians, 
and was slaughtered with nearly the whole of his party. Captain Mosely 
went from Deei-field to the relief of Captain Lothrop, and defeated the 
Indians. It is stated that his lieutenants, Savage and John Pickering, from 
Salem, often led the troops and distinguished themselves in a particular 
manner by their skill and persevering resolution.^ Hubbard's version of 
this afi'air is as follows : — 

"Capt. Musely's men coming suddenly upon them when they were pillaging of 
the dead, fell upon them with such a smart assault, that they drove them presently 
into a swamp, following them so close, that for seven miles together they fought them 
upon a march, charging them through and through. Perez Savage and Lieutenant 
Pickering, his Lieutenants, deserving no little part of the honour of that days Service, 
being sometimes called to lead the Company in the Front." ■* 

* Records of tlie Governor and Company of the ^fassachusetts Bay in Xew Eng- 
land, edited by Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., Vol. V. p. 33. 

^ Ibid. Vol. V. p. 233. 

* See Essex County and tlie Indians, by Robert Rantoul, Seur., in the Essex Institute 
Historical Collections, Vol. XIX. pp. 130-140. 

* The Present State of New-England, Being A Narrative of the Trouble with the 
Indians in New-England by W. Hubbard, minister of Ipswich, London, 1677, p. 40. 


In tlie article on "Soldiers in King Philip's ^^^u•," by the Rev. George 
M. Boilge, printed in Tlie New England Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter, in writing of Captain Sauuiel Muscly and his men, Mr. Bodge says: 
" Lientcnants Savage and Pickering especially distinguished themselves 
by their daring," and in a note sa}-s, '' It seems the highest piesuinption to 
correct both Hubbard and Drake in one note ; but Hull's Journal says 
that Pickering was Appleton's and not Mosely's Lieutenant." ^ In another 
volume of the same work, it says of Captain Appleton : '' His Lieutenant 
John Pickering, and doubtless a part of his company, were with Capt. 
Mosely in the fight succeeding Lathrop's defeat." " This same volume ^ 
gives the sum of £4 bs. lOd. due John Pickering, Lt., as one of Captain 
Appleton's command. 

John I'ickering was one of thirteen men who petitioned to the General 
Court to grant them a plantation at the bottom of Casco Bay, on a river 
called Swegustagoe, &c. June 11, 1G80, the Court granted the petitioners 
five miles square, to be allotted out for a township, and two islands adjacent 
to the place.* "We suppose this grant was for military services. 

In 1664, Lieutenant Pickering had a suit^ with the owners of the " New- 
Mill " on the South River, he being the owner of the land bounding on that 
river. Previous to 16G3, Captain Trask's corn-mills on the North River were 
the only ones in town. Complaint arose as to grinding facilities, and on 
Nov. 9, 1GG3, Walter Price, Henry Bartholomew, and John and Samuel 
Gardner were given permission to put up a mill on the South River. When 
these men began their mill John and Jonathan Pickering pulled up their 
stakes and threw their shovels and wheelbarrows into the river, and further 
brought an action against them, " for damming up the Channel or river below 
their land, and hindering them from coming by water to said land, or 
improving of it for a building place for vessels." John Pickering also 

> Vol. XXXVII. p. 178. =■ Vol. XXXVIII. p. 430. « Ibid. p. 441. 

* Records of the Governor and Company of the IMass. Bay in N. E. Edited by 
Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., Vol. V. p. 273. 

' See the article relating to this suit by W. P. Upham, in the Essex Institiite Histori- 
cal Collections, Vol. VIII. pp. 21-2S. In this article Mr. Upham calls both John and 
Jonathan Pi^kerinij, shipwrights. It is the only instance in which we have found John 
Pickering called a shipwright. His brother Jonathan, however, was a very active one. 


brought an action for trespass, and tlie Proprietors brought an action 
against Pickering for .damages to their work. 

John Pickering relied on proving the land to the river to be his by 
deeds and possession, while the defendants relied on testimony going to 
show that the lots of which John Pickering's land was part, did not run to 
the river, but there was a space of two rods between the land and the river 
for a highwav, and moreover that John Pickering had made an agreement 
witli the town, on July 18, 16G4, to receive £20 for damages. To this 
John Pickering seems to have anticipated liis answer, by saying that land 
could not be alienated " except it be under hand ami seal and delivered, ac- 
knowledged & recorded, and posesion given by turf & twig." 

The suit ended in the following judgment : " March 28, 16G5. John 
Pickering, plaintitT against Captain Walter Price, Mr. Henr}- Bartlmlmew, 
Mr. John and Samuel Gardner, defendants in an action of review. The 
jury found for the defendants, cost 375." 

Lieutenant Pickering was a legatee under the will of John Alderman, of 
Salem, July 3, 1657, as was his mother and his brother Jonathan. The 
bequest to him consisted of " one table, 2 stools, my cloke, a pair of cloth 
briches, a paier of Avorsted stockens & 21b barley." 

The day and month of his birth have not been ascertained, but 1G37 
•was recorded as the year of liis birth in the family Bible of his son John. 
It coiTesponds with the age given on his gravestone, the inscription of 
which is printed in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 
and is as follows : ^ — 

" Here lyeth buried y* body of Leut. John Pickering. Dec'd. y° 5tli of May, 1G94, 
in y' 57th year of his age." 

This stone, with other early gravestones of the family, stood on a part 
of the land of what is now called the Broad Street Burying Ground, the 
old " Burying Ground on the Hill." " The Hill " is opposite tlie present 
Pickering Estate, and was formerly known as Pickering Hill. When that 
part of the hill where these stones stood was dug away, the remains of the 
Pickerings and their gravestones were removed. 

» Vol. III. p. 278. 


The following account of this burial-place, in the handwriting of Mary 
Ome Pickering [49. VIII. 545], is taken from an old Family Bible, bearing 
the imprint of 1736, which l)elonged to Deacon Timothy Pickering [48-59. 
IV. 9]. The Bible is now in the possession of his great-great-grandson, 
John Pickering of Salem. 

" A small private burying ground of the Pickering familj^ existed for many years 
on the ' Broadfjcld' land abutting on that part of Summer Street w-hich is the highest 
point, and east of the Public Cemetery. It was used as a burial place of the Pickering 
family, from the time of the earliest ancestors down to the time of Dea. Timothy Pick- 
ering, who died in 1778 ; whose remains were interred in the Public Burying Ground. 
In laying out Broadfield for building lots <fc extending Summer Street to the Mill 
Pond, it was necessary to provide a place of security for the relics existing in this 
ancient private burying ground. The graves of nineteen individuals, adults & 
children, were found. The graves-tones were of slate, and much worn ; with inscrip- 
tions upon them, more or less legible. Among them was one to the memory of Lieut. 
John Pickering. All these headstones, and the few remaining relics of the early an- 
cestors beneath them, were taken up and carefully deposited, in November 1847, in 
the Public Burying Ground, in the sealed vault, over which is the granite monument 
bearing the names of John Pickering and Sarah Pickering: oh! 1846." 

Lieutenant Pickering appears to have prospered in a worldly way, con- 
stantly adding to the paternal acres. He left to his family a good estate, 
as appears, by the following abstract of his will. 

This will was dated May 3, 1694, and proved :\Iay 21, of the same 
year. He calls himself senior of Salem, and sick in body but of sound 
mind, and bequeaths his estate as follows : — 

To my eldest son John Pickering, my homestead, where I now dwell, with the 
right of commonage ; reserving to my wife, the use of part therein for her natural 
life. Also to my son John all my part of Broadfield by the Millpond, a piece of land 
formerly called Jeggcls point in the Southfield, land at the glass house field, which I 
bought of Henry Reynolds and one-third part of land lying by land of George Dar- 
ling deceased, within Lynn and Salem bounds. 

To my sons Benjamin and William, to be equally divided between them, land 
where my son John now dwells, with the dwelling house and outhouses, which land 1 
bought of Richard Adams, deceased, also land in the Southfield, which I purchased of 
the said Adams, and two-thirds of the land I purchased of George Darling in Salem 
and Lvnn bounds. 


To mj sou Benjamin, my pirce of marsh at Forest river, consisting of about one 
aero, also my lot in the Southlleld, formerly called More's lot, after my wife's decease 
or marriage, he paying to my executor within two years after my decease, £10 for 
my daughter, the same to be held in trust. 

To my son William after my wife's decease or marriage, Archer's lot in the 
Pouthfield, he to pay, within two years after my decease £10 to my executor, John 

To my daughter Elizabeth, £40, to be paid to her one year after her marriage, 
provided she marries with the consent of her mother, but otherwise, to remain in my 
son John's hands, to relieve her in her necessity. 

To my daughter Hannah, £40 to be paid one year after her marriage if she 
marries with the consent of her mother but otherwise it to remain in my son John's 
hands to relieve her in her necessity. 

To my wife Alice Pickering, one-third of my moveable goods and household 
stuff, and the eastern part of my now dwelling to wit; the chamber garret and low 
room and half of the cellar, with the use of the oxen and well, also £4 per annum, 
one-half to be paid by each of my sons Benjamin and William. To her my negro girl 
called Maria, and, during her widowhood, two lots in the Southlield, formerly called 
Morc's and Archer's lots, and one-quarter part of the barn, and outhouses, also £3 
per annum to be paid by my son John. 

To my grandchildren, John and Hannah Buttolph £10 each, when they arrive at 
age or at marriage. 

To each of my grandchildren, that are already born 12 s, to buy a silver spoon 
•when they arrive at age, or at marriage. 

To my son John Pickering all the rest of my estate. Jly wife Alice and son John 
Pickering my executors.^ 

1-70. II. 1. Alice Bullock, the wife of John Pickerhig, probably born 
in England, died in Salem. 

The records of the First Church of Salem show that at a church meet- 
ing held March 11, 1684, Alice Pickering, and others whose names are 
entered on the record, having stood propounded a month, with no excep- 
tions, was admitted after the usual manner. 

At the time the Pickering Sheets were printed, we did not know tliat 
Alice Flint had ever married before she married John Pickering ; but from 
records since found, it appears that she had married as her first husband 
Henry Bullock, Jr., of Salem. By liim she had two children, viz. : — 

» Essex County Probate Rerords, Vol. 303, p. 208. 


Elizabeth Bullock, who probably died young. 

John Bullock, who married Aug. 3, IGSl, Eliza Maverick, daughter of ;^^ Maverick 
of Marblehead, by whom he had tu-o children, Elizabeth Bullock, born 
Juiie 22, 1G83, and Johu Bullock, born April 8, 1GS6. The latter 
married Mary Carrill, July 20, 1710. 

John Bullock the son of Henry and Alice Bullock died in 1693. He 
is doubtless the same person who received the following grant at a meeting 
of the selectmen of Salem held Jan. 9, 1679-80 : — 

" Whearas John Bullock was Impressed into the Country Service against the 
Indians and was therein sorely wounded to the very greate hazerd of his liffe, and 
being thereby disabled from getting a lieulihood for hirasclfe mucli more for a ffamilye 
in any Labourious calling, hee still Remayning a creeple k vnder great & greuious 
Affliction by that mecnes ; the consideration whereof hath moucd our harts not only to 
pittey him, butt also to consider of some way sutable for one in that distressed condit- 
tion, whearby hee may be al)lc to gitt a liueing, and not discourage him & others y' 
may bee called forth vpon services for there Country hoareafter. Wee doe therefore 
grant him Liberty to sett vp k Keep a Cooks Shop in tlie towne, And likewise to draw 
■wine <fec if the Countye Courte shall see cause to aproue of and confirme him 
therein." ^ 

Henry Bullock, Jr., was the son of Henry Bullock and his wife Susan, 
and came with them in the Abigail from Essex, England, in 1635, when he 
was eight years old." 

Aug. 22, 1657, Alice Bullock, widow, with the consent of her father, 
William Flint, sold to Henry Cooke for seventy pounds to be paid yearly, 
according to the tenure of the bond her dwelling, outdiouses and about 
twenty acres of land, the said house standing " neere unto the generall fence 
of the north neck, having Henry Bullock on the one side & "William Robin- 
son on y' other & the land adjo\-ning unto the sd house runneth from thenc 
unto John Soutliwicks, excepting y* wood upon half an acre of land «fc the 
pond well belongs unto Henry Bullock for the terme of his life, on paying 
10' p annum during the term of his life unto the sd Henry Bullock" also 
all the land lying in Xorthfield formerly Henry Bullock's dec'd. Also six 
acres in the broad meadow near John Hathorne's old house.^ 

» Salem Eecords, Vol. 3. p. 309. 

' See Genealogical Dictionary of New England by James Savage, Vol. I. p. 297. 

* Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 1, p. 39. 


The name of Alice Flint appears on the Court Records as a transg-rcssor 
of the law passed by the General Court to prevent excess of dress,^ and is 
noticed by Felt as follows ; — 

^ The following is the act against excess in dress which was passed Oct. 14, 1651, by 
the General Court of Massachusetts : — 

"Although seuerall declartjons and orders have binn made by this Courts against 
excesse in apparrell, both of men and weomen, which have not taken that effect as were to 
be desired, but, on the contrary, wee cannot but to our greife take notice that jntoUerable 
excesse and bravery hath crept in vppon vs, and especially amongst people of meane condi- 
tion, to the dishonnor of god, the seandall of our profession, the consumption of estates, 
and altogether vnsuiteable to our pouertje ; and although wee acknowledge it to be a 
matter of much ditiicultje, in regard of the bliudnes of mens mindes and the stubbornes 
of their willes, to sett downe exact Kules to confjne all sorts of persons, yett wee cannot 
but account it our duty to coinend vnto all sortes of persons the sober and moderate vse 
of those blessings which, beyond expectation, the lord hath bin pleased to affoard vnto 
V3 in this wildernes, and also to declare our vtter detestation and dislike that men or 
weomen of meane condijon should take vppon them the garbe of gentlemen by wearing 
gold or silver lace or buttons, or points at their knees, or to walk in great bootes, or weo- 
men of the same rancke to weare silke or tiffany hoodes or scarfes, which though allow- 
able to persons of greater estate, or more liberall education, yett wee cannot but judge it 
intollerable in persons of such like Condition: Itt is therefore Ordered by this Courte, and 
the Authoritje thereof, that no person within this Jurisdiccon, or any of their relations 
depending vppon them, whose visible estates, reall and personall, shall not exceede the true 
and Indifferent valew of two hundred pounds, shall weare any gold or silver lace, or gold 
and silver buttons, or any bone lace above two shillings V yard, or silk hoods or scarfes, 
vppon the peualtje of tenn shillings for euery such offence, and euery such deljnquent to 
be presented by the grannd Juiy. And forasmuch as distinct and particular rules in this 
Case, suiteable to the estate or quallitje of each person, cannot easily be given, Itt is fur- 
ther Ordered by the Authoritje aforesajd, that the Selectmen of euery Tonne, or the major 
part of them, are heereby enabled and required from tjme to tjme to have regard and take 
notice of Apparrell in any of the Inhabitants of their seuerall Townes respectively, and 
whosoeuer they shall Judge to exceede their rancks and abillitjes in the Costljnes or ffash- 
jon of their apparrell in any Respect, especially in the wearing of ribbons or great bootes, 
(leather being so scarce a Comoditje in this Countrje.) lace pointes, &c, silke hoods or 
scarfes, the selectmen aforesajd shall have power to assesso such persons so offending in 
any of the particulars above mentioned in the Country rates at two hundred pounds 
estates, according to that proportion that such men vse to pay to whom such Apparell is 
suiteable and allowed, provided this lawe shall not extend to the restraint of any magis- 
trate or publicke ofiBcer of the Jurisdiction, their wives and children, who are left to 
their discretion in wearing of apparrell, or any setled mditary officer or souldjer in the 
tjme of millitary service, or any other whose education and iraplojments have binn above 


" 1652 Nov. 30"" Alice Fliut was presented for wearing a silk hood, but proving 
herself to be worth £200 she was excused." ' 

This Alice Flint is saiil to have been William Flint's daughter, who after- 
wards married John Pickering-. This is hardly probable, for in 1652 she 
was a very young woman, not much above sixteen years old, and not likely 
to possess so large a sum as two hundred pounds. She has undoubtedly 
been confounded with her mother, for whom she was named, and who 
might well be able to indulge in such a luxury, as her husband, William 
Flint, was in all probability a well-to-do man. Xineteen years later his 
estate amounted to more than nine hundred pounds. 

There is a plan, still extant, showing that William Flint owned the land 
from the corner of Flint and Essex streets, extending to Broad Street, and 
thence easterlv. Flint Street is said to run through the land he once 
owned, and near where his dwelling stood. He was born about 1603, 
being called about tifty-eight years old in a deposition in Court, Dec. 10, 
1661. lie tilled several town-offices: was overseer of fences in 1656; 
a surveyor of the Southfield fences in 1657 ; one of the perambulators of 
the Lynn line in 1658, and a surveyor of highways in the same year. In 
1659, he was appointed to mend the foot-bridge, and he was chosen on the 
jury in 1656 and 1659. 

William Flint died April 2, 1673. ITis will was dated Sept. 15, 1671, 
and was very unsatisfactory to his daughters, who succeeded in pre- 
venting the settlement of the estate till Fob. 26, 1695-96, when the 
whole property was equitalily divided among the heirs. The inven- 
tory of it amounted to £911 lo.s. When the will was presented at 
Court to be proved, June 26, 1673, Mr. Edmund Batter testified that 
William Flint had intended to give his son, John Pickering, a piece of land, 
but company coming in, he was interrupted from so doing, and the next 
day, he was not well enough to be even spoken to. Upon this testimony, 

the ordjnary decree, or whose estates have liinn Considerable, thongli now decajed." 
(Records of ^fassachusetts. V..1. TV. Part I. 1G:;0-16G0, p. GO-61). See also the Massa- 
chusetts Archives, Court Records, Vol. 4, pp. o7-o9. 
* Annals of Salem, by Joseph B. Felt, p. 1S8. 


" Ye court doth order y! John Pickering shall have that pece of ground, 
which was intended by his father, as is declared by Mr. Ilathorne." 

WiUiam Flint's wife Alice survived him, dying Oct. 5, 1700. She must 
have been at least eighty years old at this time. From the following deed, 
it appears that she lived with her daughter Alice Pickering in her old age: 

" 22 Aug 1606. To all Christian People to whome These presents shall come I 
Alice FHntt reUct widow of William Fliutt late of Salem Deed Send Gi-eeting Know ye 
that I \® said Alice Flintt for the loue & afection that I y" said Alice fflintt doe bear 
vnto my daiigliter Alice Pickering & more especialy for & in Consideration of her my 
said Dear daughters great Trouble cost & charge in keejiing A: maintaining me The 
s*" Alice Flintt in my old age when I were not able to he!]) my Sclfe & for my said 
Daughters obligacon to me so to doe during my natural life I tlie said Alice Flintt 
haue giuen granted & coufumed Sc doe by these presents fully freely and absolutely 
giue grant & confirm vnto y" said Alice Pickering all and singular such Rents 
Arrearages of Rents goods Chattels personall Estate whatsover vtcncills household 
stufTe Implements and all things Whatsoeuer of what nature kind or property soeuer 
y° same be or can be found To Have k to Hold Levy vse dispose of take <t enjoy 
& all my said good Chattels persuuall estate household stuffe and Implements <tc & 
all other the premises aforesaid vnto my said daughter Alice Pickering her hiers 
Executors adm" & assigues from henceforth & forever." ^ 

Then is given a description of a five acre, a two acre, and a three 
acre lot of land in the Southfield which her husband William Flint died 
seized of. 

Alice Pickering did not survive her mother many years. The wrong 
year is given in the Pickering Sheets as the year of her death. The mis- 
take arose from the natural supposition that she must have died shortly 
before the administration on her estate, which was granted to her son- 
in-hxw, James Browne of Salem, husbandman, Jan. 6, 1723-24.^ The 
exact date of her death has not been found ; but the follownig deeds show 
that she must have died at some time between March 4, 1712-13, and May 
13, 1713. 

"To all People to whomc this present deed of Gift shall come know yee that I 
Alice Pickering of Salem, in the County of Essex in New Endand, Widow, for A- 
vpon Mature Considerations & other Good Causes me hereunto Justly mouing haue 

1 Essex County Eegistry of Deeds, Vol. 14, p. 88. 
* Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 314, p. 3. 


Giuen Granted it do by these presents Giue Grant alioue set ouer & Confirmo unto 
Jane King, Hannah Beadle, Lydia k Mary Pahner, all y° Children of my Daughter 
Hannah Palmer Late of Salem, dec"* my hue acres of Land Lying and being in y* Towne 
of Salem, in y° Suuthfeild so Called be y* same more or Less to be Equally diuided 
between them as they shall ariue at j' age of Eighteen yeares or marriage to be to 
them & their heiis forcuer, and y' my Son-in-Law Richard Palmer shall haue the vse 
of said Land Till y° said Children Come to age as aforesaid it being part of that Land 
giuen me by my Mother, a Deed of Gift may appeare. Item I giue unto my Daughter 
Elizabeth Browne wife of James Browne, my Two Silucr Cupps & one Siluer Spoone. 
Item I giue unto y° Chililren of my Daughter Browne &. y" Children of my Daughter 
Palmer all my mouealilcs to be equally diuided between them. Item I giue unto 
Hannah Osgood, wife of Xatlianiel Osgood, one peare of Shets which she hath of mine 
in Witness hereof I haue hereunto set my hand & scale this 4th day of March 1712-13 

"Alice G Pickering *.«.!» 
" Signed sealed & D.D. 
in Pesence of us 
" Thomas Brewer 
"Frances Willoughby 
" Essex ss Att an Infcriour Court of pleas holden at Salem, December 29 1713 
then M' Francis Willoughby & Thomas Brewer y* Two witnesses to this Deed or 
Instrument made Oath that they were present & saw M" Alice Pickering, Deed sign 
seal &. Deliuer this Instrument as her act & deed, and the s"* deponents at y' same 
time subscribed as witnesses thereto. Sworne, attest Steph Sewall cler 

Following the above deed is a release, dated May 13, 1713, in which 
John Pickering-, yeoman, Benjamin Pickering, and "William Pickering, mari- 
ners, sons of Mr. John and jMts. Alice Pickering, both of Salem, deceased, 
give up all their rights in the above said five acres of land, to the children 
of their sister Hannah Palmer, late of Salem, deceased.^ 

AHce Pickering was a daughter of William and Alice Flint. 
Ancestry Tables y 

1-70. II. 2. Jonathan Pickering [John 1-70. I. 1] born in Salem, 
probably died in Salem. A shipwright. Residence : Salem. 

Jonathan Pickering was born in 1639, according to a memorandum of 

Henry Pickering [58. VI. Ill] ; and Benj. Ropes :N'ichols [44. VII. 218] 

says that he died in 1729, aged 90; but, in a deposition of Sept. 28, 1686, 

he calls himself about 44 years old, and in another of May 27, 1720, he 

* Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 25, p. 225. 


calls himself about 78 years old.' Bj both of these statements of his own 
he must have been born about 1642. In the old Family Bible, mentioned 
under the bead of his brother, Lieutenant John Pickering, the pages of 
which were cut down when it was rebound, there is a mutilated record 
of what may be the birth of Jonathan Pickering, viz.: "J. Pickering 
was Born 10 of February 1043." This may have been Feb. 10 or 16, 
lG4o. He was married to Jane Cromwell, March 19, 1G65, according to 
the Salem records. 

It has been seen in the account of his brother, John Pickering, that 
Jonathan joined with him in obstructing the building of the new mill on 
the South River, and that in 1664 an action was brought against the pro- 
prietors of the mill " for damming up the Channel or river below their 
land and hindering them from coming by water to said land or improving 
of it for a building place for vessels." Mr. Upham, in his account of this 
suit, after quoting as above, adds : " From this it appears that the business 
of ship building was carried on, before the Mill was erected, at that part of 
the South River which is now the Mill Pond." 

Owing to the building of the mill, Jonathan Pickering was obliged to 
discontinue building vessels at this point, and to seek some other locality for 
the prosecution of his business. It appears from the town records that on 
the 19th of March, 1668-9, he was allowed " to build shipping next beyond 
the causeway at the end of the town if he do not incommode the highway, 
nor hinder cattle from coming to the salt water." Here, we suppose, he 
worked at his calling for some time ; but the following grant from the town 
leads us to infer that the place was not altogether to his liking : — 

" Att a Generall towne meeting held y' 23^"^ March 1674 : — Yoated y' Jonothan : 
pickering, hath graimted to him a Conuoniant p"" of Land about Hardies Couc,for himself 
& heires foreuer, to build Vessells vpou and y'' selectmen arc appointed k Impowred to 
Lay out y« same, & this to bee full satisfaction, for y" pTjudice done him, by stoping up 
y* riuer w*'' y» Milldam, Butt la case y° aboues"? place, proves not soe Conueniant for 
his Yse as hee expects, Its Left to y" selectmen to Yew some other place, & make 
returne thereof to y' towne." ^ 

From the length of time since the first interruption of his business by 
the building of the mill-dam, and the above grant of the town, the inference 
' Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 37, p. 126. 
^ Salem Records, Vol. 3. p. 254. 


is that Pickering' was a persevering man, and now, after some thirteen years, 
had brought the town to his own terms, ^ye have not met with any agree- 
ments of his to build vessels, and therefore we do not know the names or 
sizes of the ships which he built, nor the parties with whom he contracted ; 
but we judge that he can-ied on his business on a large scale, since he is 
mentioned among the four noted shipbuilders of Salem during the years 
1659 to 1G77. 

In 1668, he signed a petition of two hundred and thirty-three inhabi- 
tants of Salem against a duty of 1 per cent on exports and imports and 
Id. on each bushel of grain.^ 

By the will ^ of John Alderman of Salem, dated the 3d of the 5th month 
1657, Jonathan Pickering received " my armes and all my nursery of 
apples trees at my tenn acre lott." 

May 18, 1671, he gave a receipt, stating that he had received full satis- 
faction from his brother John Pickering for his part given in his father's 

The following shows that he cared for his mother-in-law, Mrs. Ann 
Cromwell, in her old age : — 

Jonathan Pickering of Salem, shipwright, for a valuable sum of money, viz : 
£5.17s. paid by Mr. Benjamin Browne of Salem, promises "to take care of pro- 
vide for my mother Mrs. Ann Cromwell her full maintenance, as apparell, diett, 
washing, lodging itc., both in health and sickness, suitable for a wooman of her rank 
k, quality, and all this during her natural life, so that the said Mr. Benjamin Browne 
and my brother in law David Phippen " shall be forever released, etc. Oct. 22, 1690.* 

Jonathan and Jane (Cromwell) Pickering had the following children : — 

Jaxe Pickering, born Xov. 27, 1C67, baptized Sept. 7, 1671. 

Elizabeth Pickering, born June 2, 1GG9, baptized Sept. 7, 1671 ; married before 

1697 Xathaniel Silsby. 
Mart Pickerin-g, born Dec. 1, 1670, baptized Sept. 7, 1671. 

A:s-x Pickering, bom Aug. 25, 1672. 

* ;^Jassachusetts Archives, Vol. 60, pp. 40-41. 

* Ipswich Records, Vol. 1, p. 197, in the Essex County Registry of Deeds. 

* Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 6, p. IIS. 

* Ibid. Vol. S, p. 171. 


Jonathan Pickebing, born ^iray 11, 1G74 ; biiins publislitd ia Salem to Elizabeth 
Snow of Boston. They evidently settled in Boston, where 
children are found recorded to Jonathan and Elizabeth 
Pickering from Oct. 27, 1713, to April 2'J, 1717. 

Sarah Pickering, born Jan. 25, 1G75-G, unmarried March 30, 1715. 

John Pickering, baptized May 19, 1078. 

Hannah Pickering, baptized May 2S, 16S2. 

Samuel Pickering, baptized Aug. o, 1GS4. 

Mekcy Pickering, baptized Feb. 11, 1710, at age; banns published to Benjamin 

Smith, April 4, 1713. 

But three of the above children sign the following conveyance : — 

Jonathan Pickering of Salem, shipwright, for <£25. paid by Jonathan Glover of 
Salem, house carpenter sells him 10 full 16 parts of 3^ acres of upland in Southfield 
30 March 1715. 

We, the children, (to wit) y" sons and daughters of Jonathan and Jane Pickering, 
his wife, for £4 sell all our right in the above land conveyed by our father 30 March 
1715. Signed, March 30, 1715, (all by mark), Nathaniel Silsby, Elizabeth Silsby, Sarah 
Pickering, Mercy Smith. ^ 

1-70. II. 2. Jane Croimvell, the wife of Jonathan Pickering, perhaps 
born in England, probably died in Salem. 

Jane Pickering was admitted to full communion of the First Church, 
Salem, Aug. 5, 1694.^ She was a daughter of Thomas and Ann Cromwell 
of Salem. He was a brother of Philip Cromwell, a prosperous butcher or 
slaughterer of Salem, who was there as early as Aug. 9, IG-IT.^ 

In 1649, Philip Cromwell had a grant of one hundred acres, and the 
grant also allows him ten acres of meadow, if he can find it in the bounds. 
Philip Cromwell made his will March 2, 1687-8 ; and it was proved April 
4, 1693. In it he calls himself ancient, but otherwise healthful in body, 
and of sound mind. Among others named in his will are his brother Thomas 
Cromwell, Jonathan Pickenng, his now wife ^largarct, and his son John 
Cromwell, who is his executor.* This John Cromwell lived in Salem, and 
he also was a butcher or slaughterer. He made his will Nov. 20, 1G99 ; and 
it was proved Sept. 27, 1700. He willed a part of his property as follows : 

» Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 20. p. 200. 
' Records of the First Church, Salem, p. 111. 
' Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 1, p. 3. 
* Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 303, p. 105. 


To my wife Ilannuh 1 give one-half of my money, plate, and reading books, and 
my homestead ; I give £oO towards a writing and cyphering school, which shall be kept 
within a quarter ot a mile of y' meeting house, by Mr. Walter Price in Salem. To niv 
cousins, Ann PhipLny, wife of David Phipeny, and Jane Pickering, wife of Jonathan 
Pickering, I give the other half of my money, plate, and reading books, and all mv 
writing books and writings ; and the residue of the estate left after my wife's decease, 

1 give one-third to each of them, and the other third to be divided among their children. 
To Jonathan Pickering and to David Phipeny I give all the goods I liave in my mother's 
hands, and all that I had in Florence Mecarty's hands, which are : " A cutting block, 

2 axes, 2 cleavers, 2 pr. stiUiards, 6 ropes, & y^ pack saddles." 

The inventory of the estate amounted to £556 13s. 2d. Jonathan 
Pickering was one of the executors.^ 

Savage states that Giles Cromwell of Xewbury was the father of Philip 
and Thomas Cromwell of Saleui, that Thomas was of Newbury in 1637, 
then twenty years old, and that he removed to Hampton in 1639, was a 
physician, and removed to Salein. Thomas is also called a doctor by 
James A. Emmerton.^ The only Thomas Cromwell that we have found in 
Salem is called a " taylor " in a deed dated April 20, 1664.^ In a deposition 
dated June 27, 16S2, Thomas and John Cromwell stated that they were 
long inhabitants of Salem, County of Essex, and that they had known 
" Hugh Joanes as one coming from England in y" same ship with us in to 
the contry above thirty yeares agoe (& as wee understood abord Mr. 
Strattons ship,) " etc. * 

In his will of April 27, 1672, which was proved March 25, 1673, Giles 
Cromwell does not mention a son Thomas, but mentions a daughter 
Argentine, wife of Benjamin Cram, his executor, and speaks of his " son 
Philip Cromwell's eldest son that shall live and arrive at the age of one and 

Philip Cromwell of Salem, at the time when this will was made, had a 
son John who was thirty-seven vears old ; but this does not seem to be 
the grandson alluded to, for it is hardly probable that Giles Cromwell would 
have intimated that his grandson had not yet ari'ived at the age of twenty- 
one, when he was in reality thirty-seven. We are inclined to think that 

1 Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 307, pp. 111-112. 

* See A Genealogical Account of Henry Silsbee and Some of his Descendants, p. 9. 

» Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 6, p. 97. ♦ Ibid. p. 28. 


Giles was the brother, not the fatlier, of Philip and Thomas Cromwell of 
Salem, and that Philip Cromwell of Dover, 1657-1G74, who is mentioned 
by Savage, and who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Laighton, was 
the " son Philip " mentioned in this will. 

Ancestry Table-* 5- 

1-70. II. 3. Elizabetli Pickering [John 1-70. I. 1], born in Salem, 
baptized there ilarch 3, 1644, died m Salem. 

1-70. II. 4. Elizabetli Pickering [John 1-70. I. 1], bom in Salem, 
baptized there Aug. 31, 1645, died iu Salem. 


1-70. III. 1. John Pickering [Jolm 1-70. II. 1], born in Salem, died 
in Salem. A farmer. Residence : Salem. 

Jolm Pickering was a member of the First Clmrcli of Salem, as appears 
by the following- entry on the records: " IG Dec. KJbS Ju° Pickerings 
Jim' Admitted & baptized" 

He inherited from his father the homestead and engaged in farming. 
He became a prominent citizen, filling the office of selectman in 1710, 171G, 
and 1717, and was a representative to the General Conrt in 1714 and 171G. 
He was also a prosperous man, adding to his patrimony, so that at his death 
he left a very respectable estate. Felt^ say.s of him: "His death was a 
loss to the community." Deacon Timothy Pickering told his son, Colonel 
Timothy Pickering, that the death of his father, John Pickering, was caused 
by a cancer in the face. Tins statement is corroborated by Dr. Thomas 
Rodman's account, in wdiich there is the following charge against John 
Pickering: — 

"To my attendance in dressing his face canserated from y? lO'.*" day of y? 3? mo'.'' 
until yf 20'." day of yf G^^ mo'-!^ 1719 in which time I administered 41 doses of £ Dolcis 
with ampitations & cauthorisings, diligently attending for which 1 desarve according 
to calculation ^8.10."- 

John Pickering's gravestone foiTuerly stood in the private biu-ial-ground 
of the Pickerings, on the Hill. The inscription on it has been printed in the 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register/ and reads as follows : — 

" Here's intcrr'd y" body of Jlr. Juhn Pickering who died June 9th., A. Dom. 
1732, ^tatisq ; 64." 

The date of his death, as printed, is certainly an error, and must have 
been made either by the printer, the transcriber, or the stone-cutter. The 

' Annals of Salem, by Joseph B. Felt, p. 374. 

" Note of Octavius Pickering in Colonel Timothy Pickering's :\remorandum Book. 

» Vol. in. p. 278. 


exact date of his death -was June 19, 1722. It is so given in the Salem 
records ; ^ and tlie note-book of John Pickering's grandson, Colonel Timothy 
Pickering, contains the following : — 

" My fatlier informed lue that my grandfather John Pickering died Tuesday, June 
10, 1722." Thi3 is signed " T. Pickering, Jr." 

Moreover, John Pickering's -u'ill was proved July 19, 1722 ; and in a 
deposition made by him jMay 27, 1720, he says he was at that time nearly 
sixty-two years old. 

An abstract of his will, which was dated Nov. 20, 1721, and was proved 
July 19, 1722, is as follows : — 

John Pickering of Salem, county of Essex under indisposition of ))ody but of per- 
fect mind and memory 

To ray elder son Theophilus Pickering (besides the expenses of his education) the 
house and land I bought of Timothy Lindall near the meeting house and my new 
house I built on same land with right of connuonnge ; also one half of my pasture in 
the Southfield formerly called Jcggles Point, and if he is inclined to .sell the same, 
his brother Timothy is to have the first offer ; also one half of the land I bought of 
William Hardy, deceased, in the Southfield ; also my land near James Darling's in Salem 
and Lynn bounds; also my part of the land I bought of John Woodwell, deceased, 
near the mill, to be in his full possession Avhen he is twenty-two. To him my land in 
the Glass-house field after my wife's decease provided she doth not sell. To him the 
one-half of my pew in the meeting house, after my wife's decease, and also my silver 
tankard at her decease. 

To my son Timothy Pickering nil that was my father's homestead, viz. The dwell- 
ing house, barn, garden, orchard and all land adjoining; cider mill in the barn; 
all privileges belonging to said homestall ; also my part of the Broadfield by the mill 
jiond with the orchard and all the benefits ; also land in the field that was Col. 
Hathorne's ; also half of my pasture in the Southfield formerly known as Jeggles' Point, 
and if he is ever inclined to sell it, to give his brother Theophilus the first offer; also the 
other half of the land I bought of William Hardy, deceased, in the Southfield ; also my 
part of More's lot in the Southfield ; also my part of that land near Holme's, also that 
part of the same hind wliich my father gave me as part of the real estate not specified 
in his will ; also half of Harwoods lot so called in the Southfield ; also I give him 
whatsoever of my grandfather Flint's estate doth or may of right belong imto me, and 
all common rights, except those two given Theophilus; only my wife shall have two 
common rights during her life, all of which shall remain iu the hands of my execu- 

1 Vol. 2, p. 86. 


tors, until he is twenty-two, tlun he to be in full iiossessiou. I also then give him my 
implements of husbandry. I siivc him my liomestcad wliere I now dwell after the 
decease of my wife, with the commonage thereof. I grant him liberty to improve one 
half of it when he comes to the age set, provided he lives here himself, either single 
or with family, but he shall not rent it in my wife's lifetime. I also give him the 
other half of my pew in the meeting house after my wife's decease. 

To my daughter Lois Orne, one hundred poles of land I bought of Mr. Joseph 
Aadrews, near the lower meeting house ; also £30 more by m\- son Timothy, as is after 
mentioned, besides what I have already given her. 

To uiy daughter Sarah Hardy the house and land I bought of Mr. Joseph An- 
drews, except what I have given to my daughter Lois Orne ; she to have the use of said 
house and land during her natural life, and after her decease to be equally divided 
among her children by Joseph Hardy. I also give her, to make use of, all she 
hath of mine in her hands, for her life, then to be divided among her children. 

To my daughter Eunice Pickering .£170. 

To my loving wife Sarali Pickering ray homestead where I now dwell, with the 
right of commonage during her natural life, then to my son Timothy, (as was said). 
To her I give my negro girl Maria; also my pew in tlie meeting house during her 
natural life, then to be my two sons as aforesaid ; also full power to make a legal sale 
of land in the Glass House field, but if it is unsold at her death, then to my son Tlie- 
ophilus ; also power to sell house and land I bought of Daniel Webb, deceased ; also I 
give her fire wood. I give to her all the rest of my estate to pay my lawful deljts, 
funeral charges, and legacies, and for her comfortable maintainance, and she may dis- 
pose of personal estate as she will unto my children, and if any be left at her 
decease it shall be equally given unto my three daughters, Lois, Sarah, and Eunice. 
My son Timothy to pay my daughter Eunice ^60 when twenty-five years of age and 
£20 more at or before my wife's decease, and to pay to my daughter Lois Orne <£30 
at my wife's decease, and I order him to provide fire wood for my wife while she is 
my w-idow. If either of my two sons Theopliilus or Timothy die before twenty-two 
years of age, then his part to go to the survivor. 

My wife Sarah Pickering and my son Theophilus Pickering to be my executors.^ 

This above will is signed and sealed by Jolin Pickering. Tlie seal is 
a lion rampant. A heliotype of it and tlie signature has been given facing 
page 10. 

1-70. III. 1. Sat-aJi Burr ill, the wife of John Pickering, born in 
Lynn, died In Salem. 

Mrs. Pickering is said, by her descendants, to have been a very sensible 
woman and possessed of considerable accomplishments for the time in 
» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 313, pp. 47G-479., V. 


= .\f.,rtha 

h. 10,15, lG."iS: J. 12. 10, 1721. li 

C-T ; 

b. 7, 1-), 1G79 ; 

d. 9, 0, 17iil ; will 

b. 7, 12 

[,ivent"rv,i2'i.M.i5.n. Towni, 


prove.l 10, 19 

1761; inventory. 

9, 1760; 

vs.irs; Spca''*'' "' vljis; Coi 

£2182.19.6: I. 

nn. Uepresentative 

1702. d 

thiirch: m. 7, 28, I'j^u, Marv 1 

and Councillor 

thew Fa 

,1. 5. 22, 172S; dau. of hichs 

was on the e^t 

ate belonging to K. 



Marv. L^is, 


„Le. Uli. 


= Anna. 

b.8,2-l,lf;H3:m. b.2,15, l70()-il 

b. If 

27.1713; b. 8. 7, 

b. 4. 1,1717; d. .0. 

h. 1721 

(pub.9,30.1715) ri.2,22.1720J.S 


2I,17.;0; 1715;d. 

3,1797: adm. 0.5, 


/ohn Lewis, of m Kobj.v 

ni. - 

-, i74.;-4, 0, \:,, 

1797: Lvnn Kep- 

Lvnn. 'I 

reseutative Jleni- 

2, :i 


ber of ilie Conven- 


2S, nus; 

tion for forming 


ard Green 

[9. ^ 

i. 21J. 


jton, of min 

Potter; h 


d. 4. 25 




h. 4, 15.171fi;d. 

b. 2. 25 

9, 15, 1748: ni. 


12, 25, 17-15. 

m. 111,20 

Thomas HilU, 

of Maiden. 



b. 8, 29, 
1726; d. 
12, 14, 

. Ann. JcsJ, 
Thompson, h. 6,'; 
b. 2, 24,1729; 1723; 
d. 4, 15, 1798; 12, 
m. 1,26, 1749. 1791; 
tied, 1740. 

Martha Marv, Beniamin, 
Ntvhall, b. 2. 6, b. 8, 14, 
b. 2. 23. 1742-3 : 1743 ; 1 745. 

m. 5, 3, 1762; m. 

dan. of Benja- Collins. 
miu and Eliza- 
beth (Fowle) 


ezer. Maitha, 
747-8. b. 7. 23, 



Joseph. Haniiar 

1 1 1 1 1 
Lvdia, Ebenezer. Eva. Henry, Nathan. 
2,26,1779. b. 7, 9, 1781. 



b. 11, 21, 
1749; d. 
10, 20, 

= Ann 




b. 17 






Bf.xjami.v = Manj 




b. 8, 14, 1787. 

h.3,6, ; 

Did he m. in 

2. 21.' 

1811, Sallv 


Curtis: an"d 

2d, Hannah 

Graves V 


m. 9. 28, 1806; 
dau. of .Jo-epli 
and Marv (In- 
galls) Johnson. 




6, 10,"17 


h. 1 

■31: d.3 



9, 15, 1< 



: ni. 4, 



. Tbeouh 


1804. JIarvl 

Clark. ■ 


b. 17S6 



19, 18 




: Almirn Bree~ 

Attn- ill. 
h. 2. 14, ISi: 
d. 11, 18. IS'i: 
m. 11,26, 183 
dau. of Georf 


I I 

Marv Ann, Mercv. 

b. 6. 3, 1814; b. 8, 31,iSI7; 

d. 12,23,1886; d. 5. 18.1863: 

111. 12.-. 1837, in.4. -. 1854, 

David Vick- Kiobard 

erv. Johnson. 

E.Spinnev, d. 2 
10, 1863. ■ 

Abbv Maria, Geori,-e R.irtlptt, William Abbott, 
b. 9, 0, 1845. b. 12, 22. 1.S4S; b. 7, 29, 1805. 
d. 4, 27, 1867. 

John Hanc. 
b. 8, .3, 177 
d. 12, 6, li: 

Eliza Thompson, FTa 

,26, l.'^Ol; b. 11, 






wliirli »Iie livfd.'' From the tbllowiii;^'- aeccnmt, we learn wlu-re .she sat in 
meeting, and the importance attached to ^eating- peu}»le in the phice of 
public worship. It is also interesting as showing, to a certain extent, the 
social position of the Pickering family. 

" Coppy of note sent to Mrs. Mercy Marston about her setting in Mrs Osgood's 
seat in y' 2° pew. 

" 1714. 

"I am to Inforrae you y' the Wid° M'? Mary Gedney, Capt Osgood's wife, M' 
Kcysor's wife, Cap.' Willard's wife, Mf Jn° Piclcering's wife, M? Tho. Flint's wife, are 
Placed in the Second Pew in the meeting House w"in The first Parrish in Salem 
tt whereas you have Remoued M? Osgood's Chair <t Seated yo-Self in her Place (you 
your Self having never been placed in S'^ pew) you are desired to refrain taking The 
Same place or any of the places of the psons Aboue mentioned for tlie future, it 
being 111 resented by all that observe the same Sc all psons ought to observe order in 
all things & places, Especially in the Church at the Publick Worship, w"^'' wee desire 
you will take notice of k Conform your Self accordingly. 
" Per order of the Selectmen. 

" Walter Price, Town Cler. 
"To Mrs Mercy Marston, Jun'r. 
Salem, Aprill 10th, 1714." 2 

Mrs. Pickering snrvived her husband a quarter of a centur}-. The in- 
scription upon her gravestone, which formerly stood with her husband's in 
the private burying ground of the Pickerings, on the Hill, is printed in the 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register,'^ as follows: — 

" Here lies buried y^ body of Mrs. Sarah Pickering, widow of Mr. John Pickering. 
Died Dec^ y" 27th. 1714." 

The date, as above printed, is wrong. The original memorandum-book 
of Colonel Timothy Pickering, in his own handwriting-, says she died Dec. 
"27, 1747, in her eighty-sixth year, and several other authorities agree in this 
date. She was certainly alive Oct. IC, 17"22, when she joined with Theophi- 

* See the Gardner Family EccorJ, now in possession of Geors^e A. Gardner [53. 
VI 11. G14]. 

" See Gleaning from the files of the Court, printed in the Essex Institute Histori- 
cal Collections, Vol. XI. p. 239. 

• Vol. III. p. 278. 


lus Bimill, Kbciuzcr Ikirrill, IJcnjainin Potter and -wife Ruth, John Lewis 
and wife ]\Iarv, in releasing their right to a house and land in Boston, to 
Mary, widow of John Burrill, Esq.^ 

Mrs. Pickering belonged to an influential and well-known family, called 
the royal family of Lynn, on account of the many fomous persons connected 
with it.^ Her grandfather, George Burrill, came to Lynn soon after the first 
settlement, and was one of the richest planters in the town, fie lived on the 
west side of Tower Hill, and owned two hundred acres of land. Her father. 
Lieutenant John Burrill, was a selectman, a representative in the General 
Court, and prominent in other ways. He bequeathed to her £120. Her 
mother was Lois, daughter of Thomas Ivory. Her brothei-s, Hon. John 
Burrill, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and Hon. Ebeuezer 
Burrill were veiy distinguished men. She is mentioned in both of their wills. 
Some old silver spoons which come from both the Burrill and the Pickering 
families were in the possession of the late Jonathan Goodhue in 1835, and 
are now owned by his granddaughter, Mrs. Percy Rivington King [19. IX. 
279]. They are probably examples of the early manufacture of the country, 
for they are rudely made. They bear the following letters : — 

A B S P H 


^'''''' >I S IP I M 

There are in the possession of the First Church of Lynn eight pieces 
of plate belonging to tlie communion service, four of which were presented 
by the Hon. John Burrill and four by Theophilus Bun-ill, Esq. Those of 
the former consist of a tankard and three cups, thus inscribed : — 

The Gift of the Honorable 
John Burrill Esqf 
to the first Church in Lynn 
December the 10"^ 1721 

Those given by Theophilus Bun-ill consist of a baptismal basin, a tankard 
and two cups, all bearing the Burrill coat of arms and the following 
inscription : — 

» Suffolk County Eegistry of Deeds, Vol. 37, p. 122. 

* See the History of Lynn, by Alonzo Lewis and James R. Newhall, p. 116. 


By the Hon. John Btrrill, Esq., and Thlophilus Burrill, Esq., oi 
Lynn, Brothers of S.\rah Burrill [1-70. III. i.]. 


r ~f -''^'' 

f— --^ 



.^^. '%J 




, -^ 



1 -,C 


MxaSb.-. A ^ -jo^. 



The Gift of The.;. Burrill, E6i{ 
to the first Church of Christ in 
A lieliotype of tliis silver is here given. There is also in possession of 
Raymond Lee Wartl, Esq., of New York, a silver can beaiing the arms 
o( Ward impaling Burrill ; this can was handed down to ^Ir. Ward from 
Joshua Ward, who married, Jan. 21, 1747, Mrs. Lydia [Burrill] Hawks. 

Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of John and Lois [Ivory] Burrill of 
Lynn. Iler ancestry includes the following families : Burrill, Ivory, 
South. See AxcESTRY Tables '^. 

1-70. III. 2. Jonathan Pickering [John 1-70. 11. 1], born in Salem, 
Sept. 27, 1660, probably died young in Salem. 

1-70. III. 3. Joseph. Pickering [John 1-70. IL 1], born in Salem, 
Sept. 9, 1663, probably died young in Salem. 

1-70. III. 4. Benjamin Pickering [John 1-70. II. 1], born in Salem, 
Jan. 15, 1665-6,^ died before Xov. 6, 1718. A mariner. Residence: Salem. 

It is probable that Benjamin Pickering was bred to the trade of a ship- 
wright ; but he was chietiy engaged in maritime pursuits, following the 
sea as a sliipmaster. Perhaps, in 1702, he had given up going to sea, for, 
on June 22d of that year, he conveyed land to his brother Vv'illiam, and 
in the deed he is called " yeoman alias shipwright."- In deeds of 1695 
and 1696, he is called "mariner,"' and in 1698, he is called "shipwright or 
mariner." ^ 

He made an agreement with his brother William, July 26, 1701, to 
divide the property left them by their father. By this agieement he was 
to have the -west part of the house with one of the ovens and half of the 
cellar, the eastern part of the great barn, one-third part of the north leanto 
and all the land to the westward. In this document he is called " yeoman 
or shipwright." * 

' This is the date given in the Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. III. page 12. 
Savage gives -Tan. 11 or 1.5, 1C66, and Dr. Henry Wheatland gave this date as Jan. 11. 
' Essex Registry of Deeds, Vol. 16, p. 85. 
» Ibid. Vol. 14, p. 17G, Vol. 11. p. 1?,:,, ,and Vol. 1,3, p. 241. 
* Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 307, p. 179. 



It is evident that lie took part in the Indian war, for July 24, 167(i, 
£■4 lOi'. was credited to " Benjamin Pickerin " for military service at the 
garrison at (Brookiiehl) Quaboge.^ 

Administration on his estate was granted to Jane Pickering, widow and 
relict, Nov. 12, 1718, Richard Palmer, trader, and Thomas Brewer, miller, 
both of Salem, giving boud.^ Ou July IG, 1719, Mrs. Pickering exhibited 
an inventory of tlie estate which declared the property to amount to £274 
IO5. C(/. On Oct. 2(j, 1723, she rendered an account of her administration.'' 

Benjamin Pickering has more descendants wlio bear the name of Picker- 
ing than any of ids brothers. Ilis children were as follows : — 

Benjamin Pickerixg, born April 10, 1C>99, died before 1747. 

William, [CO-70. IV. iO"], born Aug. 3, 1700; died Feb. 17, 17G5 ; 
married his cousin Eunice (Pickering) Xeal [GO-70. IV. 10] 
April 6, 1738. 

Edward Pickering, born Xov. 18, 1701, died in his 93d year. He married 
March 12, 1724, Hannah Gowiug, of Lynn, and removed to 
Mendon, in which section his descendants are numerous. 

Alice Pickering, born Xov. 19, 1703, married Sept. 29. 1720, .Jonathan Gaskill. 

Their descendants in Vermont and Xew Hampshire are 
numerous. OJlve Buffuui [62. VI. 12S'], and Oih-e Buffinn 
[68. VI. ISSl, were her granddaughter and great grand- 

Jane Pickering, 
Joseph Pickering, 

Mart Pickeri: 

bom Dec. 10, 1704, d. before 1747; married July 17, 1723, 
Samuel Aborne, and left descendants in Salem. 

born in 1711. died March S, 1790, aged 79 ; married first, June 
14, 1733, Sarah Symonds. He married second, in 17r>8, 
Mary, widow of John Proctor of Salem. His descendants in 
and about Salem are numerous. 

married Jan. 16, 1734, William Reeves, who died Oct. 2, 
1796, aged 86. 

1-70. III. 4- fTfotc Hohbi/, the wife of Benjamin Pickering, was mar- 
ried April 27, 1G93. She is said to have originally come from Plymoutli, 
England.* Their man-iafre is recorded on tlie Salem record.^ She survived 

^ See Soldiers in King Philip's War, by the Pev. George ]\I. Bodge, printed 
New England Historical and Genealogical Picgister, Vol. XXXVIII. p. 45. 
> Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 312, p. 434. 
» Ibid. Vol. 313, pp. 22 and 71S. 
* Nichols Family Record ; \V. D. Pickman. 
' Vol. 2, p. 39. 


her liiisbiuid tliirtv-two years. Tlie following is an abstract of her will, 
which is dated July 20, 1747, and which was proved Feb. 25, 175U-51. 

I Jane Pickering, of Salem county of Essex, widow, weak in budy, but of sound 

To my two sons Edward and William Pickering I give all money 1 have by me, 
and all that is due mc by bond, or otherwise, they paying my debts and the legacies 
I shall hereafter order thorn to pay. 

To my son Joseph Pickering all my part of the dwelling house where I now 
dwell with all my part of the land adjoining thereto in Salem aforcs'd, also my warm- 
ing pan and great pott. 

To ray daughter Mary Reeves, wife of William Reeves, one common right in the 
great pasture in Salem, also =£100. in bills of old tenor to be paid her by my sons 
Edward and William Pickering. 

To my daughter Alice Gaskill XIO in bills of old tenor, to be paid her by my son 
Joseph Pickering. 

To my two grand sons Samuel & Joseph Aborne <£5 each in bills of old tenor, to 
be paid them by my sons Edward and William Pickering. All the remainder of my 
movables to my two daughters Alice Gaskill and Mary Reeves. 

My funeral charges to be paid by my son Joseph out of liis part. 

My sou Joseph Pickering to be sole executor. Jane Pickering.^ 
Ancestry Tables ^^. 

1-70. III. 5. Sarah Pickering (John 1-70, 11. 1), born in Salem, Sept. 
7, 1668,^ died before 1692, as is shown by the fact that John Buttolph had 
a child in that year by his wife Priscilla. 

Her children by John Buttolph were : — 

John Buttolph, born July 1. 16SS, died probably about 1739, since, Aug. 31 of 
that year, his wife administered on his estate. He removed to 
Boston where he was a wine-cooper, and there married, June 
19, 1710, :\rehitable Lord, who died Jan. 22, 1774. Eight of 
their children are recorded on the Boston records, some of 
whom married. 

Han.vah BuTTOLPir, born Dee. 9. 16S9, married ^Nfarcli 27, 1710, Zsatlianiel Osgood 
of Salem, who was born Jan. 6. 16S7, and died in 17i>6. They 
had eight children, .and there are many descendants in Salem. 

1 Essex Coimty Probate Eecords, Vol. 329, pp. 48.5-486. 
^ Salem Records, Vol. I. p. 57. 


1-70. III. o. John liiittolph, tlie liusbaiul of Sarali Piekeriiiy, 
probably born in Salem/ died iu Salem May 10, 1713. A baker. Eesi- 
dence : Salem. 

He was lieutenant of Captain John Iligg-inson's company of Salem, 
in 1G94, and is called by this title July 2, 1C95, when land which had 
been granted to him was laid out to him by the town — "one pole Broad 
& one pole & a half long which is adjoyning to y" land formerly M"' 
peters, now in y" possession of Cap' George Corwin."- Either this is the 
same land, or a piece adjoining the land granted to his father, for the same 
records from Avhich the above is quoted contain the following : — 

March 3, 1661, John Buttolph Iiad hiiid granted to set vats to dress leather, 
adjoining Mr. Curwin's laml which was sometime Jlr. Peters."' 

His occupation and parentage are learned from a deed, made Nov. 24, 
1696, in which he styles himself baker, of Salem, eldest son of John 
Buttolph, late of Weathersfield, Conn., trader, deceased. By this deed 
he conveys, for £54, a brick building in Boston to Thomas Walker of 

On Sept. 28, 1705, he made the following conveyance, of which we give 
an abstract : — 

John Buttolph. son and heir of John Buttolph, heretofore of Boston, late of 
Weathersfield. Conn, glover, deceased for £270 paid by Abraham Blisli of Boston, 
hat-maker, with PriseiUa my wife sell my brick messuage in Boston, in occupation 
of John Edwards, goldsmith, lying betwixt the messuage of Abraham Blish and the 
housing and land, belonging to the heirs of my late uncle Thomas Buttolph late of 
Boston, glover, deceased, in present possession of JIary Sweet widow and his son 
Nicholas Buttolph of Boston, booksoUer.o 

' Dr. Henry Wiieatland gives the date of his birtli as May IS, 1673 ; but this is really 
the date of his brother Samuel's birth. 1G62 is tlie date derived from the inscription 
on his gravestone, but this is probably an error, for his father did not marry Hannah 
Gardner till Oct. IG, 16C3, and their first child was John, b. April 11, 1664, whose death 
is recorded April 23. 16C5. Are the records in error as to the name of the child whose 
. death is thus given ? The grantor of the deed cited above certainly calls himself the 
eldest child. 

" Salem Eecords, Vol. 6. p. 26. a Ibid. Vol. 3, p. 29. 

* Suffolk County Registry of, Vol. 17, p. 326. ^ Ibid. Vol. 22, p. 338. 


His gravestone, in the Charter Street burying-grouud, Sulera, is 
inscribed as tullows : — 




LIFE MAY Ye loth 

1713 AGED 

51 YEARS. 

Lieutenant Buttolph had a second wife named Priscilla, who ad- 
ministered upon his estate July 2, 1713,' and it proved that he had died 
insolvent. On July 23, 1722, Priscilla Buttolph married Deacon Simon 
Willard. She died June 21, 1731. By Lieutenant Buttolph she had 
three children : — 

Peiscilla Buttolph, born July 31, 1692. 
Sarah Buttolph, born Jan. 20, 1C93. 

"WiLLiAJi Buttolph, born Sept. 7, 1G95 ; died Sept. 23, 1720. 

John Buttolph's father, as we have seen, w\is also named John. The 
elder John was born in Boston, and was a glover by trade ; but he re- 
moved to Salem, where he married Hannah, daughter of George Gardner. 
Several of his children were born in Salem ; but as early as 1669 he had 
gone back to Boston, for we find that his son David was born there in that 
year. Later on, several of his other children were born in Boston, the last 
recorded being ^lercy, born in 1674. It was probably at about this time 
that he removed to Weathersfield, Conn. He may have been induced to 
go there by the fact tliat his wife's father, George Gardner, had removed 
from Salem to Hartford, Conn., where he afterwards died. He man-ied 
again, and died in Weathersfield, leaving a large estate there and in 
Boston. His father, Thomas Buttolph, was also a glover living in Bos- 
ton. In 1635, Thomas, at the age of thirty-two, came in "the Abigail" 
from London with his wife Ann, who was twenty-four years old. He 
joined the First Church in September, 1639, and there his children were 

* Esse.x. County Probate Records, Vol. 311, p. 7 ; files No. 4,376. 

^ A Genealogical Dictionary of The First Settlers of New England, by James Savage, 
LL.D., Vol. I. p. 323. 


The family name was kept .alive in Boston by Buttolph Street from 
1733 to 1855, when tlie name was changed to Irving Street. Irving Street 
leads from Cambridge Street to Myrtle Street. 

John Bnttolph's ancestry includes the following families : Buttolph, 
Gardner, Frier, Orne. See Ancestry Tables ^^. 

1-70. III. 6. Edward Pickering [John 1-70. 11. 1], bom in Salem, 
prob.ably died in Salem. 

Perhaps his place in the genealogy should be between William and 
Elizabeth rather than as here given. 

1-70. III. 7. William Pickering [John 1-70. 11. 1], bom in Salem, 
Jan. 11, 1670-71. A shipmaster. Residence: Salem. 

In many respects, Captain Pickering was the most distinguished member 
of the family in his generation. He followed the sea many years, both in 
a private and in a public capacity, making voyages to various foreign and 
domestic ports. We leara from his will that in 1701, he was " bound to 
Sea & desine to go to Bilboa in the Kingdom of Spaine." 

He was engaged in commerce, as is learned from bills of lading and 
other papers. One of these, dated at Salem, Jan. 12, 1699-1700, shows that 
he shipped to Antigua, W. I., by the Ketch called the Lam, George Cox, 
master, " One Whightt Hors & too new water hogsetts." Another bill of 
lading, dated at Salem, Dec. 24, 1707, shows that he was interested with 
Samuel Browne, Pliilip English, Captain William Bowditch, and Samuel 
Wakefield in the shipment of merchandise in the sloop Mayflower, John 
Swasey, master, bound for Virginia or Maryland.^ 

He commanded the Province Galley for protecting the fisheries from 
the French and tlie Indians, and is said to have been a man of great 
firmness and courage." The following interesting extract from the memo- 
randum-book of Colonel Timothy Pickering gives a good idea ot William 
Pickering's character : — 

" He" (Lieutenant John Pickcrincr) " had another son, named William, of whom I, 
when a boy, heard mv father relate the following story : That in Queen Anne's war (at 
the beginning of the present century) he was the master, or skipper, of a fishing vessel ; 

' Essex Institute Historical Culleetions, Vol. I. pp. 97, 172. * Ibid. Vol. VIII. p. 44. 


tfi:it olT Cape Brf>ton, in calm weather he was attaekcd by a sliallop containinfj about 
thirty Freiichuieu. Wiiou the eiKiuy approached, the crew were for surrendering 
bein'^ only six or seven in number; but as they had each a mnskei, and their vessel 
•vas fixed witli close quarters, William Pickering, the master, told them, if they would 
onlv load the guns, he would lire them all himself. They did so. As the Frenchmen 
rowed up astern and came within musket shot, he began to lire out of the cabin win- 
dows. They rowed the faster, but lie continued firing till they got up to tlie stern ; 
tiien he shut fast the cabin windows, and they all ran forward to the forecastle, in 
wliich were loopholes. By the time they had reached the forecastle, the Frenchmen 
were climiiing over the stern. He renewed his fire, and in the whole defence of his 
vessel, killed and wounded so many, that the survivors t0(jk to their shallop, and 
rowed off as expeditiously as possible. This signal act of bravery and good conduct 
procured him great applause, and occasioned his appointment to the command of the 
Boston Galleij, a ship which had been provided and armed by tlie Province of Massa- 
chusetts for the protection of its commerce." ^ 

We have not ascertained the date when this exploit occurred, but 
suppose it was not long before the following commission and instructions 
were issued. They were both dated August 1, 1707. In the original 
papers the name of the ves.^el is not given, a blank space being left to be 
filled in. Whether it was the Province Galley, we cannot say, but it is 
certain from later papers in the Massachusetts Archives, as well as from his 
commission of 1709, that he commanded that vessel. 

" Commission and Instructions to Capt" W™ Pickering. 

" Joseph Dudley EsqT Cap? Gen! <t Govf in Chief in and over Her Ma'^"' 
Province of the Massa. Bay in N. Engl^ and Vice Admiral of the same 
To Cap* W" Pickering, Greeting. 
" Upon Application to me made by Major Steph"! Sewall and Cap' Edw Brattle for 
themselves and others concern'd in the Fishery, for Licence, at their own charge to 
arme man and Equip in warlike manner the whereof you are Com- 

mauder, to attend and Guard their Fishing Vessells dcsign'd to make Voyages in 
the Eastern parts at and about Cape Sables, ag' y' Insults of Her Ma"^^ Encmys the 
French and y= Indian Enemy k Rebels. In virtue of the Power and Authority in 
and by Her Ma'-''' Royal Commission to me Granted, I do, by these presents. Reposing 
Special Trust and Confidence in yo'' Loialty courage & good Conduct, Licence you to 
arme and Equip the said Vessell accordingly, and do constitute it Appoint you the s* 
W" Pickering to be Captain of y" s* and of y° Conip* to her belonging, as 

well Saylours and Souldiers, and authorize you w'" your s'' Vessell & men to war fight 

' See also the Life of Timotliy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. pp. 3-4. 


Kill and Exercise all Acts of hostility upon and against lier ila'T' said Enemys A 
Rebels, their Yessells Boates and Goods to take and make prize of. Willins; yon to 
keep yof men in good order and Discipline; Hereby Commandini? them to obey y^ju 
as Their Captain, And you are to observe and follow the Orders and Instructions here- 
with given you and such other Orders as you shall receive from my Selfe for Her 
Maj'''' Service. Tlii.^ Connuissiou to continue in force by the sjiace of four months 
next comeing, If the War with franco so long last. Given under my hand and Seal 
at armcs at Boston the first day of August. 

" By his Ex'^^" Command " Signed. J. Dudlet.i 

" I. Addington Secry." 

" Province of the 

Massa. Bay. " By his Excellency the Governo' &'. 

" Instructions to be Observed by Captain William Pickerin 
Commander of the 

"In Pursuance of the Commission given you to arme man and Equip in warlike 
manner the s'^ at the charge of your Owners and other Imployers to 

attend and Guard the Fishing Yessells, Design'd to make Voyages in the Eastern 
parts at and about Cape Sables, against the Insults of Her Maj'^' Enemys the French 
and the Indian Enem\ & Rebels. 

•' I do hereby permit you to Entertain on board yo- s"? Vessell such Saylours and 
Souldiers to the number of Twenty-five or thirty (not otherwise engaged) that shall 
Toluntarily enter themselves tt agree to Serve under yo' Command, whome you are to 
Govern well. 

" You are from time to time to take imder your care and convoy the Fishing 
Yessells, in a Fleet, both out and home and attend them on the Fishing Ground and 
in the harbours ; Keeping them so near together as their Fishing may allow, that 
you may be the better able to cover and Protect them who are to be perfectly under 
your direction. 

" And in case you meet with or be attacked by any of the Enemy, you may, upon 
such Exigence, take a man out of Each Yessell, further to reinforce you. 

"You are to take Special care in the Executing of your Commission to Observe 
Her Maj'^; Laws and Royal Proclamation relating to Sea Commissions and Letters of 
Marque ; and not to Infringe or breake any of thom. And to give me advise of all 

" Given under my hand at Boston the first day of August 1707. In the Sixth 
year of Her Maj'-" Rtign. 

sign'd J. Dudley."^ 

1 Massachusetts Archives, Yol. 63, p. 91. » Ibid. YoL 63, p. 90. 




I. - 

..>i>^-. .- 


•■iMii ilBfiyi 

tamtam - -^v. 


[1-70. in. 7.1 

Commission ok Captain William Pickkrino as Commander of the 
Province Gallev. 


p'rom otlicr Joounu'iits found aniony tlie ^[assivcluisotts Archives we 
learn tliat on February 26, 1708, a conunittee consisting of Captain Cham- 
bers, Mr. Baring, and Captain Hutchinsim was appointed to aoree with 
the Captain of the Province Galley for his victualling that ship. On June 
14, 170!l, she was one of fifteen vessels taken up as transports for the ex- 
pedition against the French, and on the eighteenth of the same month 
she was ordered to be victualled for the proposed expedition. On August 
23, 1710, she was one of fourteen vessels equipped and ready to receive 
the troops for the expedition. She is \n\i down as carrying fifty men, 
besides her owix, and at the bottom of the list of the vessels it is stated 
that they are all equipped, etc., except the Province Galley, which is not 
in port.^ It is evident that Captain Pickering commanded the Province 
Galley at about this time, for his commission as " Captain of Iler Majesty's 
ship the Province Galley" dated Jan. 17, 1709, and signed by Joseph 
Dudley, is among the Pickering papers at the Essex Institute. A helio- 
tvpe of this commission is here given. 

From these documents and others that follow, it is certain that the 
Province Galley joined the expedition, and left the fishing fleet without 
suitable protection from the enemy. It doubtless caused much anxiety 
among the owners of the vessels and their crews. This would appear from 
a petition on file from Salem, Marblehead, Gloucester, and other towns, 
asking protection for the fleet." The General Court evidently realized the 
exigency of the case, for among the State Archives is the following: — 

" In the House of Representatives. 
« Aug".' 24 : 1710. 
" lu as much as the Province Galley is Taken of from Guarding the flRshery by Her 
Maj'"'^ Command to Assist in the present Expedition. 

" Ordered That his Excellency k the Hou^''' the Councile of War be Desired to 
order some Suitable vessel from the E.xpedition frequently to visit k Guard the flish- 
ery at Cape Sables, which may also be very serviceable to the ffleet for Intelligence. 
" Read & Concurred, 

" Is-'' Addixgton, Se'cry.-^ 

1 See the :\rassachusetts Archives, Vol. 63, pp. 107, 111, 113, 16o. 

^ Ibid. Vol. 63, p. 167. » Ibid. Vol. 63, p. 168. 


It appears from tlie t'oUuwint,^ order, tliat for a short time Captain Pick- 
ering did not command the Province GaUey ; bnt it seems to have been 
decided, that he sliouM resume command in order to yuard the fishing fleet. 

" In the House of Representatives. 
"Mar: 16: 1710. 
" Ordered That His Excellency the Govern^ be Instructed to Restore Capt : W» 
Pickering to the Command of the Province Galley. 

" That he be allowed after the Rate of eight Pounds p month for the year curr' or 
for Such time thereof, as he shall bear that Command. 

" And that, the Victualling of the s* Ship for the year curr'. be in the Proportions 
following vizt : 

" One Pound of Bread, Three Quarts of Beer, & halfe a Pint of Peas, to a man p 

" And Two ilesse Pieces of Meat, to five men p day. 
" Sent up for Concurrence " John Clark Speaker 

" In Council 
"Mar. 16'" 1710,1. • 

" Read and Concurred Is* Addington Secry." ^ 

It may be that there was an intention of again taking the Province 
Galley away from her duties on the fishing grounds, or the following 
resolve may have been presented, so that there should be no possibility 
that the coast should be left unguarded. 

" Aug 24, 1711 

" Resolved That the Province Galley being built at the charge of this Province, 
and for the Defence of this Coast, and Security of Trade, cant be Imployed for any 
other use, but by the Consent of the General Assembly. 
" Sent up for Concurrence 

John Burrill, Speaker. 
" In Council." ^ 

An anecdote, whicli still further shows Captain Pickering's fortitude, is 
related by Colonel Timothy Pickering, who heard it from his father. In 
his memorandum-book, he says, " Being afflicted with a corn on one of his 
toes, he went to a joiner's shop . . . put his foot on a block, and taking up 
a mallet and chisel, struck otf tlie otTending toe, an instance of hardihood 
extremely rare."^ 

» Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 63, p. 178. » Ibid. Vol. 63, p. 194. 

' The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 4, note. 


After relinqiiisliin;^- the command of the Province Galley he appears to 
have given up fioiny- to sea for several }-ear.s, and to have devoted his 
attention to his commercial interests. Tlds -we infer from various papers 
of a business cliaracter, and from the fact that for several years he was 
prominently enoa^-ed in town and cliurch afi'airs. He was a selectman from 
171-4 to 1710, inchisive. He was also one of the founders and a prominent 
member of the East Church, and one of "A Comittee Elected and appointed 
bv a Considerable Number of y" Inhabitants of Salem, for y' Erecting and 
IJuilding of a Meeting' house for tlie public Worship of God, towards y® 
Lower or Eastern End of the Town." On Aug. 26, 1717, this committee 
bought land of Christopher Babbidge of Salem, cordwainer, for that 

In the spring of 1720 Captain Pickering sailed for Canso, Xova Scotia, 
and arrived there on the sixteenth of May, as is stated in a letter from him 
to his wife, dated at Canso, May 24, 1720. His object in making this 
voyage was evidently to extend his commercial relations to that section 
of the country. Ilis business papers show that he had merchandise con- 
signed to him there from Salem merchants. His enterprising spirit is still 
further shown in the fact that he established there a " Plantation or fishing- 
Room " with the view of making a settlement. It appears that he sailed 
from Canso in the fall, bound for Salem, but he never arrived at his desti- 
nation. All tliis appears in the following letter of his wife to the Governor 
of Nova Scotia, which is among the papers of his estate at the Essex 
Institute, Salem : — 

Salem in «> Aprill 1725 

I hartily Reioyce to heare that yo- ETonr. is comeing Lciftt Gouer- of Nona Scotia 
and Plaseutia k am glad to liere by the worshipfiill Cap'i? John Cally Esqi that so 
good a freiud to justice as yor honJ is has the Gouerment of that People ; my humble 
Requests to yor hour is that Justice may be done mee and my Deceasd husband 
Cap^ W" Pickerings fatherless Children In the first Place I Returne yor honr. harty 
thanks for all kindness hertofore done by you for my Deceasd Husband and fathar- 
les Children yor Iloner is sensible that my sd Husband Cap'-^ Pickering was one of 
the first setlers in Canso Originally and tbat yor Ilonr assisted him in Laying out 
his Plantation or fishing Room ; and there was Layd out by him some part of his 

* Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 35, p. 1. 


Estate for Clearing nml setling said Planfation licfore he saild from Cunso in the fall 
bound for Salem Intending to Returne in the spring aguine to his Plantation ; but he 
neuer ariiied to this day und since there is one ^Ir .'ramull Green pretending frind- 
shi|) to me mitakeiii'i caii' df \\\v Plantation ; Imt Insteed thereof has proned an 
Enemy to me and iln' latherlcsri Children by obtaining in a clandestine maner a 
Patten fnjni General Phillips for said Plantation whcli is net Just nor Right in the 
sight of God or man I hunilily Request of yor hour to ai)ear for the widdow and 
fatherless Children that Justice might be done for Elfs: our friend the worshipful! 
Cap- John Calley Ei|r is \in-\- well acquainted with the whole affairs and can give 
yor honr. a fidl ace'- of the whole matter I am also enformd that the ai)oucsd Greene 
is Dead and that his Credettors is Indauering to get there Debts out of our Planta- 
tion I once more humbly Request of yor Honr to take pitty and Compassion on the 
widdow and fatherless and the abouesd Plantation may be further settled and Con- 
firmed to me &sii not Els but I pray God to Bless you and prosper you in yor 
Goverments God hath promised a blessing to those that shall apear in behalfe of the 
widow and fatharless 

I subscribe my self yor lionrs Humble servant 

Hannah PiCKriiiNc Executrix 

on Cap- AV2! Pickerings Estate 

At the time Captain Pickering T\-ent to Canso, and for several years 
afterwards, there was much trouble with the Indians in that section of the 
country. Many vessels were captured by them, and the officers and crews 
were held for ransom. It is very possible that Captain Pickering had the 
misfortune to be of this number, if we can believe the evidence of the 
following letter : — 

Madom Picekern Avgvst : 16''' 1726 

This Comes by y' post to In forme you abort yovr hvsband y* was tacken Att 
Canso one of y° men y' came from canedy saw IP William Pickcrn at a farmers 
hoves 5 miles above moimt Riall and he had som talk w"' him acoming home to his 
wife he is now A worken for money to bring him a Long this man y' saw him yovr 
husband wovld have him goe and trink att an En wth liim and was a mind to send 
a Leter but this frcuch man could not tarey so y' he lind not opertvnety to send A 
leter by him This french man saw him 3 months A go and saith ho know'^ him 
very wal and he saith y' their was two more yong men tacken with yovr hvsband 
If yov are a mind to Ritt to yovr hvsband Rite by y^ way of Albony and their yovr 
Leter will be cared In a short time madom I have no more to In forme yov with [ J 

Resp yovrs to sarve in w*"^ I m^^' 

James Johnston. 


"VVe have foiiiul nothing further concerning- tlie disappearance of Captain 
Pickering than is contained in these letters. The incomplete files of The 
Boston News-Letter and Tlie Boston Gazette, which we have been able to 
examine, contain advices from Cansi) of many captures bv the Indians, 
but they seldom give the names of the vessels, masters, or crew. 

Captain Pickering was supposed to be dead, and his wife was granted 
administration on his estate April 3, 1723, when he was called Captain 
William Pickering, of Salem, mariner. ■ William Bowditch, of Salem, 
mariner and merchant, and ]\Iiles Ward, Jr., gave bond.^ On the eighteenth of 
the following, July his will, which was dated Sept. 18, 1701, was admitted 
to probate. He gave his entire estate to his wife (who was made executrix) 
for life, and at her decease it was to be divided equally among his children. 
The inventory of May 17, 1723, was taken by William Bowditch, William 
Gerrish, and Miles Ward. It amounted to £1537 5*. Id., and included 
the homestead, half a warehouse and press at Winter Island, a garden spot 
and wharf, one-half the house that Jane Pickering lives in, bills of credit, 
sundry goods in the shop, an Indian girl, 71| ounces of plate, and " 1 
Scutchien & frame 35." 

After his wife's death administration on the estate was granted June 29, 
1735, to Adoniram Collins. The inventory made on July 21 amounted to 
£1289 2.S. \d. The final account of the "estate of William Pickering late 
of Salem Dec* & Hannah Pickering Dec* " was rendered Feb 28, 1737-8.^ 

William and Hannah (Browne) Pickering had the following children : — 

Haxnau Pickkring, born Jan. 26, lf)97-8, baptism recorded following the date 

Jan. 16, 1697-8, died Feb. 1697-S. 
Hanxah Pickering, born July 6, 1699, baptism recorded following the date May 21, 

1699, died in six weeks. 
"William Pickering, born Aug. 3, 1700, died before 17.'>7 s.p. 
James Pickering, born Feb. I't, 1701-2, baptized ^lareh 1, 1701-2; married 

Thankful Hill, who married, second, Rev. Joseph Champ- 

ney of Beverly. 
Sarah Pickering, born Jan. 2.3, 17i»."!— t, baptism recorded following the date of 

Jan. 2, 170.J-4, died :\[ay .3, 1711. 

^ It is probable that administration was granted on the supposition that he died intes- 
tate, and that afterwards a will was found. 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 313, pp. 595, 667-668; files, Xo. 21. 82.3-4. 


Ha>-.vah Pkkkrixg, born July S, 170S, baptized April IS, 1708; married Aug. 20, 
1731, Adoniram Collins, who was born June 15, 1706. 

Sakah PicKERixr,, born June 4, 1711, baptized June 10, 1711. 

Elizabeth Pickeuing, born Jan. 5, 1712-13, baptized Jan. 11, 1712-13, died Oct. 11, 
1707 ; married Abraham Watson, who died July G, 1790, 
aged 78 years. 

Mary Pickering, born Dec. IS, 1715, baptized Dec. '25, 1715, died Feb. 20, 

1804 ; married, first, Ellis ; married, second, Nov. '_', 

1747, Warwick Pal i ray ; married, third, Xov. 17, 1757, as 
his third wife, Jonathan Gardner. 

1-70. III. 7. Uiuuuili Browne, the wife of William Pickering-, born 
in Salem, March SJ, 1G72-3 ; died before June, 1735. 

Mr.s. Pickering was admitted to the First Church, Salem, April 4, 
1697. From the family papers it appears that she carried on her husband's 
business after his death. She was living- as late as Nov. 20, 1734, as we 
learn from a letter of that date addi'essed to her from John Swinnerton of 

They were married June 19, 1695. She was the daughter of James 
and Hannah (Bartholomew) Browne, and the granddaughter of Ruling 
Elder John Browne, an important man who conducted a large trade with 
Virginia and ^laryland. Her father was a merchant trading with Maryland, 
where he was killed by a negro, his body being found Xov. 12, 1675. 
Her mother was a daughter of Henry Bartholomew, who owned a great deal 
of property, held town and colonial commissions and military appointments, 
and was a representative in the General Court. He died in 1692, at the 
age of ninety-two.^ Hannah (Browne) Pickering's mother married for a 
second husband Dr. John Swinnerton. In her old age she lived with her 
daughter, Hannah Pickering; as can be seen from an agreement dated 
April 29, 1706, Ix^tween herself and her son, William Pickering.^ Hannah 
Pickering's brother, James Browne, married her husband's sister, Elizabeth 
(Pickering) Nichols.^ 

^ The Record of the Bartholomew Family, by G. W. Bartholomew, p. 5D. 
^ Essex County Registry of Deeds, Tol. 18, pp. 181 a. 182. 

• Notices of Elder Jolin Browne and some of his descendants in the Essex Institute 
Historical Collection, Vol. VIII. pp. 33, ft seq. 


1-70. III. 8. Elizabeth Pickering [John 1-70. II. 1], born in Salem, 
Sept. 7, 1674. She raarried Samuel Nichols before ICDG ; and afterwards 
married James Browne, Feb. 22, 1G98-9. Except for her marriages, 
nothing of her history is known. 

By Samuel Nichols, she had one child, 

Elizabeth Nichols, born June 17, 1696, who married, Dec. 8, 171.5, Thomas Brewer, 
of Salem, a miller. 

By her second husband, James Browne, she had the following children : 

James Brojvxe, baptized July 9, 1704. A James Browne married July 22, 1724, 

Martha Parnell. 
Samctel Browne, baptized Nov. 3, 1706, is said to have moved to Sutton, Mass. 
JoHX Browne, married April 2, 1728, Susannah !Masury. 

William, m. Dec. 13, 1733, ^Mary Frost, who was born Dec. 2, 1713, and 

died April 11, 1794. 
Mart Browxe, married Aug. 20, 1728, Samuel King. 
Hannah, is thought to have died young. 

The descendants of the above children are numerous. 

1-70. III. <S^ Samuel Xichols, the first husband of Elizabeth 
Pickering, of whom nothing has been learned, except that he probably died 
before Feb. 22, 1G98-9. 

Ancestry Tables ^'{ . 

1-70. III. S'. tfames Broivne. the second husband of Elizabeth 
Pickering, born in Salem, May 23, 1675. Married, Feb. 22, 1698-9. 
Residence : Salem. 

In early life he was a mariner, but in 1717, at the time when he pur- 
chased some land near Brown's Pond for £ 40 of George Trask, blacksmith, 
he was called a husbandman. On this land some of his descendants lived 
in 1866. The pond, which was once within the limits of Salem, but is now 
included in South Danvers, has been called Long Pond and Liudsey's Pond. 
Family tradition has it that Browne was captured by Captain Kidd, and 
escaped by swimming.^ Ilis sister Hannah married Captain AYilliam 
Pickering [1-70. III. 7]. 

' Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VIII. p. 4.5. 


He WHS the i^ou of James and Hannah (Bartholooifw) Browne, y^o 
Ancestry Tables Ui . 

1-70. HI. 9. Hannah Pickering [John 1-70. H. 1], born in Salem, 
July 2, 1G7T, died before July 29, 1714, the date of her third husband's 
second marriage. The following extracts from the Essex County Probate 
Records show that she was maiTied three times : — 

Dec. 4, 1707, Rirhard Palmer, of Salem, and Hannah his wife, formerly 
widow of Daniel King of Lvnn, appointed guardians of Jane King, aged 
about nine years, daughter of Daniel King, late of Lynn, deceased.^ 

June 28, 1707, Pticliard Palmer of Salem and Hannah his now wife, 
formerly widow of Nathaniel Beadle, son of Samuel Beadle, late of Salem, 
deceased, appointed guardians unto Hannah Beadle, aged about five }-ears, 
daughter of said Nathaniel Beadle, late of Salem, deceased." 

By her first husband, Daniel King, Hannah had : — 

Ralph King, born Dec. 9, 1695, wlio appears to have died before 1712. 

Jane Kim;, born April 14, liJjS, married Xor. 21, 1723, Benjamin Tout, a mariner 
of Boston. He made his will Oct. 11, 1731, being bound to sea, in 
favor of his wife Jane. Tho. Lee, Jr., Jn° Charnock, and Owen 
Harris witnessed it. Administration to his widow Jane was granted 
Aug. 16, 1743. Jane Tout married, Oct. 2, 1744, John Pimm of 

By her second husband, Nathaniel Beadle, Haimah had : — 

Hannah Beadle, baptized July 5, 1702. She is named in the will of her grand- 
mother Hannah, widow of Samuel Beadle. The will, dated 
March 29, 1729, was proved Jvily 25, 1736. 

By her third husband Richard Palmer, Hannah had: — 

Mary Palmei:. baptized Oct. 5. 1707. She probably died young, as her sister Lydia 
is called eldest daughter in the division of her father's estate. 

Lydia Palmer, baptized at adult age, ^lay 4, 1729, called eldest daughter in the 
division of Pdchard Palmer's estate. Banns published Oct. 7, 
1732, of Lvdia Palmer and Tobias Davis. 

Essex County Probate Pecords. Vol. .'1(19, p. 271 ; files, Xo. 15,795. 
Ibid. Vol. 309, p. 234; files, No. 2,16S. 


Sak \u Palmi:k, baptized July 2, 1710. She probably died young, as she is not 
mentioned in the settlement of Richard Palmer's estate. 

KiciiAKD i'AL.MEK, born in 1712, died in Salem Sept., 1796, aged 84 years. The 
records of the Episcopal church where his nine children were 
baptized, show that, aged S3, on sick bed, i[ay 4, 170(3, lie was 
baptized. He married Mary Reeves. Their bauns were pub- 
lished -May IS. 1745. 

Mary Palmer. She was called youngest daughter in the division of her father's 
estate. A ^lary Palmer's bauns were published to Samuel 
Cheever, Sept. 11, 1731. 

1-70. III. .9'. Uitniel King., the first husLand of Hannah Pickering', 
born in Lvnn, Oct. 1, 1GG9, died before 1701, in which year his widow 
married Nathaniel EL-adle. 

Mr. King belonged to a family of considerable importance in Lynn. 
He was the son of Captain Ralph and Elizabeth (Walker) King. His 
maternal grandfather. Captain Richard Walker, was a farmer, selectman, 
and a representative to the General Com-t, who lived on the West side 
of Saugus River, and was buried at the age of ninetv-five years, May 
16, 1687. His father. Captain Ralpli King, was also a man of prominence 
and usefulness, who left an estate inventoried at £2365 4,?. Captain 
King was tlie son of Mr. Daniel King, a large landholder in Lynn ; but 
he is not named in his father's will, as Daniel King had before dying 
given him an estate.^ His ancestry includes the following families : 
King, Guy ('?), Walker, Talmage. See Ancestry Tables y^ 

1-70. III. 9-. XathanicI Berulle, the second husband of Hannah 
Pickering, born in Salem, March 29, 1669, married in 1701, died before 
Oct. 29, 1706, the date of Hannah Beadle's marriage to her third hus- 
band. Residence : Salem. 

He was a son of Samuel and Hannali (Lemon) Beadle of Salem. 
Samuel Beadle served in the Indian wars, and was crippled. On this 
account, permission was granted liim by the General Court to keep an inn. 
Ilis mother was the daugliter of Robert Lemon, whose widow Mary, 
married Philip Cromwell. Hannah (Lemon) Beadle's will was made March 

* See Essex County Probate Records and Essex County Registry of Deeds; Lewis's 
History of Lynn ; and Tabular Pedigree of Daniel King and his Descendants, by Rufus 
King of Yonkers, X. Y. 



29, 1729, and proved July 25, 173G. In it she becLUcathed to Hannah, the 
daughter of her son Nathaniel, bs. besides what she had formerly given 
to said Nathaniel Beadle.' 

See Ancestry Tables ^\- 

1-70. III. 9^. IlUhard Palmer, the third husband of Hannah Pick- 
ering, born in Salem, Dec. G, 1675, married Oct. 29, 1706, died probably 
about 1745-6. A shoreman. Residence : Salem. 

On July 29, 1714, after the death of his wife Hannah, he married Mary 
Poulton, a widow. She was a daughter of Moses and Mary (Ormes) Voeden 
of Salem. Administration on his estate was granted to his son Richard, 
March 24, 1745-6. The inventory, of Aug. 7, 1746, amounted to £ 3991 
lis. bd. old tenor." 

The old Palmer house, which formerly stood in the rear of High Street 
Court, Salem, was built in 1674, and taken down in July, 1887. A photo- 
graph of it which was taken in June, 1886, is at the Essex Institute. 

Richard Palmer was the son of Richard and ]\Iary (Gilbert) Palmer of 
Salem. See Ancestky Tables ^, . 

* Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 320, pp. 326, 327; files, No. 2.169. 
« Ibid., Vol. 327, pp. 214, 215, Vol. 328, pp. 473-4; files, No. 20,446. 


[l-ii. IV. ,.] 

From the Portrait now rx the possession hf the Heirs of the late 
Mrs. William Glrdon Sal tons tall, of Boston. 


1-11. IV. 1. Lois Pickering (John 1-70. III. l),born in Salem, died 
in Salem. 

Jlrs. Orne was received into full communion with the First Church 
of Salem, Oct. 23, 1711.^ By the will of her brother, tlie Rev. Theophilus 
Pickering-, she -received £1500 old tenor, and by her father's will one 
hundred poles of land, which he boug-ht of Joseph xVndrews, near the lower 
meeting-house ; also £30 in addition to what he had already given her.' 

Some of her silver plate is still owned by her descendants. Her great- 
great-granddaughter, Mrs. George W. Erabree, of New York, has an old 
silver pepper-box, and another great-great-gi-anddaughter, the late Miss 
Lucilla Orne Damon, had two other pieces of her silver, marked with the 
names of Timothy and Lois Orne. 

Mrs. Orne's portrait, of which a heliotype is here given, is the earliest 
picture of any member of the Pickering family which we have discovered. 
It looks like the work of Greenwood, who painted portraits of some of the 
Salem people. It was handed down to her great-great-grandson, the late 
Joseph Sebastian Cabot, togetlier witli four other family portraits, all of 
which appear in this work. They were given by his widow to Mrs. Orae's 
great-great-gi-eat-granddaughter, the late Mrs. William G. Saltonstall, of 
Boston. They are now in the possession of Mrs. Saltonstall's children. 
The late Dr. William Mack, of Salem, said these pictures were formerly in 
the possession of his great-aunt, Esther (Orne) Clarke, by whom they were 
sent to her sister Rebecca (Orne) Cabot. 

1-11. IV. 1. Timothy Orne, the husband of Lois Pickering, born in 
Salem, baptized there Sept. 22, 1683, died in Salem. A merchant. Resi- 
dence : Salem.. 

» Records of the First Church, Salem, p. 126. 

' See the will of John Pickering [1-70 III. 1] ; and the will of Theophilus Pickering 
[48. IV. 8]. 


Mr. Onie owned the coveiuint at the First Churrli, Salem, Nov. 19, 1710, 
and his chihlrou were baptized the same day.^ 

Ca,ptaiii Oriie, as lie was called, was in early lite a mariner, and is sd 
termed in various recorded real estate transactions. On Nov. 4, 1724, he 
boug-ht of Patience Marston, widow, Benjamin Marston, Esq., and Elizabeth 
Marston, spinster, all of Salem, a wharf with the warehouses thereon, situ- 
ated in Salem, lying- between the warehouse formerly of Mr. John Ruck, 
deceased, and the warehouse formerly of Mr. John Tawley.^ Just how 
soon after this he gave up going to sea, we have not learned. He became 
extensively engaged in mercantile atlairs, and was one of the foremost mer- 
chants of Salem. Several of his account-books are still preserved by his 
great-great-great-grandsdu, ^Ir. Francis H. Lee, of Salem. Three of these 
— a ledger, journal, and waste book — are neatly kept in an excellent plain 
hand, and the spelling is accurate. Each book has its title written upon it. 
One of them, for example, is entitled as follows : • — 

" I Journal Book, [ Xuinhpr I. | Of nic Timothy Oriie | Merchant in Salem ] New 
England | From the First of May | 173C | ." 

From these books we find that his commercial transactions were with 
many foreign ports, and that the articles dealt in were various. At the 
above date, May 1, 1733, he had in stock twenty hogsheads of wine, eighteen 
hogsheads of Virginia tobacco, thirty barrels of raisins, and fourteen ])ieces 
of broadcloth. He had factors in London, Aberdeen, Rochelle, Lisbon. 
Stockholm, Bordeaux, Amsterdam, etc., to whom he consigned various 
goods, and through whom he bought iron, wine, raisins, figs, wool, paper, 
linen, broadcloth, etc. He frequently insured the goods and vessels of 
other merchants. 

He seems to have been fond of games of chance, for his books contain 
a " Wager Account," in which there are frequent entries. On one occasion 
he bet on a horse-race, and won £15. Vmi he was not always the winner. 
The amount of his wagers, from June to October, was £67. Sometimes, 
after entering an account, he would write underneath : " Observe. That 

1 Records of the First Church, Salem, p. 124. 

^ Essex Couuty Eegisti-y of Deeds, VoL 42, p. 273. 


= 2d Jf, mi Bo,c;lilrh. 



; b. 173-2. 


(\. 17.W. 

d. 3, 2. 1813. 


Bv will of 8. 2, 17.W, 

m. 8, 21, 1760. 

in Danvers to her bro. 

I.roved 12, 28, 1750, 

1 (laii. of Joseph and 

Jonathan. wbi<h for- 

gives property to her 

Elizabeth (Hunt) 


Uncle Joseph. 

m.3.23, 1780. 
dan. of Hon. 
Nathaniel Ropes, 
! of Salem. 

ba. 10, 1», 175C. ba. 4, 20, 17.W. 
prob. d. young. prob. d. young. 


2d, 8, 

. 3, 30, 

Samuel = Lucindn Dicinht Hownj 

.30, 178r,. [ b. 8, 27, 1786. 

d. 10, 17, 1823. 

m.3or5.4, 180;i. 

dan. of Rev. Bez.-i- 

leel Howard, of 

Sprinj^eld, Mas*. 

Sophia. WiLU.KM Wktmo 

b. .3, 6, 1810. b. G, 27, ISM. 

m. Dr. Chapin. d. 4, 27, 13.32. 



ni. 3, 24, 1814, 
Luov Blanchard 
[53', vii. 300.] 

, 1817." 

Joseph = Snlli/ Fisle Ropes. 

31.1796. lb 5, 11, 179.5. 
d. 3, 28, 1876. 
m. 5, i;i, 1317. 
dau. of Xathaniel 
and Sarah (Put- 
nam) Ropes. 

Elizabeth Ropes. 



Will, am 
b. 2, 14, 18 
H K « 1S 



Called eldest dan. in ber fatlicr's will. 
Fined, 7, 20, li;.58, for being at a dis- 
orderly Quaker meeting, and also 
often fined afterwards. 

freeman 12, 27, 1U42; 
man; merchant; rem 
Hartford, Ct. 


Deed of gift from his futhe 
dated 1 1, 4, Ui84. Calk- 
eldest son in his father'swil 

8, 20, Iff 

father's will. 

Named in his 
father's will. 

.\ weaver. Enth. 

Removed to ba. 9, 28, 1689. 

r'.I., as ajj- A child (V) 

pears from namef 

a deed of 5, born i 

15, 1711. will. 

I father's 

Anna. Joseph. Tininthv. 

b. 4, 14, 1678. ba.9,22, 1IJS:1. ba. 9,22, 163.'!. m 

m, 10, 29, 1702, d. 2, 15, 1748, d. 3, 6, 1753. J 

John Cabot. proh. unm. ni. 4. 7, 1709, 

A merchant, l.ois Pickering. 

BvwillofS, 23, [1-11, iv.l.] 

.M.ry. .I,.MAn = 

fnr:,l, fni/erfoll. Sainiii. 
■ . ■" "i Salimci 

-, h. l,24,lt;,Sl-r,. 
m. 11,24,17119, 
Uenjamhi Kuton. 

his properly to his brother, 


li. 2,' 27,' 1734i 
Waffe Rand. 

b. 9, 23, 1714. 
Prob. same 

. Jeffs Richard I 

JosiAH = Sarah 
d.ll, 18, b. 10, 14, 1' 
GuadaIoupe,\V.I.| d. 9, — , 1" 


,' 1813. 

when she 





leis and sister. 


Uncle Ji 


Josi.lH =\%l Alice Palmtr. = 2d ^n 

d. 5, 21, IS.M. Prnb.thes 
in. 7, 14, 17U9, who m. 4, 
Stephen Wil- 1796. Clia 

h. 11, 5, 178n. 
d. 1, 22 or 28, 

Capt. Richard 
Thomas Harris, 

= 2a Tlierun F.mtry. 
i. li, 14, 1843! 

Thomas ^ 

d. 12,2.5,1816 
m. 3, 24, 181 
Lucv Blancliat 

[ji; vli. .TOO.] 

EnwAp.n = 

i. i, :', ua. 

1822, Mir^ 



b. 1, <\ 1300. 

b. 6. 2. 1797. 


, 15, 1301. 

b 1 

■"I "iSi 

4. b. 10, 

dau. of Edward 
and Anna (Fiske) 

1818, Daniel 
Low, of New 


. 3. 6, 1810, 
Ur. Chapii 


Elizabeth Ropes, 
b. 2, 27, 1818. 
d. 3, 8, 1842. 

Elizabeth Putnar 
b. 1, 20, 1S24. 
d. 3, 27, 1S16. 
m. 6, 3, 1845, 
Henry Augusta: 

b. 8. •■iO, 1330. 

dward Josiah. 
b. 10, 12, 1840. 
d. 4, 29, 1867. 


a Learner may better uiulerstaml tlie Rules of this art, I sliall Point out 
several other ways tliat this transaction may be entered." Then follow the 
(litferent ways in which the entry might be made. Aug. 29, 1733, he 
bought three-fifths of the ship Dragon of Aberdeen for £100. His house 
on E.sse.x. Street, Salem, is still standing, though very much changed by 

In his Waste Book is the following, dated Aug. 29, 1733 : — 

" I have this Day by the death of D. M. ray Uncle got a Legacy of an House in 
Broad Street worth £200. (after the followiug Legacy is paid) which lias stood empty 
since Whit Sunday last. 

" But I am by the said Will to pay a Legacy of £30 to Mr. Thomas Richman at 
Martinmas next." 

Who this uncle was, we have not learned. 

As to the spelling of his surname, Colonel Timothy Pickering wrote 
the following in his memorandum-book : — 

" Of the children of my grandparents, Lois married Timothy Home (His children 
wrote the name Oriie; who died when 1 was a boy." 

Timothy Ome himself certainly wrote his name Orne, for it so appears 
in his account-books. No doubt the name was really Home. Several 
branches of the family which are descended from the original settler spell 
it so to this day. The aspiration of the " H" in English is comparatively 
modern ; and from names which originally began with that letter, in many 
cases it has been dropped in the process of time. 

He disposed of his pi'operty bv his will, which was dated Jan. 29, 
1753, and was proved March 5, 1753. The following is an abstract of it : 

To my wife all household furniture and plate; also negro man Cesar, and negro 
woman Phillis, and =£13? lawful money ; also a third part of the annual income of all 
my estate as her dower during her natural life. 

To my son Timothy Orne, Jr , my farm of one hundred and twenty -three acres 
of land with the buildings thereon with tlie stock of creatures and utensils in the 
district of Danvers in Salem ; also three acres of salt marsh, in Lynn, half of four 
acres of upland and marsh, and twelve acres of land lying in Danvers, called Orne's 
Orchard, '■ about seven acres whereof I had of my honored father," and the other five 
of which I bought of Samuel Stone, and Samuel Stone, .Jr. ; also a piece of land lying 
in the Northfield in Salem called Ma.-^sev's Orchard or Point, containinc; eleven acres; 


also about two acres of laud near the Nortli river in Salem ; also an old warehouse 
and the laud which it stands upon, and a half part of my wharf lands ; also two com- 
mon rights aud a half in the common lauds of Salem. 

To my sou Samuel Orue a farm of one hundred aud fifty acres in the north pre- 
cinct of Lynn, with all the buildings appertaining ; also five acres of salt marsh in 
Lynn town marsh ; also the half part of the mansion house aud laud belonging to it, 
and the other buildings thereon, situated in Salem, on the Main street, containing 
about eighty square poles of land which I purchased of my brother Joseph Orne, 
deceased, and Saml. Fiske ; also about seven .acres of land lying in the Northfield 
in Salem; also half of four acres of land iu Dan vers ; also half part of a new ware- 
house with the land under it, and a quarter part of my wharf lands ; also two com- 
mon rights aud a half iu the common lands in Salem. 

To my son John Orue a farm in the north precinct of Lynn with all the buildings 
thereon containing one hundred aud seventy acres ; also the remaining half of my 
mansion house devised to sou Samuel ; also two acres in the Northfield ; also about 
five acres of land in the said Northfield ; also the remaining part of my new ware- 
house, and land under it, and the remaining quarter part of my wharf lands iu Salem ; 
also two common rights and a half in the common lauds in Salem ; also my negro 
boy Peter. 

To my daughter Lois Lee, one quarter part of about twenty-six acres of woodland 
in Danvers ; also £400 lawful money. 

To my daughter Esther Gardner, the house warehouse aud fifty poles of land in 
Danvers; also =£267 lawful money. 

To my daughter Mary Diman, one quarter part of twenty-six acres of woodland 
in Danvers; also ^£400 of lawful money. 

After my funeral expenses are paid all the remainder of my estate to my six 
children : Timothy, Samuel, John, Lois, Esther and Mary. My sons John and Samuel 
to be my executors.' 

Timothy Orne was the son of Joseph and Ann (Thompson) Orne of 
Salem. See Axcestry Tables ^■ 

12-47. IV. 2. Sarah Pickering (John 1-70. III. 1), born in Salem, 
baptized there Feb. 6, 168S-9, died in Salem." 

She and her husband, Joseph Hardy, were among the thirty-six 
members of the First Church who formed the East Cluirch, Nov. 14, 

1 Essex Probate Eecords, Vol. 331. pp. 1S2-1S7; files, Xo. 20.103. 

* Sarah Pickering's marriage is given in the Nichols' record as July 17, 1707. The 
Salem Records give no date, but the marriage entry follows a previous entry with the 
date June 25, 1707. The Ropes Bible gives July, 1707, and Francis H. Lee's memorandum 
has Aug., 1707. 


1718.* The following account of Mrsi. Hardy is from the Journal of her 
grandson Jonathan Goodhue, of New York : — 

" Sarah Hardy was the daughter of John and Sarah Pickering, and received by 
her father's will dated Nov. 20, 1721, a gift of tlie house in which she was living, 
being the same which he bought of Joseph Andrews. It was situated in the south- 
eastern part of the town on the street now called Hardy Street, which runs from 
Derby street southwardly toward the harbor ; and a pear tree is flourishing (1814) near 
which the house stood, and from wliich Martha Goodhue had mentioned gathering 
fruit when a girl. It is a very ancient tree." 

This is undoubtedly the same pear-tree which is still standing in the 
front yard of Mr. Charles H. Allen's house, numbered twenty-four, and 
situated on the western side of Hardy Street, near the Avater. It is still 
(1893) in bearhig condition. Dr. Bentley is said to have traced this tree 
back to 1639. It is supposed to have been one of the same lot imported 
from England, -which included the Endicott pear-tree. It bears an orange 
pear, but the original fruit was the Button pear. It has been photographed 
by Cousins of Salem. 

Mrs. Hardy's brother, the Rev. Theophilus Pickering, left £1500 old 
tenor to her children. A silver porringer, which belonged to her, is 
now (1894), in the possession of her descendant, Mrs. George Amory 
Sargent [12. X. 161], to whom it has been handed down through several 
generations. There was in the possession of the late Dr. William Mack 
[6. VIII. 54], of Salem, an old thread-case, on which is written that it was 
given to his sister's great-grandmother Clarke by her Aunt Hardy, in 1738, 
when the former was eight years old. 

12-47. IV. 2. Joseph Ilardij, the husband of Sarah Pickering, born in 
Salem, baptized there in July, 1G82, died in Salem. A shipbuilder. Resi- 
dence : Salem. 

In an article printed in the Essex Institute Historical Collections,^ he 
is spoken of as follows : — 

• Eecords of the First Church, Salem, p. I'l 
« Vol. V. p. 251. 


"Joseph Hard}- was a very successful builder about 1700 and onward. He lived 
on tlie west side of Hardy Street, near the water. The house was demolished in 
1825. He left no sons but had six married daughters." 

The following account of Joseph Hardy's connection with shipbuilding, 
from which it appears that he was not always successful in his enterprises, 
is taken from an old Ropes Bible now in the possession of Mrs. Charles T. 
Ripley [12. X. 1S3]. 

" His shipyard was on the beach off Hardy Street. As he was on the eve of 
launching a ship, she fell over, which sad event took away all his property, and he 
never after did any more work, as he soon had the palsy." 

Another account of his misfortune is as follows: — 

" He built a large ship at Haverhill, which fell over on account of the groimd set- 
tling, and he could never get her off the ways. His affairs became thereby greatly 
embarrassed. He mortgaged a considerable estate in land which he owned in the 
east part of Salem, and never redeemed it. Tradition is that he was greatly 
wronged by the mortgagee." 

It is certain that he lived at one time in Haverhill, for in a deed of Jan. 
11, 1714-15, in which he makes his wife Sarah his attorney, he is called 
Joseph Hardy of Haverhill, shipwright.^ He was living there as late as 
1716, for it is recorded on the Salem records that his son Joseph was bom 
at Haverhill, Sept. 14, 171G. Perhaps his father, wdiose name he bore, once 
lived in Haverhill, for it seems that July 13, 1680, he bought of Jeremiah 
Belcher, two hundred and forty acres of land in that town on the north side 
of the Merrimac River. This piece of land was sold by his heirs, May 27, 
1706, when Joseph Hardy, shipwright, son of Joseph Hardy, Jr., late 
of Salem deceased; Ebenezer Lambert, shipwright, and JIary his wife, 
daughter of .-^aid Joseph Hardy, Jr., and Seeth Hardy, singlewoman, all 
of Salem, only surviving heirs of said Josepli Hardy, Jr., late of Salem, 
deceased, sold it for £10, to John Higginson.^ 

It appears that Joseph Hardy was living in Boston in iVlo, for it is 
recorded in a deed of June 27, 1713, that Joseph Hardy and his wife Sarah, 
late of Salem, now of Boston, shipwright, sold land to Captain William 
Bowditch, of Salem.^ It would seem, however, that his residence in 

1 Essex County Kegistry of Deeds, Vol. 29, p. 52. ^ Ibid. Vol. 2.5, p. 216. 

' Ibid Vol. 18, p. 194. 


these places was only for a brief period, and that most of his life was spent 
in Salem. The street on which he lived was named for the Hard}- family, 
they being- owners of most of the land on which it was located. Some of 
this property is still owned by Mr. Hardy's descendants, the Phippens. 
Hardy's Rock, in Salem Harbor, also perpetuates the family name. 

There are no descendants of Joseph Hardy in tlie male line, and it 
seems probably from the annexed pedigree that there are no such descen- 
dants of his great-grandfatlier, John Hardy, the original settler. The 
descendants of Joseph Hardy's daughters, however, are very numerous, 
as this work shows. They must have had a great reverence for his name, 
as we find it repeatedly borne by their descendants. We find, for example : 
Joseph Hardy Prince [12. VHI. 151], Joseph Hardy Millet [15. Vil. 100], 
Joseph Hardy Phippen [24. VHI. 247], Joseph Hardy Peirce [25-26. VH. 
143], Joseph Hardy Henfield [29. VH. 157], and Joseph Hanly Hopes 
[12. IX. 175], and several others. Miss Sarah Prince [12. IX. 1G9], 
however, says she has heard that the love of this name existed from 
the fact that these daughters had a brother Joseph Hardy, who died when 
quite young, and of whom they were quite fund.. This must have been 
the child who died from the efi:ects of eating henbane. 

There is a tradition among the descendants of these daughters concern- 
ing the origin of the peculiar name of Seeth, which occasionally appears 
amongst them. The following account of it is taken from the Ropes Bible : ^ 
" One of my female ancestors had a near relative at sea who was supposed 
to be lost, and was given up by his friends. Suddenly he appeared among 
them well, and their joy was so great that one of them exclaimed in the 
words of Scripture ' The Lord seeth not as man seeth and my child shall be 
named Seeth.' Mv mother's name was Seeth.'' This was recorded in the 
Ropes Bible by Henry Ropes [14. VIII. 1G2], whose mother was Seeth 
Millet [14. VII. 97]. The first appearance of this name we have met with 
among the ancestors of Joseph Hani}-, was his grandmother, Seeth Grafton, 
the wife of Joseph Grafton, and daughter of Thomas Gardner. She was 
baptized in Salem, Dec. 25, 1G3G. 

^ The Ropes Bible, here and elsewhere quoted in this work, has the following: — 
"Salem 1795 | George Kopes first | owner of Bible | 1S26 | Henry Eopes. | " 


Joseph Hardy was the son of Joseph and Mary (Grafton) Hardy, of 
Salem. His ancestry includes the following- families : Hardy, Grafton, 
Gardner, Frier. See Axiestry Tables '|- 

48. IV. 3. John Pickering [John 1-70. HI. 1], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there Feb. G, 1G88-'J, died in Salem. A shipmaster. Residence: 

He was taken by the French, and thrown into prison, where he fell sick ; 
but he died in Salem in the house opposite Dr. Prince's meeting-house. 

48. IV. 7. Lydia Pickering [John 1-70. III. 1], born in Salem, died 
in Salem. The cause of licr death is given in the memorandum-book of her 
nephew, Colonel Timothy Pickeiing, viz.: — 

" She was drowned in a well which was afterward filled up by my grandfather 
Oct. 14, 1702." 

The original coroner's inquest of her death, which is in the possession 
of Charles P. Bowditch [44. IX. 859], has been printed in the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register." It reads as follows: — 

" Ess. sc. An Inquisition Indented Taken at Salem w"" in y"^ s'^ County of Essex y° 
16'" day of Octob Anno 1702. In y" first year of y'' Reigne of ou'' sover- 
eign Lndy Anne by y"^ grace of God of England Scotland France & Ireland 
Queen, defender of the Faith etc — Before Daniel Epes Gent. One of y° 
Coron" of our s* Lady y" Queen w"^in y*^ County of Essex afores'^ — upon y" 
View of y' Body of Lydia Pickering Lying dead at y' house of m"' Jn° Pick- 
ering in Salem afores'* — By y^ Oaths of— Edward Flint Sam'' Phippen 
Stephen Ingolls Dan''' Grant Jn" Orne Sam" Sibley Sam" West Jn° Cook 
Sam" Shattock Henry West Joseph Duglas W° Reeves Ephr. Kempton & 
Jn° Priest, Good &c LawfuU men of Salem afores* w^'in y'' County afores'', 
Who being charged k Sworne To Inquire for our s" Lady y' Queen, w° by 
w' means it how Lydia Pickering came to her death Upon Their Oaths do 
say That she came to her End or death by falling into a well & being 
drowned & so came to her End bv misfortune. — In Witnes whereof as well 

1 Some authorities give his birth as Oct. 2S, 16SS ; but the Salem Records, Vol. 1, p. 
85, settle the date as Oct. S, as given on the Sheets. The record book of Samuel P. 
Gardner gives the date of death as Sept. 12, 1712; but the Salem Records, Vol. 1, p. 141, 
and other authorities state that he died ou Sept. 10. 

» Vol. XLVI. p. 179. 


I y' Coroni afores* as y° Jurors afores" To this Inquisition have put our 
hands & seals y* Day & year aboves'^ — 

The mark of Jn" X Cook Dan^ Epes Coron' 

Sam" Shattock Edward fiint ''""™" 

Henry West Samuel phippen 

Joseph Duglas Stephen Ingalls 

William Reeves Daniel grant 

Ephraim : Kempton John Orne 

John Priest Samuell Sibley 

Sam'^ West 

Each of these names is followed by a red sealing-wax seal. 

48. IV. 8. Theophilus Pickering [John 1-70. III. 1], bovn in Salem, 
baptized there Sept. 29, 1700, died in Essex. A mini.-,ter. Residence: 
Chebacco, Ipswich.'' 

Theophilus Pickering, H. C, 1719, was called by the Chebacco parish 
to assist its minister, Rev. John AYise, in March, 1725. Authorities diifer 
as to the date of his ordination.- 

' Dr. Henry Wheatlaud in his Transcript of the Baptisms of the First Church in 
Salem, published in Essex, Inst. Hist. Coll., Vol. YII. p. 174, gives the date of baptism as 
Sept. 27, 1700 ; but this is an error, as the date given above is taken from the original 
records of the First Church. 

Eobert Crowell, in the History of the Town of Essex, Mass., page 166, gives the date 
of his death as Oct. 7, 1747, and on page 168 of the same work he prints the inscription 
from his gravestone as Sept. 19, 1747, and states, in a foot-note on page 106, that, •' Both 
have been correctly copied." The History of Ipswich, Essex, and Hamilton, by Joseph 
B. Felt, page 201, also states that he died Oct. 7, 1747. We have seen the gravestone at 
Essex, and find that it is inscribed Sept. 19, 1747, but the date from the Ipswich 
records must have been inaccurately copied, for Mr. Charles W. Bamford, town clerk of 
Ipswich, writes that the date of :\[r. Pickering's death is recorded as Oct. 19, 1747, on page 
327 of book 2 of the town records. This is undoubtedly the accurate date, for it is con- 
firmed by his obituary, printed in The Boston Gazette or Weekly Journal of Tuesday, 
Xov. 10, 1747, as follows : '• Chebacco in Ipswich, Ocf'jher 21. 1747. On Monday last died 
here of a Fever, and this Day was inter'd, the Eev. Jilr. Theophilus Pickering, in the 47th. 
Year of his Age ; and after he had been Pastor of the second Cluirch in Ipswich 22 Years " 
etc. It is also confirmed by a memoranda of Henry Pickering [.58. YI. Ill], by Charles 
W. Upham, and by an old Orne record. His original will on file is dated Oct. 10, 1747, 
but the copy on the Probate Records is dated Oct. 4, 1747. It was proved Xov. 2, 1747. 

' The History of Ipswich, Essex, and Hamilton, by Joseph B. Felt, pp. 200-262, in a 
sketch of him says : — 


The History oi the Town of Essex, by Robert Crowell, has the foUowino- 
statement : — 

" The precise time when the church and parish fravo a call to Mr. Pickering to 
become their pastor, cannot now be ascertained. He accepted tlieir invitation, liow- 
ever, on condition that tlie salary they had proposed to give lain should be increased, 
giving his reasons for this in the following language : — 

"'Whereas our Lord Jesus has required of his people a suitable support for his 
ministers, as yourselves know and believe, and whereas it nearly concerns evcrv 
minister upon settlenn'ut to see to it that he has a convenient maintenance, and as 
far as may be to [ire vent any after dilliculties that might be prejudicial to the peace 
of the place and success of tlie ministry, I have, therefore, after due deliberation, 
thought it best that I should freely olt'<-r my thoughts unto you referring to this head 
of maintenance. We all know that a minister cannot live creditably without consid- 
erable expense, and we also know that what was wont to be a middling salary form- 
erly, in a moderate value, is equivalent to £150 or £160 in our paper money. Indeed 
such a sum makes a great sound in a man's ears ; but ordinarily men don't seriously 
consider (unless it be in case of their own interest), how our Province bills are depre- 
ciated, nor how the price of goods and provisions rises, and for this reason salary 
men in many towns almost suffer for want. For my own part I cannot (and I think 
I ought not) be contented unless I have wherewithal conveniently to answer my 
duties and necessities, and to furnish me with such helps and advantages as whereby 
I might be enabled in my best manner to serve your true interests and maintain the 
character of a minister as it should be ; which to be sure will not be displeasing to 
any of you, for I am confident it would not offend you to have your minister a credit 
to you.' 

" With these views the parish harmoniously concurred, and the result was that 
they agreed to give him the use of all the parsonage lands, they keeping the fences 
in repair, and £120 annually in semi-annual payments, to be increased or diminished 
in proportion to the value of money (silver) at 8s. per ounce troy weight ; and the 
avails of the customary contribution taken on the Sabbath. For a settlement they 
agreed to give him the buildings on the old parsonage, and £100 towards building a 
house for himself. The house which ho built and lived in during his ministry was 
the one sul)3equently owned by the late Mrs. Mary Choate. The commoners also 
gave him the common land north of the meeting-house, being about three-fourths of 
an acre. The terms of settlement were agreed on in July, but the ordination was 
deferred to a season less busv for farmers. Accordin'j:lv on the 23d of October follow- 

" March 29, 1725, he was invited to assist ^U. Wise who was sick. Having preached 
acceptably here, h.- was ordained Oct. 13th, 1727."' 

The History of the Town of Essex gives the date of ordination as Oct. 23, 1725. 


ing (1725), with the usual solemnities and interesting services, he was ordained in 
the new meeting-house to the work of the gospel ministry in this place." ^ 

Mr. Pickering afterwards conveyed the lot given liim by the commoners 
to the parish by deed. At a meeting in August they voted that, in consid- 
eration of their love and affection to the Rev. Theophilus Pickering, they 
convey to him the land and appurtenances on which his house stands. In 
tliis year (1734) they added fifty pounds to hjs salary on account of the 
depreciation of currency. They had been gradually increasing it years 
before, and continued to do so until his salary amounted to two hundred 
and thirty-two pounds. 

In 1740, Mr. Whitefield visited New England, and revivals were frequent. 
To these Mr. Pickering was not unfriendly, but he objected to some of 
Mr. Whitefield's methods. In 1744, twenty -six members of Mr. Pickering's 
society presented their grievances to him, and afterwards to the church, 
charging him with not preaching the distinctive doctrines of the Bible, 
with want of interest in his work, Avith worldliness of spirit and conduct, 
and with opposition to reATvals. The church declared these charges un- 
supported, and refused to join in calling a mutual council to consider 
them. But in 1745 the church ofiered to unite in calling such a coun- 
cil, which the aggrieved members in town refused. A little later it was 
agreed that Mr. Pickering should resign, if a majority of the church woidd 
consent, and if a purchaser could be found for his property ; but this plan 

In January, 174G, sixteen members resolved to separate, and a "Separate 
Society " was organized. In May, the Separatists asked three Connecticut 
churches and the Boston "Separatist" church to unite and organize their 
church. But the Second Church [Mv. Pickering's) called a council in which 
the Separatists refused to join ; tliey agreed, however, to submit their 
grievances to the members as private Christians. The majority of this 
Council, exonerated Mr. Pickering, except in some minor matters, while 
the minority thought the Separatists had some justification for their 
conduct. But the Separatists did not wait for the decision of the Coun- 
cil, but with the aid of one of the Connecticut churches, and of the 

1 History of the Town of Essex, :^^as3., by Robert Crowell, pp. 111-142. 


Boston church, tliey constituted the " Fourth Church of Ipswich." 
Rev. Ebcnezer Cloavelund, the first Preacher of this new society, was a 
brother of the Rev. Ji^ltn Ckavdau'l [GO. V. ~<S-], who was ordained as 
pastor, in 1747, and who afterwards married ^Irs. Eunice (Neal) Foster, 
Mr. Pickering's niece. 

In 1747, shortly after Mr. Cleaveknd's ordination, which he strenuously 
opposed, Mr. Pickering had published a pamphlet entitled : — 

"A Bad Omen to the Churches in the instance of Mr. John Cleavehxnd's Ordina- 
tion over a Separation in Chebaoco Parish." 

Tiiis was immediately answered by Mr. Cleaveland, in another pamphlet 
entitled : — 

"A Plain Narrative of the Proceedings which caused a Separation of a Xumber 
of Aggrieved Bretliren from the Second Church in Ipswich: or, a Relation of the 
Cause which pi-odi;ced the Effects that are exhibited in the Rev. Mr. Pickering's late 
Print, entitled ' A Bad Omen to the Churches.' " 

Mr. Pickering did not live to complete his rejoinder ; but his church 
published after his death : — 

"An Answer to the Chebacco Brethren's Plain Narrative — the Pretended Xarra- 
tive convicted of Fraud and Partiality ; or a Letter from the Second Church in Ips- 
wich to their Separated Brethren, in Defence of their deceased Pastor and Themselves 
against the Injurious Charges of the said Separated Brethren in a late Print of 
theirs, by giving a more Just and True account of the things that preceded the 

A reply was made to this, supposed to have been written by Mr. Cleave- 
land, entitled : — 

" Cliebacco Xai-rative Rescued from the Charge of Falshood and Partiality." 

These pamphlets are said to be written with great spirit, and show that 
the authors' minds were deeply stirred.^ 

The following analysis of Mr. Pickering's character is taken from the 
History of the Town of Essex : — 

1 The History of the Town of Essex, :Mas3., by Robert Crowell, pp. 151-152, 1C0-1C9. 


" Theophilus graduated at Harvard University ia 1719. and though he soon after 
came into the possession of considerable property at the death of his father, June 19, 
1722, he determined to devote himself to the work of the ministry. He was laborious 
and successful in his pastoral office, and during his ministry about two hundred persons 
were admitted to the church. As a Cliristian man and teacher, he had the confidence 
of most of his brethrm in the ministry, and there is no reason to doubt the conscien- 
tiousness of his opposition to the cause of the Separatists. The estimation in which 
lie was held by his own church is [)lainly seen in the language used respecting him in 
the 'Answer of the Second Church to the Chebacco Brethren's Plain Narrative : '" 

" ' We at Chebacco have (as we verily believe,) had among us a man of God, a 
learned, orthodox, prudent, faitliful minister of Jesus Christ, though not without fail- 
ings, even as others ; one whom we lieard teaching and preaching the truths of the 
Gospel, with pleasure, and we hope with profit ; and whose memory will, we trust, be 
ever dear to us notwithstanding the reproaches that have been plentifully cast upon 

" He was a diligent student, was well versed in theology, and, in the judgment of 
his contemporaries, was a man of vigorous intellect and of superior ability as a logi- 
cian and a writer. From a list of his books which is preserved in a collateral branch 
of the family, it appears that he was possessed of a very valuable library.* His genius 
for mechanism was great. Many specimens of his mechanical laliors still remain. 
As a testimony to his learning and abilities, it has been said to the author by some 
aged people who remembered him, that "Whitfield after considerable debate with him 
on the cardinal points of Christianity, acknowledged that he was a man of great in- 
genuity, though he regretted the erroneousness of his views." - 

Colonel Timothy Pickering says of Tlieoplulus, in his memorandum- 

He " was remarkable for the moderation and coolness of his temper and his 
steadiness of conduct, when the country was running, with fanatic zeal, after the cele- 
brated itinerant preacher, George Whitfield, whom and whose followers, in a pamphlet 
or two, he firmly opposed. He was also noted for his mechanic genius, and the nice 
order in which all his affairs were put and preserved." 

Some of the furniture which he made is now owned by John Pickering 
[49. IX. 970], who occupies the old Pickering ]\Iansion in Salem. It con- 

* In his library was a manuscript copy of a printed book in which the illustrations as 
well as the text are copied. This remarkable piece of penmanship is now in the posses- 
sion of John Pickering [49. IX. 970]. Some of his books are in the possession of Francis 
H. Lee [1. IX. 9]. 

- The History of the Town of Essex, Mass., by Eobert Crowell, p. 1G7. 

* Quoted in The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 5, note. 


gists of a set of ten cli;iir8, u desk, and a pair of bellows. A sofa -n-liich 
formerly belonjied to the set of cluiirs is in the possession of Charles Pick- 
ering Putman [5 t VIII. 645]. See the heliotype of the east room of the 
Pickering house facing p. 24. 

The following is an abstract of liis will, which was dated Oct. 10, 1747, 
and was proved Nov. 2, 1747: — 

I Theopliilus Pickering, of Ipswich, clerk suffering under sickness. To my sister 
Lois, wife of Timothy Orne of Salem =£1500 old lenor. To her daughter Lois Lee, 
widow ^300 old tenor. To the children of my sister Sarah Hardy, deceased X1500. 
old tenor, to be diually among tlieni shared To my kinswoman widow Sarah 
Mauslield, over and above, a particular legacy of £400. old tenor. To my sister 
Eunice, wife of William Pickering, of Salem, £1500. old tenor. To her children by 
Joseph Xeal, deceased, £300. old tenor, apiece and to her male children by her pres- 
ent husband, Pickering, £500 old tenor apiece. To Jonathan Cogswell, Esq., and 
wife, each, a funeral ring. To Mr. William Cogswell, and wife, each, a funeral ring. 
To Lucy Cogswell, and iLary and Sarah Appleton, daughters in said family £10. old 
tenor apiece. To Mr. Xathaniel Foster of Chebacco, all the effects he has of mine 
in his hands, provided he brings no account or debt against me. To Mrs. Elizabeth 
Parker, wife of Mr. Daniel Parker, Jr., of Boston, £500. old tenor. To my brother 
Timothy Pickering all the rest of my estate be paying legacies and funeral charges, 
and he to be my sole executor.^ 

The house which ^Ir. Pickering built is still standing, although several 
changes in the exterior have been made. It is said that the 'woodwork of 
the interior and the front door ^^•ere the -woi-k of his hands. His name is 
perpetuated in the town by Pickering Street, which is a short distance 
from his dwelling. 

His gravestone stands in the old graveyard in Essex, and the following 
inscription from it is printed in the history of that town: — 


Body of jeReTdMr 



Sept. ye ]9th, 1747, 


» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 327. pp. 411-113; files, Xo. 21,820. 


48-59. IV. 9. Timothy Pickering [Jolni l-7(». III. 1], born in Salem, 
baptized there Feb. 14, 1702-3, died in Salem. A farmer. Residence: 

Timothy Pickering- was a deacon of what is now called the Tabernacle 
Church, and as Deacon Pickering he was generally known. Of this church 
he was a prominent member, serving on various committees ; and the busi- 
ness meetings of the church were frequently held at his house. 

Deacon Pickering was formerly connected with the First Church over 
which the Rev. Samuel Fiske was settled Oct. 8, 1718. During his min- 
istry Mr. Fiske introduced many new practices which created dissension 
among his parishioners. Finally April 18, 1735, he was dismissed, and 
then preached to those who went off with him. Deacon Pickering was of 
this number. Mr. Fiske was succeeded by the Rev. Dudley Leavitt, who 
afterwards mamed a daughter of Deacon Pickering. Both societies claimed 
to be the " First Church," and their records are so written. But in August, 
1762, the difficulty was settled, and the society formed by Mr. Fiske 
adopted the name of the Third Church. Although it still claims to be the 
Third Church, it is called the Tabernacle Church. 

As to his personal appearance, a private journal of Nov. 4, 1766, speaks 
of Deacon Pickering, foreman of one of the juries, as in appearance perfectly 
plain like a farmer. In deeds and other documents on record he is 
generally described as " gentleman." He was a man of great fii-mness of 
character, of decided convictions, and of great piety. 

Deacon Pickering inherited the homestead, and there spent his life, liv- 
ing on the produce of his farm, as his ancestors had done before him. By 
a life of great industry and frugality he added to the paternal estate, and w^as 
enabled to decently educate his daughters, according to the custom of the 
time, and to give to his two sons a regular education at the Grammar 
School in Salem, and at Harvard College.^ 

Though he did not favor the separation of tlie Colonies from Great 
Britain, yet he did not approve of the conduct of tlie mother country 
towards them. This is shown by his communication, dated Oct. 21, 1765, 
addressed to Benjamin Lynde, moderator of the Salem town-meeting. In 

1 The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. o. 


this letter he deprecated the incoiLsiderate and violent proceedings against 
the Stamp Act. He adds, however, the following : — 

"We would not bo here uuderstood, as though it was our principle, tamely to sub- 
mit to every law made by lawful authority whether it bo right or wrong, good or 
bad; for this would be to lower ourselves down into passive obedience, and non- 
resistance." ^ 

In ]\ray, 1770, he presided, as moderator, over the town-meeting which 
was held to discuss a non-importation agreement ; and, in the following 
September, he presided over another meeting at which resolutions were 
passed against four persons who had violated the non-importation agree- 
ment. In July, 1776, he joined in a subscription to enable a committee to 
hire the soldiers who were to be levied in Salem to reinforce the northern 

The following is from his son Colonel Timothy Pickering's Memoran- 
dum Book : — 

"The tenor of my father's life was directed by his opinions of the equal rights of 
all mankind. Hence the dishonest or improper conduct of the men possessed of 
power or wealth was censured without reserve, while lie was disposed to apologize for 
the poor and uninformed. All his actions showed that he deemed Virtue alone enti- 
tled to respect. He used often to repeat tlie words of Solomon, — ' The fear of vian 
bringeth a snare.' 

" Invincibly pursuing the calls of rigid justice, he always complained of the wrongs 
done to widows, and orphans, and salary-men, who were deeply injured by the depreci- 
ation of the paiier money of the Province of Massachusetts ; an injury which he 
thought the Province bound in justice to repair, and which he urged upon all who fell 
in his way, who had any influence in the affairs of government. 

"The emancipation of the enslaved Africans was another favorite topic which he 
dwelt upon whilst he lived; and he lived long enough to see it beginning to take place, 
in fact, in the Province of Massachusetts, soon after the commencement of the late 
Revolution, which ended in the establishment of the Independence of the United 
States. It was not until the Constitution of Massachusetts was new modelled, in 
1780, that in that State slavery was abolished, the judges of the Supreme Court pro- 
nouncing that all men held in slavery, dwelling within that State were by the Consti- 
tution made free ; grounding their opinion on the first clause of the Declaration of 
Rights, — ^All men are horn free and equal.' " ^ 

• The Life of Timothy Pickering, by- Oetavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 210, note. 
» Ibid. Vol. I. p. 211, note. » Ibid. Vol. I. pp. 5-G. 


While Deacon Pickering's son Timothy was in his eighteenth year, and 
a member of the Senior class at Harvard College, he wrote a letter to his 
father from which it appears that some one had reported to the deacon that 
his son had been playing cards, which the boy denied, but at the same 
time attempted ;i defence of the practice. Deacon Pickering, in reply, wrote 
to his son the following characteristic letter : — 

" Dear Son : Serious men of large experience have apprehended that the diver- 
sion of playing at cards (all things considered) is not expedient. Pike and Ilayward 
write upon it, as you may see, in their Cases of Conscience judiciously resolved. 
However pleasant the exercise may seem to be to many, yet it is found to be of en- 
chanting nature. I hope, above all things, you will seek spiritual delights, for they 
are not only most ravishing, but also most essential. All mankind naturally most 
affect things of sense ; but how amazing is it that rational creatures should so much 
affect earthly pleasures, and neglect the pursuit of those joys that are eternal ! You 
know my mind. You have now a price in your hand to get wisdom. I hope God 
will give you an heart to improve it. 

" We are all in health, through God's goodness, and hope these lines may find you 
80. Let us hear from you in convenient time. 

" Your affectionate father, 

" Timothy Pickering 

"Salem, February 18th, 1763." i 

Deacon Timothy Pickering died at the age of seventy -five years, and 
was buried in the " burying ground on the hill," now called the Broad Street 
Ground, which is directly opposite the old family mansion. His grave- 
stone, and that of his wife, Mary (Wingate) Pickering, were still standing 
in 18'J6. He " enjoyed almost uninterrupted health until about a year 
before his death, when he fell into a decline attended with a consumptive 
cough." ^ 

April 26, 1778, Colonel Pickering wrote of his father during his final 
sickness : — 

"But I know his firmness of mind, his piety, his confidence in Heaven, and 
thence his entire resignation to the will of God ; and that his anxiety is not to live 
long, but to live well." ^ 

On Sept. 11, 1778, after his father's death, Colonel Pickering wrote the 
following : — 

1 The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 13. 
« Ibid. Vol. I. pp. 6-7. • Ibid. Vol. I. p. 214. 



"He doubtless excliaugcd this life for a bettor, ami in his last moments could 
look back with pleasure on a long life spent in the fear and service of God. His 
peculiarities rather deserve respect, because they were dictated by an upright heart, 
and were deemed erroneous only because they did not coincide with the practices or 
fashions of the world, which ever was, and is, too corrupt to be governed by principle 
founded solely on love to God and love to man.'"^ 

The Pickering family before tlie time of Deacon Pickering was not a 
long-lived race, the average age at death being under fifty years, so far as 
can be ascertained ; but his marriage into the Wingate family, which was 
noted for its longevity, brought length of years to his descendants. The 
long life of Deacon Pickering's children is shown by the following extract 
from a newspaper: — 

" Longevity. Col. Pickering of Salem has five sisters, and the sum of all their 
ages is 502; making the average age of each individual to be 83 2-3 years. Three 
others of the same family have died whose average age was 72." ^ 

The following table in relation to the longevity of Deacon Pickering's 
family is taken from a manuscript book of records owned by Colonel 
Theodore Lyman [51. VIII. 577]. 

Children- of Timothy & jMaey Pickering. 

Born 0. S. 

Yre. ni03. days. 

Died N. S. 

Married to 


Jan'y 28, 1730 

96. 0. 13 

Xov'r 21, 1826 

John Clark 


March 29, 1733 

71. 9. 21 

Jan'y 30, 1805 

1st. Ftev. Dudley Leavitt, 2d, Judge 


Feb. 27, 1736 

S8. 7. 11 

Oct. 21, 1824 

George Williams 


Nov. 12, 1737 

85. 10. 19 

Oct. 12, 1823 

John Gardner 


March 2, 1740 

71. 5. 7 

Aug. 20, 1811 

Not married 


April 10, 1712 

72. 9. 5 

Feb'y 4, 1815 

John Gooll 

S 'Eunice 

" " 

100. 8. 15 

Jan'y 14, 1843 

Her cousin Paine Wingate. He lived 


July 0, 17-15 

83. 0. 12 

Jan. 29, 1829 

Ilebecca White [over 99 yrs. 


N'ov'r 12, 1717 

74. 11. 8 

Oct. 31, 1822 

Israel Dodge 

All were born before the change of style (1751), therefore 11 days to be added to the birth of each 
to correspond with new style. 

Aggregate nearly 746-J years. 
Average nearly 83 years. 

» The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 236. 
' Portsmouth, N. H., Journal quoted in the Salem Register of Nov. 2, 1S22. 


The following is an abstract of his will, which was dated Feb. 5, 1778, 
and was proved July 15, 177S : — 

I Timothy Piekerini^ of Salem, my just debts to be paid by my son John. I give 
to my seven daughters as follows to bo |iaid them in sterling money to wit. Sarah 
Clarke £60; Mary Sargent .£30; Lydia Williams £80; Elizabeth Gardner £5; Lois 
Gool £40 ; Eunice "Wingate £40 ; Lucia Dodge £70. To Mary my wife all my house-' 
hold furniture. To my son Timotliy Pickering one third of my real estate. To my 
son John Pickering the residue of my estate both real and personal he paying my 
debts and charges and the several legacies given to my daughters, and paying to 
my wife annually during her life such sums of money as they shall agree to be 
sufficient for her comfortable and liandsome support which provision when assented 
to by her is to be in full of her right of dower in my Real Estate. Son John my 

48-59. IX. 9. Jlarij Witiyate, the wife of Timothy Pickering, born 
in Hampton, N. H., died in Salem.^ 

She and her husband , first met at the house of Parson Balch in 
"Wenham, at the wedding of her brother. Rev. Paine Wingate, and Mary 
Balch.' She is said to have been handsome when young, and to have 
retained her good looks until her death. Colonel Pickering wa-ites of her, 
Feb. 5, 1785: — 

"An aged person with her infirmities could not wish a continuance of life, and 
when an aged christian dies, the relatives cannot mourn." * 

A sampler marked " Mary "Winget " is in the possession of her great- 
great-grandson, Mr. "William E. Silsbee of Boston. 

Her father. Colonel Joshua Wingate, was a valued citizen of Hampton, 
N. H. He was distinguished for both public and private virtues, and was 
entrusted by his fellow-citizens with positions of respectability and honor. 
He was colonel of the Hampton regiment, and was in command at the 
siege of Louisburg in 1745. He also represented Hampton in the Legisla- 

1 Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 353, pp. 176-177; files, No. 21,821. 

' A copy of an entry in the family Bible, owned by Timothy Pickering, Jr. [58. VI. 
110], gives June 14th as the date of her birth, and in this several other authorities agree ; 
but still other authorities give the date as June 7th. 

' Jfemorandum Book of Colonel Timothy Pickering. 

* The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. .503. 


ture. He married ^lary, daughter of Henry Lunt of Newbury. Thev 
both lived to be ninety years old.^ 

In 1700, Colonel Wingate built the house which is still standing in 
Hampton, N. H., and which has always been in the possession of his de- 
scendants. It is now called the Old Toppan House, and is occupied by 
Mrs. Colonel Peter Sanborn. It is supposed that all Colonel Wingate'.s 
children were born in it." Several of his daughters married professional 
men, and his son, Rev. Paine Wingate, was the father of the Hon. Paine 
"Wingate who married Eunice Pickering [56-57. Y. 23]. As to the spell- 
ing and pronouncing of Wingate, Colonel Timothy Pickering in his memo- 
randum-book, under the head of " Maternal Relatives," writes as follows : — 

" Instead of Wingate, tlic name was formerly written and pronounced Winget. 
Indeed, the people of Hampton and the neighboring towns at this day pronounce it 

This is not the only form in which it has been written. In America it 
is found spelled Wengett, Wendett, Windiett, Wendet, etc., and in England 
Wyngate, Windgate, Wyndegate, etc.* 

Mrs. Pickering's ancestry includes the following families : Wingate, 
Taylor, Lunt. See Ancestry Tables ^. 

60-70. IV. 10. Eunice Pickering [John 1-70. III. 1], born in Salem, 
baptized there in November, 1705, died in Salem. 

She received a bequest of £1500 old tenor by the will of her brother 
Theophilus Pickering, who also left £300 old tenor, to each of her children 
by Joseph Neal, and £500 old tenor to each of her male children by 
William Pickering. 

60-70. IV. i6>^ Joseph :Xeal, her first husband, born in Salem. A 
fisherman. Residence : Salem. 

Jan. 19, 1732, administration on his estate was granted to his widow 

» See History of the Wingate Family, compiled by Charles E. L. Wingate [57. VIII. 
706] pp. 36-41, for a more extended account. 

' Letter of Joseph C. A. Wingate [57. VII. 331]. 

» See History of the Wingate Family, by Charles E. L. Wingate [57. VHI. 706] pp. 


Eunice, who gave bond witli Timothy Pickering and Jeremiah Neal of 
Salem. Tlie inventory was rendered March 5, 1732.' 

He was a son of Joseph and Judith (Croade) Neal, and an uncle of 
Benjam'm Ropes [41-47. V. 16^ His ancestry includes the following 
families : Neal, Lawes, Croade, Hersey. See Ancestry Tables ^\. 

60-70. lY.lO-. William Pickering, the second husband of Eunice 
Pickering, born in Salem, died in Salem. .Residence : Salem. 

In deeds he is called a cordwainer; but in his will, which was dated 
Feb. 16, 1765, and proved March 18, 1765, he is otherwise described. An 
abstract of it here follows : — 

I William Pickering of Salem, shoreman, sick in body but of perfect mind. To 
my two sons John Pickering, and William Pickering, all my real estate after their 
mother's decease, to be equally divided between them, and to William, my shoe- 
maker's tools, and stock. To my two daughters Hannah Foster, and Abigail ScoUay, 
besides what I have already given them, j62.5 each to be paid them by my two sons at 
their mother's decease. To my wife Eunice Pickering, the whole of my estate, real 
and personal, during her life then to return to my two sons. Jly household stuff I 
give to her to dispose of as she .shall think proper, ily wife and son John to be the 
executors .2 

William Pickering was a son of Benjamin [1-70. III. 4] and Jane 
(Hobby) Pickering of Salem. 

1 Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 319, pp. 331-332, 447; files, Xo. 19,181. 
« Ibid., Vol. 342, pp. 68-69; files, No. 21,820. 


1-2. V. 2. Lois Orne [Lois 1-11. IV. 1], born in Salem, baptized there 
March 30, 1712, died in Saleui.^ 

The Salem Gazette of Dec. 21, 1790, contains the following announce- 
ment of her death : — 

" In Salem, Mrs. Lee, widow of the late Mr. Thomas Lee, 80." 

Mrs. Lee received under the will of her uncle, the Rev. Theophilus 
Pickering, £300 old tenor; and by the will of her brother, Timothy Orne, 
£12 per annum of lawful money. 

1-2. V. 2. Thomas Lee. her husband, born in Boston, baptized there 
Sept. 5, 1703, died in Salem. A merchant. Residence: Salem. 

Mr. Lee's father was a prosperous merchant of Boston. Thomas, his 
eldest son, was sent to Harvard College, where he graduated in 1722. In- 
stead of studying for a profession, Mr. Lee entered upon a mercantile career. 
He carried on business in Boston, and lived on Bennett Street until 1733, 
when he removed to Salem. His father, Thomas Lee, sold this Bennett 
Street estate Aug. 22, 1734, and speaks of it as " the same that I purchas'd 
of my Sou Thomas Lee." In this deed he calls himself merchant, of Boston, 
and in earlier deeds he is called a block-maker.- 

In Salem Mr. Lee was an active and influential citizen. He represented 
the town in the General Court, in the years 1739, 1740, and 1747, and 
while there served on important committees. Felt savs of him : " He 

* The date of her birth is given as ^March IG, 1711-12, on the Salem town records, 
and by other authorities ; while it is given as ^larch 12, 1712, in John Leigh of Agawam 
(Ipswich), ^Massachusetts, by William Lee, p. 47. 

'" Suffolk County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 51, p. 94; Vol. 26, pp. 266-7; Vol. 32, 
p. 27. 


was entrusted with various duties in town, and roprosented it in the General 
Court." ' 

Mr. Lee's brother, Judg'e Joseph Lee, H. C. 1729, was a man of dis- 
tinction. He was a loyalist, and in 1774 was compelled to resign his office 
with Judge Danforth and Judge Oliver. He married Rebecca Phips 
(their banns having been published Feb. 15, 1755), a daughter of Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Spencer Phips, and resided in tlie mansion-house which stood, 
until recently, on the corner of Brattle and Appleton streets, Cambridge.^ 
Tins house was bouglit in 1860 by George Nichols [43. VIH. 452], and 
was occupied by his widow till her death. 

The following obituary of ^Ir. Lee's father appeared in the Supplement 
to the Boston Gazette, of Monday, July 21, 17G6 : — 

" Wednesday iNIoriiing died llr. Thomas Lee, in the 94th year of his Age, who in 
the early and active Part of Life carried on a considerable Trade in this Town, tho' 
he deserves to be recorded, rather for the unblemished Integrity of his Dealings, and 
the exact Punctuality of his Payments, than for the Extent of his Trade, or the 
Length of his Life." 

Mr. Lee married, for his first wife, Elizabeth Charnock, their banns 
having been publislied July 1.'3, 1727. She was baptized Sept. 14, 1707, 
and was a daughter of Captain John Charnock, of Boston, by his wife Mary, 
daughter of Ralph King of Lynn, and sister of Dan/el Khig [1-70. Ill 0^'\? 
By her he had tlie following children, born in Boston : — 

Martha Lee, born ilay 27, 1728r 

Elizabeth Lee, born Feb. 19, 172a-ort ; died June 21, ISOS. She married Andrew 
Kewell of Boston, their banns having been published Aug. 8, 1759, 
and left issue, ^heve is aji interesting painting of a family group, 
in -which Mrs. Xewell appears, surrounded by her two cousins, 
the Misses Charnock, the two Jlisses Greenwood, and Jlr. Green- 

» Quoted in the Memorial of .John Clarke Lee [1. VIII. 11], by the Eev. E. B. Will- 
son, printed in the Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XV. p. .52. 

' See the History of Cambridge, Mass., by Lucius R. Paige, p. IGS. 

' See the Charnock Family, by Isaac J. Greenwood, printed in The Heraldic Journal, 
Vol. III. pp. 107-110. Captain Charnock's second wife, who was Hannah, daughter of 
Elizur Holyoke, of Boston, and sister of President Hulyoke of Harvard College, became 
the second wife of Theophilus Burrill, Esq., of Lynn, ;\Iass., who was a brother of Sarah, 
the wife of John Pickering. See the Burrill Pedigree facing p. 46. 


wood, the artist who painted the picture. This painting is in tlie 
possession of Colonel Henry Lee, of Brookline, Mass., a great- 
grandson of Thomas Lee. 

Thomas Lee and his wife were »eoond cousins through the FHnt.s.' 
Administration on his estate was granted to liis widow Lois, Aug. 10, 1747. 
The inventory, which was rendered Dec. 31, 1756, amounted to £7039 8.s. 
4c?. old tenor, and to £l7.j'J 17.!>. 1(/. in new tenor.^ It included a dwelling- 
house valued at £1000, an acre <">!' land niBar Deacon Timothy Pickering's, 
a negro boy and girl, h;ilf of a warehouse and wharf with Benjamin 
Gerrish, Esq., valued at £150, one-quarter part of the Schooner Samuel 
valued at £l()75, one-quarter part of the Snow Sea Horse, valued at £900, 
and a stock of English goods. 

He was the son of Thomas and Deborah (Flint) Lee, of Boston. His 
ancestry includes the following families : Lee, Mellows, Flint, Hart. See 
Ancestrt Tables j. 

3-5. V. 3. Esther Orne [Lois 1-11. IV. 1], born in Salem, baptized 
there Jan. 23, 1714-15, died in Salem. 

Her portrait, painted in 1749, and here reproduced, is now in the pos- 
session of her great-granddaughter. Miss Fidelia Bridges, of Canaan, Conn. 

The late Mrs. Alfred A. Abbott [3. IX. 39^, of Peabody, Mass., among 
other portraits, had in her possession a picture of an old lady, which she 
said was that of the mother of Captain Daniel Mackey [3-5. VI. ^'\. Captain 
Mackey's portrait, and that of his wife, were also in her collection. In 
writing of these pictures, the late Mrs. Joel Blackmer [3. IX. 37], of Port 
Eichmond, Staten Island, X. Y., said : " The oldest, the lady with the cap, 
and white handkerchief crossed over her dress, is our great-great-grand- 
mother, Mrs. Samuel Gardner, nee Esther Orne." The picture of the old 
lady, however, does not bear a resemblance to the picture here reproduced 
of Mrs. Gardner, and we are inclined to think that Mrs. Abbott was right 
in her statement, and that it is a picture of the mother of Captain Daniel 
Mackey. His mother, the wife of William Mackey, was the daughter of 
Daniel Epes of Salem. 

' See the Flint Pedigree, facing p. 33. 

« Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 323, p. 264, and Vol. 334, pp. 202-204 ; files, 
No. 16,661. 


[j-5 V. 3.] 
From the Portrait, fAiMED in 1749, now in the possession of Miss 



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[j-5 V. 5.1 

From the Portr.\it, iwi.situ in 1749, .now ks the possession of Miss 
FiDKLiA Bridi;es. of C.\naan, Conn. 


3-5. V. 3. Samuel Gardner, the husband of Esther Oriie, born in 
Saleui, baptized there Jan. 4, 1712-13, died in Salem. A merchant. Resi- 
dence : Sah^n.^ 

Mr. Gardner, H. C. 1732, studied no profession, but after graduation 
he entered upon mercantile pursuits, which he carried on with great success. 
IIo is said to have been the richest man in Salem at the time of his death 
and to have been worth one hundi-ed thousand dollars. Lieutenant-Governor 
Gray, the eminent merchant, passed two years in his counting-room." We 
had supposed that he was the same Samuel Gardner whose name appears 
on the Salem records as selectman and representative to the General Court, 
nnd that he was a magistrate, since he was called esquire. Moreover Samuel 
P. Gardner [53. VI. 101], in his record of the Gardner family, says : 
" Samuel Gardner held several of the most important town offices, and was 
a member of the General Court." On the other hand Colonel Benjamin 
Pickman in his account of the old houses of Essex Street, Salem, speaks of 
Mr. Gardner as having bought his house of Benjamin Marston, Esq., and 
tiiat " He was one of the most accurate merchants in New England and 
acquired a very handsome estate. Extremely devoted to interest, [sic] 
and though every way qualified to serve his country, never intermingled in 
any public business."^ 

His great-granddaughter, Miss Fidelia Bridges, writes as follows about 
his residence : " The house of Samuel Gardner still stands on the corner 
of Essex and Cromby streets, Salem, afterwards called the Salem Hotel." 
Mr. Gardner's portrait, painted in 1749, and here reproduced, is now owned 
by Miss Bridges. 

Mr. Gardner's second wife was Mrs. Elizabeth Winslow of Boston. 
She was a daughter of William and Hannah (xA.ppleton) Clarke, of Bos- 

* A paper in the possession of the late Mr. Alfred A. Abbott of Peabody, Mass., gives 
the date of birth as Jan. 4. 1712, meaning undoubtedly 1712-13. Various authorities give the 
following date as that of baptism, viz., Feb. 9, 1712, Aug. 4, 1712, Aug. 12. 1712, Aug. 14, 
1712; but the " Baptisms of the First Church in Salem," by Dr. Henry Wheatland in the 
Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VII. p. 222, give the date as Jan. 4, 1712-13, and 
this is probably correct. 

* Gardner Records. 

' Essex Institute Historical Collection, Vol. VI. p. 107, 


ton, and was born Nov. 13, 1716. Tlicir marriage intention was pub- 
lished June 22, 1758. A copy of it wliicli was in the possession of the 
late John L. Gardner [nS. \'1I. 303] reads as follows: — 

"I hereby certify that y» names of Samuel Gardner, Esq"' of Salem & Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Winslow of Boston, with their intention of marriage have been entered with me 
fifteen days, and that their said intention hath been by me posted at the Great Meet- 
ing House (so called) a publish place in said Salem more than fourteen days k 
nothing objected. Salem June •22°'* 1753 John Higgi.nson, Town Clerk." 

She was the widow of William "Winslow, to whom she was married 
Dec. 11, 1735. His estate was administered upon Oct. 27, 1746, by his 
brother Isaac Winslow, and in the administration papers he is called of 
Louisburg, Island of Cape Breton, merchant. William Winslow was in 
the Commissariat Department at the Siege of Louisburg, in 1745, as 
was his brother Samuel Winslow. They both died in that service. Their 
father was Colonel Edward Winslow, of Boston, Sheriff of Suffolk County, 
and Judge of the Court of Conmion Pleas. ^Irs. Gardner's brother, Richard 
Clarke, Avas one of the consignees of the tea destroyed in Boston Harbor at 
the beginning of the Revolution. Her mother married for her second hus- 
band Hon. Josiah Willard, and is mentioned in Samuel Gardner's will. 
Mrs. Willard died July 28, 1766, at the age of eighty-one, having named 
her daughter Elizabeth Gardner, in her wdll.^ After her second husband's 
death Mrs. Gardner took a third husband, Francis Cabot, she being his 
second wife. The following announcement of their marriage appeared in 
the Salem Gazette of Tuesday, Apnl 26, 1770: — 

"Last Thursday Francis Cabot, Esq., an Eminent Merchant of this Place was mar- 
ried to Mrs. Gardner the amiable and wortliy Relict of the late Samuel Gardner, Esq." 

Mrs. Cabot died June 14, 17S5, aged sixty-eight years. The following 
notice of Mr. Gardner's death appeared in the Essex Gazette of Tuesday 
April 11, 1769: — 

"Last Friday Morning died after a long continued and tedious Indisposition, 
Samuel Gardner, Esq., an eminent Jlerchant of this Town, Fifty-seven Years of Age. 
His remains were decently interred last evening." 

> Suffolk County Probate Records, Vol. G.5, p. 322 ; files, Xo. 8,oS8. 


Tlie fallowing is an al)stract of his will, which was dated Sept. 15, 1766, 
and which was proved May 1, 1TG9 : — 

I Samuel Gardner, of Salem, Esquire, of very iufirm health. To my daughter 
Kstlier Maekey ^1500 wiiich, with what I advanced to her hefore her inter-marriage 
with Mr. Daniel Maekey, I judge to make =£2000. I discharge her and the heirs of 
licr liusband Mr. Francis Higginson, with what I charged him in my books. To my 
daughter Lois Gardner £2000. To my daughter Elizabeth Gardner =£2000 when she 
is twenty-one. 

To my beloved wife Elizabeth Gardner =£333.6.8 ; also the value of <£100 more in 
household goods; also the household goods which belonged to her at our marriage, 
and all personal estate left to her by Madam Hannah Willard ; also my negro boy 
Titus, for life ; also my two-wheeled chaise and one of my cliaise horses ; also the 
right to sit in my pew in the Rev. Thonias Barnard's meeting house ; also during her 
life the annuity and sum yearly of £160, all of which is in right of dower. 

As my negro slave named Isaac has generally served me with great diligence and 
integrity, I give to the same Isaac i^lO lawful money with his apparel, and his free- 
dom. If he is unable to support himself, my sons George, Weld, and Henry, to sup- 
port him.^ 

To my honored mother Elizabeth Gardner, an annuity of =£30, on condition that 
it is in discharge of my part of the yearly payment to be made her by myself and 
others, by force of the will of my grandfather Captain Samuel Gardner. 

I give to Mr. William Jeffrey £100, on condition that he shall then be employed 
or engaged in my business, as he now is, which is in testimony of tlie great regard I 
have for him, and the sense I have of his great faithfulness in my service.- To the 
Rev. Mr. Thomas Barnard £12. 

* The Records of the First Church state that Cato, negro of Samuel Gardner, was bap- 
tized Isaac, owned the covenant May 28, 1749, and was admitted to the church Jau. 2, 1757. 

The Salem ^Mercury of Tuesday, Xov. 6, 17S7, has the following notice, •• In tliis town 
Is:iac Howard (an African) aged GO — formerly a domestick of the late Samuel Gardner, 
Erfq. A ' good and faithful servant.' 

" ' Honour and shame from no complection rise, 
Act well your part, there all the honour lies.' " 

' Probably identical with William Jeffrey, Esq., Clerk of the Courts in Esse.x County, 
who married Sept. 21, 17GG, Elizabeth, fifth child of Joseph Bowditch, Esq., who also 
was for many years clerk of the Courts of Essex County. She was born Feb. S, 1731-5, 
and died in July, 1772. " 1772 June 19th, Mr. Jeffrey was taken with Excessive Pain in 
his Bowels, 21st. Kept his bed, and Died ye Sth. July in ye 35th. year of his age." Their 
daughter Elizabeth Jeffrey, born Feb. 10, 1772, married in October, 1790, the Hon. Nathan 
Head, of Saletu and Belfast, Maine, among whose papers was a Bowditch Record from 
which this note is made. 


Aud to the end that the payment of the annuities and yearly payments aforesaid 
may be effectually secured, and the same duly paid, it is my will that £3600 of my 
personal estate shall not be received by my children until the same annuities and 
yearly payments be completed, or shall cease to become due, when the said £3600 
shall be divided amouii my children as follows : To my daughter Lois Gardner, £335. 
To my daughter Elizabeth Gardner, £335, and the remainder to my three sons 
George, Weld, and Henry. 

The residue of my estate both real and personal I give to my sons George, Weld, 
and Henry in e<jual shares and proportions. Yij brother Mr. John Gardner, and my 
friend Mr. Francis Cabot, to be my executors. 

The inventory of the estate, of Aug. 7, 1769, amounted to £20,929 
7s. Id. It included two family pictures, and one coat of arms, one share in 
the Social Library, in Salem, and a negro man-servant named Jack, very 
infirm. Among sundry effects, put down as belonging to Mrs. Gardner 
before marriage, was one family picture.* 

The heliotype of the Gardner coat of arms which is here given is 
taken from an embroidery now in the possession of the heirs of the late 
Alfred A. Abbott [3. IX. 39], of Peabod}-, Mass. The late Mrs. Joel 
Blackmer [3. IX. 37] wrote of this embroidery that: "Every stitcb of it 
was worked by aunt Lois Barnard." Mrs. Abbott has some silver bearing 
the Gardner crest. Colonel Henry Lee [2. VIII. 15], of Brookline, Mass., 
has a beautiful silver tea-pot bearing the Gardner coat of arms, which 
probably belonged to Sauuiel Gardner. 

The Gardner family has been an important one in the annals of Salem. 
The founder, Mr. -Thomas Gardner, overseer of the plantation at Cape Ann, 
who removed to Salem, had a large family of children whose descendants 
are very numerous. There are probably few, if any, of the Salem families 
who are not in some way connected with tliis ancient stock. A very large 
number of the Pickering descendants trace their descent to this family, 
through one or more branches, as is shown in the Ancestry Tables. In 
some cases as many as five lines of descents from it are shown, as is the 
case with the Bowditch descendants.' 

> Essex County Probate Kecords, Vol. 3-15, pp. 337-343, 45G-468 ; files, No. 10,659. 
' For an interesting account of the Gardners, by Thomas C. Amory, see the New 
England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. XXV. pp. 48-50. 


From an Embroidkky ^o^v• in the possession uf the heirs of the late. 
Hon. .Alfred .\. Aheott, of Peabody, Mass. 




[6-7. V. 4] 

From the Portrait by Joseph Badger, painted aboit 175S, now 
the possession of the hfirs of the late mrs. wn.i.iam gurt 
Saltoxstall, of Boston. 


Samuel Gardner was a son of John and Elizabeth (Weld) Gardner, of 
Salc-ra. His sister Bethiah Gardner was the grandmother of Nathaniel 
IJowditch, LL.D. ; John Gardner [53. V. W] was his nephew, and Charles 
Ltmon l^G. VIII. o^j] was his grandnephew. His ancestry includes tlie 
following families: Gardner, Frier, Orne, Browne, Weld, Clap, Mitchelson, 
Bushell. See ^\j<cestry Tables ^. 

6-7. V. 4. Timothy Orne [Lois 1-11. IV. 1], bom in Salem, died in 
Salem. A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Orne was admitted to the First Church, July 31, 1748. He was 
extensively engaged in foreign commerce, and accumulated a fortune. 
Some of his account-books, which give one an idea of his business transac- 
tions, are in the possession of his great-great-grandson Francis H. Lee, of 
Salem, who also possesses his Family Bible, which contains a family record. 
In an old memorandum-book written in 1757 there is the following entry: 
"Joseph Bagger^ Faice painter Boston My picture £6. My wife's £6. 
pictures of my four children " Of these portraits four of them at least are 
in existence, viz. : The portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Orne, and two of their 
children, which are reproduced in this work. They are now in the posses- 
sion of the children of ilr. Orne's great-great-granddaughter, the late Mrs. 
William G. Saltonstall, of Boston, who received them with the picture of 
Lois Pickering [1-11. IV. 1], from the widow of Joseph S. Cabot, Mr. 
Orne's great-grandson. The other two we have not been able to trace. 
These are probably the seven family pictures that are mentioned in the in- 
ventory of Mr. Orne's estate. 

On the marriage of Mr. Orne's daughters, he gave them each a hand- 
.some outfit of silver, engraved with the Orne arms. Much of this silver 
is still preserved among their descendants. Mr. Ornu's mansion-house on 
Essex Street, Salem, is at the present time (1894) in a fine state of preser- 

' Joseph Badger, of Boston, painted in 1747, a portrait of James Bowdoin, 1676-1747. 
He is probably the same Joseph Badger of Boston, glazier, whose widow Katharine 
ailministered upon his estate Ang. 2."?, 1765. She returned the inventory Oct. 18, 1765. 
In it he is called Joseph Badger of Boston, painter. Joseph Badger, glazier, and Samuel 
Badger, tailor, both of Boston gave bond. In the inventory there is a coat of arms valued 
at six shillings. [Suffolk County Probate Records^ Vol. G4, pp. 461, 532, and Vol. 67, p. 155.] 


vation. It is owned by Mrs. John Hodges. xV lieliotype of it is hc-re 
given. Tlie staircase of tliis house is particularly fine. 

The following is an abstract of Timothy Orne's will, which was dated 
May 28, 17G7, and was proved Aug. i, 1767 : — 

I Timothy Orue, of Salem, merchant, of sound mind and memory. 

To my loving wife Rebecca Orne, all my household furniture and plate, mv best 
horse and cliaise, two cows, £800 in ready cash lawful money, the use of my mansion 
house I now live in, and one half of my barns, outhouses, and land adjoining, for her 
natural life ; also the improvement of about twelve acres of land in Salem at a place 
called i\[assey's Point, Xorthfield, for and during the time tliat she remains my widow, 
fifteen common rights in the cow pasture, and thirty-four common rights in the sheep 
pasture in Salem; also £100. lawful money per. annum during the time that she con- 
tinues to be my widow. 

To my son Timothy Orne, Jr., the mansion house that was my late father's, Tim- 
othy Orne, now occupied by my brother Samuel Orne, and one half of all my land 
adjoining, which I purchased of my brothers Samuel, and John Orne, and Samuel 
risk ; also one half of all the barns thereon, also my old warehouse, and one half of 
my wharf lands, and dockage adjoining; also one half of twelve acres of land in 
Northfield, Salem, also four common rights in the cow pasture, in Salem ; also twenty 
common rights \\\ the sheep pasture; about twelve acres of land in Danvers, called 
Orne's Orchard ; also my farm called Cutler's, in Danvers, of one hundred and thirty 
acres, and all the buildings on it, stock of creatures, utensils, and eight acres of I 
marsh in Lynn, called Pickering's Point, which marsh I purchased of my late mother | 
Lois Orue, deceased, and of Joseph Gray ; part of a piece of land near Xorthfield 
bridge, in Salem; also my share and interest in Union Wharf, Salem; one share in; 
the Social Library in Salem and .£3000 lawful money. 

To my son Samuel Orne, my house, land and outbuildings in Salem, two acres of ; 
land in Salem, bounded on the Xoi-th River, my warehouse, one half of all my wharf ' 
lands, and dockages adjoining it, half of twelve acres of land in X'orthfield, Salem, - 
three common rights in the cow pasture, fourteen common rights in the sheep pas- 
ture, fifty acres of land in Danvers, about four acres of land in Danvers, about three 
acres of salt marsh in Lynn, one and a half acres of marsh in Lynn, one share in the 
Social Library in Salem, and £3000 lawful money. 

To my daughter Relx-cca Orne, one quarter part of the house I now live in ; one 
eighth part of all my lands adjoining ; one eighth part of my barn and outhouses ; two 
common rights in Salem; also £1G00 lawful money. 

To my daughter Sarah Orne, the same as her sister, e.\cept that she have £1500 
lawful money. 

To my daughters Lois and Esther, each the same as Sarah. 

To my sister Lois Lee, £12 lawful money, per. annum. j 


[6-7. V. 4] 



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[(r-y. V. 4.] 

From the Portrait by Joseph Badger, painted about 175S, now in 


Saltonstall, OF Boston. 


To my executors XlOO lawful niouey to be divided amoiiL; them. 

After the death of my wife Rebecca, and sister Lois, their interest to be divided 
among my children, and after debts and legacies are paid the remainder to be divided 
among my six children. 

My Uncle Deacon Timothy Pickering, of Salem, and brother John Orne, of Lynn, 
to be my executors. 

The inventory of IMarch 7, 1768, amounted to £27,980 18s. lOlcZ., and in- 
cluded seven family portraits valued at £22 los., and two coats of arms 30s.^ 

6-7. V. 4- Kebecca Taylor, the wife of Timothy Orne, born in Lyun, 
died in Salem. 

Mrs. Orne was admitted to the First Church, Jan. 1, 1769. Her por- 
trait, which is here reproduced, was painted by Joseph Badger. It is in 
the possession of the heirs of the late Mrs. William G. Saltonstall [1. IX. 
12], of Boston. 

Mrs. Orne's great-grandson, the late Dr. William Mack of Salem, had a 
remarkable piece of embroidery in the shape of a petticoat which was 
worked by her. On it is pinned a paper, upon wliich is written the 
following : — 

" Linen petticoat | worked by Great Grandmother Orne | Rebecca (Taylor) Orne | 
wife of Timothy born in Lynn June 5, 1727 | died May 1771 | " 

This petticoat is one yard long, and three yards and nine inches around 
the bottom. It is so well embroidered that it looks like a piece of hand- 
painting, and the colors, which are very brilliant, are evidently as bright 
as they were at the time they were worked. As Mrs. Orne died one 
hundred and twenty-three years ago, it must be a very old piece of work. 
It is done in crewel or worsted, on heavy brown linen, and is made in two 
pieces. The lower piece is about nine inches deep, and is sewed on to 
the upper part. The design of this lower part is \qxx elaborate, and con- 
sists of trees, shrubs, flowers, various animals, and birds. The upper 
portion is a very graceful pattern of scrolls, vines, and tiowers. 

Mrs. Orne's death is thus noticed in the Essex Gazette of Tuesday, May 
7,1771:— - 

1 Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 344, pp. 153-157, 373-387; files, No. 20,104. 


"Laat Wednesday died here in the 44th year of her Age Mrs. Rebecca Orne, 
Relict of Mr. Timothy Ornc, deceased, late an eminent Merchant in this Place. Her 
Remains were decently interred last Saturday." 

Mr. and Mrs. Oriie were second cousins, she being a daughter of 
Wilham and Sarah (Burrill) Taylor of Lynn.' Sarah BurrUl [1-70. III. i] 
was her great-aunt. Her ancestry inckides the following families : Taylor, 
Bun-ill, Ivory, South, Jarvis. See Axcestky Tables J. 

8. V. 5. Samuel Orne [Lois 1-11. IV. 1], born in Salem, died iu 
Salem. A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Orne, H. C. 1740, became a merchant. By his father's will, of 
which he was one of the executors, he inherited a farm of one hundred and 
fifty acres in the north precinct of Lynn ; five acres of salt marsh in Lynn 
town marsh ; one half of his mansion-house on the Main Street in Salem ; 
about seven acres of land in the Northfield, Salem ; half of four acres of 
land in Danvers ; also one half of his new warehouse and one-quarter part 
of his wharf lands, and two and a half common rights in the common 
lands of Salem. His estate was administered upon by John Pickering, Jr., 
Nov. 8, 1774. The inventory of Jan. 2, 1775, amounted to £1,785 14s. 

8-9. V. 6. Mary Orne [Lois 1-11. IV. 1], born in Salem, died in 

She received by her father's will one-quarter part of twenty-six acres 
of land in Danvers ; also £400 lawful money. The circumstances of her 
death, as recorded by Dr. Bentley, are as follows : — 

" Dec. 14, 17S7, Mary, \v. of Rev'd Jamos Diman aet 65 Swoon, died very sud- 
denly. She has left 5 children, '1 sons." ^ 

8-9. V. 6. Ja)ncs Diman, her husband, born on Long Island, died 
in Salem. A minister. Residence : Salem. 

* See Pedigree of Burrill of Lynn, facin,:^ p. 46. 

' Essex County Probate Records, Vol. S.'O, p. 517, Vol. 351, p. 79; files. No. 20.090. 
' ^fary Orne's marriage is given by Francis H. Lee [L IX. 9] as both Dec. 16 and 
Dec. 18, 1743, and the former date is given by an old Orne reconl. 

* Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XIV. p. 1.14. Benjamin F. Browne, in 
Ibid. Vol. V. p. 197, gives the date of her death as Xov. 14, 1787. 

[.s^. V. 6.] 



I ' hi . 11! , ' 

« a;: i 



The Rev. James Diuiaii, II. C. 17.30, was the Hbrarian of Harvard 
College for two years, from 1735 to 1737. He was settled over the East 
Church in Salem, and was ordained its pastor May 11, 1737. His col- 
league, the Rev. William Bentley, was ordained Sept. 24, 1783. They 
did not accord in their theological opinions, and the family of Mr. Diman 
would not hear Mr. Bentley preach. It is much to be regretted that the 
records of baptism of the East Church during Mr. Diman's ministry are 
lost. He lived in the house still standing on the west side of Hardy Street, 
Salem.^ A heliotype of it is here given. 

His granddaughter, the late Miss Priscilla Diman, of South Newmarket, 
N. H., wrote that she had in her possession the family papers, consisting 
of deeds, wills, and old sermons of her grandfather. 

The following is an abstract of his will, which was dated Feb. 7, 1788, 
and was proved Jan. 10, 1789 : — 

I James Diman, of Salem, weak in body, but sound in mind. My just debts to be 
paid out of my estate. 

To my eldest son James Diman, of Stratham, three lots of land in Bridgetown, 
county of Cumberland, with the after division of land there, and all my estate in that 
town which I purchased of Richard Peabody. To him my mowing field in the Xorth- 
field, Salem, containing nine acres, and my pasture in the Northfield, of about nine or 
ten acres. 

To my daughters Mary Diman and Lois Diman, my orchard land adjoining to my 
garden, with the store and shop thereon. To my daughter Eunice Haraden, and my 
son-in-law Captain Jonathan Haraden, five and a half acres of land very advanta- 
geously situated for making fish in the Northfield. 

To my son Timothy, about two acres of land in the Northfield, also my dwelling 
house and garden, barn and buildings, it to be under the friendly care of my execu- 
tors, and to be by them occupied and used for his benefit and advantage, for so 
long a time as he shall continue unwell and incapable of taking due care thereof 

To my daughters Mary and Lois the household furniture belonging to the house, 
to be divided between them, hoping and trusting that they will use their utmost en- 
deavor to render the life of their brother Timothy comfortalile, as long as he remains 
unwell, and they are able to take care of him. 

All the remainder of my estate both real and personal, to my children Mary 

* See the Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. V. p. 197. 


Diman, James Diman, Lois Diman, and Timothy Diman, to bo equally divided among 

My son James and my son-in-law Jonathan Haraden, together with the Rev. 
Thomas Barnard, to be my executors.' 

The inventory of Sept. 7, 1790, amounted to £3,168 Is. bd. 

James Diman was a son of Thomas and Hannah (Finney) Diman, of Bris- 
tol, R. I. His ancestry includes the following fiimilies : Diman, Bradley, 
Brewster, Finney. See Axcestky Tables '^. 

10-11. V. 8. Jolin Orne [Lois 1-11. FV^ 1], born in Salem, died in 
Lynnfield, Mass. A farmer. Residence : Lynnfield." 

By his father's will, of which he was one of the executors, he received 
a farm in the northern part of Lynn, containing one hundred and seventy 
acres ; also all the remaining half of his mansion-house, devised to his son 
Samuel ; two acres of land in the Northfield ; about five acres of land in 
the Northfield ; also the remaining half of his new w'arehouse, and the 
remaining quarter part of his wharf land.s, in Salem ; two and a half 
common rights in the common lands of Salem ; also his negro boy Peter. 

The Lynn farm, on wliich he settled, is still owned by his descendants. 
It is known as the Orne Place, and is one of the finest estates in Lynnfield. 

His will was made Xov. 5, 178-4, and proved July 14, 1785. It gives 
all his estate to his wife Bridget. The inventory of Dec. 8, 1785, amounted 
to £3,943 15s.^ 

His gravestone in the Lynnfield Cemetery is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of 


whose remains are here ileposited 

who departed this Life ' " 

Feb. the !!'> ITSo 

Aged 53 Years 

Insidious grave how doth thou rend in sunder 

Whom love Ivoit & sympathy made one 

* Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 3G0, pp. •J2-"23, Vol. 361, pp. 71-74, and files, 
No. 7,705. 

' Another authority gives the date of birth of John Orne as 1734, and the date of his 
death as Feb. 11, 1784; but the dates as given on the Sheets are undoubtedly correct. 

* Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 357, p. 524, Vol. 358, pp. 154-158 ; files, Xo. 


10-11. V. 8. BriiUjct Fat'ker, the wife of John Orne, born in Read- 
ing, Mass., died in Lynnfield, ilass. 

Her gravestone is standing in the Lynntield graveyard. It bears the 
following inscription : — 


to the memory of 


widow of 

the late Mr. Jolin Orne 

who died Oct. 27, ISl^G 

Mt 83 

When Christ who is our life stiall appear 

Then shall ye also appear with him in glory 

Mrs. Ome was a daughter of Jolm and Sarah (Lilley) Parker, of Read- 
ing. Her ancestry includes the following iamilies . Parker, Kendall, Lilley. 
See i^CESTRT Tables ^. 

12-16. V. 9. Sarah Hardy [Sarah 12-47. IV. 2], bora in Salem, 
died in Saleni.^ 

Her uncle, Theophilus Pickering, in his will leaves to his " kinswoman 
widow Sarah Mansfield, £400 old tenor." 

12-lG. V. 9. Benjamin Mansftelil, her husband, probably born in 
Salem. Residence : Salem. 

Nothing further has been learned about him. Although the births of 
most of his brothers and sisters are on record, we do not find his own; 
neither do we know the date of his death, nor even his occupation. His 
married life was short. So far as we know, he had only three children, 
the last born probably about 1738. His death must have occurred between 
this date and Dec. 29, 1742, the date of his father's will, which was proved 
July 12, 1744. In it he gives to " Benjamin, Sarah & Seeth Mansfield, the 
Children of my Son Benj" Mansfield dec*! each of them five shillings." ^ 

' The Salem Eecords, and several other authorities, give her birth as Feb 25, 1708-9, 
while Francis H. Lee [1. IX. 9] gives it as Feb. 5, 170S-9. Tlie Salem Eecords, and 
other authorities, give her marriage as Feb. 21, 173.3-;34, while the Xichols Record gives it 
as Feb. 12, 1733. 

" Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 326, pp. 196-198 ; files, No. 17,641. 


Benjamin Manstield was a son of Paul and Sarah (Carter) Mansfield, of 
Salem. His ancestry includes the following families : Mansfield, Carter. 
See A^fCESTRY Tables |. 

17-19. V. 10. Martha Hardy [Sarah 12-47. IV. 2], born in Salem, 
died in Salem. 

Her grandson, Jonathan Goodhue of New York, recorded the following 
account of her in his journal : — 

" Mrs. Martha Goodhue died at Salem of consumption Saturday Sept. 9, 1769 at 
five o'clock in the morninp;, and was buried in the south-eastern quarter of the Burial 
Yard called Pickering Hill, where a marble head-stone marks her grave. She had 
several sisters who married at Salem ic had families viz. Mrs. Henfield, Mansfield, 
Phippen, Peirce and Ropes, all women of intelligence, character and respectable in 
their families." i 

17-19. V. 10. Benjamin Goodhue, \ver husband, born in Ipswich, 
Mass., died in Salem.- A blacksmith. Residence : Salem. 

Benjamin Goodhue subscribed to the covenant of the South Church, 
Salem, Feb. 14, 1775, was received into full conini union March 7, 1775, 
and was chosen ruling elder Jan. 22, 1776. 

The following account of Mr. Goodhue is taken from the journal of his 
grandson Jonathan Goodhue, of New York : — 

" He was born at his father's house on the ancient Farm at Ipswich, July 11, 
1707. He was the youngest child of his parents, and his father died when he had 
just completed his fifteenth year, soon after which he went to live at Salem where he 
settled & spent the remainder of his life. . . . 

"Benjamin Goodhue was a second time married to Mrs. Ruth Putnam, daughter 
of Capt. John and Elizabeth Gardner. She survived her husband many years, k died 
in 1808, in her 92d year. 

" Benjamin Goodhue's residence at Salem was in the western part of the town on 
Boston St. In 1707, he purchased from the proprietors of the ' Common Lands,' a lot 
a little farther up Boston St. , on which he built a house where ho spent the remainder 
of his days. It is still in good repair, (1828), and in the occupancy of the widow 
(Martha) and son (Benjamin) of his son Stephen. 

» See letter of C. C. Goodhue [19. ^T:II. 207] to C. P. Bowditch [44. IX. 859], Jan., 1885. 
" Several authorities give his death as Jan. 20, 1783, while the Nichols Record gives 
it as Jan. 13, 1783. 


" He was one of the original Patentees of the township of New Salem in the 
Coinitv of Ham|isliire, and of Lyndeborough in the Province of New Hampshire, the 
C rants having been made by Massachusetts, bnt the latter territory having been 
found to lie within the jurisdiction of New Hampsliire, the Patentees were compelled 
to make terms with the latter/government. 

" lu his time it was customary for the principal people of the town to gather to 
discuss the news ic at the principal tavern in the town, as a sort of Exchange, and 
room No. 7, in which they assembled was a place of great note. The house stood in 
the main street, now Essex St., opposite the old First Church. Here he was a fre- 
quent visitor. He served in the Militia of the Piovince, & 1 have in my possession a 
Commission signed by Gov.'' Shirley, as Lieut, and another as Capt. in Col. Plaisted's 

" In the controversy with the mother country which ended with the Revolution, he 
was early & ardently engaged on the popular side, though his advanced age prevented 
him from participating in the operations connected with it ; but he continued to the 
last to feel a deep interest in the progress of events, & had the gratification to see the 
object of it in a near course of attainment, before his departure. He was through 
life a strict attendant upon public worship, and in much intercourse with the clergy, 
and his chief reading was on religious subjects. He was a most affectionate father 
and husband, and much beloved by his family, and universally respected in the com- 
munity for his piety and integrity. He had a great respect for learning, and accord- 
ingly provided his sons with the best education the country afforded, and they were 
all entered at Cambridge, though the eldest, Stephen, did not stay to complete his 
course. He died of a gradual decline in the seventy -sixth year of his age, Jan. 20, 
1783. His remains rest in the tomb erected by his son Benjamin on Pickering Hill. 
In person, he was of middle height, quite robust, and enjoyed a very good constitu- 
tion. He left nine children, four of whom died unmarried." * 

The Salem Gazette of Jan. 23, 1783, has the following: — 

" DIED Last Monday night aged 75 years Captain Benjamin Goodhue, a worthy 
and respectable inhabitant of this town. His remains are to be interred this after- 

Of the death of Captain Goodhue's second wife, the Salem Gazette of 
Tuesday, March 22, 1808, says : — 

" In this town Mrs Ruth Goodhue widow of the late Mr. Benjamin Goodhue, aged 
91 — a truly worthy and christian character. Funeral this afternoon at 3 o'clock 
which her relatives and friends are desired to attend." 

' See letter of C. C. Goodhue [19. VIII. 207] to C. P. Bowditch [44. IX. 859], Jan., 1885. 


She was the widow of Bartholomew Putman, by whom she had a family, 
among the descendants of which was William Ward (17. VII. 105), her 
grandson. The Ward family papers say: " Old and young were fond and 
pleased with grandmother Goodhue, and she was a christian." 

Captain Goodhue's will was made Sept. 10, 1778, and it was proved 
July 9, 1783. An abstract of it is here given : — 

I Benjamin Goodhue of Salem, give to my wife Ruth the improvement of my man- 
sion house and homestead with the buildings thereon, and the improvement of three 
common rights in the horse pasture, during her natural life ; also all the goods and 
household furniture she brought me, to dispose of as she pleases. 

To my son Stephen my piece of land on Trask's plain, containing about one quarter 
of an acre ; also my blacksmith's shop with the wharf adjoining said shop, with all my 
smiths tools; also my mansion house and homestead with the buildings thereon, after 
the decease of my wife, he then to pay to my grandson Thorndike Procter, one hun- 
dred silver dollars ; to my grandson Robert Procter one hundred silver dollars, and to 
my granddaughter Martha Procter, one hmidred silver dollars. 

I give to my son Benjamin, my piece of land on the south side of Trask's plain 
containing about one acre, called the orchard ; also about one quarter of an acre of 
land on the north side of Trask's plain ; also three common rights in the horse pas- 
ture, after the decease of my wife, he then to pay to my grandson Joseph Holman, 
one hundred silver dollars ; to my grandson John Holman one hundred silver dollars, 
and to my granddaughter Dorothy Goodhue one hundred silver dollars. Residue 
of my estate to my two sons Stephen, and Benjamin, to be equally divided between 
them. My son Benjamin to be my executor. 

The inventory of Dec. 3, 1783, amounted to £1,197 4.s. Id. It included 
five hundred acres of land in New Salem, one hundred acres of land in 
Lyndeborough, and one hundred and ten acres of land in Lunenburg; 
also a coat of arms valued at 1 2^^.^ 

Benjamin Goodhue was a son of William and Mary (Lowden) Goodhue, 
of Ipswich. Ilis ancestry includes the following families : Goodhue, 
Watson, Whipple, Lowden. See A^c-esthy Tables \. 

20-24. V. 11. Seeth Hardy [Sarah 12-47. IV. 2], born in Salem, 
died in Salem.^ 

1 Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 356, pp. 212-214, 3G9-370 ; files, Xo. 11,153. 
' Several authorities give her birth as Feb. 17, 1712-13, while Dr. Henry Wheatland 
and Francis H. Lee give it as Feb. 7, 1712-13. 


20-24. V. 11. Xathaniel Phippen, her husband, born iu Sulem, 
probably died in Salem. A cooper. Residence : Salem. 

It is known that Xathaniel Phippen died before Feb. 18, 1755; for 
his father in his will of that date, and which was proved Oct. 18, 1756, 
makes the following bequest : — 

" I having advanc'd to my son Nathanael in his Hfetime one hundred pounds two 
sliiilings, being the Balance of his account with me ; I hereby Give to Joshua, Hardy, 
Joseph & Seath, the Children and legal Representatives of the s* Nathanael, so much 
uf my Estate as (the s' sum being accounted as part) will amount to One full seventh 
part of my whole Estate, and no more, to be equally Divided among them & their 
Heirs." 1 

An account of the Phippen family by his great-grandson, the late ^Ir. 
George D. Phippen, of Salem, is recorded on the Salem Records. From 
this account the following extract is made : — 

"The family name was anciently ' Pen' which afterwards became Fitz-pcn, or son 
of Pen, and more recently taking its present form Phippen, perhaps not long before 
the settlement of New England." 

"David Phippen, a native of England, probably of Melcomb, in Dorsetshire, came 
to New England and began the settlement of Hingham, in Mass. colony, with 
thirty persons, among whom was their minister Rev. Peter Hobart, which persons 

drew their House Lots on ISth Sept. 1635. He married Sarah and had eight 

sons and three daughters. He died in Boston about 1653." ^ 

Nathaniel Phippen was the son of Xathaniel and Margaret (Palfray) 
Phippen, of Salem. His ancestry includes the following families : Phippen, 
^yood, Guppy, Palfray, ilaiming. Galley. See Ancestry Tadlks |. 

25. V. 12. Joseph Hardy [Sarah 12-47. IV. 2], born in Haverhill, 
died in Salem. ^ 

A memorandum made by John Pickering states that, "Josepli Hardy 
whose place in the order of births is not known, died of eating hen-bane 

' Essex County Probate Eocords, Vol. 334, p. 104 ; files, No. 21,7G0. 

' For an interesting account of this family, with its armorial bearings, by George D. 
Phippen, see the Heraldic Journal, Vol. IV. pp. 1-20. 

' The Salem Records and authorities give his date of birth as Sept. 14, 171G, while the 
Ropes Family Bible gives it as Sept. 4, 1716. 


at the age of eiglit years. His playmates said he had eaten berries, which 
from the description, were of the hen-bane, and his body had the appear- 
ance of being poisoned in the opinion of the physicans." Henry W. Pick- 
ering [49. VIII. 5-47], states that he " Died of poison from eating apple-feni 

The Salem Records show that he was born Sept. 14, 1716, and died 
Sept. 3, 1718. This would make him two years old at death, while the 
above account siiys he was eight years old. 

25-27. V. 14. Mary Hardy [Sarah 12-47. T\\ 2], born in Salem, 
died in Boston. 

The following announcement of her death appeared in the Massachusetts 
Gazette of xVpril 3, 178G : — 

" Died very suddenly on Thursday morning last in the 67 year of her age, Mrs. 
Mary Peirce, wife of Mr. Isaac Peirce of this town." 

Mrs. Peirce was buried in the family tomb at Copp's Hill, Boston ; but 
on the purchase of the tomb in the King's Chapel Burial Ground, by her 
son Captain Joseph Peirce, her remains, and those of all the other members 
of the family who had been buried at Copp's Hill, were transferred on 
Dec. 23, 1819, to the new tomb. The Peirce family records give the 
names of the members thus transferred. 

25-27. V. 14- Isaac Peirce, her husband, born in Boston, baptized 
there Oct. 14, 1722, died in Boston. Residence : Boston. 

Isaac Peirce is called in different documents on record a baker, a 
merchant, and a gentleman. He was an ardent patriot of the Revolution, 
and during the siege of Boston served on various committees, besides 
giving three of his sons to the army.^ He was an excellent man, and was 
distinctly remembered by his great-granddaughter, the late Mrs. Laura P. 
Holland, of Chelsea, who used frequently to go with him on his morning 

His second wife, to whom he was man-ied ]\Iarch 2, 1787, was Mrs. 
Joanna Harris. Mr. Peirce was her third husband, she having been 

> See the Memorials of the Massachusetts Society of Cincinnati, p. 414. 


[^,-27. V. 14] 
From a Water-Color, painted about the year iSoo, now in the 


Esq,, of Baton Rouge. La. 


iiiai-ried, finst, to William Abrahams of Charlestown, and, second, to Captain 
.losiah Harris of the same place. It is probable tliut her father was Captain 
Bartholomew Trow, of Cluirlestowu/ She is named among those buried 
in the Peirce family tomb. 

The original portrait of Isaac Peirce, here reproduced, is a small water- 
color painted in Boston about the year 1800, evidently by the same artist 
who painted the other members of his family which appear in this work. 
These pictures are now owned by the heirs of his great-great-grandson, Mr. 
Grenville Mellen Peirce, of Baton Rouge, La. 

Mr. Peirce died at the house of his son Joseph Peirce, in Purchase 
Street, Boston, with whom he had lived from Dec. 21, 1802, to Dec. 20, 
1811. He was buried in the family vault in the King's Chapel Burial 
Ground, Boston. Administration on the estate of Isaac Peirce, late of 
Boston, Gentleman, was granted to Joseph Peirce, of Boston, Esquire, Dec. 
30, 1811. Joseph Peirce, Esquire, Nehemiah Somes, Gentleman, and John 
Dorr, all of Boston, gave bond in SlOOO.^ 

Isaac Peirce was the son of Isaac and Grace (Tucker) Peirce of Boston. 
His ancestry includes the following families : Peirce, Cole, Bacon, Tucker. 

28-40. V. 15. Lydia Hardy [Sarah 12-47. IV. 2], bom in Salem, 
died in Salem. 

The folloAving account of her death appeared in the Salem Gazette of 
March 11, 1794: — 

"In this town Mrs. Ljdia Heufield, aged 71. This old lady bore her age remark- 
ably well: last Tuesday morning she rose in usual good health, prepared and eat 
her breakfast and soon after, while playing with a young child, she was perceived to 
be falling, and a person present caught her, but she was instantly breathless having 
sunk gently into the arms of death without one struggle, groan or sigh." 

Her great-grandson, the late Samuel Henfield Gooch, wrote : — 

" I have her snuff box, with some of the snuff left in it a hundred years ago." 

* See The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, by Thomas B. TVyman, pp. 3 and 

' Suffolk County Probate Records, Vol. 202, p. 224 ; files, No. 23,886. 


28-40. V. lo. EiJmnnd llenpeld, Ikt husband, born in Salem, died 
in Salem. A cooper. Residence : Salem. 

Administration on the estate of Edmund Henfield was granted, April 
9, 1794, to Joseph Hentield, who gave bond with John and .Jonathan Hen- 
field as sureties. The inventory of July 11, 1794, amounted to £300 bs} 

There is an old coat of arms of the Henfield family in the possession 
of his great-great-granddaughter, Clara Henfield Haraden. 

The Salem Observer of June 15, 1839, gives an account of the demo- 
lition of the old Henfield House, caused by the construction of the Eastern 
Railroad, and says : — 

" A part of it is about 200 years old, and was a complete specimen of the dwelling- 
house architecture of olden times, huge oak beams, sharp roof and low stud the lower 
rooms being only 5 ft. 8 inches in the clear. We understand some curious relics 
have been found in the walls, among others an old sword, its history can be traced 
back to the old French war." 

Felt, in his Annals of Salem, having given a picture of the old Curwen 
house, and a description of it and several other ancient houses, says : — 

"Another of similarly constructed mansions which invite our passing notice, is 
the Ilenfield house. This was situated on the East side of Washington street, near 
to and soutliward of the first cliurch. It was formerly the residence of Hilliard 
Veren, and is supposed to have been built in 1650. A part of its first proportions, 
and much of its oak frame, remained till its subversion in 1839, to accommodate the 
Railroad." ^ 

Edmund Henfield was a son of Joseph and Lydia (Baston) Henfield. 
His father was a cooper of Salem. His ancestry includes the following 
families : Henfield, Grafton (?) Gardner, Frier, "White, Herbert, Baston. 
See Ancestry Tables j^. 

41-47. V. 16. Ruth Hardy [Sarah 12-47. IV. 2], born in Salem, 
died in Salem. 

The following announcement of her death is taken from the Salem 
Gazette of Tuesday, Dec. 8, 1795: — 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 363, p. 173, 292; files, Xo. 13,073. 
* Annals of Salem, by Joseph B. Felt, Vol. 1, pp. 110-111. 


"PIED]. — In this town on Sunday last in the 70th. yenr of her age, Mrs. Ruth 
Ropes, relict of Benjamin Ro[ies, sen. Her funeral will be this afternoon, if the 
weather be fair — when her friends and relations are desired to attend." 

41_47. V. 16. Bevjaniin Ropes, lier husband, born in Salem, bap- 
tizecl there ]\[arch 25, 1722, died in Salem. A cooper. Residence: Salem.^ 

Benjamin Ropes was a prominent man in church affairs. On July 6, 
174G, he was received into full communion by the Third or Tabernacle Church, 
which, up to 1762, claimed to be the First Church. The third of August 
of that year he was on a committee with Jacob Ashton, to make an end 
of the difficulties between it and the Rev. Thomas Barnard's church, which 
also claimed to be the First Church. The matter Avas ended by Mr. 
Barnard's church retaining the name of First Church, while they called 
themselves the Third Church. The plate, money, and land were divided 
between the two societies." 

Mr. Ropes was chosen an elder of his church Sept. 11, 1769, but Aug. 
21, 1771, he declined to serve longer in that othce. He was chosen 
treasurer of the society Nov. 26, 1770. 

During the ministry of the Rev. Mr. Whittaker there was a division in 
the Third Church, owing to the pastor's pronounced Presbyterian views. 
He succeeded in changing the form of government of the church from the 
Congregational to the Presbyterian. Among the dissatisfied members 
were Benjamin Ropes and Colonel Timothy Pickering. They, with others, 
separated from the society and formed the one now known as the South 
Church. This claimed to be rightfully the Third Church, and so claims 
to be to this day. Several pamphlets have been printed in favor of 
both societies. 

Of this new society Benjamin Ropes became a leading member. The 
records show that he was one of the original subscribers to the covenant 

* The Salem Eecords, and other authorities, give his birth as Mar. 22, 1721-2, while 
the Nichols Family Record gives it as ]Mar. 2 (0. S.), 1722. The Essex Institute Histori- 
cal Collections, Vol. XYIII. p. 17o, gives the date of his marriage as Dec. 4, 1751, and of 
his death as Apr. 20, 17S0, both of which are wrong. The Essex Institute Historical 
Collections, Vol. VII. p. 152, and other authorities, gives these dates as Mar. 27, 1746, and 
Apr. 20, 1790, respectively. 

' Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VII. pp. 152-153. 


of Feb. 14, 1775. Many of the records arc in his legible hand, as were 
those of the Tabernacle Church, he having been the scribe of both societies. 
From the South Church records the following entries are quoted: — 

"April 10,1775 Benjamin Ropes who was chosen some years since to succeed 
Mr. Jacob Ashton, dec'd as chh. Treasurer is the legal and proper Treasurer of tliis 
Chh. by virtue of the choice made some years since." 

" Jan. 22, 177G Benjamin Ropes chosen scribe." " Whereas our bro. Benj. Ropes 
at tlie time when Rev. John Huntington was Pastor of this chh. was chosen Deacon 
Voted we now renew our choice of him to that office in this ch." 

" Sept. 18, 1778 Voted That bro. Benjamin Ropes be an Elder to assist Elder 
Goodhue in tlial ofiice" 

" Aug. 4, 1782 Voted that according to the growing infirmities of Dea. Benj. 
Ropes, that choice be made of another Deacon." 

Mr. Ropes was Superintendent of the Poor of Salem, from May, 1775, 
to Oct., 1779. During the latter part of his life, he was afflicted with the 

The old Ropes Bible, before mentioned, which is now in the possession 
of Mrs. Charles T. Ripley [12. X. 183], has the following memorandum 
concei'ning his house : — 

" My grandfather Ropes house now stands at the eastern corner of Munroe and 
Essex street, but 't is much enlarged and renewed. He did own all the land through 
Munroe street to Federal street." 

This house has been remodelled, and is now owned by Mr. Ropes's 
granddaughter, Mr.-;. John Bertram. 

Administration on his estate was granted April 12, 1792, to his son 
Samuel, who gave bond, with Jerathmeel Peirce and John Leach as sureties. 
The inventory of Feb. 14, 1796, amounted to $1901.46, including a house 
and land.^ 

The Ropes family, of which Benjamin Ropes was a member, began with 
George Ropes,^ a carpenter, who with his wife Mary joined the First 

• Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 3G2, p. 49, Vol. 364, pp. 354, 529; files, Xo. 

' See Materials for a History of the Ropes Family, by E. S. W., in the Essex Insti- 
tute Historical Collections, Vol. \T:I. pp. 25, et seq. 


! iiliiiiillil 


ftaaMt»i^3li52&:^^ V- ; 

US. V. 27.) 


ChurcU of Salem, March 15, 1042. I'luir dtsceiuLip.l.s for move than two 
liundred and fifty years of Salem's history have been useful, respectable 
citizens, engaged in various vocations, and filling positions of trust and 
honor. It is one of Salem's best known names. John Ropes, their fifth 
child, roamed Lydia, danghter of Dr. Tliomas Wells. Their descendant, 
the late Benjamin Ropes Xichols [44. Yll. 218], had two silver spoons 
marked I. R. & L. R., which are supposed to have been theirs. Samuel Ropes, 
their son, was a member of the First Church, and one of those who caused 
the dismissal of its pastor, the Rev. Mr. Fiske. He was an uncle of Judge 
Nathaniel Ropes (H. C. 174")), and fatli^T of the subject of this sketch. 

Benjamin Ropes was a son of S'uaucl and Lydia (Neal) Ropes of 
Salem. Joseph Xeal [60-70. IV. 10^] wa? his uncle. His ancestry includes 
the following families : Ropes, Wells, Wai-ner, Neal, Lawes, Croade, 
Hersey. See Axcesirt Tables j-j. 

48. V. 17. Sarah Pickering [Timothy 48-59. IV. 9], born in Salem, 
baptized there, Feb. 1, 1729-30, died in Salem. 

Mrs. Clarke lived in the house still standing in Essex Street, Salem, half 
way between Beckford and Munroe streets, now numbered three hundred 
and fifty-eight. A heliotype of it is here given. She lived to be nearly 
ninety-seven years old, and though for several years before her death her 
step was infirm, her general health was good. Mrs. Clarke told her great- 
grandson, John Clarke Lee, who lived with her when a child, that she had 
seen some of the people who were tried fori\'itchcraft in 1692.^ She was 
a woman of large features and a strong face.^ 

Mrs. Clarke wrought in crewel the I'ickering coat of arms, with her 
name and the date 1753 under it. It still hangs in the entry of the old 
Pickering House in Salem, A heliotype of it is given facing page 11. 
Other pieces of her needlework are in the possession of her descendants. 

Mrs. Clarke made her will July "0, 1822. It was proved May 15, 
1827. An abstract of it is here given. 

To my grandson Charles Chauncj Clarke 81000. 

To my grandson Frederick Cabot, of Loston, merchjuit, and my aforesaid 
grandson Charles Chauncy Clarke, in trust the sum of SIOOO to invest and pay 

Francis H. Lee's Reconl, p. 190. " Mrs. Thomas Donaldson. 


over the income to Uarriet Muck wife of Elisha Mack, Esq., and at her decease 
to her heirs. 

To rav daughter Esther Clarke, widow of my late son the Rev. John Clarke, my 
dwelling house in Essex street, Salem. 

To my grandson Frederick Cabot, my lot of land in Warren street, Salem. 

To my great-grandson John Clarke Lee 8500. 

To my great-granddaughter Eliza Cabot Blanchard §20. 

To my great-grandson John Clarke Fillis 8500. 

To my grandson Frederick Cabot, all the residue of my estate, in trust, to pay 
over the interest of one half of said residue to my other grandson John Higginson 
Cabot of Salem, merchant, and the interest of the other half for his own use, and at 
death of the said Jolui Higginson Cabot, his interest to the said Frederick Cabot 
whom I appoint my executor. Inventory 816,912.04.^ 

48. V. 17. John Clarke, the husband of Sarah Pickering, born in New 
Hampshire, died in Salem.^ A shipmaster. Residence : Salem. 

Captain Clarke came to Salem from Portsmouth, X. H. He was master 
of a ship trading with London.^ His gravestone is still standing in the 
Broad Street Ground. 

By his will, dated March G, 1799, and proved xVpril 1, 1801, in which 
he called himself manner of Salem, he left his property to his daughter 
Elizabeth in trust, for the benefit of his widow, of the children of his 
deceased daughter Nancy, wife of Francis Cabot, and of Elizabeth herself.* 

He was the son of Josiah and Mary (Wingate) Clarke. His ancestry 
includes the following families: Clarke, Wingate, Nutter. See A^-cestrt 
Tables ^-^. 

49-50. V. 18. Mary Pickering [Timothy 48-59. IV. 9], bom in 
Salem, baptized there April 1, 1733, died in Haverhill, Mass. 

She was admitted into the Tabernacle Church, April 5, 1752. Her 
portrait, painted with her daughter standing by her side, by Joseph 

» Essex County Probate Reeoi-ds, Vol. 35, p. 190, Vol. 406, pp. 232-233 ; files, Xo. 5.519. 

' Several authorities give the date of his death as Jan. 7, ISOO ; but his gravestone is 
inscribed with the date Jan 7, ISOl, .Et. 82, and the Salem Gazette of Jan. 9, 1801, says : 
" In this town Capt. John Clarke aged S2, father of the late Eev. Dr. John Clarke of 

* Gardner Family Records. 

< Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 308, p. 251 ; files, 5,402. 


[49-50. V. iS.] 

From thf. Portrait ey Joseph Badger, painted abol't 175S, xow in the 
po5^E55ioN OF John Pickering, Esq., of S\i.em, Mass. 







iMi'ii. II lirtai 

[49-50- v^ is\] 

From the Portrait by Joseph Badger, painted about 175S, now 



liail'^cT, is here reproduced. It is still hanging in the dining-room of the 
i)ld Piekering House in Salem. 

The following notice of her death is from the Salem Gazette of Friday, 
Keb. 1, 1805 : — 

" At Haverhill on the SO"" Jan., Madam Mary Sargeant aged 72. The funeral 
will be next Monday ; relatives and friends are requested to attend without a more 

^.articular invitation." 

The Haverhill Museum of Tuesday, Feb. 5, 1805, prints an obituary of 
her, in which she is called Madam ^Mary Sargeant. She is also spoken of 
in this obituary as a dignified and lovely woman, combining elegant 
iicooniplishments with all the useful virtues of domestic life, and as a 
person of superior mind, sweetness of disposition and unaffected piety. 
It also adds that so much real dignity always appeared in her deportment, 
and at the same time such engaging condescension, that the high and the 
humble were equally proud of her attention, and impressed with her 
goodness. Through life she preserved a uniform evenness of temper, kind- 
ness, and charity. 

Colonel Pickering, in writing to his wife from Washington, Feb. 12, 
1805, says of his sister Sargeant's death : " And thus is made the first 
breach in a numerous family of brothers and sisters all advanced to what 
is called old age." 

49-50. V. 18. Dudley Leavitt, the first husband of ^lary Pickering, 
born probably in Stratham, N. H., died in Salem. A minister. Residence: 

Dudley Leavitt, H. C., 1739, studied divinity, and "was employed to 
preach in Stratham in 1743, and in March, 1745, the town 'Voted Mr. 
Dudley Leavitt, a minister to preach the gospel in Stratham.' "^ The follow- 
ing extracts from the Journal of Deacon Samuel Lane of Stratham, N. H.,^ 
throw some light on the difficulties Mr. Leavitt encountered in preaching 
to the people in Stratham : — 

' Letter of J. C. A. Wingate [57. YII. 331]. 

" This Journal is now in the possession of ^Mr. Henry S. Lane, of Stratham, N. H., 
a great-grandson of Deacon Samuel Lane. 


" Sept. 30, 17-14. Being Lord's Day, there was an unaccountable uproar in thr 
Meeting house, by attempting to bring Mr. Dudley Leavit into the Pulpit to preach 
half the day with Mr. Rust, which being complained of to the Governor, he sent the 
High Sheriff, Mr. Packer, the next Sabath, and took Mr. Leavit out of the Pulpit, 
which occasioned Law business in town, and was a damage to me, I being Tithing 
man that year, and obliged to complain of such disorders as was then in town. S. L." 


" Many of our people have been for some time separated from the church and refuse 
to join in the word and ordinances ; and Mr. Dudley Leavit now preaches to them 
in Mr. Coker's house, which they have fitted up with seats itc., for that use; also, 
there is a separate Meeting house now being erected at Exeter. These separate 
people are called by many New Lights and Schemers." 

Mr. Leavitt's labors in Stratliam wei'e of short duration. He visited 
Salem and preached for the Tabernacle Church, or, as they on their records 
called themselves, the " First Church of Christ." At a meeting held bj 
this parish March 5, 1744:-5, they voted that: — 

" M' Dudley Leavit Having Preached to this Chh & Congregation Some Sabbaths 
& whereas he is now about to Return Home from Salem the Beginning of the Xext 
week upon some necessary occasion. Wherefore voted that it is the Earnest and 
unanimous Desire of this Chh that He Return to Salem again as Soon as He Can &. 
preach to us k our Congregation Upon Probation a Suitable Length of time." 

At another meeting held x\pril 30, 1745, it is recorded that : — 

"Whereas this Chh Did after Hearing M'' Dudley Leavit some time Invite Him to 
preach upon Probation <fc now Having Had farther Experience of Him to our Great 
Satisfaction & the Satisfaction of our Congregation — Wherefore Voted that This 
Church Doth Now Make Choice of Him for our Pastor for our Selves & Congregation 
& to take Charge of the flock in the Room & Steed of our Rev* Pastor Mr Samuell 
Fisk who is about to take a Discharge from His Ecclesiastical Relations to this 

The 30th of the following July, Deacon Timothy Pickering [48-59. R^ 
9] and Jeffrey Lang were appointed to wait on Mr. Fiske and inform him 
that the churcli had given him a discharge. Aug. 12, 1745, the church 
renewed their call of ^Iv. Leavitt, and voted to give him £300 old tenor 
for the first three years, and Edward Kitchen, Esq., Deacon Ruck, and 
Deacon Pickering were chosen a committee to present ^Ir. Leavitt with a 
copy of the votes of the meeting. 


The call of Mr. Leavitt was an unanimous one, for the records of the 

church state : — 

" Tliat there Never was so much as one Vote Neither in y" -GHr Nor Congrega- 
tion Since M' Leavit Came to Salem, against His Settling Here." 

Mr. Leavitt accepted the call by a letter dated Sept. 10, 1745. The 
records of the Tabernacle Church state that he was ordained ilth Oct., 

Extracts from an interleaved almanac of James Jeffrey, Esq., printed 
in the Essex Institute Historical Collections,' under the year 1745, says: — 

" Oct. 26'^ — Mr. Leavitt ordained in Mr. Kitchen's orchard, under an apple 

He remained pastor of this church till his death in 1762. 

His residence in Stratham was what is now the Wingate fama, on 
which at that time there were two houses. On Dec. 4, 1773, his heirs 
sold the farm to the Hon. Paine Wingate [56-57. V. 23']. For a further 
description of this estate, and a heliotype of the house, see page 129. 

Mr. Leavitt's portrait, of which we give a heliotype, was painted by 
Joseph Badger. It hangs in the dining-room of the old Pickering House 
in Salem. 

The following obituary of Mr. Leavitt appeared in the Boston Gazette 
of Feb. 22, 1762: — 

" On the T""- of February Instant, died at Salem very much lamented of a linger- 
ing Illness the Rev. Mr. Dudley Leavitt, Pastor of the First Church in that Town, 
and was interred very decently the lO'"- following in tlie Vault of the Family of 
Edward Kitchen, Esq., and at his desire, a vast Number of People of all ranks 
attended his Funeral. — He was a faithful Preacher of the great Doctrines of the 
Gospel and most carefully guarded his Flock against the Errors and Vices of the 

The following is an abstract of his will, which was dated Dec. 14, 1761, 
and proved March 1, 1762. 

Dudley Leavitt of Salem, clerk. To Mnry my beloved wife all household furniture 
and my library. To my two sisters Sarah Thirston and Love Chase ten dollars each 

1 Vol. 11. p. 


to be paid in New Hampshire currency. To my beloved wife Mary Leavitt and three 
daughters JIary Leavitt, Sarah Leavitt and Elizabeth Leavitt the whole of the 
residue of my estate real and personal equally between them. My -wife executor.' 

Mr. Leavitt was a son of Moses and Sarah (Leavitt) Leavitt. His father 
made his will at Stratham, N. H., in 1754; and constituted his son Dudley 
executor. In 1749 he was also the executor of his brother Stephen's will, 
which contained a bequest " to my brotlier Rev. Dudley Leavitt of Salem." 
His ancestr}- includes the following families : Lca\-itt, Dudley, Leavitt. 
See Ancestry Tables yj,. 

50. V. IS^. Nathaniel Peaslee Sargeant, the second husband of 
Mary Pickering-, born in Methuen, Mass., died in Haverhill, Mass. Resi- 
dence : Haverhill.^ 

Judge Sargeant, H. C. 1750, studied law and began its practice in 
Haverhill. The history of Haverhill says : — » 

" He had the character of an able and honest attorney, though never distinguished 
at the bar as an advocate. He possessed sound judgment and excellent learning and 
but few men were more respected for integrity and uniformity of conduct. He may 
justly be ranked among the patriots of 1770 and 1775. 

" He was not perhaps so ardent as some others ; but he was decided in support of 
civil freedom, and could always be depended upon as a prudent and efficient supporter 
of the ancient privileges and rights of the colonies. Mr. Sargeant was a delegate 
from this town to the Provincial Congress, which met at Cambridge in Feb. 1775, 
and in 1776 was a member of the House of Representatives. In both of these bodies 
he was a prominent working member and was frequently placed on the most impor- 
tant committees. 

" After the Constitution of Massaclmsetts was adopted in 1780, he had a seat on 
the bench of the Supreme Judicial Court and on the appointment of William Cushing 
to be a Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States, Mr. Sargeant was made Chief 
Justice. As a judge he won the respect and commendation of all, for his ability, 
integrity and impartiality." ^ 

The following notice of his death appeared in the Salem Gazette of 
Oct. 11, 1791: — 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 338, pp. 541-542 ; files, No. 16,548. 
' Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, p. 397, gives the date of his death 
as Oct. 12, 1791 ; but the Salem Gazette of Oct. 11 contains au obituary of Judge Sargeant. 
' History of Haverhill, JIass., by George W. Chase, p. 648. 


"At Haverhill the Hon. Xutlianiel Peascley Sargent Esq., Cliief Justice of the 
Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth. As a Judge, iudeiiendence and 
iiiiiiartiality were conspicuous in him ; and the big tear, which often stood trembling 
uu his eye, when pronouncing the sentence of the law on its devoted victims, 
witnessed his humanity. As a Patriot and Civilian his country testified to his -worth 
in placing him in many important and exalted stations. As a Mnn, the tears which 
wore shed at his interment and the gloom which hung on the countenances of the 
multitude, which paid the last mark of respect to his remains emphatically evince 
his -worth." 

Cliief Justice Sargeant was a member of the American Academy of 
Arts aud Sciences. He was one of Colonel Pickering's most agreeable and 
valued correspondents. His letters are inspired with fraternal love, are 
natural, racy, and enlivened by a peculiar wit and humor.' On hearing of 
Judge Sargoant's death, Colonel Pickering wrote of him, that he was " a 
useful, worthy and amiable man, the prolongation of his life would have 
been desirable.'' 

A letter from John Pickering to his brother Colonel Timothy Pickering, 
says that Judge Sargeant died of "jaundice with a general indisposition of 

Judge Sargeant's first wife, whom he married Feb. 3, 1 759, was Rhoda 
Bai-nard of Amesbury, Mass. She died Oct. 9, 1774. By her he had the 
following children : — 

Khoda Sargeaxt, born March 24, 1759. She married Kimball. 

Nathaniel P. Sargeaxt, born Jan. 16, 1761. 

Jonathan Barnard Sargeant, born Jan. 24, 1763. 
Susanna Sargeant, born Feb. 1, 1765. She married June 28, 17S6, the 

Kev. Huntington Porter of Rye, N. H. 
Elizabeth Sargeant, born April 5, 1767. 

Tabitha Sargeant, born April 21, 1769, died Aug. 21, 1806. 

Mary Sargeant, born Aug. 24, 1771, died July 10, 1808. 

Sarah Sargeant, born Feb. 17, 1774, died March 4, 1803. 

All of the above children, with the exception of Nathaniel P., are 
mentioned in his will of Aug. 2, 1791, which was proved Nov. 7, 1791.^ 

* The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. II. p. 477. 
" Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 361, p. 462 ; files, No. 24,669. 


Judge Sargeaut was a son of the Rev. Christopher and Susanna 
(Peaslee) Sargeant, and was one of a family of twelve children.^ His 
father was pastor of the church at Methuen, JIass., for more than fifty 
years, until old age forced him to resign in 1783. Luc}j Washburn [54. 
VIII. G4o] is his great-grandniece, and Moses Ti/Ier Stecens [6. IX. SO] is 
his great-grandnephew. Judge Sargeaut's ancestry includes the following 
families: Sargeant, Perkins, Barnes, Stevens, Peaslee, Barnard, Kimball, 
Scott, Wyatt, Marsh, Cutler. See Ancestet Tables y\,. 

51-52. V. 19. Lydia Pickering [Timothy 48-59. IV. 9], bom in 
Salem, baptized there xMarch 7, l7oG, died in Boston. 

Mrs. "Williams after the death of her husband moved to Boston. The 
accompanying heliotype is from her portrait, by Gilbert Stuart, painted 
about 1819. It is owned by her great-granddaughter, Mrs. Philip H. Sears, 
of Boston. There is still another portrait of Mrs. Williams painted by the 
same artist, which was in the possession of her grandson, the late George 
H. Williams of Xorthborough, Mass. His nieces, the Misses Whitney, of 
Cambridge, Mass., have a fine copy of this picture. 

51-52. V. 19. Geovfje Williams, her husband, born in Salem, died in 
Salem.^ A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Williams, like so many of the Salem merchants, was in early life 
a shipmaster. At just what time he gave up going to sea, and began his 
extensive commercial transactions with foreign countries, we do not know ; 
but for many years he was one of the most active and enterprising 
merchants in Salem. He was not only a good merchant, but he was also 
a public-spirited citizen at a time when men of his character and means 
were of great value to the country. He took a firm and decided stand on 
the patriot side during the Revolution. On March 13, 1775, he was chosen 
as one of thii-ty members of a Committee of Safety, a committee of which 

' A genealogy of his family is in tlie Xew England Historical and Genealogical Eeg- 
ister, Vol. X. pp. 1S4-18.5. 

" Several authorities give the date of his death as June 12, 1797, while the Salem 
Gazette of Friday, June 16, 1797, says he died "last Sunday morning," which was 
the 11th. 


[5.-5.. V. ,0.] 
From the Portrait bv Gilbert SruARr, painted ahott 1S19, 


-J^ r- 


d-' / 




i -.liT.M^ . . ^•."' ^ :. "^"a-^-- 


Lis brothers-ill-law, Colonel Timothy Pickering, John Pickering-, and Israel 
Dodge were also members.* On May 18, 1776, he Avas sent as a represen- 
tative to a General Conrt, held at Watertown, and he was again elected a 
representative in 1777, 1778, 1779, 1783, and 1785.^ He was also elected 
to the Massachusetts Senate in 1780, but declined to serve. The fact that 
he was chosen so often to represent his town, at so trying a time, proves 
the general coniidence in his judgment and ability. 

He was a part-owner in three privateers : " The Black Prince," eighteen 
guns, six pounders, N. West, Captain; "The Pickering," sixteen guns, six 
pounders, Jonathan Haraden, Captain ; ^ and " The Lion '' twenty guns, six 
and four pounders. He and his brother-in-law, John Gardner, had the mis- 
fortune, in 1781 to have some of their ships captured at St. Eustatia by 
Admiral Rodney. This loss reduced his estate, and caused him no little 

Mr. Williams was the frequent correspondent, and the faithful and 
generous friend of Colonel Pickering, who was greatly indebted to him for 
loans of money at times when it was impossible to obtain it from the 
Treasury. He held advanced views on the manufacturing needs of Mas- 
sachusetts, and showed his appreciation of the benefit which New England 
might derive from fostering the manufacturing interests.* 

In 1756 Mr. Williams bought the three-storied wooden house standing 
on the western part of the estate on Essex Street, which was recently sold 
by the heirs of the late Colonel Francis Peabody. The house was torn 
down in 1839.^ 

The Salem and Boston newspapers contained notices of his death. The 
Salem Gazette of Friday, June 16, 1797, says : — 

" Last Sunday morning, died in this Unwa, GEORGE WILLIAMS, Esq. — an 
eminent Merchant, aged 65. lie was a Gentleman of unwearied application to business. 
He has been a Representative of Salem, and firm in our Revolution — has been as firm 
in support of our Federal Constitution. His judgment as a merchant was esteemed, 

' The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 34 

' Salem Records. 

' The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. II. pp. 147-148. 

* Ibid. II. p. 419. 

* Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XIII. p. 25, note. 


and the same reputation he maintained in public and domestic life. Prudence iu his 
affairs, economy in his plans, perseverance and enterprize, punctuality in his dealings 
and independence of mind, characterized him a worthy Citizen of Salem. He has 
left a Widow- and a most worthy family to lament the bereavement." 

Mr. Williams, at the time of his marriage to Lydia Pickering-, was a 
widower. His first wife, to whom he was married July 13, 1752, was 
Hannah Hathorne, a daughter of Benjamin and Hannah Hathorne of 
Salem. She died Oct. 30, 1756, leaving two children: — 

George Williams, born July 18, 1754. He married Sept. 14, 1777, Mehitable 

West, and died at sea April 6, 1784. 
Hannah Williams, born June 14, 1756, died ]May 3, 1750. 

The following is an abstract of George Williams' will. It was dated 
Jan. 26, 1797, and was proved July 12, 1797 : — 

To my wife Lydia Williams, my dwelling house in Salem, and the household fur- 
niture during her natural life ; also the sum of 813,333, on condition that she release 
her right of dower in my real estate on the request of my executors. 

To my daughter Lydia Lyman, wife of Theodore Lyman of Boston, merchant, 

To my daughter Mary Pratt, wife of William Pratt, of Boston, merchant, 8917. 

To my daughter Elizabeth Williams, my son Francis Williams, my daughter 
Anne Williams, my son Charles Williams, 81667, each. As it is my desire that all 
my children shall sliare alike in my estate, the above provisions are intended to 
make my children above named, respectively, a sum equal to what I have already 
given to each of their brothers and sisters. I therefore give and devise all the resi- 
due of my personal estate together with my real-estate or the proceeds thereof, if the 
same should be sold, as here in after provided, to all my children as well those before 
named, as the others, to be equally divided between them, except one equal twelfth 
part thereof which I give to the children of my son George Williams late of Salem, 
mariner, deceased, to be equally divided between them. 

I authorise my executors to make sale of, and convey, all my real estate, except 
the life estate devised to my wife, either at private or public sale at their discretion, 
provided that my real estate in the town of Watertown now occupied by the firm of 
George Williams k Co., as also the reversion of the premises devised to my wife, 
shall not be sold without the consent of the major part of my children. 

And where as by an agreement signed by me and my sons Samuel, Henry, Timo- 
thy, and John, dated April 1, 1793, I did allow that they were respectively interested 
in the stock in trade which I then possessed, viz : Samuel in the sum of ^3000. 


Ilonry in the sum of £2100. Timothy in the sum of jElSOO. and John in the sum of 
£1500, of the late lawful money, which said allowance was made as well tu compen- 
sate them for their former services, as to make them some provision out of mv estate, 
I do hereby approve of and courirm the said agreement, and every article and clause 
therein, and the sums so allowed are not to he considered as any part of my estate, 
or of the shares or portions which my said sons are respectfully entitled to receive by 
virtue of this my will. 

And as to the houseln^ld furniture the use of which I have given to my wife for 
life, I will that after her decease the same be equally divided among my children, 
except one twelfth part to be divided among the cliildren of my son George, in equal 

I appoint my said sons Samuel Williams, late of Boston, gentleman, Henry 
Williams, of Watertown, merchant, Timothy Williams, of Boston, gentleman, and 
John Williams, of Watertown, esquire, to be my executors. 

The inventory of the estate amounted to 661,226.50, and according to 
the final account, with accrued interest, it amounted to 863,161.53.^ 

Mr. WiUiams was a son of Henry and Mary (Waters) "Williams of 
Salem. His ancestry includes the following families: Williams, Skerry, 
Manning, Galley, Waters, Place, Hawkins. See Ancestry Tables y\. 

53. V. 20. Elizabetli Pickering [Timothy 48-50. IV. 9], born in 
Salem, baptized there Nov. 13, 1737, died in Wenham, Mass.^ 

Mrs. Gardner was distinguished for the strength of her understanding, 
and the energy of her character. She was a great reader, possessed of 
much information, and is said to have been the most intellectual of the 
sisters. Althougli she practised the strictest economy, she was most 
obligingly generous.^ Her grandniece, Mrs. Thomas Donaldson, thus 
wi-ites of her : — 

" A violent democrat in politics, and was told by her brother Timothy that she 
talked of what she did not understand. She was something of a free thinker in 
religious matters, and fond of reading Tom Paine, whose works were quite generally 

» Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 365, pp. 274-275, 477-479; files, No. 29,991. 

' Francis H. Lee and a memorandum of Henry Pickering give the date of her birth 
as Nov. 12, 1737. The Gardner Family Eecords have Xov. 12, 1737, new style. The 
Nichols Family -Eecords have Oct. 29, 1737, old style. Upham, Vol. IV. p. 393, has Nov. 
23, 1737. The correct date is probably Nov. 1, 1737, old style. 

' Francis H. Lee's Eecord and Mrs. Nathaniel Silsbee. 


read at that time and especially by the dcmucrats. She was a woman of strong 
mind, very outspoken in her opinions." 

The following notice of her death appeared in the Salem Gazette of 
Oct. 24, 1823 : — 

" In Wenliam, widow Elizabeth Gardner aged 85, sister of the Hon. Timothy 
Pickering of this town — a lady not less venerated for her virtue, than for her years." 

The following is an abstract of her will. It was made Oct. 21, 1816, 
and proved Nov. 18, 1823 : — 

I Elizabeth Gardner give to John Lowell Gardner and George Gardner, children 
of my son Samuel Pickering Gardner all my real estate in the town of Salem consist- 
ing of about one hundred and eleven acres of pasture, being the same which belonged 
to my late brother John Pickering deceased, to be equally divided between them. 

To my grandson Henry Blauchard §400, but if he should die before me, and with- 
out issue, I then give the same to my son Samuel Pickering Gardner. 

To Eliza Cabot Blanchard, daughter of my late grandson, Francis Blanchard, the 
feather bed I have marked with the initials of her name. 

To my son Samuel Pickering Gardner all the rest of my estate, and I appoint 
him my executor.^ 

53. V. 20. John Gardner, her husband, bom in Danvers, Mass., died 
in "Wenham, Mass. A merchant. Residence : Salem, later Wenham. 

Mr. Gardner w^ent to sea in early life, and was master of a vessel in 
the West India trade for several years.^ Dm-ing the Revolutionary War 
he was interested in privateers, and some of his ships were captured by 
Admiral Rodney, at St. Eustatia.^ 

In 1778 he removed from Salem to Wenham. He is said to have been 
a person of a very mild temper, and is spoken of by Colonel Timothy 
Pickering as a very kind-hearted man. 

His first wife, whom he man-ied June 25, 1754, was ]\Iary Gale of 
Marblehead. She died May 24, 1755, aged 27 years, leaving no children. 

Mr. Gardner died of apoplexy on rising from the dinner-table. His will 

' Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 402, pp. 279-281 ; files, Xo. 10,612. 

* The Gardner Family Eecords. 

* The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 289. 


was made Jan. 21, 1704, and proved Nov. 6, 1805.^ He left his wife 
Elizabeth his real estate, and the interest of his personal property during 
her life. The real estate in Wenham, Hamilton, and Ipswich, and brick 
house in Salem, after his wife's life estate, to the children of his daughter 
Elizabeth Blanchard, who was to have the improvement of it during her 
life. If the children should die without issue, then the whole to go to his 
heirs. His son Samuel Gardner, who was his executor, to have the remainder 
of the estate. 

Mr. Gardner was a son of John and Elizabeth (Putnam) Gardner. 
Samuel Gardner [3-5. V. 3] was his uncle, and Charles Lemon [36. VIII. 
34^'] was his nephew. His father was captain of a company of horse, and 
was frequently a representative to the General Court from Salem. He 
owned a farm between Salem and Marblehead where he lived many years. 
He was born in a house which stood wliere the Salem Museum now stands, 
part of which land descended to Samuel P. Gaixlner, his grandson, and was 
sold by him to the Museum.^ Tlie ancestry of John Gardner includes the 
following families : Gardner, Frier, Orne, Browne, AVeld, Clap, ]\Iitchelson, 
Bushell, Putnam, Prince. See Ancestry Tables ^^^. 

54. V. 21. John Pickering [Timothy 48-59. IV. 9], bom in Salem, 
baptized there March 2, 1739-40, died in Salem. Residence: Salem. 

John Pickering, H. C. 1759, inheiited the family homestead, and devoted 
himself to agricultural pursuits. He lived in the old Pickering house, and 
his sister, Mrs. Gooll, kept house for him. 

Most of his life was spent in the public service. He was sent to the 
General Court as a representative from Salem every year from 1769 to 
1780, vrith the single exception of 1775; and for several years, he was 
Speaker of the House. March 13, 1775, he was chosen upon the Committee 
of Safety, which consisted of thirty of the most prominent and patriotic 
citizens of Salem, among whom were his brother, Colonel Timothy Picker- 
ing, and his brothers-in-law, George Williams and Israel Dodge. In 1777, 
he was chosen Register of Deeds for E.ssex County ; and he continued to 
hold this office, by successive elections, till 1806, when his infirmities obliged 

» Essex County Probate Record, Vol. 373, p. 227; files, 10,G35. 
• The Gardner Family Records. 


him to retire. In 178J, he w;is town treasurer. He was also a justice of 
the peace and a judge of the Coiu-t of Common Pleas. 

He took the office of Register of Deeds when his brother Timothy 
went into the army, intending to give it back to him on his return ; but he 
got accustomed to the work, and Timothy thought he ought not to take 
the place from him, though Jolm would have been glad to yield. John was 
supposed to have been fatally sick in ITSfi, and in case of his death 
Timothy would have taken the place. Some one else proposed to canvass 
for the position, which made Jolm so angry that he announced himself as 
a candidate for re-election, and got well.^ 

The following obituary notice of him appeared in the Salem Gazette 
of Aug. 23, 1811: — 

" In tliis town, Hon. John Pickering aged 71. Tliis gentleman has been an able 
and faithful servant to the public through his whole life. In the early part of the 
revolution he rcprcsentcil this town in the General Court, and for several sessions 
filled the Speaker's chair. FTe was many years a Judge in the Court of Common 
Pleas, which situation he declined, as the infirmities of age, and the duties of another 
office pressed upon him. The records of the office of Register of Deeds for upwards 
of twenty years will testify to his uncommon accuracy, care and punctuality. This 
office he held till his increased infirmities obliged him to resign it ; and no man's 
interest ever suffered through his neglect in the performance of its duties." 

The following account of him is from the life of his nephew John 
Pickering, who was a member of his family while his education was in 
progress : — 

" Much might be said of the private and domestic virtues of the excellent man, 
who though unmarried himself, was for many years the respected and beloved head 
of the family in the Pickering mansion. 

" By his careful management in agricultural pursuits which the family estate 
required, and by his untiring industry in the office which he held for many years, 
he was enabled with a limited income, to exercise a generous hospitality, and to 
gratify his own affectionate desires in caring and providing for the members of his 
family circle." ^ 

> The Life of Timothy Pickerin-, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. II. pp. 182-189. Also 
Vol. I. pp. 34, 139, Vol. IV. pp. 24, 213-216,. and Salem Town Eecords. 

' Life of John Pickering, by his daughter, ilary Orne Pickering, p. 246. 


Judge Pickering was one of the origiual memljera of the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences. 

Administration on the estate of John Pickering, late of Salem, Esquire, 
was granted Sept. 2, 1811, to Julm Pickering, Esquire, who gave bond with 
Timothy Pickering, Esquire, and Samuel Putnam, Esquire, as sureties.^ 

He was buried in the Broadstreet Burial Ground. His gravestone bears 
the following inscription : — 

BOR>- liar. II. MDCCXL. 

54-55. V. 22. Lois Pickering [Timotliy 48-59. IV. 9], born in 
Salem, baptized there April 25. 1742, died in Salem." Residence: Salem. 

Jlrs. Gooll was admitted to membership in the First Church, Salem, 
Jan. 7, 1773. After the death of her husband, she and her daughter went 
to live in the old homestead with her father ; and she continued to live there 
with her brother John, into whose hands it had passed at Deacon Timothy 
Pickering's death. By a deed dated Aug. 16, 1803, her brotlier John con- 
veyed the house and land adjoining to her for her natural life, with rever- 
sion to his nephew, John Pickering.^ 

She was a twin of her sister Eunice Pickering. Her gravestone, bearing 
the following inscription, is still standing in the Broad Street Graveyard : 


Ob. 4. Feb. 1S15, 

.cEt. Lxxn. 

She was the widow of 


wlio died at S'. Christophers 

5Iar. 23, 177G, 

And daughter of 



» Esse.x County Probate Keeords, Vol. 381, p. IGS ; files, Xo. 21,815. 

' The Gardner Family Records, Upham, and her gravestone, give Feb. 4, 1815, as the 
date of her death. Mrs. :M. L. Putnam states that she'died Feb. 6. 1815, at the age of 72. 
Dr. Prince, in Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IX. p. 102, says that she died in 
Salem, Feb. 15, 1815, at the age of 70. Dr. Henry Wheatland states that she died in 1816. 
' Essex County Eegistry of Deeds, Vol. 182, pp. 152-153, and The Life of Timothy 
Pickering, by C. W. Upham, Vol. IV. p. 215. 


54-53. V. 22. John Gooll, the husband of Lois Pickering, bom in 
Scotland, died in the Isknd of St. Christopher, W. I.^ A merchant. Resi- 
dence: Salem, 

Mr. Gooll came to Salem from Paisley, Scotland, and was called a 
Scotch merchant. 

Their marriage is thus chronicled in the Essex Gazette : — 

" Mr. John Gooll, Merchant to Mis3 Louisa Pickering, Daughter of Deacon Picker- 
ing of this Town." 

Administration on his estate was granted to his widow Lois, Oct. 7, 
177G. The inventory amounted to £3834 175. 'dhl. lawful money.^ 

Ancestry Tables y'g. 

56-57. V. 23. Eunice Pickering [Timothy 48-59. IV. 9], born in 
Salem, baptized tliere April 25, 1742, died in Stratham, N. H.^ 

Mrs. Wingate Avas the twin of Lois Pickering [54-55. V. 22]. She 
lived to be nearly 101 years oL:l. The following account of the celebration 
of her one hundredth birthday is from the Wingate Genealogy : — 

" When Mrs. Wingate had attained one hundred years of age the venerable lady 
entertained her family and friends at a birthday party, and on the occasion wore the 
same dress in which she had been married. Only the high heeled shoes of her apparel 
seemed much out of the prevailing fashion of the time (1842)."* 

In answer to a letter asking information concerning Mrs. "Wingate, the 
following was received from her granddaughter, Mrs. Anna H. Gilbert of 
Ipswich, dated May 30, 1892 : — 

' The gravestone of his wife. See pasje 125. 

^ Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 352, pp. 144, 4G5-469 ; files, No. 11,389. 

° There is a difference of opinion as to the date of her death. The Exeter News 
Letter of Jan. 17, 1S43, states that she died on Saturday, Jan. 4, aged 100 years, 8 
months, and 14 days. This same notice appears in the Salem Gazette of Jan. 23, 1843, 
and in the New Hampshire Gazette of Portsmouth, N. H., of Jan. 24, 1843 — probably 
copied from the News Letter. Six Boston papers of Jan. 18 and 19, 1843, give this date 
as Jan. 7, 1843, as do Allen's Biographical Dictionary and the gravestone. The 7th of 
January is probably the right date, as this day fell on Saturday. The Nichols Family 
Records give this date as Jan. 16, and the Gardner Family Records as Jan. 14, while the 
town clerk of Stratham. N. H., writes that he cannot find any record of her death in the 
Town Records. With a few exceptions, her age is given as 100 years, 8 months, 14 days. 

* History of the Wingate Family, by C. E. L. Wingate, p. 90, note. 


" We have no portrait or letters of my grandmother Eunice (Pickering) Wiugate, 
but I have her name as she wrote it for me the day she was one hundred years and 
eight months old. I wanted her autograph for a friend, she not wishing it given 
away, closed her eyes nnd wrote it for me. I think that is the only specimen of her 
penmanship she left, and that I value very much. 

"I had the care of our grandmother in her last days and probably knew her 
better than did any othor grandchild. She was a wonderful woman, enjoyed life 
better than most people do at half her age. 

" The Tiianksgiving after her hundredth birth-day she wished to have as many of 
the family as possible dine with her. Fearing the company would tire her too much, 
I persuaded her to stay in her chamber until dinner was ready ; then I asked her 
if I should assist her over the stairs. Her reply was ' no child, when I cannot come 
down without help I sliall not come any more,' and she continued to come to her 
meals without assistance until a few days of her death." 

Her grandniece, ]Mrs. Thomas Donaldson, gives the following description 
of her : — 

"She was rather short and thin, tolerably active and vivacious, quick in speech, 
passing from one subject to another with great volubility. She had a tea party of 
fifty people on her hundredth birthday, and poured the tea herself." 

In 1836 the Hon. Robert C ^yinthrop visited Paine Wingate, who had 
entered his 99th year, and found him in bed. In relating the incidents of 
that visit, he says of Mrs. Wingate : — 

"... She was in her ninety-fifth year when I made the visit to Stratham, and 
was moving about with great activity showing off her husband as a wonder, and seem- 
ingly unconscious that she was really the greater wonder of the two." ^ 

The following entry is made in the Journal kept by Deacon Samuel 
Lane of Stratham, N. H., now in possession of his great-grandson, Mr. 
Hemy S. Lane of Stratham : — 

"Aug. 5, 1780. Awful night of thnuder & lightning — fell on Mr. Wingate's 

An incident of this storm is given by ilrs. "Wingate's grandson : — 

" At the time of this thunder storm in August 1780 my grandmother was sitting 
by the north window of the west front room. By her side was Mrs. Rogers, grand- 

' Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Second Series, Vol. IV. 
pp. 303-305. 


mother of Jacob C. Rogers now of Lowell. The liirhtiiiiig melted one of the shoe 
buckles of ^Irs. Roger's shoe, but did not injure her at all. That my grandmother, 
two months before my father's birth did not suffer any ill effect, shows at least that 
she was not a nervous woman." ^ 

Many New England newspapers announced tlie death of Mrs. \Ying'ate, 
but in none of tliem have we found an obituary notice of her. Her grave- 
stone, which is still standing in the Stratham graveyard, is thus inscribed : — 


Relict of 


Died Jan. 7, 18-43 

Aged 100 years. 

56-57. V. 'Jo. Paine Wingate, the husband of Eunice Pickering, 
bom in Amesbury, Mass., died in Stratham, N. H.- A minister. Residence: 

Mr. Wingate, H. C. 1759, studied for the ministry, and was settled over 
the First Congregational Church at Hampton Falls, N. H.^ He was 
ordained Dec. 14, 1763, and resigned his charge March 12, 1776. For 
about four years pre^-ious to his resignation, he was not actively engaged 
in preaching, on account of the opposition of some of his parishioners, who 
objected to the doctrines which he preached, and to the salary (£55) which 
was paid to him. It would seem that his parishioners were mainly at 
fault, for the dissensions among them continued even after Mr. Wingate's 

On Dec. 4, 1773, he bought a farm in the adjoining town of Stratham, 
of the heirs of his brother-in-law, the Rev. Dudley Leavitt, for which he 
paid £458 lawful money. The following description of his house is con- 

» Letter of J. C. A. Wingate, dated Oct. 10, 1894. 

" Authorities differ as to the date of his birth. He himself, in a letter to John Pick- 
ering, dated Aug. 15, 1830, says that he was born in " 1738, May 14 Julian style." Other 
authorities give the date as follows : Salem Eegister, ]\Iay 11. 1739 ; Colonel. Timothy Pick- 
ering, ilay 14, 1739, 0. S. ; Town Records of Amesbury, J. Wingate Thornton, Wingate 
Genealogy, the Xiehols Family Records. Upham's Life of Timothy Pickering, and "The 
New Plampshire Churches," May 14, 1739; Francis H. Lee, :^ray 23, 1739 ; Journal of 
Deacon Samuel Lane of Stratham, N. H., ilay 2o, 1739; and the Gardner Family Records, 
May 27, 1740. 

' History of the Wingate Family, by C. E. L. Wingate, p. C5. 


[56-57. V. S3.] 

^X- /N 



J * 

i ,'. 



taiued in a letter received from his grandson, Joseph C. A. TVingate, dated 
at Stratham, N. H., April 1, 1892 : — 

" Paine Wingate moved into the house iu March 1776. The house was then a 
leanto. Mr. Wingate put a second stoiy on the back side, and made other general 
repairs in 1780. It is now essentially what he then made it. It was never one of the 
best sort of old houses, but was every way what it continues to be, a respectable farm- 
house. Paine Wingate was fond of company and many eminent guests were enter- 
tained by him iu the house. Washington did not come into the house when he passed 
through tlie town, but his carriage stopped in front of it; the family were presented to 
him, and he drank a glass of wine with Mr. Wingate." 

It continued in the possession of tlie nude line of ^Mr. Wingate's descen- 
dants till Dec. 30, 1894, the last owner having been his grandson, Joseph 
C. A. Wingate. On that date it was burned flat to the ground, and the 
greater part of its contents were destroyed, including old furniture, and 
chests of books ; but many heirlooms and relics of the Revolutionary era 
were saved. A full account of the burning of the house was published in 
the Exeter, X. H., Xews-Letter of Jan. 4, 1895. A heliotype of the house 
is here given. 

From the following advertisement of this estate, which appeared in the 
Essex Gazette of Oct. 22-29, 1771, we get a very good idea of the farm : 

" To be SOLD 

"A FARM, lying in Stratham, in the Province of New Hampshire, distant eleven 
Miles from Portsmouth and four Miles from Exeter. It contains 150 Acres of mow- 
ing, tillage and pasture Land with several Acres of Salt-Marsh, has a fine Growth of 
young Wood upon it an Orchard and a large Dwelling-House and Barn. This farm 
is situate on the County Road, and extends as far as Exeter River, is witliin 40 Rods 
of the JMeeting-Ftouse and witliin half a Mile of a Say-Mill and Grist-Mill 

"Also a FARil in Brentwood (seven ^Miles from the former) containing about 
sixty Acres of wood pasture and tillage Land." 

Mr. Wingate preaclied occasionally at Stratham: but, in a few years, 
the stirring events of the times called him to public duties. In May, 1775, 
he had been one of two deputies chosen to represent Hampton Falls at the 
Fourth Provincial Congress, held at Exeter. In June, 1781, he was one 
of the leading members of a convention held at Concord. In 1783, and in 
1795, he represented Stratham in the Legislature. In 1785, the people of 


Strathum seut a putitiou to the Govuruor and Council asking tliat he be 
appointed to the office of a Justice of the Peace. He also served the town 
of Stratham in various other capacities, such as moderator, assessor, and 
auditor.* In 1787 he was sent as a representative to Congress under the 
Confederation, and served until the adoption of the Constitution of the 
United States, when he and John Langdon were elected senators to repre- 
sent New Hampshire in the first Federal Congress. At the expiration of 
his term, he was immediately elected to the National House of Represen- 
tatives, where he served from 1793 to 1795. In 1795, he represented 
Stratham in the State Legislature, and in 1798, he was appointed a judge 
of the Superior Court of New Hampshire, which position he held till 

Not having been educated in the law, he was not a perfect master of 
the technicalities of the profession or its practice ; but he was directed by 
that plain common-sense and sound judgment which generally led, and 
perhaps by a shorter road, to the same conclusions which, with profes- 
sionally educated judges, were the result of learned investigation and 
unwearied labor. 

Few men have gone through life more blamelessly, more usefully, and 
more universally beloved and respected than Judge Wingate. 

From the following story told by his grandniece, Mrs. Nathaniel 
Silsbee, who heard it from her mother, it would appear that Judge Wingate 
was quick to see the comical side of life. Paine Wingate had a habit of 
laughing in the pulpit. It was the custom to bring a lunch to church for 
the noon intermission A dog got into church, and put his head into a 
pitcher which contained food, and could not get it out again, and ran about 
the church with his head in it, at which Islr. Wingate laughed immoder- 
ately. He never went into the pulpit after that. 

Mr. Wingate lived to a great age, and sur\-ived all the other members 
of the United States Senate who took their seats with him when the Senate 
was first organized. He also survived every judge who had been a member 
of the Superior Court at the time of his own appointment, excepting Judge 
FaiTar of New Ipswich. For fifteen years, he was the only survivor of 

* History of tlie Wingate Family, by C. E. L. Wingate, pp. 71-86. 


liis college class, and, for several years, he was the oldest living graduate 
of Harvard.^ 

The following remarkable letter, which he wrote to his nephew, Hon. 
John Pickering, was printed in substance in the Boston Sentinel of Com- 
mencement Day, Aug. 27, 1830. 

"Stratham, N. H., Aug. 15, 1830. 
"Dear Sir, — Believing that you have the curiosity to notice incidents that are 
unusual, although they may appear to be trivial, lam induced to communicate to you 
the following note, which you will make use of as you see fit. Paine Wingate of 
Stratham, N. II., was born in 1738, May 14, Julian style. He entered Cambridge Col- 
lege at Commencement 1755, in the Freshman Class, when he stood last or lowest in 
the Class, placed alphabetically as the custom then was. Of course he was junior in 
grade to every member of the College, until the class was ' placed ' in the succeeding 
part of the year. In the year 1830, when the Catalogue of that University was pub- 
lished, he was the Senior, or first in the Catalogue then living, having in the course 
of seventy-five years passed through the various grades from the lowest to the highest 
of all the members of that University, — a circumstance which I conclude has not 
happened to any one other since the origin of the College, and probably will not occur 
again in many centuries. If Mr. Bowditch should think it an incident worth calcu- 
lating, I think he may find data in the Catalogue and other sources to form a toler- 
able correct calculation when a similar event may happen again. The facts above 
stated may be relied upon as correct, from the hand of Paine Wingate tetat ninety- 
two. Fi'om your very afTectionate uncle 

" Paine "Wingate. 

" This I expect is the last you will ever receive from me 
" Eon. John Pickering." ' 

Judge Wingate lived nearly seven years after the date of this letter. 
He was a good scholar and a man of extensive reading. As a legislator he 
■was dignified, safe, and judicious ; as a judge his aim was to administer 
justice according to law, without favor, affection, partiality, or prejudice.^ 

The following is an abstract of Paine Wingate's will. It was dated 
Jan. 26, 1811, and the codicil attached to it was dated Oct. 1, 1830. It 
was proved March 21, 1838. 

1 Obituary of Mr. Wingate in the Exeter Xews-Letter of March 13, 1838. 
" Life of John Pickering, by Mary Orne Pickering, p. 374. 

* History of the Wingate Family, by C. E. L. Wingate ; The Xew Hampshire 
Churches, by J. C. W., and an obituary in the Exeter Xews-Letter of ]\[arch 13, 1S38. 


To mj wife Eunice I give my household furniture except such articles w Inch are 
otherwise disposed of. I also will that she shall enjoy her legal right of dower in my 
buildings and land in Strathani, and I also give her five hundred dollars. 

To my eldest daughter ilary Wiprgin, in addition to what 1 have already given 
her, three shares in the New HamiJshire Bank, and eight shares in the Stratham and 
New Market Bridge. 

To my daughter Elizabeth Wiiigate, a right to one chamber in my house, and the 
right to use the other parts occasionally as shall be necessary, so long as she 
remains unmarried; also five hundred dollars in money; also a note of hand against 
Andrew Wiggin, E.sq. for eight hundred dollars, and a silver porringer marked E. W., 
and one feather bed and bedding ; also thirty shares in the Exeter Bank. 

To my eldest son George Wingatc in addition to what I have already given 
him, my clock, gun, small writing desk and manuscripts, and any articles of 
household furniture, or husljandry utensils, which he made, or bought with his own 

To my youngest son John Wingate, in addition to what I have already given 
him, all my farm lands in Stratham, subject to my wife's dower, and the rights 
reserved to my daughter Elizabeth in the house ; also my clock which I bought of 
Daniel Balch, my maple desk and book-case, and all household furniture and hus- 
bandry implements which he made, or purchased with his own money. The residue 
I give to be divided equally between my sons George and John, and said George and 
John I appoint the executors of my will. 

My daughter Elizabeth having died since my will was made, I will that what I 
gave her shall be revoked, and whereas my wife is so far advanced in age as to be 
unable to manage her worldly affairs without more or less bui'den, I will that my 
executors shall provide for her during her natural life, suitably for one in her sta- 
tion in life, this to be instead of the five hundred dollars given to her in my will, and 
instead of what she was to receive for her property sold in Salem. The other part 
of my legacy to her to remain as in my will. The farm lands, given to my son John, 
are to be held by him during his natural life, and at his death to be given to his sons. 
I also give to my three children Jlary Wiggin, George Vv'ingate, and Joiin Wingate, a 
note of hand wliieh 1 hold against Col. John Rodgers, and Col. Natlianicl Oilman, 
for thirteen hundred and seventy-five dollars and interest which was originally given 
for property sold belonging to my wife 

To my son George Wingate, in addition to what I have before given him, 
my mahogany desk, and a silver tankard which 1 have bought since I made 
my will 

To my daughter ilary Wiggin a silver can which I bought of ray niece Abigail 
Day and which was originally my mothers. To my two sons George Wingate, and 
John Wingate, two shares in the Exeter Manufacturing Company, also thirty shares 
in the Exeter Bank. 

im-f'^m' ) uqiHf} W W 

"1^ ^^^ 





^^/Ti. £^ 


[5S. V. 24.] 
From the Portrait hv Gileert Stuart, tain ted in September. 



Judge Wingate was a son of Paine and Mary (Baloli) "Wingate. He 
and his wife were first cousins. His ancestry includes tlie following 
families : Wingate, Taylor, Lunt, Balcli, Gardner, Frier, E^airfield, Skip- 
perway. See Ancestry Tables ■^'^. 

58. V. 24. Timotliy Pickering [Timothy, 48-59. lY. 9], born in 
Salem, died in Salem. Residence : Salem. 

Colonel Pickering, II. C. 17G3, was brought up under the severe moral 
code of tlie time, but as a young man he discarded tiie more rigid tenets 
of his father, although his early education had a marked influence on his 
life. After leaving college, he became clerk in the otHce of John Iliggin- 
son. Register of Deeds for the Comity of Essex. Here he remained two 
years, and he filled this office afterward at various times imtil 1774. 

In 1766, he was commissioned lieutenant of the Fourth military com- 
pany of Salem, and, in 1769, he was appointed its captain. He took great 
interest in military training, and in bringing the militia to a good standard 
of discipline. He also sent two articles to the newspaper on these sub- 
jects, signed "A Military Citizen." In December, 17GS, he was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney-at-law ; but he practised little, and attained no 
distinction as an advocate, as the various claims upon his time prevented 
him from being a well-read lawyer, a distinction to which he made no 
claim. He was a selectman of Salem in 1772, and for the five following 
years, and served as a town clerk in 1774, 1775, and 1776. On May 
18, 1773, he was chosen one of a committee of five to consider a com- 
munication from Boston concerning '■ the rights of the colonists." The 
report of this committee asserting the right of towns in their corporate 
capacity to meet and try to obtain a redress of their grievances, wa,s pub- 
lished in the Essex Gazette of June 6 and 15, 1773. On June 11, 1773, 
the selectmen of Salem were directed to act as a committee of correspond- 
ence till a special committee was appointed.- On the seventeenth of May, 
1774, such a committee was chosen, consisting of nine persons, of which 
Colonel Pickering was one. On the thirteenth of March. 1775, thirty per- 
sons were chosen as a Committee of Safety. Colonel Pickering was also 
on this committee, as were his brother John Pickering, and his brothers- 


in-law George Williams and Israel Dodye. On this same thirteenth of 
March, 1775, Colonel Pickering and four others were made a committee on 
minute-men, and the mounting of field-pieces. On the sixteenth of October 
of the same year, he was the first one nominated on a Committee of Safety 
and Correspondence. In March, 177G, he was appointed chairman of the 
Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and Safety, which consisted of 
fifteen persons. 

He was the author of the address from the inhabitants of Salem to 
General Gage on the Boston Port Bill, — an address that was highly 
praised in an article supposed to have been written by Edmund Burke. 

In October, 1774, Colonel Pickering was elected Register of Deeds of 
Essex County to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Higginson. 
He held this office till May, 1777, when he resigned to fill the oflice of 
Adjutant-General of the United States Army. He was succeeded as 
Register of Deeds by his brother John. 

In September, 1775, he was commissioned a justice of the peace, and in 
the same autumn, he was appointed a justice of the Inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for Essex County. On the twelfth of December, 1775, he was 
commissioned and sworn as the sole judge of the Maritime Court for the 
counties of Suff'olk, Essex, and Middlesex. This was an oflice of high 
responsibility, for, as a great many priA-ateers were fitted out by merchants 
and others, property to a large amount was frequently in question. 

In the year 1775, Colonel Pickering published a duodecimo volume of 
about one hundred and fifty pages, with copper-plate engravings, entitled "An 
easy Plan of Discipline for a Militia." It was not a mere compilation, but 
a work containing many suggestions, the results of his own observation 
and reflections. By a Resolve of the Council and the House of Repre- 
sentatives of Massachusetts Bay, of May 1, 1776, it was ordered that this 
" Plan of Discipline " should, for the future, be used and practised by the 
militia of the Colony. The work passed to a second edition, and, as late as 
1799, General Hoyt of Deerfield, who had written a treatise for the instruc- 
tion of the militia of Massachusetts, on sending to Colonel Pickering a 
copy of the treatise, expressed his indebtedness to Colonel Pickering's work 
in the preparation of his own. The " Plan of Discipline " was superseded 


by the work afterward published by Baron Steuben, " ReguLitions for the 
Infantry of the United States,'' and Colonel Pickering superintended the 
publication of the first edition of this new work, and bestowed a great deal 
of pains on it, that it might be brought out as accurately as possible. 

On February 13, 1775, he was elected Colonel of the First Regiment 
of Essex County ^lilitia, and received his commission from the royal 
government. He held this office for some time after he had joined the 
army of the United States in 1777. It is' generally understood that he 
was present at the North Bridge when Colonel Leslie attempted to capture 
the cannon that were stored in the North Field, Salem ; and the accounts 
of the affair printed in the Essex Gazette have been attributed to him. 

April 19, 1775, he led his regiment to assist the colonists on that event- 
ful day, but arrived too late. The afiray at Lexington had already taken 
place, and the British were on their return to Boston when Colonel Picker- 
ing and his men reached Medford. Colonel Pickering's behavior on this 
occasion has been the subject of adverse criticism, but a careful inquiry 
into the facts of the case show clearly that his conduct was all that could 
be desired from a brave and careful officer. Dec. 5, 1776, he collected a 
regiment of seven hundred men who marched under his command, and 
went through the campaign in New York and New Jersey. The campaign 
ended April 1, 1777. 

Colonel Pickering's reputation, and his frequent visits at headquarters, 
made so favorable an impression on General Washington that he wrote 
him an urgent letter, dated March 30, 1777, ofi'ering him the post of 
Adjutant-General, which he declined at first, but afterwards accepted. In 
reference to this appointment General Washington says in his letter to the 
President of the Congress : — 

" This conduct, in preference of Col. Pickering, I was induced to ndopt from 
the high character I had of him, both as a great militarj' genius cultivated by an 
industrious attention to the study of war, and as a gentleman of liberal education, dis- 
tinguished zeal, and great method and activity in business." ^ 

Colonel Pickering left Salem on the second of June, 1777, arriving at 
headquarters on the seventeenth. The next day his appointment as Adjutant- 

' The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 135. 


General was announced by a general order issued at headquarters. His 
position as a member of General Washington's military family, he wrote, 
was a happy one, but one of unremitting toil owing to the arduous character 
of his duties. 

The Continental Board of War, pre^-ious to Oct. 17, 1777, consisted of 
members of Congress. Ou that date, the War Office was remodelled, and 
it was resolved that three persons, who were not members of Congress, 
should constitute the Board. Their powers and duties were many and 
very important, and corresponded in general to those of a Secretary of War. 
On the seventh of November, 1777, Colonel Pickering was elected one of 
the members of this Board, but he continued to perform the duties of 
Adjutant-General until the thirteenth of the following January. 

On the tenth and twelfth of January, 1778, he was chosen by Congress 
on a committee to go to General Washington's headquarters and concert 
with him a reform in tlie arrangement of the aruiy ; but on the twentieth 
it was resolved that tlie members of the Board of War should be excused 
from attending on that business. 

On Jan. 20, 1780, he was appointed one of three commissioners to 
inquire into the expenses of the Staff department and the means of retrench- 
ing the same. The plan for conducting the Quartermaster's department, as 
revised by these commissioners, was adopted by Congress on the fifteenth of 
July of the same year. General Greene, who w\as, at that time, Quarter- 
master-General, was so much dissatisfied with the new aiTangement, that 
he resigned his office. It was now necessary to find some one else to fill 
this position, — a position suiTOunded b}' such difficulties, that even General 
Greene, with his brilliant talents and indomitable energy and industry, was 
unwilling to encounter them. Colonel Pickering was asked by Roger Sher- 
man, a member of Congress, if he would accept the office ; and on Aug. 5, 
1780, Congress unanimously elected him to fill the vacancy. By a resolve 
of Congress, he was to continue to be a member of the Board of War, but 
his power and pay were suspended as long as he was Quartermaster- 
General. He was to have the rank of colonel, and the pay and rations of 
a brigadier-general. He continued to hold this position until July 25, 
1785, when the office was abolished. 


Having been eiigageil in public affairs from the beginning of the disjmte 
with Great Britain, and in the service of the United States since November, 
1776, and having been prevented from paying the smallest attention to his 
private concerns, he began, in the year 1782, to think of looking about for 
some means of support. Oppressed ^vith the labors and perplexities of his 
office he writes to his wife, on Sept. 0, 1782, as follows : — 

"This war once over I shall wish to abandon forever all public emjiloyments. To 
mark the progress of my growing trees, the increasing culture of my land, to reap the 
fruits of my own labor, to enjoy them with you and our smiling offspring, will yield 
more solid joys than the highest otBces, than the most splendid titles, or than princely 

To his brother he writes ; — 

"Yet many times the trials of my patience are so severe, the difficulties and vexa- 
tions I am obliged often to encounter are so intolerable that 1 am frequently on the 
point of resolving to quit an office so burdensome, and a service so ungrateful. No 
personal considerations would indeed tempt me to continue. My greatest source of 
relief is in the prospect of a speedy termination of the war." 

General Washington, having received froni a committee of Congress a 
letter asking his opinion on militar}' establishments pniper to be adopted 
by the United States on the conclusion of the war, requested some of the 
principal officers of the army, and among them Colonel Pickering, to give 
him their opinions upon the subject. Colonel Pickering, in his report, 
suggests establishing a military seminary at West Point. 

Upon the organization of the society of the Cincinnati, on May 13, 1783, 
Colonel Pickering became a meudjer. His diploma, however, is dated Oct. 
31, 1785. He originally joined the Pennsylvania Society, but subsequently 
became a member of the JMassachusetts Society bv right of residence." 
The succession has continued directly in the male line of the Pickering 
family, the present incumbent being Colonel Pickering's great-grandson, 
Mr. John Pickering of Salem. 

> The Life of Timotliy Pickering, by Ontavius Pickerinsr, Vol. I. p. MA. 
' Memorials of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, edited by James JI. 
Bugbee, p. 393. 


Nov. 15, 17^3, Colonel Pickering' was one of a committee to present 
the address to General Washington in repl\- to his Farewell Address. This 
reply was probablv written bv the Colonel liiniself. 

Colonel Pickering had been looking forward with the retin-n of peace 
to engaging in some commercial bnsiness, the public service not furnishing 
sufficient maintenance for his growing family. Soon after the arrival of the 
news that peace had been made with Great Britain, he proceeded to carry 
mto effect his long contemplated plan of going into business as a merchant. 
He therefore entered into a co-partnership with Major Samuel Hodgdon, 
the articles of agreement being dated May 10, 1783. By these it was 
agreed that the partnership should continue for two years, under the fii-m 
name of Pickering & Hodgdon ; but, as it proved, the connection was 
continued much longer. The business, however, did not answer Colonel 
Pickering's expectations, as it did not yield him an income sufficient for 
the support of his family. His tastes and characteristics did not adapt him 
to a life of trade. He had always prefei-red agriculture to any other 
pursuit. He was devoted to its study and interests, and no private business 
or pTiblic employment could exclude it from his thoughts or divert his 
attention from it. He read all he could find in print on the subject ; and 
it occupied a large space in his voluminous correspondence. His agricul- 
tural knowledge and judgment were recognized by all. He was a practical 
as well as a scientific farmer, and was especially distinguished as a plough- 
man. When he was over seventy-five years of age, in competitive trials 
with the farmers of Essex County, he bore off the first premium at a 
ploughing match. With such tastes, it was natural for him to turn his 
attention to the vast tracts of unimproved lands that were open to settle- 
ment in the West. His circumstances at this time (1786) compelled him 
to take decisive steps in some direction. He was then over forty years 
of age, and had a large and growing family which was dependent upon 
him for support. In company with others, he bought large tracts of wild 
lands. Some of these lands lay in the new county of Luzerne, Pennsyl- 
vania, and in October, 1786, he was appointed to a number of the county 
offices, namely. Judge and Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas, Clerk 
of the Court of Sessions, and Clerk of the Orphan's Court. 


He was now to be a settler in the wilderness, a backwoodsman ; and 
it became his whole ambition to restore peace and quiet among rude men 
who had been wrangling and fighting for more than thirty years. 

On the afternoon of July 10, 1787, Colonel Pickering and his family set 
out from Philadelphia for their new home at Wyoming. The party con- 
glsted of the Colonel, his wife, and their foui- boys, — Timothy, Henry, 
Charles, and William, — together with Miss Elizabeth White, his wife's sister, 
besides a number of servants, and men hired to work on the farm. The 
Colonel's son John was ^vith his uncle in Salem. After a journey attended 
with much hardship and many trials, the party reached Wyoming. Colonel 
Pickering at once busied himself with bringing his land into good condi- 
tion, and attending to his public duties. He devoted himself to the admin- 
istration of the law, and attempted to establish peace and order. But his 
life here was not to be a quiet one. The Pennsylvania Commissioners were 
so strict in their application of the law, that they brought down upon them- 
selves the wrath of the settlers, and were obliged to flee. One of the 
leaders in the uprising was arrested by the aid of Colonel Pickering, and, 
from this circumstance, the Colonel became an object of popular indigna- 
tion. He was compelled to leave his home, and was finally obliged to seek 
safety at Philadelphia. Here he remained till January, 1788. In Novem- 
ber, 1787, he was appointed delegate from Luzerne County to the Conven- 
tion to ratify the United States Constitution. xVgainst his wife's wishes, 
he ventured to return to Wyoming. She feared that the feeling of bitter- 
ness toward him in Luzerne County had not sufficiently subsided. Her 
fears proved to be too well founded. On the night of June 26, 1788, he 
was wakened by a masked band, who entered the house, bound him, and 
carried him off. Their purpose in abducting him was to obtain the release 
of Franklin, the leader of the insurgents who had driven away the com- 
missioners. Colonel Pickering was in captivity nineteen days, and for 
most of this time he was well treated. Those of his abductors who had not 
fled the county were an-ested, tried, convicted, and sentenced to fine and 
imprisonment. But as they had committed no outrage upon his person, 
they were all discharged or suffered to escape, after they had been shut up 
in jail for a time. Peace being at last established in his county, and 


health in his liousL-hold, he was now able to devote himself to his favorite 
pursuit of husbandry. 

Before he had settled at Wyoming, he had intended to go elsewhere to 
establish a home for himself and his family, and had disposed of his avail- 
able means in purchasing twelve thousand acres of new land in "Western 
Pennsylvania. L?csides this, he had bought, in company with ]\Iajor 
Hodgdon, two thousand five hundred acres of land situated eighteen miles 
above Wyoming, and five thousand acres on the south side of the Ohio 
River, about three miles from ^Marietta in what was then Western Virginia 
and is now Kentucky. As settlement had not yet reached these lands, 
they remained unsalable, and this was the source of some pecuniary 
emban-assment to Colonel Pickering. His friends in Massachusetts were 
much troubled about his financial matters ; for he had become so involved 
in land speculations that much of his salary was absorbed by them. His 
idea in buying the land was to pro\'ide extensive and valuable landed 
estates for his sons. But his sons had no taste for farming, and only one 
of them ever followed that pursuit, and he only for a sliort time. 

In 1789, Colonel Pickering was chosen a delegate to the convention 
which was held for the purpose of changing the Constitution of Pennsyl- 
vania, and here he also exerted himself in behalf of education. In Septem- 
ber, 1790, he was asked by General Washington to go on a mission to the 
Seneca Indians to appease their i^esentment, which had been roused by the 
murder of two of their tribe on the west branch of the Susquehanna River. 
He went to meet them on Oct. 17, 1790, and the result was satisfactory to 
the government. This conference at Tioga Point was only the beginning 
of his important service in connection with the Indians. 

There was much in his aspect, deportment, and character that gave 
him great influence over the Red Men. His lofty stature, for he was six 
feet tall, his broad atliletic frame and great muscular development, the 
strength that marked his movements, his tread, and gesture, the manliness 
of his bearing, his phvsical hardihood, and the energy, courage, and finnness 
stamped on his face, his words, and actions, were just the characteristics 
which the Indians admired. He possessed also that mastery over his feat- 
ures which is the greatest pride of an Indian to exhibit. Although he was 


naturally demonstrative when in conversation or debate, liis face was wont 
to subside, when he was silent, into an immovable and impassive composure 
which nothings could break. No external novelty, excitement, or peiil, no 
bodily discomfort or pain, and no depth or force of internal passion or 
sentiment could disturb the resolute repose of his features. 

The good-will and confidence of the Indians toward him was shown 
bv their bestowing upon him the highest compliment they could pay a 
white man. They gave him an Indian title like that which they bestowed 
upon their leading sachems and warriors. The name they gave was Conni- 
sauti, which means the sunny side of a hill. 

The government contemplated making a rigorous campaign against tlie 
Indians northwest of the Ohio, and Colonel Pickering was offered the 
position of Quartermaster, which he declined. Shortly afterwards, early 
in June, 1791, he was sent on another mission to the Indians. On this 
occasion his son Timothy went with him. He concluded a treaty with the 
Six Nations by which friendly relations were confirmed between them and 
the United States. In the spring of 1792, he and General Knox con- 
ducted the negotiations with the representatives of the Six Nations at 

Colonel Pickering's pecuniary af?;iirs became so seriously emlxirrassed 
at this time that he felt under the necessity of obtaining some public em- 
ployment. He applied to the government for an office, and on Aug. 14, 
1791, he was appointed Postmaster-General on the resignation of Sauuiel 
Osgood. On receiving this appointment, he immediately resigned his state 

In May, 1792, his family removed from "Wyoming to Philadelphia, 
where he had hired a house on Second Street. On March 1, 1703, he was 
confirmed with others as a commissioner to regulate peace with the North- 
western Indians. The mission was unsuccessful. The Indians preferred 
war; but, within a year's time, on Nov. 11, 1794, they were overthrown by 
General Wayne at Maumee Rapids. Colonel Pickering afterwards negoti- 
ated a treaty with the Six Nations at Canandaigua, and tliis completed his 
Indian services. In the course of his Indian career, he had held confer- 
ences with the tribes on five occasions, and by his influence over them he 


had restrained them from joining- in tlie war against the United States. 
These services were greatly valued by both Washington and Knox. To 
bis dying day, Colonel Pickering was deeply interested in the civilization 
of the Indians, and there was no part of his long and varied public services 
which he considered more important than his diplomatic missions to these 

On the twenty-eighth of December, 1794, General Knox resigned his 
position as Secretary of War, and on the second of January, 1795, Colonel 
Pickering was appointed to this office, which then included the management 
of the Army, the Navy, and Indian Affairs. On the resignation of Randolph, 
the Secretary of State, which took place Aug 19, 1795, Colonel Pickering 
was appointed to fill that position temporarily, and, in December of the 
same year, he was appointed Secretary of State. 

While Colonel Pickering was acting Secretary of State, and was con- 
ducting the foreign relations of the country at a very critical time, he con- 
tinued to hold the office of Secretary of War, and conducted important and 
voluminous coiTespondence with General Wayne, the Commander-in-Chief 
of the Northern Army. At the same time he was charged with the adminis- 
tration of the Navy in its infancy, and was particularly occupied and inter- 
ested in building the three frigates destined to win the naval triumphs of 
the War of 1812. He also provided for the navy-yards and the supply 
and equipment of vessels ; he appointed the officers, assigned them their 
stations, and decided what cruises they should take. His coiTespondence, 
sustained and corroborated by the public records and archives, shows that 
he was fully equal to the work. He bore his great burden easily and 
steadily. No Secretary of State ever enjoyed the confidence of his asso- 
ciates and of his official subordinates, the respect of the representatives of 
the country abroad, or the esteem and good-will of foreign officials, to a 
greater degree than he did during the administration of Washington. 

After his regular appointment as Secretary of State, several affairs of 
much importance, which properly belonged to the office of Secretary of 
War, were left in his hands. 

During Colonel Pickering's administration of the State Department, its 
duties were very complicated and laborious. Almost all the papers and 


letters were written by the Secretary's own hand. When the great num- 
ber of these documents is taken into consideration, it can be seen what an 
enormous amount of writing he must have done. 

He was dismissed from the office of Secretary of State on May 12, 
1800, on account of the bitter feeHngs, arising from political and personal 
causes, which President Adams had conceived against him. At that time 
he had been nine years in the various branches of the administration of the 
United States. He had served as Indian negotiator, as Postmaster-General, 
as Secretary of War, and as Secretary of State. As Postmaster-General he 
was at the head of a bureau in the Treasury ; while, as Secretary of War, 
he was in charge of the Navy as well as of the Army, and superintended 
the Indian affairs of the country. As Secretary of State, he not only con- 
ducted the intercourse with other nations, but all business connected with 
the teriitories, the patents, the mint, and the census. He had, in fact, at 
different times, under his guiding hand, the whole working machinery of 
the government. The State Papers show the ability, the industry, and the 
fidelity of his service, — a service more various and extensive in its range 
than the duties which any other one man has probably ever been called 
upon to discharge. Throughout all his labors, and especially when he 
was Secretary of State, he had the steady approval of Washington. All 
bis associates in the Cabinet bore cordial and grateful testimony to the 
value of his services. Madison, who succeeded him, except for a brief 
interval, as Secretary of State, declared that the records of the State De- 
partment gave evidence of ability on the part of Colonel Pickering that he 
had never known surpassed. 

During his official life, Colonel Pickering made his home in Philadelphia. 
His house was always open to his friends, thougli his naiTow income obliged 
him to forego all fashionable entertainments. Wljen Colonel Pickering re- 
turned to private life, he had no income with which to support his family. 
He accordingly made up his mind to resume his life as a farmer, and he 
wrote to his relations of his intentions ; but his project met with their de- 
cided disapproval. With the hope of dissuading him from what seemed 
to them a wild scheme. Judge Samuel Putnam [54-55. VI. lOJ"] and Timo- 
thy Williams [52. VI. 90] went to Philadelphia, but could not prevail 


upon liiin to give up lii.s plan. As luouey was necossary to cany out liis 
pi-ojectri, he asked Lis relatious to lend him two thousand dollars ; and, 
although his friends in ^^fassachusetts differed with him on the subject of 
his plans, they made arrangements to seud him tlic money. 

At the end of June, everything was ready, and Colonel Pickering started 
in high spirits on his bold enterprise. His destination was the Great Bend 
in what is now the County of Susquehanna, near the northeast corner of 
the State. Here he stayed till he had finished the season's work. On Dec. 
10, 1800, he returned to his family at Easton. Taking advantage of this 
first leisure which he had been able to command, he decided to visit his 
relations in ^Massachusetts. He reached Salem the third of February. Up 
to this time, there had been no death among his fsxther's children. All 
their families were in prosperous circumstances, several of them were rich, 
and all were respectably connected. 

The Colonel's arrival among them was hailed with delight ; and rela- 
tives and friends joined in extending to him a hearty welcome, which was 
very gratifying to him. The enthusiasm of his reception increased the 
earnestness of his relatives, friends, and fellow-citizens to bring him back 
to his old home. They were willing and able to put him in a position 
where labor would be unnecessary ; but he could not be prevailed upon to 
accept assistance in the shape of downright gifts. 

To accomplish their purpose, his friends resorted to stratagem. In- 
stead of remonstrating against his burying himself in the wilds of Penn- 
sylvania, they manifested a lively interest in his enterprise. It was made 
the topic of frequent conversation. He expressed himself as confident 
that before many 3'ears he would be able to sell enough of his lands to 
be able to return and live permanently among them, and stated that he 
certainly would come back to Salem, when his sales of land enabled him 
to do so. When lie had been led to give this conditional promise, and had 
repeated it so often that he could not retract it, his friends felt that he was 
in their power. 

One day Judge Samuel Putnam [54-55. VI. 102] called upon him, and 
said he had 1:)een requested to learn at what price he would sell some of 
his tracts of land. He stated the amount of the land, and a price which 


amoimtcd to thirty-three thousand three hundred dollars for the whole. 
The gentlemen whom Judge Putnam represented agreed to pay him the 
price that he asked. They divided the property into three hundred and 
thirt3--three shares at one hundred dollars each. Eighty-three of these 
Colonel Pickering reserved for himself Thirty-four gentlemen from 
among his friends and relations paid him twenty-five thousand dollars 
for the remaining two hundred and fifty shares. Colonel Pickering was 
made their agent to look after the projierty, and was given full power 
to dispose of it. If he sold it, he was to have a commission on the sale. 

To have disposed of so large a portion of his lands at his own price, 
was very gratifying to Colonel Pickering. He began the world again, with 
what was considered in those days a very respectable estate ; and he made 
up his mind to make his permanent home in Massachusetts. He returned 
to Salem in November, 1801, just twenty-four j-ears after he had left it. 

Colonel Pickering, at the time when this sale of land took place, looked 
upon it in a purely business light, and was confident that his friends would 
find the investment a profitable one. In point of fact, however, the trans- 
action amounted to neither more nor less than a present to Colonel Picker- 
ing of twenty-five thousand dollars. After he had removed to ]\Iassachu- 
setts, he began to see it in this light, and duly appreciated the kindness 
and generosity of his friends. They did not want the land and doubt- 
less could have invested their money with greater pecuniary advantage. 
They certainly did not want to make a single dollar from the purchase, 
for, on the death of Alexander Hamilton, they deeded the whole of the 
lands to his heirs. From sales of these lands, which afterwards took 
place, it is evident that the Colonel did not overestimate their value. 

Early in 1802, Colonel Pickering hired a farm in Danvers. In 1804, 
he moved to a farm in Beverly ; but it proved to be unsuited for his pur- 
pose, and in 1806, he bought the Wenham farm, a large and valuable 
estate, with a large house upon it which is still standing. This was his 
happy home for a number of years. 

But before he moved away from Danvers, he had already been called 
back to public life. A man of his abilities was not permitted to remain in 
retirement. He was appointed Chief-Justice of the Court of Common 


Fleas for Essex County, and took his scat Sept. 28, 1802. On the first of 
November, 1802, the election of members of the House of Representatives 
for tlie Eighth Congress took place. The Federalists of the Essex South 
District nominated Colonel Pickering. The Democratic candidate, Captain 
Jacob Crowninsliield was elected by a majority of one hundred and seven 
votes. A feeling pervaded the Democratic party that it was of the greatest 
importance to keep Colonel Pickering out of Congress. His talents, cour- 
age, and knowledge of public affairs led to an apprehension, fully justified 
afterwai-ds, that he would prove a formidable antagonist. For tliis reason, 
desperate and unscrupulous means were employed to defeat his election. 
The most reckless falsehoods and calumnies were put in circulation by a 
pai'tisan press, and scattered througliout the district. But his defeat led 
to his being placed almost immediately in a more conspicuous position, 
where he acted a distinguished part for eight years. 

A vacancy ]ia\*ing occurred in the United States Senate, by the resig- 
nation of the Hon. Dwight Foster, Colonel Pickering was elected as his 
successor by the ^lassachusetts Legislature, and took his seat Oct. 17, 
1803. On Dec. 2. 1805, he again took his seat as a senator from Massa- 
chusetts in the Ninth Congress, for the term of six years from the fourth 
of March, 1805. 

Colonel Pickering took part in the Senate debates in opposition to the 
Louisiana Treaty and to the Amendment of the Constitution in relation to 
the Election of President and Vice-President. He supported Judge Sam- 
uel Chase in the impeachment proceedings, and asked leave to introduce a 
resolution for the appointment of Representatives and direct taxes accord- 
ing to the number of free inluibitants, in pursuance of instructions from the 
Massachusetts Legislature. He favored measures for internal improve- 
ments, voted in favor of the re-charter of the United States Bank, and 
made several speeches against tlie Embargo which were extensively ciixu- 
lated. The opposition to this measure created the enmity of his political 
opponents, who showed it in eveiy form. He was hung in effigy, and 
a printed notice of when and where it was to take place was sent to him. 
An accusation charging him with having embezzled seventy-five thousand 
dollars of the public money was made and put into circulation in the 


form of printed liuml-bills. The wliulc thing' was dedared to bo utterly 
without foundation by a Democratic Secretary of the Treasury and a 
Democratic Congressional Committee. 

In the third session of the Eleventh Congress he delivered a speech on 
the " Occupation of West Florida." In the course of it he read a letter 
that had been wi-itten by Talleyrand to the American Minister at Paris, 
dated Dec. 21, 1S04. As this letter had never been communicated to the 
Senate as a public document, for the reason that at that time injury might 
have been done to our ]tlinister or our afiairs abroad, one of the rules of 
the Senate, strictly and arbitrarily interpreted, had been infringed l)y him. 
Colonel Pickering's political opponents, who constituted an overwhelming 
majority in the Senate, felt that the}' now had him in their power. The 
result was a vote of censure by the Senate. Colonel Pickering, with that 
strict integrity that had ever characterized him, was unwilling to escape the 
censure of the Senate under the cover of the plea of " indiscretion," for lie 
knew it to be in conflict with truth. He declared that he had acted deliber- 
ately and considerately in the matter, and was fully aware that the injunc- 
tion of secrecy had not been formally removed. He had, however, 
regarded it as removed by the lapse of time, and had reason to suppose 
that the Senate so regarded it, inasmuch as other Senators had referred to 
the letter without objection, and that all were willing- to have evidence pro- 
duced which was no longer required to be kept as a state secret, and which 
was important in guiding the deliberations of the Senate on a legislative 
measure then pending. 

It was a severe act on the part of his enemies, which he felt was dic- 
tated by party malice. All allowed that he had borne himself with candor, 
manliness, and integrity in his defence, and the result was that instead of 
being injured his popularity increased. 

During a portion of the time while he was in the Senate, the Demo- 
cratic party was in power in Massachusetts. As a Senator in Congress, 
Colonel Pickering regarded the Legislature of Massachusetts as his constitu- 
ency, with which he should communicate through the governor of the State. 
On the sixteenth of February, 1808, he sent to Governor Sullivan a paper 
to be laid before the State Lejrislatare, which was then in session. It was 


entitled, " A Letter from Timothy Pickering, a Senator of the United 
States from the State of Massachusetts, exhibiting to his Constituents a 
View of tlie imminent Danger of an imnecessary and ruinous War. Ad- 
dressed to his Excellency, James Sullivan, Governor of the said State." 

Governor Sullivan did not see fit to present this to the Legislature, and 
returned it to Colonel Pickering. Colonel Pickering then sent it to his 
friends in Massachusetts, who caused it to be printed in pamphlet form. 
It related chiefly to the Embargo, and its aim was to check that pohcy of 
the government and those prejudices of tlie people which were tending to 
bring on a war with England and to subserve the purposes of France. 
The letter gave great satisfaction to Colonel Pickering's friends ; and the 
party in power felt it to be so adapted to produce its designed effect, that 
all kinds of abuse were heaped upon its author. The letter went through 
many editions, and it was estimated that more than twenty-five thousand 
of the pamphlets were printed, and nearly double that number of copies 
appeared in the newspapers. 

During the latter part of his service in the Senate, he prepared a series 
of articles on the current political history of the country. These papers 
were addressed to the public, and were printed in the newspapers. The 
first numbers appeared in the Baltimore Federal Republican, and the later 
articles in the Salem Gazette. They were reprinted in Federal journals in all 
parts of the country ; and, after the conclusion of the series, they were pub- 
lished in England, without Colonel Pickering's knowledge, in a volume of 
one hundred and sixty-eight pages. On a fly-leaf of a copy of this English 
volume, Colonel Pickering states that there are many errors in the edition, 
and that the thirteenth letter has been wholly omitted. These letters give 
a strong, bold, and, from his point of view, an honest representation ot the 
party politics of tliat day. They delighted his Federal friends, and equally 
incensed his Democratic opponents. 

In the Twelfth Congress, Colonel Pickering was succeeded, as Senator 
from Massachusetts, by a prominent Democrat, the Democratic party at that 
time controlling the State. On Nov. 2, 1812, he was elected representative 
of the Essex North District in the Thirteenth Congress by an overwhelming 
majority, receiving all but one hundred and three of the votes cast. He 


entered the House of Representatives at the same time with Daniel Webster. 
In September, 1814, he was appointed one of a Board of Commissioners for 
Sea Coast Defence in Massachusetts, and later he was put at the head of 
the Massachusetts Board of War. In November, 1814, he was elected 
a representative in the Fourteenth Congress. This wns the last political 
position he ever held by popular election. His public life closed with the 
expiration of Congress, ]March 3, 1817. It may be considered as dating 
back to 1776, wluu he marched witli his regiment to join the army of 
Washington in New Jersey. Including as it did both military and civil 
services, it covered, with brief intervals, a period of more than forty years. 
On May Dl, 1817, he was elected, by the Legislature of Massachusetts, 
a member of the Executive Council, where he served for one year. It was 
while he was a councillor that he wrote to the Hon. John Randolph of 
Roanoke : — 

" I have never had occasion to keep my bed one day in my life." 

On the expiration of his service in the Executive Council, Colonel Pick- 
ering entered upon the life of a farmer, — a life which he had always pre- 
ferred to any other. He became the president of the Essex Agricultural 
Society, and he held this position until lie resigned, in 1828. While living 
in Philadelphia, he had become one of the early members of the Philadel- 
phia Society for the Improvement of Agriculture, and had been appointed 
its secretary. 

In compliance with the request of his son Henry, he prepared, during 
the year 1818, an account of his experiences in Wyoming iu the form of a 
letter to his son. This letter was afterward printed. 

Henry Pickering had long desired the removal of the family from Wen- 
ham to Salem, and, in the spring of 1820, the change was made. The farm 
was put in the charge of a tenant, who agreed to allow Colonel Pickering to 
use the house on week days during the spring and summer, and to partici- 
pate in the care of the farm. This arrangement continued until Colonel 
Pickering's death. 

The following letter of William Driver, dated Dec. 13, 1884, is taken 
from the Record Book of Francis H. Lee [1. IX. 9] of Salem. 


" Timothy Pickering lived some time ia the Piclvering' house o]JiiMsite the grave- 
yard. His overseer was James Thornton. The last time I saw the old gentle- 
man he had on a farmer's frock, buii' smalls, Conamara stockings, low shoes 
with broad straps and silver buckles ; and with a three cornered scraper was win- 
nowing hay in the long held on Flint street between Putnam's corner and Ratty 
Reads as we used to call him. He seemed to be working for exercise and looked 
so happy. He was a good man who had stepi)ed from high political position to 
free citizenship, with a smile on his face worthy of American citizenship and the 
office he held." 

On March 12, 1821, the Colonel was elected chairman of the Scliool Com- 
mittee of Salem. In 1801, he met President Adams at a dinner. In 1816, 
he met him at the house of Josiah Quiucy. In 1817, they were both pres- 
ent at the dinner given in Boston to President Monroe. On each of these 
occasions, they met without any want of cordiality; and, in 1823, a friendly 
correspondence ensued in reference to the approaching celebration of the 
anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. But the friendly rela- 
tions which were thus renewed were again broken by an occurrence which 
took place in this same year. Between 180-3 and 1812, a private coiTe- 
spondence was carried on by John Adams with his friend and relation, 
William Cunningham. It was strictly confidential, and Mr. Adams espe- 
cially enjoined his correspondent not to let it come before the public. In 
his letters to Mr. Cunningham, Mr. Adams, in the most unguarded manner, 
expressed his views about several public men with whom he had been at 
variance, and spoke in particularly bitter terms of Colonel Pickering. In 
1823, Mr. Cunningham's son allowed the correspondence to be published. 
The way in which Colonel Pickering was assailed impelled him to take no- 
tice of the attack, and, in 1824, appeared his "Review of the Correspon- 
dence between Honorable John Adams, late President of the United States, 
and the late William Cunningham, Esq." 

The Re\-iew was a production of great ability. Considering the age 
of its author, who was on the verge of eighty when he wrote it, the paper 
is really remarkable. It occupies one hundred and forty printed pages. 
It is a source of invaluable information respecting the violent party conflict 
of the period which it covered. At the time of its appearance, it produced 
a deep and wide sensation. The first edition was at once exhausted. The 


Review was circulated all over the country, filled the newspapers, and for 
years afforded a topic for political discussion. 

Colonel Pickering had entertained the purpose of devoting the leisure of 
his last years to the preparation of a political history of his own time; but 
he was diverted from his project by the earnest solicitations of Alexander 
Hamilton's family and friends, who wished him to write Hamilton's life. 
fie consented, and began to work upon the book; but he died without 
completing it. 

Colonel Pickering was decidedly opposed to slavery. His dislike of it 
appears in the answer he gave Mr. Hodgdon, wlui informed him that a 
negro girl had been brought into Philadelj[)hia in a prize vessel, and would 
be probably sold. 

" My wife would be well pleased with tlic services of the negro girl, if she is a 
good one, . . . but we will never have a slave. ... If, however, the owner were to 
consent to let us have her for five, sis, or seven years, at a reasonable price, the gh-1 
then to be free, we shall be wilUng and glad to have her." ^ 

This repugnance to slavery, and his opposition to its extension, is still 
further shown in his con-espondence and views in reference to the ordi- 
nance for settling the Nortlnvestern Territory. In a letter on this subject, 
dated at Philadelphia, March 8, 1785, he concludes as follows : — 

" There is one article in the report of the committee on which that act was made, 
which I am extremely sorry to see was omitted in the act. The committee proposed, 
that after the year 1800 there should be no slavery in the new States. I hardly have 
patience to write on a subject in which what is right is so obvious and so just, and 
what is wrong is so derogatory to Americans above all men, so inhuman and iniqui- 
tous iu itself." 

In another letter he resumed the subject ; — 

" In looking over the Act of Congress of the 23d. of Api-il last, and the present 
report of an ordinance, relative to these lands, I observe there is no provision made 
for ministers of the gospel, nor even for schools and academies. The latter might 
have been brought into view ; though, after the admission of Slavery, it was riglit to 
say nothing of Christianity." - 

» The Life of Timothy Tii-kering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. I. p. 291. 
=■ Ibid. Vol. I. pp. 508-510. 


Althougli he would never own a slave, as prize agent, acting as factor 
in connection with admiralty cases, and under the then law and usage, he 
had sometimes to discharge what must liavo been a very painful duty; for 
when slaves were taken by the enemy as prize property, they had to be 
sold back to slavery. 

The personal courage of Colonel Pickering was never a question in any 
one's mind. An officer, feeling himself wronged, sent him a challenge 
The Colonel stated to the beai-er of it that in no event would he light a 
duel ; but if in any way he had wronged their friend, of which he was 
wholly unconscious, he would repair the wrong. On an examination, and 
becoming satisfied that the difficulty had risen from a misapprehension 
on his part, which had led to certain expressions of which the gentleman 
complained, he made all the explanatory statements which truth and jus- 
tice required. Before the Revolution, he declined a challenge from a sur- 
geon of the British Army with whom he had engaged in a bitter newspaper 
controversy on tlie sul>ject of the establishment of a small-pox hospital. 
The doctor notified him that he should attack him at sight and wherever 
met. Colonel Pickering sent back word that "he would find him as ready 
to protect his person against an assassin as the community against a quack 
and impostor." 

Colonel Pickering had considerable talent as a musician. He had a nice 
ear, a pleasing voice, and his taste was good. He owned a spinet, and 
took lessons on the violin ; and, in 176-i, he gave instruction in sacred music 
to classes in Salem and ilarblehead. One of his college classmates writes 
that the class was more indeljted to him fir instruction in nuisic than to the 
teacher. His music-book, which is in a fine state of preservation, is in the 
possession of his grandson, Henry Pickering of Boston. It is filled with 
rules, hymns, etc., very neatly written, and bears the date 1762, — all in 
his own handwriting and signed by him. xV printed prefoce to the book 
bears the date 1721. Mr. Henr}- Pickering also owns Colonel Pickering's 
Testament, dated 1756, and several other heirlooms. Among these is a 
lock of his hair, cut ofi" the morning when he died, and an old silver 
watch, which, from the hall mark, we should judge w\as made in 1738. 
A heliotype of this watch and seal is given facing page 12. 


Colonel Pickering- was an excellent n.-ader ; and his conversational pow- 
ers were of a high order. His voice was well modulated and finely tnned. 
His manner was dramatic ; and his countenance and intonation were ex- 
pressive. He was always interested in education. Mr. Samuel Phillips 
corresponded with him at the time he was founding Phillips Academy at 
Andover. Colonel Pickering also corresponded with Noah Webster and 
otiiers on this subject. His especial efforts were directed to bringing into 
notice improved text-books for schools. 

Princeton College conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws, 
and, at the time of receiving the degree, the president of the college wrote 
to him as follows : — 

"The public has lona: since decreed you higher honors than the college has it in 
its power to bestow. What she is able to give, she is [iroud to bestow on so able and 
upright a statesman. You have left no douijt on the mind of \o\w country of your 
talents as a civilian, and a master of the public law of nature and nations." 

To many of his contemporaries Colonel Pickering seemed a man of for- 
bidding sternness ; and the idea was the more readily accepted because of the 
earnestness and even the vehemence with which he often expressed himself 
in his speeches, writings, and conversations against political or other abuses, 
and the authors of them. But his private letters show that his disposition 
was marked by habitual benevolence and a ready sympathy. He was 
neither malignant nor unforgiving; on the contrary, tliere was a great deal 
of kindness and tenderness in his nature. This was particularly shown in 
his treatment of little children. 

His truthfulness of character often led him to say, both in his writings 
and in debate, what men who were considered more prudent would have 
suppressed. Whatever he did say, was said plainly, with emphatic force 
and Avithout disguise. In his personal intercourse with others, and in his 
correspondence, he always scrupulously shunned any conventional phrase- 
ology that seemed to him extravagant or misleading. He was. however, 
polite in his deportment and respectful in his bearing towards persons of 
all conditions, and even courtly in his manners. Colonel Pickering could 
not tolerate anything that savored of display in dress. The plain and semi- 


Quaker simplicity of his garb, and the total absence of anything- fashion- 
able in his api)arel, was particularly noticeable. In a letter to his wife, 
dated at Philadulphi.i, July 8, 1778, he speaks of the great height of the 
headdresses of the ladies, and adds: — ■ 

"The qiiakers excepted who dress as usual with a becoming simplicity. You 
may easily imagine how much I look like one of y" brotherhood when you have 
dressed me up iu my greyish coat and brown hat with my straight thin lucks unpow- 
dered. But be assured my dear, I am not singular in my plainness." ^ 

The stem boldness of his forcible expressions, irritating and ex- 
asperating as tlie}- were to political oi)p<>nent3 in heated party strife, 
never appeared in private or social intercourse. The dignity of his 
manner, and the force of his character, far from being obstacles in his 
way, were of the greatest assistance to him in the conduct of diplomatic 

One of Colonel Pickering's marked characteristics was the warmth of his 
personal friendships. The relations between him and General Washington 
are evident to any one who reads his life. The con-espondence between 
them was frequent, extensive, and most confidential. Their letters, espe- 
cially in the last years of Washington's life, indicate a personal friendship 
quite unusual with the President. Throughout theu- long con-espondence, 
and intimate official interviews, Washington's opinion of his friend is plain, 
— an opinion which he expressed in the presence of a large company at 
Mount Vernon, not long before he died : — 

" If There is a genuine Patriot in this Country [and I believe there are many] 
Timothy Pickering is pre-eminent."' 

But although this warm friendship certainly existed between them. 
Colonel Pickering did not hold tliat uncpialificd admiration for Washing- 
ton's military talents that many held. Although he did not consider him a 
military hero, nor a man of exalted military genius, he was always ready 
to recognize and to admire the earnest fortitude which no danger or adverse 
fortune could shake, the unselfishness and the devoted patriotism which 

• His sister, Mrs. Clarke, once said to him " Well brother Tim, you are despert 


were such noted parts of "Washington's character. He considered that 
Washington's talents were much better adapted to the presidency of the 
United States, than to the command of their armies. 

Probably but very few of the officers of the army had made so complete 
a study of the military arts as Colonel Pickering. 

Colonel Pickering was brought up a Trinitarian, and joined tlie Third 
Church at Salem, of which his father, and three of his brothers-in-law, were 
also members. In 1777, however, his views changed, and he became an 

Entirely without bigotry, and a reverent believer in Christianity, he 
wrote a number of articles for the newspapers on the subject of church 
government, and during his residence in Pliiladelphia he was a regular 
attendant at the Second Presbyterian Church, though he could not accept 
the theology that was preached there. 

Sunday, Jan. 4, 1829, was an extremely cold day; but Colonel Picker- 
ing was accustomed to attend church in all weather, and started out as 
usual. His son Henry tried to persitade liim to wear his cloak over his 
surtout, but without avail. ' It was so bitterly cold that he suffered in going 
to and from church, and, while in church, he remained chilled. On reach- 
ing home he complained of feeling unwell, and did not eat any dinner, but 
went to his room. He joined the family at tea, but appeared more than 
usually serious. In the coiu'se of the evening he read aloud Buckminster's 
sermon, from the text " It is good for me that I have been afflicted." For a 
day or two afterwards he was not well, but, by observing his practice of 
living upon broth and simple food, and keeping indoors, he seemed to be 
recovering. Venturing out, however, too soon, a relapse took place that 
baffled all remedies. Dr. James Jackson of Boston joined in consultation 
with his own physician, Dr. A. L. Peirson, and Dr. Jolin D. Treadwcll [19. 
VII. IW] was called in. His case became hopeless however ; and he was 
informed of his condition, and expressed his willingness to die. The final 
release occun-ed at eight o'clock on Thursday morning, Jan. 29, 1829. The 
event was noticed by the newspapers throughout the country, and high 
tributes were paid him on every hand. 

The burial took place on Saturday afternoon of Jan. 3 1st, attended by 


a vast concourse of tlie people of Saleui and of the neighboring- towns, in- 
cluding many distinguished persons from remote places. 

A discourse was delivered :it the time of Colonel Pickering's death by 
the Rev. Charles W. L'jiliam. It was afterwards printed, with an appendix 
whicli liad api)eaicMl in tlie Salem Gazette of Jan. oU, 1829/ and has been 
reprinted in Tlu; Life of Timotliy Pickering. 

The following is a list of portraits of Colonel Timothy Pickering, made 
out by his son Henry Pickering, and written on the back of a portrait of 
his father (now in the I'ickering House in Salem), and dated Salem, Mass., 
Oct., 1817. 

"Portrait painted by S. L. Waldo at New York Meli. 1817 owned by John 

" Another painted by Wuod at Washinstou in tlie winter of 181.5-1816 for Ham- 
mond Dorsey of Maryland. In possession of Hammond Dorscy.^ 
" Another painted by Gilbert Stuart at Boston June 1814 in possession of Alex' 

Contee Hanson of Maryland.* 
"Another painted by Gilbert Stuart in Sept. 1808 for William Pratt, of which Mr. 

Henry Pickering has a copy.^ 
" Another [a chalk drawing of sizo of life now at tlie house of Mr. Israel Podge of 

Salem] was executed at Washington by St. Meniin a French emigrant in tlie 

winter of 180;j-1804.« 
"Another of the snme [small life and drawn in crayon] now at Wenham was 

executed by an English artist of the name of Sharpless at Philadelphia in 

"Another in oil was painted by Charles Wilson Pcele of Philadelphia for his 

museum in 1795. 

* A Discourse, Delivered ou the Sabbath after the decease of the Hon. Timothy Pick- 
ering, by Charles ^\". Upham, Junior Pastor of the Pirst Church, Salem, Foote & Brown, 
Court Street, 1S29. 

^ Now in the possession of the family at the Pickering House, Salem. 
' Xow in the possession of his dau,c,'hter, I\Irs. Thomas Donaldson. 

* Now in the possession of his niece, ^trs. Thomas Donaldson. 

* Now in the possession of ilr. Pratt's grandson, Eobert M. Pratt, of Boston. 

' Perhaps the same tliat is in the possession of Israel Dodge's great-granddaughter, 
Mrs. Frederick A. Whitwell, of Boston, Jtass. 

' Possibly this is the same [pastel] now in the possession of Colonel Pickering's grand- 
son, Henry Pickering, of Boston, Mass. 



" N. B. I am informed by my futlicr that the' distiuguislied Goa' Kosciusko once 
drevp- with a pencil a likeness of him upon a leaf of his [my f's] pocket book, but this 
in time was obliterated. This was at Yorktown in Penn. in 1786. 

" Another head of him [miniature size also] was slightly sketched in the same 
style by Col. Rogers of Maryland [aid de camp of Baron de Kalb] while my father 
was writing some despatches at Whitemarsh near Philadelphia, where the American 
Army lay encamped. It is in possession of the family and was done in 1787." 

Besides the above there are the following portraits of Colonel 
Pickernig : — 

A miniature by C. Catlin. In the possession of W. Meredith Esq. of Philadel- 
phia. It was engraved by J. B. Longrave. 

A miniature, said to be by Trumbull, now in the posse.'^sion of Colonel Picker- 
ing's great-grandson Charles P. Bowditcli. It was given by Colonel Pickering 
to Ebenezer Bowman, and later by his son-in-law Dr. .Miner to R. S. Ross. 
Miss Mary L. Bowman of Wilkes Barre, Pa. gave it to Mr. Bowditch. 

A portrait in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

A portrait by Frothingham, painted about 1818, formerly owned by Pickering 
Dodge [59. YI. 123], now in the possession of the heirs of the late Mrs. John 
H. Silsbee [59. YII. 343]. 

A small portrait in pastel drawn by Sharpless about 1790, in the possession of 
Robert C. Winthrop [48. IX. 944]. 

A portrait now at West Point. This portrait was sent from the United States 
War Department in 1875 or 1870 to the United States Military Academy. 
No record has been found of its early liistory. 

From a letter Colonel Pickering wrote to his wife, dated April 1.5, 1S27, 
it would appear that Chester Harding painted his portrait in that year. In 
this letter he savs : — 

" I contemplate going to Boston on Friday of next week which will lic the 27th. 
instant, and to stay until the followimr ilonday. This will allow Mr. Harding sit- 
tings enongh to finish my portrait." 

Miss Sarah Goodrich made a copy of the Pratt portrait of Colonel 
Pickering, as appears from the following : — 

" Portrait of the Hon. Tim'' Pickering, copied by Sarah Goodridge of Boston from 
the fine original by Stuart in the possession of William Pratt, Esq., of Boston. My 
Father sat to Stuart I think when he was about 63 years of age ; <fc of the original, of 
which this is a copy, Allston has said that the coloring was scarcely inferior to 
Titian's. Salem 26 Jan'v. 1828. II. Pickering" 


This copy is now in the possession of Colonel Pickering's great-grand- 
son, Charles P. Bowditch. 

The engraving given of Colonel Pickering is from the portrait by 
Stuart, now in possession of Robert M. Pratt [52. VIII. 590]. 

The is an abstract of the will of Colonel Pickering, whicli is 
dated May 15, 1S27, and was proved Feb. 17, 1829 : — 

ity executors to take possession of all my real estate in Essex County, and to 
manage it as best tliey can, and to apply the income, together with my personal prop- 
erty, or the proceeds or income tiiereof, for the comfortable support of my wife and 
my daugliter-in-law Lurena Pickering; but if my executors judge it expedient, in 
order to obtiiin a better income for them, they are empowered to sell the real estate 
and place the money in some productive stock or funds. My executors to have full 
power to sell my lands in the states of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Virginia and Kentucky 
and to place the money at interest. After the death of my wife my executors to 
reserve as much of my estate, real and personal, as is required for the suitable sup- 
port of my said daughter-in-law, in case she should survive her mother, and then all 
of the residue and remainder to be disposed of by my executors among ray children 
and grandchildren, varying the distribution according to their circumstances. Jly 
sons John Pickering, and Octavius Pickering, and my son-in-law Benjamin Ropes 
Nichols, to be executors of my will. 

In a letter to his executoi-s, bearing the same date as his will, after re- 
citing the circumstances of his son Henry, he reminds them of the clause 
in his will concerning the final distribution of his property, in which they 
were to vary the distribution, giving his heirs more or less, according to 
their circumstances, and adds : — 

" But, above all, bearing in kind remembrance my son Henry to whom we are all 
so much indeljted for his pecuniary disl>ursement, so generously and so aifectionately 
made to all the branches of the family." " To him therefore I would have you trans- 
fer, by proper conveyance, all my real estate in this county or, if previously sold as 
directed in my will, then the net proceeds therefrom to bo enjoyed by him and his 
heirs and assigns. And this appropriation to Henry, should ho again acquire the 
means of living independently of it, will probably result only in a suspension of a dis- 
tribution of it among dillereut bram^hes of my family." ^ 

A plain, massive monument of Chelmsford granite has been erected 
over the remains of Colonel and Mrs. Pickering, in the Broad Street ground, 

* The Life of Timotliy Pickering, by Charles "W. Upham, Vol. IV. pp. 4L'3-428 ; also 
Essex County Probate Ptecords, Vol. 407, pp. 35-38; files, No. 21,822. 



opposite tlie family mansion. The bodies were placed in the same grave, 
on the south side of the graves of his parents, in conformity to a wish he 
expressed not long before he died.' The inscription on the monument is as 
follows : — 







A SOI.DrEi; 























HE WAS BORN JULY 17, 1715, 


SHE DIED AUCrST 14, 1828, 

HE, JANUARY 29, 1829. 

* This sketch has been made up from the four volumps of Tlie Life of Timothy Picker- 
ing, written by his son Octavius Pickering and Cliarles W. Upham. 


58. V. J^. liebevca White, the wife of Timothy Pickering, born in 
Bristol, EnyUind, died in Salem. 

In 1765, when Mrs. Pickering- was eleven years old, she came with her 
parents to this country. Her mother died in 1770. and her father in 1771, 
leaving her an or{)han at the age of seventeen. From this time until her 
man-iage, her home was with her relatives of the "White family. The 
wedding took place in Bradford, Mass., probably at the residence of her 
aunt, Mrs. Mary (White) Edwards, as Colonel Pickering's letters, still 
extant, were all addressed to her there. The original publishment of their 
contemplated man-iage, which is still in possession of the fiimily, calls 
her Rebecca White of Bradford, and the Bradford Records have the follow- 
ing entry : — 

" Apr. 8, 1776 Timothy Pickering Esq. of Salem and Rebecca White late of Bos- 
ton, Resident of Bradford were married." 

In the spring of 1785, her only sister, Miss Elizabeth White (usually 
called " Betsey ") arrived at Philadelphia from England. When her 
parents came to this country in 1765, with their older daughter Rebecca, 
they left Elizabeth at a 1)oai-ding-school in London, and she continued to 
live in England till after the death of her parents. In 1783, when peace 
was declared with Great Britain, Colonel Pickering wrote her a very 
pressing and affectionate letter, inviting her to make his house her future 
home ; accordingly she came inmiediatelv to her sister's house in Phila- 
delphia. She afterwai-ds married a 'Sh: Ruff of Philadelphia, and died 
without children. 

Mrs. Pickering was not only one of the most amiable and lovely of 
■women, but a woman of strong character and great bravery, as was shown 
during the Revolutionary War, and particularly liy her spirited conduct 
throughout the troubles with the insurgents of Wyoming. During the 
war, with a young and increasing family, she cheerfully complied with 
the wishes and arrangements of her husband, and endured without a 
murmur the fatigues and perils of long journeys, and the inconveniences of 
camp life. xVftcr a brief peiiod of repose in Philadelphia, she removed to 
Wyoming, and there heroically shared with her husband the privations, 


[5S. V. 21] 
From the ToRrRAir ev Gilhert Stl-art, palmed ix 1S16-1S18, now 


|p.jw..>j'ijj.».>,.i .^mwwwra 

t i iB» W B«- . -jea iy,« i i ti »i:^ 'Xg«»» -Mfr>^'- ' !<« y;g ! i a i 


iJ^: r^ 








\- ■ 





sufferings, and ten-ors incident to a life in a wilderness. She encountered 
without complaint or question all the hardships brought upon her, and 
developed a tirmness and energy of chanict(;r equal to the most trying 

She wholly subordinated her will and judgment to her husband's, thus 
acquiring a controlling influence over him which it was the happiness and 
pride of his life to recognize.^ 

On the night when Colonel Pickering fled to Philadelphia, Mrs. Picker- 
ing's situation was a trying one. The rioters gathered around the house, 
and, with wild yells of rage, overpowered and disarmed the men-servants, 
forced an entrance into the house, and ransacked it from garret to cellar. 
It was a night of horror to Mrs. Pickering, whose youngest child was but 
three weeks old. The shock was frightful, and for a short time she was 
completely prostrated, but she soon rallied. 

When, in the course of a few days, her self-composure returned, and 
her spirit and strength re\-ived, she took decided measures. She resolved 
to send her children to Philadelphia, while she remained at her post. At 
the same time she wrote to her husband what she had done, and entreated 
him not to return. 

The general tone of Colonel Pickering's letters to his wife show the 
confidence he had in her judgment, and his high opinion of her mental 
powers. He wrote to her, not only on domestic and private matters, but 
also on subjects of general interest, relating to sentiments and principles, 
questions in morals and religion, public events, and political transactions, 
precisely as he would have written to one of his eminent friends. 

Mrs. Pickering continued to the close of her life most lovely in her 
bearing, and her fair complexion never lost its beautiful bloom. She was 
faithful and competent in can-ying out the trusts which her husband placed 
upon her, and she followed his counsels and conducted his afi'airs with the 
utmost care and judgment. Xo woman ever deserved better than she did the 
most honorable title a wife can bear, — a helpmeet for her husband. Their 
married life left nothing to be desired. Tliey lived together fifty-two years, 
and he treated her to the last with the same tender courtesy and lively 

» The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. II. p. 160. 


affection which he manifested towax'd her when a bride. Her death was 
the greatest loss that couki possibly have befallen him. Never was there 
a more perfect instance of a happy wedded life. 

At her deatli, Judge Wingate writes to Colonel Pickering : — 

" Her amiable qualities of mind and her very benevolent and affectionate treat- 
ment of her friends, bad very greatly endeared her memory to us all. I bad peculiar 
reason to love and esteem her for the many marks of friendship I have received from 

On her gravestone are these lines written by her husband : — 

" A Spirit more gentle, more innocent, more pure never perhaps appeared in the 
female form."^ 

Her granddaughter, Mrs. Thomas Donaldson, wintes : — 

" My grandmother was a striking contrast to her husband, she slight and some- 
what smaller than the average woman, very quiet, reserved in her demeanor, with 
marked gentleness in movement and expression. His devotion to her was the ten- 
derest kind. When they walked together it was always arm-in-arm after the fashion 
of those days — he suiting his usual gait to her slow and somewhat enfeebled steps. 
After her death which took place a year before my grandfather's, as I a small child 
was sitting in his room alone with him ' Who do you miss my child ' exclaimed he, 
his voice full of emotion, and his eyes filling with tears. To see the strong old man 
etirred by deep grief, and his voice faltering, made an impression on me which I 
never forgot." 

The following obituary of Mrs. Pickering appeared in the Essex Register 
of Monday, Aug. 18, 1828: — 

" In this town, on Tuesday, Mrs. Rebecca Pickering, wife of the Hon. Timothy 
Pickering, aged 74. 

" All who enjoyed the privilege of knowing this lady, unite in their testimony, 
that she was a most affectionate wife, a kind parent, and the best of friends ; faithful 
to all the duties of life, and most exemplary in their discharge. Modest, retiring, 
and unobtrusive, her character shone with that softened and chastened light in which 
woman appears loveliest, best. It had no prominent trait which stood forth in bold 
relief, shadowing the rest ; but like the prismatic rays of the bow, each blended im- 
perceptibly its beauties with the other, making a perfect whole." 

> This sketch is principally made up from The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles 
W. Upham. 

. y,,, . m , . . ^i i w i j r.n . ! - J tl ■.' .Jf "■HW^y 


[59. V. 25] 
From the Porirait bv Frothixgham, painted about iSiS, now in the 



Tlio engruving of ilr.s. Pickering is from lier portrait by Stuart. The 
picture is now in the possession of her grandson, Henry White Pickering 
of Boston. 

A miniature copy of this picture was made by Miss Sarah Goodrich and 
is now in the possession of Jlrs. Pickering's great-grandson, Charles P. Bow- 
ditch. On tlie back of this miniature is the following memorandum : — 

"Portrait of Rebecca wife of Hon. T. Pickering: copied by Sarah Goodrich from 
the fine original by Stuart in the possession of Henry Pickering, ily mother sat to 
Stuart in the summer of 1816, in the dS** year of her age. June 1829. H. Pickering." 

It appears that the portrait was not finished until 1818, for in a letter 
to her daughter, Elizabeth Dorsey, dated at "Wenham, May 5, 1818, she 
writes : — 

"The 14th. of last month your father met the Council. He had consulted with 
Mr. Stewart previous to that, of my going to have him to take my person, my face 
being all that was finished. It was agreed that I should accompany him. At that 
time an invitation came from Mrs. Lyman to go to her house which I did." 

Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Miller) 
White, of Bristol, England. Isaac White [49. VI. 84^1 was her cousin. 
Her ancestry includes the following families : White, Bowles, Heath, Green, 
Jones, Greenwood, Allen, Miller. See Ajs-cestrt Tables -^-g. 

59. V. 25. Lucia Pickering [Timothy 48-59. IV. 9], bom in Salem, 
died in Salem.^ 

Mrs. Dodge is said by her granddaughter, Mrs. Nathaniel Silsbee, to 
have been a woman of a sweet nature, of clear intelligence, of deep relig- 
ious feeling, and of great fortitude. In early and middle life she had little 

* Most of the authorities agree in stating her birthday as Nov. 12, 1747. The Nichols 
Family Kecords give it as Oct. 29, 1747, 0. S., and IMrs. Nathaniel Silsbee gives it as Nov. 
23, 1747. The date of her marriage is given by several authorities, including the Town 
Records, and the First Church Eecords, as June 17, 176G, while others of not so great 
value give it as Jan. 17, 1766. Dr. Wheatland, Francis H. Lee. and the Gardner Family 
Eecords give the date of her death as Oct. 31. 1822, while the Xichols Family Eecords, 
Mrs. Nathaniel Silsbee, Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IV. p. 81, and Upham's 
Life of Timothy Pickering give it as Nov. 1, 1822. The earlier date is probably correct, 
as the Salem Register of Nov. 2 announces her burial " this afternoon at three o'clock." 


leisure for reading-, but Recs' Encycloixedia being left in lier charge, she 
went over it by picking out all that suited her from A to Z. She was then 
between sixty and sevent)- years old. 

She is the subject of a chapter entitled " The Grandmother " in Mrs. 
Silsbee's Httle book, " A Half Century in Salem." This chapter consists 
mostly of a description of an old-fashioned Thanksgiving dinner, at which 
the grandmother presided, of the large square house on Front Street, 
Salem, and of its contents, some of which descended to Mrs. Silsbee. 
In this chapter she gives the following description of her personal 
appearance : — 

" Born of a plain, Puritanic family, Canton crape was the grandmother's only 
wear, with muslin round-careJ cap, and white kerchief folded over the front of the 
dress : a charming costume for a handsome old lady." 

The chapter closes with verses entitled " My Grandmother's MuTor." 
Several of the verses we give below : — 

" 'Mid Puritanic teaciiing, 
Under Calvinistic preaching, 
Witb a precious six montlis' scliooling, 

SLc lived for eigliteen years ; 
Then with her chosen lover 
She passed the threshold over, 
To bear with him the burden 
Of wedlock's hopes and fears. 

" To the poor her hand extended, 
Her gifts she always mended, 
'Til the needle-work like broidery 

Upon the garment lay ; 

Her quiet bounties flowing, 

Her kindly lessons showing 

The means to earn a living, 

Which was far the better way. 

" iN'o silk or purple clothing ! 
One might think she looked with loathing 
On scarlet or fine linen 

For those 'mongst whom she trod ; 

r- -■■*-• — -" 


^^,„„^-^ , ,.„,„,^_^^„^ 


^ «: 




[59. V. 25.] 
From the Portrait by FROTirtNGHAM, painted about iSiS, \o\v in the 


Salem, Mass. 


Yet I am glad that I am able 
To recall the muff of sable, 
And her cloak -svith sable edging, 
When she walked to worship God. 

" On the precepts of her Saviour 
She modeled her behavior, 
A chapter always reading 

Ere she laid her down to rest ; 
Through ' pastures green ' she wandored, 
By the ' still waters ' pondered, 
And of all the books she studied 

She loved the Bible best." 

Mrs. Dodge possessed a clear and ^^g•orous understanding, and was 
familiar with the best writers in our own language, and her conversation 
was instnictive and entertaining. She was pre-eminent in the discharge of 
her domestic and social duties, her life being devoted to the happiness of 
her family and friends. Her charities were silently bestowed where want 
and sorrow existed. She sought to relieve suffering, and to prevent its 
recurrence when occasioned by improvidence or ^^ce. Bred in the Ortho- 
dox faith, she early adopted more liberal views. The Bible was her daily 
companion, and its precepts were made the rule of her conduct. Few minds 
were better able to judge more coiTectly, and to adopt the simple truths 
of the Gospel than hers.^ 

Mrs. Dodge's portrait, which was painted by Frothingham about the 
year 1818, has been heliotyped for this work. It is now in the possession 
of the heirs of her granddaughter, the late Mi-s. John H. Silsbee, of Salem. 
Her great-grandson, William E. Silsbee, has her sampler on which is 
worked, " Lucia Pickering, her sampler made in the twelfth year of her 
age 1759." 

59. V. 2'5. Israel Dodf/e, the liusband of Lucia Pickering, born in Bev- 
erly, Mass., died in Salem. A merchant and distiller. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Dodge was a patriotic citizen, and, on March 13, 1775, he was 
chosen on the Committee of Safety, of which Timothy Pickering, John 
Pickering, and George Williams were members." 

» Obituary in the Salem Gazette of Tuesday, Nov. 5, 1822. 

^ The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Octavius Pickering, Vol. I. p. 34. 


His house on Front Street was burne.l iu tlie fire of December, 1844. 
His distillery was where Buffum's planing-mill is now located.' 

The following' anecdote of Mr. and Mrs. Dodge, and one which shows the 
precision of their lives, used to be told by the late Dr. Henry Wheatland : 

"At a certain time in the spring no more fires were built in the fireplace. It was 
carefully cleaned out and green boughs took the place of the logs of wood. It mat- 
tered not what the state of the weather was, storm or sunshuie, on that particular 
day all was made ready for the ensuing season." 

The portrait of Israel Dodge, painted by Frothingham, about 1818, has 
been heliotyped for this work. It is now in the possession of the heirs of 
his granddaughter, the late Mrs. John H. Silsbee of Salem. 

Israel Dodge's first wife, whom he married in June, 1763, was Joanna, 
daughter of Caleb and Hannah Dodge. She died Oct. 21, 1764, at the age 
of 20 years and 7 months. 

The following is an abstract of Israel Dodge's will, which was made 
July 2, 1818, and proved Nov. 19, 1822: — 

To my wife Lucia Dodge I give the western half of my house, all ray household 
furniture, and my pew in the meeting-house of the Rer. Julm Prince. To my son 
Pickering Dodge, the children of my deceased daughter Catherine Stone, and the 
children of my daughter Eliza Devereux, the residue of my estate, they to pay to 
my wife fifteen hundred dollars a year, and my daughter Eliza Devereux, to have one 
half of the income of the property I gave to her child. 

The inventory of the estate of Oct. 7, 1823, amounted to 8209,894.09.^ 
Mr. Dodge was a son of Joshua and Hannah (Eayment) Dodge of 
Beverly. His ancestry includes the following families : Dodge, Conant, 
Horton, Larkin, Hale, Rayment, Bishop, Woodbuiy, Dodge. See Ancestry 
Tables ^\. 

60. V. 27. Eunice Neal [Eunice 60-70. IV. 10], born iu Salem, 
baptized there May 28, 1727, died in Salem.^ 

' Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IV. p. 81. 

=■ Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 400, pp. 35S-3C0; Vol. 402, p. 112; files, Xo. 

* The Driver Family, by Harriet Ruth (Waters) Cooke, p. 446, erroneously states 
that she married Benjamin Brown. It gives the date of the marriage as Feb. 20, 1745, 
while we have Feb. 24, 1745. 


60. V. 27. JBenJatnin Bacon, her husband, born in Salem, baptized 
there Nov. 11, 1722, died in Sak-in. A perukemaker. Residence: Salem. 

Benjamin Bacon, in several real-estate conveyances uf his recorded 
at tlie Essex County Eeg-istry of Deeds, Salem, is described as a peruke- 
maker. In one of these, dated Dec. 29, 1758, he conveys "my ^3 part of 
the eastern half part of tlie late mansion house & homestead of my late 
grandfather, Daniel Bacon of Salem shipwright." In another deed of Feb. 
15, 1763, he gives the same relationship. From some of these deeds, and 
from the fact that there was no estate administered upon, we infer that he 
grew poor in his later years, and that he is undoubtedly the person whose 
death is recorded as follows in the Salem Gazette of Tuesday, March 11, 
1794: — 

" At the Poor House Mr. Benjamin Bacon 72 ; he died very suddenly as he was 
sitting at dinner." 

He was the son of Daniel and Elizabeth (King) Bacon of Salem. His 
ancestry includes the following families : Bacon, Read, Spencer, King. 
See AxcEsiRY Tables j'^. 

60. V. 28. MarylTeal [Eunice 60-70. JY. 10], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there April 5, 1730, died in Topsfield, Mass.' 

Mrs. Foster was admitted to full communion with the Tabernacle 
Church, May 6, 1753. Her obituary in the Salem Gazette of Friday, May 
4, 1810, speaks of her mild temper, her constant acts of chaiity, and her 
high Christian character. An address was delivered at her burial in 
Chebacco by the Rev. Asahel Huntington. 

The following is an abstract of her wdll, which was made Nov. 25, 1809, 
and proved May 8, 1810 : — 

I Mary Cleaveland of Topsfield, widow, give to Lois, the present wife of Moses 
Pilsbury of Londonderry, N. H., my gold neclclace, and my two large silver spoons, 
and four dollars in money, to enable her to have said spoons made over into two good 

* The date of her baptism as here given is from the Essex Institute Historical Col- 
lections, Voh VII. p. 270, while it is given as April 5, 1729, in The Driver Family, by Har- 
riet Euth (Waters) Cooke, p. 446. 


new spoons. I give the remaiudor of m_v estate, after debts and funeral charges are 
paid to the Reverend John Clcaveland of Wrenthara, Parker Cleaveland, Esq., of Row- 
ley, Elizabeth Channell, of Rowley, Nehcmiali Cleaveland, Esq., of Topsfield and Abi- 
gail, present wife of Joseph Cojiswell of Londonderry, they being the surviving 
children of my late husband the Reverend John Cleaveland, late of Ipsvrich, to be 
equally divided between tli uu. Nehemiah Cleaveland, Esq., sole executor.' 

60. V. 2S\ John Foster, the first luisband of IMaiy Neal, born prob- 
ably in Manchester, Mas.s., died at sea. A slupniaster. Residence : 

Captain Foster is called in deeds a mariner, also gentleman. He re- 
moved from Manchester to Salem after the death of his first wife, and 
owned what was known as the Tewksbiuy Place, near the burying-ground. 
He returned to Manchester, and was living there from 1753 to 1758. After 
his death, his widow returned to Salem. 

His fii-st wife, whom he man-led April 2G, 1733, was Mary Norton. 
By her he had the following children : — 

JoHJf Foster, born in Manchester, Jan. 26, 1733-4. Perhaps he is the same 

who married, June 29, 17G6, Abigail Ives, of Salem. 
Mart Foster, baptized March 9, 1735-6 ; married May 20, 1751, John Ha- 

thorne, of Salem. 
Joseph Foster, born Feb. 27, 1737. Perhaps he is the same who married, Dec. 

17, 1762, Hannah Pickering [70. V. 31]. 
Timothy Foster, baptized April 13, 1740. 
Elizabeth Foster, married Thomas Ingalls of Lynn, their banns being published, 

June 16, 17G2. 
Daiiiel Foster, baptized April 2S, 1745; died before 1766. 

The following is an abstract of Captain John Foster's will, which was 
made Dec. 12, 1766, and was proved Jan. 6, 1767 : — 

I John Foster of Manchester, in the county of Essex gentleman, of sound mind 
and memory. I order that my executors pay all my debts and funeral expenses, and 
sell all my lands and buildings in Manchester ; also my dwelling house and lands 
in Salem in the said county, on the northerly side of the main street some time since 
improved by Captain Benjamin Pickman. 

I give to my wife and lier heirs my half right in Salem in the great pasture, also 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 379, p. 2S9 ; tiles, Xo. 5,620. 


my acre of land in Salem with the buildings thereon bounded northerly on the Main 
street, westerly on land late of Edward Kitchen, Esq., southerly on land late William 
Pickerinf^s, deceased ; also £&Q. \o' ■1'' lawful money, also my negro named Titus and 
household furniture of the value of i.'27, and my best cow. 

All the residue of my estate I give to my said wife and four children as follows : 
To my wife one third whether real or personal during lier natural life ; John two 
lifths ; Timotliy, one fifth ; Mary Ilathorne, one fifth ; Elizabetii Ingalls, one fifth. 
Benjamin Marston, Es(i., and Israel Foster, both of Marblehead, executors. 

! The inventory of Feb. 1, 1768 amounted to £3911 Is. Id. Among 

} the property named, were houses, warehouses, lands, schooners, and the 

following negroes, — Bristol, Violet, Dilley, Jack, Peter, Titus, and Florah. 

The estate was represented as insolvent.^ 

Captain Foster was a son of John and ^Margaret (Jacobs) Foster, of 

Manchester, Mass. His ancestry includes the following families: Foster, 

Stuart, Jacobs, Frost. See Axcestrt Tables ^j^.. 

60. V. 2S^. John Cleaveland,^ the second husband of Mary Neal, born 
in Canterbury, Conn., died in Ipswich, Mass. A minister. Residence: 

Mr, Cleaveland entered Yale College in 1741, and remained there until 
a few weeks before the close of his senior year ; when he was required by 
the government of the college to leave, because, in the May vacation, he 
had been to hear a preacher who was a follower of Whitefield, and who 
oflSciated where his parents worshipped. In 1764, however, the college 
granted him a degree, and caused him to be recorded among the graduates 
of his class. 

On Feb. 25, 1747, he was ordained pastor of the New Church at 
Chebacco, Ipswich. Before this, he had preached for a new society in 
Boston called the Separatists. " The New Church," or Fourth of Chebacco, 
was formed by the disaffected members of the Rev. Theophilus Pickering's 
[48. IV. 8] church. In 1774, after many years of separation, the two 
sections of what had once been Mr. Pickering's church became reunited 
under the name of the Second Church. 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 34.3, pp. 34(3, 347 ; Vol. 344, pp. 310-319 ; files, 
No. 9,904. 

^ This name was printed " Cleveland " on Sheet 60. 


Mr. Cleavelaiid is said to have been a popular and impressive preacher. 
His voice was one of great compass, his utterance distinct and rapid, 
accompanied by natural and expressive gestures. He was one of the fore- 
most of the faithful preachers of the Gospel, and stood high among the 
zealous promoters of the cause of Clirist. His intellectual abilities were 
of a high order, and his style of composition was nervous and logical. 
Several of his writings were printed. Besides his printed pamphlets in his 
controversy with Mr. Pickering, he afterwards published : — 

" An Essay on important Principles of Christianity, with Animadversions 
on Dr. Jonathan ^Mayhew's Thanksgiving Sermon ;" " A Rejoinder to Dr. 
Mayhew's Reply ;" " A Justification of the Fourth Church in Ipswich, from 
the Strictures of the Rev. S. Wigglesworth of the Hamlet and the Rev. 
Richard Jaques of Gloucester;" "An attempt to nip in the bud the un- 
scriptural Doctrine of Universal Salvation;" "A Dissertation in support 
of Infant Baptism : '' and " Defence of the result of a late Council at 
Salem against Dr. Whittaker's Remarks." He also wrote many political 
articles for the newspapers, both before and after the Revolution. It was 
remarked by the aged people of Essex to its historian, that 3Ir. Cleaveland 
preached all the men of his parish into the army, and then went himself. 

In 1758, he was chaplain of a provincial regiment at Ticonderoga, and 
was on the battle-ground, when Lord Howe was killed. In 1759, he was a 
chaplain at Louisburg, and in 1775 filled the same position in a regiment 
at Cambridge, and during a short campaign in New York in 1776. 

He was nearly six feet tall, very erect, and a man of great activity and 
muscular power. He had blue eyes and a florid complexion. 

Mr. Cleaveland's first wife, whom he married July 31, 1747, was Mary 
Dodge, a daughter of Parker Dodge of Hamilton, Mass. She was bom 
March 1, 172-2, and died April 11, or 21, 1768. By her he had the follow- 
ing children : — 

Mart Cleavelaxd, married Jonathan Procter. 

John Cleavelaxd, born Jan. 6, 1749, a minister at ^orth Wrentham, Mass. 

He -n-aa twice married. He died Feb. 1, 1S15. 
Parker Cleaveland, born Oct. 14, 1751, a pliysician of Byefield, Mass. He was 

married. He died Feb. 10, 1826. 
Ebenezek Cleaveland, married Elizabetli , and died at sea. 


Elizabftii Cleavelaxd, married Abraham Chaimell. 

Nehemiah Clea-v-eland, born Aug. 26, 1760, a physician of Topsfield, Jlass. He 

married, first, Lucy Manning, and second, Experience 

Lord. He died Feb. 26, 18.37. 
Abigail Cleavelakd, born Dec. 28, 1762, married Joseph Cogswell, and died April 

11, 1S24. 

The following is an abstract of his will, which was dated Aug. 11, 1797, 
and proved May 11, 1799:^ — 

I John Cleaveland of Ipswich, clerk. My wife Mary to enjoy forever as her own 
property the note signed by Nehemiah Cleaveland of iilOO, also two securities of 
Jhissachiisctts one for the sum of 640.79 and the other for S20. ; also all household 
furniture which she brought into my house as her own ; also while my widow one 
third of my house and garden ; also my horse and chaise and one third of the income 
of my real estate during her life 

My own sons and daughters to share equally my estate not disposed of as above, 
viz : Mary Procter, John Cleaveland, Parker Cleaveland Elizabeth Channel, Nehe- 
miah Cleaveland, Abigail Cogswell, grandson John Cleaveland the only son of my late 
son Ebenezer Cleaveland deceased. These are my heirs seven in number. Sons 
John, Parker, and Nehemiah, my executors 

Mr. Cleaveland^ was a son of Josiah and Abigail (Paine) Cleaveland. 
His father was a prominent citizen of Canterbury, Conn. His ancestry 
includes the following families: Cleaveland, Winn, Bates, Paine, Snow, 
Hopkins, Doane, Bangs, Hicks. See An-cestet Tables /y,. 

60-68. V. 29. John Pickering [Eunice 60-70. IV. 10], bom in 
Salem, baptized there Jan. 2, 1738-9,^ died in Richmond, N. H. A farmer, 
Residence : Richmond. 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. .366, pp. .519-521 ; files, No. 5,617. 

' For a more complete account of Mr. Cleaveland, see the History of Ipswich, Essex, 
and Hamilton, by Joseph B. Felt, pp. 263-265 ; History of the Town of Essex, by Robert 
Crowell, D.D., pp. 245-253 ; The American Biographical Dictionary, by William Allen, 
p. 234 ; Annals of the American Pulpit, by William B. Sprague, Vol. I. pp. 458-461 ; His 
Journal, edited by his grandson, Nehemiah Cleaveland, in the Essex Institute Historical 
Collections, Vol. XII. p. 85, ct seq., and an obituary in the Salem Gazette of ^lay 3, 1799. 

» We have been unable to reconcile the date of his birth as given by his descendants 
with the date of his baptism as given in the Esses Institute Historical Collections, Vol. 
VIII. p. 77. 


Mr. Pickering is described as a painter in a deed of Henry Ingalls to 
him of forty-four acres of land, dated Oct. !', 1778.^ It was about this time 
that he removed from Salem to Richmond, X. H., where he bought an 
estate of Stephen Kirapton. The farm is now owned by William T. Carter, 
and is known as the Seth A. Curtis place." 

His family Bible, containing a record of his children, was in the posses- 
sion of his grandson, the late Loring Pickering of San Francisco, Cal., at 
the time of the latter's death. 

He was buried in the graveyard at the middle of the town, in 
Richmond, where his gravestone still stands, bearing the following in- 
scription : — 

27 Oct 1823 

60-68. V. 2D. Hannah InrferKoU, the wife of John Pickering, born in 
Salem, baptized there July 29, 1744, died in Richmond, N. H. 

Her gravestone stands by the side of her husband's in the graveyard at 
the middle of the town, in Richmond, and is thus inscribed : — 


Hannah Pickering 

Wife of Mr. John 

Pickering died 

Jan' 5*. 1795 

aged 55 

Death is a debt to nature due 
Which I have paid & so must you. 

Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of Nathaniel and Bethiah (Gardner) 
Ingersoll of Salem, and an aunt of both Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch and his 
wife Mary (Ingersoll) Bowditch. Her ancestry includes the following 
families: Ingersoll, Felton, Coomes, Hasket, Langdon, Gardner, Frier, 
Orne, Browne, ^\'eld, Clap, Mitchelson, Bushell. 

1 Chestire County, N. H., Deeds, Vol. 19, p. 420. 

'^ History of Richmond, X. H., by William Bassett, p. 463. 


69-70. V. 30. William Pickering [Eunice 60-70. IV. 10], bom in 
Saleiu, died in Warwick, Mass. A farmer. Residence : WarAvick. 

William Pickering, as -well as his brother John, removed to Richmond, 
N. H., where, on March 18, 1782, he bought a farm of Silas Gaskilh April 
21, 1788, he sold laud in Richmond to Jonathan Gaskill. Perhaps about 
this time he removed to Warwick, Mass., the adjoining town ; for, in a deed 
of land of April 26, 1700, he calls himself of Warwick. He is described in 
deeds as a " yeoman " and " husbandman." ^ 

His granddaughter, ilrs. Lamb of Westborough, Mass., writes as follows, 
in Dec. 188G : — 

" We have no records of grandfather Pickering, but some recollections. Before 
he was married he followed the sea as a sea captain. He was married at the age of 
forty, after whieli he became a farmer and died at the age of seventy from the effects 
of a cut. He fought in the Pievolutionary War. ... He had twelve children." 

69-70. V. SO. Philadelphia Kimpton, his wife, born in Richmond, 
N. H., died in Warwick, Mass. 

]\L-s. Pickering is said by her granddaughter, Mrs. ]\I. W. S. Clark, 
of Lynn, Mass., to have been the first white girl bom in Richmond.^ 

She was the eldest child of Stephen and Catherine (Boyce) Kimpton, 
of Richmond. Ancestry Tables jj. 

70. V. 31. Hannah Pickering [Eunice 60-70. IV. 10], born in Salem, 
baptized there Feb. 8, 1740-41, died in Salem.^ 

The Salem Gazette of Tuesday, Oct. 20, 1801, makes the following 
announcement of her death : — 

"In this town ^frs. Hannah Masury aged 60. Her funeral will be this afternoon 
at 3 o'clock when her friends and relations are requested to attend." 

1 Cheshire County, N. H., Deeds, Vol. 9, p. ISl ; Vol. 36, p. 24.3 ; History of the Town 
of Eichmond, N. H., by William Bassett, pp. 42.5, 426, 466. 

^ History of the Town of Eichmond, by William Bassett, pp. 425-426. 

' The date of her marriage is given Jan. 9, 1762, while Francis H. Lee and The 
Driver Family, by Harriet Euth (Waters) Cooke, p. 446, give it as Dee. 17, 1762. 


10.Y.3P. Jo.sf/>/i -Foster, her first husband. Residence: Salem. 
Mr. Foster may liave been a son of Captain John Foster [60. V. ^5^], of 
Manchester, Mass., by his first wife, Mary (Norton). Axcestry Tables /j,. 

70. V. 31'. Joseph Lakeninn, the second husband of Hannah Picker- 
ing-. Residence: Salem. 

Mr. Lakeman probably died before Jan. 3, 17G9, for on tliis date ad- 
ministration on his estate was granted to his widow. Jan 1, 1770, Captain 
David Masury and Mrs. Hannah Masurj' presented the inventor}- of Joseph 
Lakeman's estate, which amounted to £163 \%s} 
AircESTBT Tables ^,. 

70. V. 31^. David 3IasHi'tj, the third husband of Hannah Pickering. 
A manner. Residence : Salem. 

Captain Masury died on a voyage to the West Indies.^ 
Ancestry Tables ^,. 

70. V. 32. Abigail Pickering [Eunice 60-70. TV. 10], born in Salem, 
baptized there June 12, 1743, died in Salem. 

The particulars of her death are given in the following account taken 
from the Salem Register of Wednesday, Mtirch 30, 1808. 

" In this town widow Abigail Baldwin aged 65. by taking arsenic prepared to de- 
stroy rats and unguardedly left in the house. Funeral this afternoon at 4 o'clock — 
friends and relatives are requested to attend." 

Mrs. Baldwin made her will ilarch 28, 1808, and it was proved April 
18, 1808. She left her whole estate to her niece, Hannah Pickering [69. 
VI. 141], of Salem, who lived with her, and who afterwards married Laban 
Simonds of Warwick, Mass. Their daughter, Mrs. M. W. S Clark of 
Lynn, Mass., has still in her possession some of Mrs. Baldwin's effects. 
Among them are an old desk, an embroidered Pickering coat of arms, 
and an embroidered landscape. 

The estate amounted to SlOl.5.57 by the inventory of July 18, 1808.^ 

» Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 345, p. 191 ; Vol. 346, p. 79 ; files, No. 16,143. 

' Salem Mercury of Tuesday, Dee. 8, 1789. 

' Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 376, pp. 250-251, 473 ; files Xo. 1 ,574. 


70. \. 32'. Jatncs StoUiiy, the first huisband of Abigail Pickering, 
baptized in Suleui, April 8, 1739. A sailmaker. Residence: Salem. 

Oct. 23, 1767, James Scollay, of Salem, sailmaker, and his wife Abigail, 
with others, deed their right in the intestate estate of Hannah Pratt, of 
Salem, to Ruth Jeffrey.^ 

He was a son of John and Elizabeth (Pratt) Scollay. His ancestry 
includes the folL;>sving families : Scollay, Pratt, Cooper, ]\Iaverick, Harris, 
Sherwood. See A^-cestrt Tables ^,. 

70. V. 32-. William Baldwin, her second husband. 
Nothing has been learned about him further than his marriage to Abigail 
(Scollay) Pickering. 

Ancestet Tables ^^j, 

70. V. 33. Mary Pickering [Eunice 60-70. IV. 10], bom in Salem, 
baptized there June 12, 1743, probably died in Salem. 

' Essex County Registry of Deeds, Vol. 125, p. 115. 


1. \T. 1. Thomas Lee [Lois 1-2. V. 2], born in Salem, baptized 
there July 26, 1741, died in Cambridge, Mass. A merchant. Residence: 

Mr. Lee went to sea in early life, and was known as Captain Thomas 
Lee. He afterwards establislied himself as a merchant in Boston; and, 
having acquired a fortune in his business, he removed to Cambridge. His 
house in Salem was on the eastern comer of Essex and Crombie streets. 
In 1803, this house bore the sign of a ship, and was opened as a tavern by 
Benjamin Crombie.' 

1. VI. 1. Judith Colman, his wife, born in Boston, died in Cam- 

Mrs. Lee was a daughter of Benjamin and Deborah (Oulton) Colman, 
of Boston. Her grandmother was a sister of Sir Charles Hobby, and her 
greatuncle was the Rev. Dr. Benjamin Colman, of the Brattle Street 
Church, Boston. Her ancestry includes the following families : Colman, 
Hobby, Oulton. See Ancestry Tables "5. 

1-2. VL 2. Josepli Lee [Lois 1-2. V. 2], born in Salem, baptized 
there May 13, 1744,^^ died in Boston. A merchant. Residence: Boston. 

lyir. Lee was obliged, by the death of his fiither, to go to sea. At the 
age of thirteen he made his first voyage ; and in due time he rose to the 

* Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. W. p. 79. 

* The Columbian Centinel of Wednesday, Feb. 11, 1807, announces her death as hav- 
ing taken place on ^Monday morning; the Salem Gazette of Feb. 13, 1S07, chronicles her 
death; the Cambridge Town Records have her death recorded as Feb. 16, 1807. 

3 This date of baptism is taken from " Baptisms of the First Church in Salem," by 
Dr. Henry Wheatland, Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VIII. p. 155. The date 
of his birth is given by Colonel Henry Lee as Jlay 22, 1744. 


command of a vessel in the European ami West India trade. He moved 
from Salem to Beverlv, where lie became a mercliaTit and shipowner. As 
his business extended, he took into partnership George Cabot, who had 
risen in his employ, through the various grades, from a cabin boy of one of 
his ships, and who later became his brother-in-law. The firm traded with 
Spain, the West Indies, and the Baltic. During Mr. Lee's residence in 
Beverly, he was engaged largely in privateering, also in underwriting, 
privately, risks on the shipping of that town, of Salem, and of Marblehead. 
He was also a director of an insurance company in Salem. He was active 
in promoting the various interests of Beverly, though he held no otlice and 
took no prominent part in political affairs. He had a turn for mechanics, 
and especially for naval architecture, and was constantly employed in 
devising improvements in shipbuilding. His models for ships were adopted 
by many of the mechanics and merchants of Essex County, and of Boston, 
and were largely instrumental in bringing about the improvement of con- 
struction since introduced, bv which superior sailing is combined with in- 
creased carrying capacity. In 1807, ^Ir. Lee removed to Boston. Several 
years before this time he had retired from the active pm'suits of commerce. 
In Boston, he was chosen a director of various banks and insurance com- 
panies, and continued to fill these positions until his advanced years com- 
pelled him to retire. In his old age he retained the vigor and activity of 
youth ; his frame remained erect and his step elastic. 

Mr. Lee was very fond of gardening, and even in his extrenie age could 
often be seen in the garden of his son-in-law, Judge Jackson, directing the 
gardener, or, saw in hand, mounted high on a ladder pruning or grafting his 
pear trees. He was a man of inflexible integrity, of stern raoi'al principle, and 
an imcompromising adherent to truth and right, regardless of consequences. 
Firm, decided, and independent, he shaped his actions by his own sense of 
propriety and dutv. He interfered with no man's aiTairs, and wonld suffer 
no man to interfere with his. At the same time he was kindly, and showed 
an affectionate interest in the concerns and pleasures of his youthful rela- 
tions. Children were glad to leave their sports to listen to his kind words 
and to obtain his smile. He and his sons shunned display, declined public 
office, finding resources in their books, their gardens, and the society of a 



large circle of family and friends. He was wont to attribute all the Lee 
peculiarities to the " Ome kink." 

Mr. Lee acquired a fortune, and contributed liberally to literary and 
charitable institutions. A year before his death he gave twenty thousand 
dollars to the Massachusetts General Hospital. He was an honorable mer- 
chant, a man of modest pretensions, and of exemplary character.^ 

1-2. VI. 2K EUzaheth Cabot, the first wife of Joseph Lee, born in 
Salem, baptized there Feb. 28, 1747-8, died in Beverly, Mass. 

Mrs. Lee was admitted as a member of the First Church in Salem, Jan. 
7, 1770. 

She was the sister of the Hon. George Cabot, her husband's partner 
in business, and the daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Higginson) Cabot. 
Her father was an eminent merchant of Salem. Joseph Cabot [6. VL 11], 
and Francis Cahot [48. VL S0~\ were her brothers ; Francis Higginson 
[3. VL .4^], was her uncle ; Marianne Cahot [48. VH. .204'\i "'"s her niece; 
Elizabeth Perkins Cahot [2. VIII. lo], is her grandniece, and Eichard Clarke 
Cahot [51. IX. 1032], is her great-grandnephew. Deborah Cabot [2. VI. ^-], 
her husband's second wife, was her first cousin. Her ancestry includes the 
following families : Cabot, Ome, Thompson, Higginson, Whitfield, Sheafe, 
Savage, Symiues, Gardner, Frier, Orne, Browne, Boardman, Bull, Trues- 
dale, Hal ton. See Ancestry Tables |^.. 

2.Y\.2-. Deborah Cabot, the second wife of Joseph Lee, died. in 

Her first husband, to whom she was married ]March 20, 1777, was 

> History of Beverly, by EJwin M. Stono, pp. 132-134; also Essex Institute Historical 
Collections, Vol. XV. pp. 53-58. 

s The date of her birth is given by Colonel Henry Lee as Jan. 13, 1754, and by Dr. 
Henry Wheatland in his " Materials for the Genealogy of the Higdnson Family '' ; printed 
in the Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. V., p. 41, as Jan. 6, 1754. The latter 
authority also gives the date of her death as Dec. 14, 1820, as does The Gardner Family 
Records ; but several of the family give it as Dec. 4, 1S20 ; and it was announced in 
the Essex Register of Saturday, Dec. 9, 1820, as follows: "In Boston Mrs. Deborah, 
wife of Joseph Lee aged 67." 


[3-5- VI. 4.] 

From the Portrait now in run possession of Mrs. Francis Warren 

Rockwell, of Brooklyn, X. V. 


her first cousin, Stephen Cabot, born Nov. 2G, 1704. ITe was a son of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Iligoinson) Cabot. By him she had — 
Mary Cabut, born Feb. 4, 1778, and died, unmarried, Aug. '2, 1802. 

Mrs. Lee was a delightful old lady, remarkable for her neatness, her 
good housekeeping, and her fine cooking. She and her two sisters — 
Sarah, the first wife of Judge John Lowell, and Elizabeth, the wife of the 
lion. George Cabot — were all noted for their brightness, wit, and charming 

She was a daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth (Cabot) Higginson. 
Martha Suli^iharij Ilitjghison [44. VIL ^17"], was her grandniece ; John 
Amory Lowell [55. VIL olJ'\, and George Higginson [2. VIII. 14], were 
her grandnephews ; EUzaletli. Cahot [1-2. VI. i?-'], her second husband's 
first ^vife, Joseph Cahot [G. VI. W], and Francis Cabot [48. VI. 80], were 
her first cousins. Her ancestry includes the following families : Higginson, 
"Whitfield, Sheafe, Savage, Syrames, Sev/all, Hunt, Dummer, Archer, Mitchell, 
Boradel, Cabot, Orne, Thomp.son. 

See AxcESTEY Tables ^,. 

2. VI. 3. Lois Lee [Lois 1-2. V. 2], bom in Salem, baptized there 
Aug. 24, 1746, died in Salem. 

Miss Lee died of rapid consumption, when she was on the point of 
marrying Mr. John Appleton, of Salem, a descendant of John Appleton 
the distinguished tlieologian. 

3-5. VI. 4. Esther Gardner [Esther 3-5. V. 3], born in Salem, 
baptized there Jan. 13, 1739-40, died in Salem. 

The heliotype here given of Mrs. ^lackey is taken from her portrait, 
which was pi'obably painted by Joseph Badger. It is now in the posses- 
sion of Mrs. Francis "\V. Rockwell [4. X. 67], of Brooklyn, N. Y. Another 
portrait of her is in the possession of her great-great-grandson, William 
Sutton Abbott. 

3. VI. ..^^. Francis II if/giti son, her first husband, probably born in 
Salem. Residence : Salem. 

' Colonel Henrj- Lee. 


Mr. Iligginsoa was a son of Juhn and (Cabot) Hig-ginson. 
Elizabeth Cabut [1-2. M, J'] was his niece, Joseph Cabot [6. VI. 11], and 
Francis Cabot [48. VI. 6'(;)], were his nephews; Marianue Cabot [-48. VII. 
2641, '^^'^ ^'^ grandniere ; Elizabeth Perkins Cabot [2. VIII. iJ], is his 
great-grandniece, and Riehard Clar/ce Cabot [nl. IX. 1032], is liis great- 
great-grandnephew. His ancestry inchides the folhiwing families : Higgin- 
son, Whitfield, Sheafe, Savage, Synnnes, Gardner, Frier, Orne, Browne, 
Cabot, Orne, Thompson. See A-vcestry Tables ^j\. 

3-5. VI. 4'- Daniel Mackey, the second husband of Esther Gardner, 
born in Salem, died in Andover, Mass.^ A shipmaster. Residence : 

Captain Mackey's first wife, to whom he was married Feb. 7, 1744-5, 
was Elizabeth Hicks. She was a daughter of ilajor Joshua and Martha 
(Derby) Hicks, of Salem. She was born Jan. 14, 1725, and died July 
20, 1761. By her he had — 

Elizabeth Mackey, baptized Aug. 11, ITol. She died young. 

The heliotype of Captain ]\[ackey is taken from a portrait of him which 
was probably painted by Jose})h Badger. It is in the possession of Mrs, 
Francis W. Rockwell [4. X. G'r\, of Brooklyn, N. Y. Another portrait of 
him, evidently by the same artist, is in the possession of his great-great- 
grandson, William Sutton Abbott. 

Captain Mackey was a son of William and Margaret (Epes) Mackey, of 
SaleoGL His ancestry includes the following families : Mackey, Epes, Read, 
Symonds, Harlakenden, Boardman. See Ancestry Tables j',. 

5. VI. 5. Lois Gardner [Esther 3-5. V. 3], born in Salem, baptized 
there Nov. 15, 1741, died in Andover, Mass. 

The following notice of her marriage appeared in the Essex Gazette of 
Tuesday, May 25 to June 1, 1773 : — 

> The Salem Gazette of Friday, Ancr. a, 1790, gives his death. " At Andover on the 3d 
inst. Capt. Daniel Mackey late of this town ^Et. 77." His gravestone at Andover is in- 
scribed " Au?. 2, 1796." 


[3-5- VI. 4.] 

From the roRiRAii now rx the possession of Mrs. Francis Warren 
Rockwell, of Brooklyn, X. V. 







' 1 


[5. VI. 5.] 

From the Pastfj. Portrait now in- thk possession of thk North 
Church at Salem, Mass. 


"Last Evening the Reverend Mr. TIIO.MAS BARNARD, Jnii., Pastor of the 
North Church in this Town, was married to Miss LOIS GARDNER, a Lady 
possessed of a Fortune of upwards of Two Tliousand Pounds Lawful Money, 
and second Daughter of SAMUEL GARDNER, Esq.; late an eminent Merchant 
of this Place, deceased." 

Mrs. Barnard is said to have worked the Gardner coat of arms of which 
an illustration is given facing page 11. 

5. VI. 5. Thomas Barnard, her husband, born in Newbury, Mass., 
died in Salem, of apoplexy. A minister. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Barnard, H C. 176(3, received tlie degree of D.D. from Brown 
University, and from the University of Edinburgh in 1794. He was also 
a Fellow of tlie American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He studied for 
the ministry under the Rev. Dr. Samuel Williams, of Bradford, Mass., and 
preached for a short time at Newbury, ]\Iass. 

Dr. Barnard came of a family distinguished for its clergymen, being 
of the fourth generation of that profession in a direct line. His father, 
the Rev. Thomas Barnard (H. C. 1732), the able preacher of the First 
Church, was stricken with paralysis in the spring of 1770, and his son was 
employed to supply his fathers pulpit, which he did so acceptably to many 
of the parish, that there was a strong desire to make him his father's col- 
league. But there was no unanimity, and Mr. Asa Dunbar was chosen col- 
league by a majority of two votes. The result was the formation of the North 
Church Society, and Thomas Barnard, Jr., was chosen its pastor, Aug. 
20, 1772. He was ordained Jan. 13, 1773. The new society was com- 
posed largely of men of wealth and influence. For nearly forty-two years 
Dr. Barnard continued its minister, and during this long period lie had no 
assistant. He \vas a popular preacher, a respectable scholar, and a wise 
counsellor. He preached before the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company in 1789, before the convention of Congregational ministers in 
1793, and he delivered the Dudleian lecture sermon in Cambridge in 1795. 
He was also chosen to deliver sermons on many other occasions ; and he took 
part at ordinations and meetings of charitable institutions, and preached 
on days of public observance. Many of his sermons were printed ; and 


his discourse on the deatli of Washington was publislied by the especial 
desire of tlie town. 

Dr. Barnard was a whole-hearted man who loved his kind. Men of 
diverse tastes and varying degrees of culture found themselves drawn to 
him, won by his genial, sympathetic, and comprehensive manliness. He 
evoked in others the spirit that animated himself He was a reconciler of 
quarrels, not by studied compromises, but by native courtesy and magna- 
nimity. In his religious views Dr. Barnard was liberal ; and his society had 
had sucli teaching, that it was ready after his death to take its place among 
the churches known as Unitarian. Tradition states that on one occasion 
a parishioTier said, " Dr. Barnard, I never heard you preach a sermon upon 
the Trhiity," to which he replied, " And you never will." 

When the Revolutionary War broke out, he was only twenty-seven 
years old. Many of the members of liis church were inclined to be loyal- 
ists, and he himself leaned to the side of concession. He even went so far 
as to sign the complimentary address to Governor Hutchinson ; but he 
afterwards joined the party of resistance with no doubtful devotion, and 
publicly recalled some of the expressions of opinion to which he had sub- 
scribed. He seems to have done all this with such frankness and fearless- 
ness as to have put his honesty and patriotism beyond question, and to 
have retained the friendship of men of both sides, — even of men whom 
the Revolution had divided from each otlier. On the occasion of Colonel 
Leslie's being prevented from crossing the North Bridge, Dr. Barnard was 
conspicuous in his successful efforts to prevent bloodshed. On the approach 
of Leslie's force, he dismissed the congregation and hastened to the bridge. 
Accosting the British officer, who stood baffled and exasperated before the 
raised draw, he remonstrated with him so successfully that the threat of 
firing on the people across the river was abandoned. 

The Rev. John Prince, of the First Cliiu-ch of Salem, preached a sermon 
before the North Church Society, Oct. 16, 1814, on the occasion of Dr. 
Barnard's death. 

There is a wax profile of Dr. Barnard at the Essex Institute, and a 
similar one is owned by J. Orne Green, ]\[.D. [10. VIII. 118]. The en- 
gi-aving of Dr. Barnard in "The First Centenary of the North Church" is 

TBT"*"^ J^-.'-^-T -rr_^ -^* 



*|E :rE&.! 


: j%5=. •; 

... ,,,..,:-^, 

fe^' ^ . 

/ '^ " ""■■'■' "■ . .. 


. ■■ ■ - ■ ..-:.:—■;„■ 'V^j 


,_ _.. ' ••~r""""\l_ 





_.... Ji„lv,ij«t ;«1..: .Tt-^UiiCi!! 

1 i.^-^,! 

BUILT L\ 1740. 


probably taken from the wax profile at the Essex Institute. This society 
lias also a quaint full length silhouette of him. The North Cluirch Society 
of Salem has a portrait of Dr. Barnard done in pastel, which was given to it 
by the Bridges family. The heliotype we give was taken from tliis picture. 

Dr. Barnard's house, a heliotype of which is also given, was built by 
Judge Timothy Lindall, in 1740, and was once occupied by the King's 
collector. It is situated on the south side of Essex Street, and numbered 
three hundred and ninety-three. The land belonging to the house once 
extended to Warren Street and contained about an acre. Dr. Barnard 
had a beautiful garden, which was kept in fine order ; and he dealt out his 
flowers with a liberal hand to the girls and boys, especially on holidays, 
for he was very fond of children. After his death the place was sold to 
Mr. Andrews, whose family still own it.^ 

Dr. Barnard was a son of the Rev. Thomas and Mary (Woodbridge) 
Barnard, of Salem. His ancestry includes the following families : Barnard, 
Marvin, Price, "Wood, ]tlartyn, Holyoke, Stockton, White, King, Swift, 
Capen, Woodbridge, Dudley, Jones, Gemsh, Lowell, Sewall, Hunt, 
Dummer, Archer. See Ancestry Tables |^ 

5. VI. 6. George Gardner [Esther 3-5. V. 3], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there July 24, 1743, died in Salem. A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Gardner made his will June 22, 1771, and it was proved Feb. 7, 
1774. After certain private bequests, he left the remainder of his estate 
to his brother, Weld Gardner, and to the heirs of his body ; but, in failure 
of such heirs, then to the town of Salem £400, for the poor; £1333 to 
Harvard College, for the education of poor scholars ; and £2000 to the 
Marine Society of Salem. His brother, Weld Gardner, was named as his 

> Annals of the American Pulpit, by "William B. Sprague, Vol. VIII. pp. 16-18; 
obituaries in the Salem Gazette of Tuesday, Oct. 4, 1814, and in The Salem Kegister 
of October, 1814; The American Biographical Dictionary, by William Allen, p. 65; The 
First Centenary of the North Church, and Society in Salem, p. 13, ct seq. ; Essex Institute 
Historical Collections, Vol. IV. p. 274; Record Book of Francis H. Lee, and the Salem 

' Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 350, pp. 107-108 ; files, No. 10,616. 


5. VI. 7. Weld Gc.rdner [Esther 3-5. V. 3], born in Salem, baptized 
there Dec. 8, 1745, died in Salem. A merchant. Residence: Salem.^ 

A notice of ]Mr. Gardner's death in the Salem Gazette of Nov. 3, 1801, 
says he died "in this town yesterday in the 56"" year of his age," and 
speaks of him as a merchant and as a son of the late Samuel Gardner, Esq. 
It adds that by his death the town of Salem received the legacies, enu- 
merated above, under his brother George Gardner's will. 

Weld Gardner lived in what had once been liis father's house, in 
company with his first cousin, Captain Thomas Lee.^ 

5. VI. 8. Henry Gardner [Esther 3-5. V. 3], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there Oct. 18, 1747, died in Maiden, Mass. A merchant. Residence : 

Mr. Gardner, H. C. 1765, was for many years a merchant in Salem. 
He was a loyalist during the Revolution, and was one of those who 
signed the address to General Gage on his arrival in 1774. The last 
six years of his life were spent in Maiden with the Rev. Aaron Green 
[10. VI. 57], who administered upon his estate, Nov. 11, 1817. His 
remains and those of his wife were buried in the tomb of the Hon. John 
Osborne, in the Granary Burying Ground in Boston.^ 

5. VI. 8. Sarah Turtier, his wife, born in Salem, baptized there May 
3, 1747, died in Boston. 

Mrs. Gardner was admitted a member of the First Church, July 22, 
1770. She was buried in the tomb of the Hon. John Osborne, in the 
Granary Burying Ground, Boston, 

Her sister, Mary Turner, married Daniel Sargent, of Boston, the an- 
cestor of William Story Sargent [2G. IX. 415'\ and George Among Sargent 
[12. X. 161] ; and her aunt, Mary Turner, married Ebenezer Bowditch, 

» The First Centenary of the Xorth Church and Society in Salem, p. 205, gives the 
date of his death as Nov. 6; but the Salem Gazette, of Xov. 3, states that he died 

' Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VI. p. 107. 

' The First Centenary of the Xorth Church and Society in Salem, p. 205 ; The Ameri- 
can Loyalists, by Lorenzo Sabine, p. 316. • 




- ■- '. . 






f ■ 



. .''-•:-''^'" 




[5-5d. vr. 9] 

From the Portrait .now ix the possession of Miss Fidblia Bridge 
OF Canaan, Conn. 


of Salem, the ancestor of J. Injer^oll Bowdifch, (44. VIII. 4Go). She was 
a daugliter of John and Mary ((J.sborne) Turner, of Salem. Her ancestry 
includes the following families : Turner, Hill, Roberts, Kitchen, Saun- 
ders, Weld,. Clap, Mitchelson, Bushell, Osborne, Davis, "Woodbury. See 


5-5'*. VI. 9. Eliza"betli Gardner [Esther 3-5. V. 3], born in 
Salem, baptized there June 3, 1750, died in Andover, Mass. 

She is said to have been very beautiful. There is a portrait of her 
done in pastel now in possession of her granddaughter. Miss Fidelia Bridges 
of Canaan, Conn. The heliotype here given is from this ])icture. Her 
will, made June 4, 1832, and proved May 20, 1834, mentions the grand- 
children of her late son, Nathaniel G. Dabney ; daughter Fidelia, wife of 
Captain John Endicott ; her son, Heury Gardner Bridges, and her daughter 
Elizabeth Stevens.' 

5-5'*. VI. 9^. Xathaniel Dnhney, her first husband, born probably in 
Boston, died at sea. An apothecary. Residence: Salem. 

Dr. Dabney's business advertisement appears in the Essex Gazette of 
July 23, 1771, and of May 4, 1773. The advertisement of the latter date 
is long, and shows a cut of the bust of Hippocrates on a pedestal. 
The identical bust and pedestal which stood in front of his shop is now 
in the possession of the Essex Institute. The advertisement begins as 
follows : 

" Nathaniel Dabney Informs his customers in To'A'n and Country that among his 
large Assortment of Drugs, Medicines and Groceries, which he has just received by 
the Captains Calef, Folgier, Ackworth, from London, and to be sold at his Shop at 
the Head of Hippocrates in Salem, . . . ." 

Mr. Dabney was a loyalist at the time of the Revolution, and fled to 
Halifax, and afterwards to England and France. On returning to America, 
he was lost at sea. His death probably occurred before June 7, 1784, for 
on this date administration on his estate Avas granted to his widow.'^ 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 409, p. 129; files, No. 26,332. 
" Ibid., Vol. 357, p. 3S; files, No. 6,990. 


Dr. Dabuey was a son of Charles and Elizabeth (Gardner) Dabney of 
Boston. See Ancestry Tables ^^,. 

5*. VI. ^. James Bridget, the second husband of Elizabeth Gardner, 
born in Andover, Mass., died in Andover. A farmer. Residence : Andover. 

Mr. Bridires' granddaughter, Miss Fidelia Bridges, writes that he was an 
only son with nine sisters, and that he inherited the paternal estate which 
had been held by the Bridges family for two hundred years. Miss Bridges 
has a number of old family papers, besides several interesting family heir- 
looms. Mr. Bridges appears to have been a gentleman farmer. His widow 
administered upon his estate, Feb. 1, 1790, and at the same time was ap- 
pointed guardian of his two children.^ 

He was the son of Moody and Naomi (Frye) Bridges of Andover.- 
His ancestry includes the following families : Bridges, Howe, Dane, Mars- 
ton, Moody, Bradbury, Perkins, 3Iorse, Sawyer, Frye, Aslett, Ayer, Far- 
num, Sibborns, Haskell, Tybbot, Graves. See Ancestry Tables ^^,. 

5*. VI. 9^. Ebenexer Stevens, the third husband of Elizabeth Gardner, 
born in Andover, Mass., died in Andover. A farmer. Residence : Andover. 

In his will of April 13, 1818, which was proved Feb. 20, 1821, he calls 
himself yeoman, and speaks of his wife and daughter Elizabeth.^ 

He was probably a son of Jacob Stevens, of Andover, who married 
Tabitha Famum, Dec. 7, 1748. Ancestkt Tables f.. 

6. VI. 11. Rebecca Orne [Timothy 6-7. V. 4], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there July 31, 1748, died in Salem. 

Mrs. Cabot was admitted a member of the First Church, Salem, April 
2, 1769.* 

Her portrait, taken when a child, was painted by Joseph Badger. A 
heliotype of it is here given. This picture, with the pictures of her sister, 

» Essex County Probate Kecords, Vol. 3G0, pp. 308, 3G9 ; files, No. 3,300. 

* For some account of the Bridges Family, see Historical Sketches of Andover, :Mass., 
by Sarah Loring Bailey, pp. 110, 111; also pedigree in the New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, Vol. VIII. p. 252. 

» Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 397, p. 145; files, No. 26,325. 

* Records of the First Church Salem. 


[6. VI. II,] 

From the Portrait bv Jo5F.rn B\dgkr, painted about 1758. now in 


Saltonstall, of Boston. 

j iv vs-jjiri j - mmJKma^A 

).j|Aii |i > i |Jii. i p«tjJUJM*.WJJ It ^ 

^ -^- 


[6. vr. 11.] 

From a Miniature now in the posse^siox of Francis Henry Lee, 
Esq., of Salem, Mass. 








Bun;r about 1745. 

[6. VI. 11] 


mother, father, and grandmother, came into the possession of her grandson, 
Joseph S. Cabot, of Salem, whose widow a few years ago gave them to the 
late Mrs. William G. Saltonstall [1. IX. 12]. They are now in the posses- 
sion of Mrs. Saltonstall's children. 

Rebecca' Orne's marriage was announced in tlie Essex Gazette of Aug. 
2 to 9, 1768, as follows ; — 

"On Tliursdav Evening: last, Mr. Joseph C.vbot, of this Town, was married to 
Miss Rebecca Orne, eldest Daughter of Mr. Timothy Okn'e, hite an eminent Merchant 
of this Place." 

6. VI. 11. Joseph Cabot, her husband, born in Salem, baptized there 
Jan. 26, 1745-6, died in Salem. Residence: Salem. 

He was called Captain Cabot, and was probably a shipmaster. There 
is a small miniature of him, from which the heliotype here given was taken. 
It is now in the possession of Francis H. Lee [1. IX. 9]. We also give 
a heliotj'pe of liis house, situated on Essex Street, Salem, since owned by 
Judge William C. Endicott. It was built for his father by a strolling Eng- 
lish architect, who built at the same time the Pickman house and the 
Governor Gage house.^ 

Captain Cabot w\as a son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Higginson) Cabot, 
of Salem. Elizabeth Cabot [1-2. VI. 2^] was his sister ; Francis Cabot [48. 
VI. 80'] was his brother ; Francis Higrjinson [3. Y\. 4'] was his uncle ; 
Marianne Cabot [48. VII. 264'] '^vas his niece; Elimbeth Perkins Cabot 
[2. VIII. 15] is his grandniece ; Bichard Clarke Cabot [51. IX. 1032] is 
his great-grandnephew ; and Deborah Cabot [2 W. 2'] was his first cousin. 
His ancestry includes the following families: Cabot, Orne, Thompson, 
Higginson, "Wliitfield, Sheafe, Savage, Symmes, Gai-dner, Frier, Orne, 
Browne, Boardman, Bull, Truesdale, Halton. See Axcestry Tables ^. 

6. VI. 12. Timothy Orne [Timothy 6-7. V. 4], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there May 6, 1750, died in Danvers, Mass. A merchant. Residence: 

' Francis H. Lee. 

» His death is given in the Salem Gazette of Tuesday, Dec. 29, 1789, as "last Satur- 
day," which was the 2(3th. It is given as Dec. 23, 1789, in The ISTew England Historical 
and Geuealogical Register, Vol. V. p. 53. 


Mr. Orue, II. C. 17GS, like his father, l)CCiune a merchant. During the 
troublesome times of the Revolution, in common with those of many of his 
connections, his sympathies were with the mother country, and he suffered 
accordingly. In 1774, he was one of tliose who signed the address to 
General Gage; and in 1775, he was seized by a mob with the intention 
of tarring and feathering him ; they, however, were persuaded to relinquish 
their design.^ 

His will, in which he is styled gentleman, was made Dec. 22, 1789, 
and proved Feb. 1, 1790." 

6. VI. 12. EfixabrfJi Pijnchou, his wife, bom probably in Salem, 
died in Roxbury, Mass. 

Her miniature, which was painted by Verstille, has been heliotyped for 
this work. It was formerly in the possession of her grandson, the late Dr. 
William Mack, of Salem. 

Mrs. Orne was a daughter of William and Catherine (Sewall) Pynchon, 
of Salem.^ Her ancestry includes the following families: Pynchon, Wyllis, 
Hubbard, Rogers, Crane, Brewer, IMorrill, Chauncy, Eyre, Strong, Ford, 
Sewall, Hunt, Dnmmer, Archer, Mitchell, Boradel, Cabot, Orne, Thomp- 
son. See Ancestry Tables ^'. 

6. VI. 13. Sarah Orne [Timothy 6-7. V. 4], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there June 7, 1752, died in Salem. 

The following notice of her man-iage is taken from the Essex Gazette 
of Tuesday, July 24 to 31, 1770: — 

"Mr. Clark Gatton PrcKMAX, Merchant, Son of the Hon. Benjamin Pickman, 
Esq; was last Tuesday married to Miss Sarah Orne, Dangliter of Mr. Timothy Orxe, 
deceased, late an eminent Merchant in this Place ; — a young Lady with a Fortune of 
about Three Thousand Pounds Sterlins." 

' The American Loyalists, by Lorenzo Sabine, p. 498; New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, Vol. V. p. .")3. 

" Essex County Probate Records, Vol. 360, p. 374 ; files, Xo. 20,10G. 

' For an account of the Pynchon Family, see The Heraldic Journal, Vol. II. 
pp. 49-53. 


[6. VI. ...] 

From the Miniaturf lv V'LRsTtLLH, fijrmerly in thk rosstssioN of 
THE LATE William Mack. M.D,, of Salem, Mass. 

J 1/ 

\ // 


i^, t-^' 

■I f 



-1 1 




[6, VI. 13.] 



[7. vr. ,5.] 

From the Portrait by Joskpii B\rH-.ER, painted aboi-t 175S, xow in tii 


Sai.tonstaei., of Bos I on. 


6. VI. 13. Cliivk Gaijton PichnKni, her husband, bom in S;ilem, 
baptized there Aug. 3, 1746, died in Salem. A merchant. Residence: 

We give a heliotype ot the mansion-house built and occupied by him. 
It is still standing on the corner of "Washington and Lynde streets, Salem ; 
Ijut it has undergone several alterations since his time. 

He was a son of the Hon. Benjamin and Love (Rawlins) Pickman, of 
Salem. William Pichnan [50. VI. So'\ was his brother, and Mary Toppan 
Pickman [6. IX. 73^1 was his grandniece. His ancestry includes the fol- 
lowing families : Pickman, Hardy, Lindall, Veren, Rawlins, English. See 
An'CESTrt Tables -g'. 

7. VI. 15. Lois Orne [Timothy 6-7. V. 4], born in Salem, baptized 
there Feb. 22, 1756, died in Worcester, Mass. 

The following notice of her marriage appeared in the Essex Gazette of 
Tuesday, Sept. 21 to 28, 1773: — 

" Week Doctor WILLIAM PAIXE, of Worcester, to Miss LOIS ORXE, 
Daughter of Mr. Timothy Okne, late an eminent Merchant of this Place, deceased ; 
a young Lady in Possession of a large Fortune." 

The following account of Mrs. Paine is printed in the Chandler 
Genealogy : — 

"She was a young lady with a fortune of =£3000. The service of plate, magnifi- 
cent for our own. as well as ancient days, which ]Mis3 Orne brought into the Paine 
family, attest alike the solidity of her fortune and the lustre of her descent, bearing 
upon it the oft repeated broad shield and ducal coronet of the princely house of Horn. 
Her miniature was at the house of Joseph S. Cabot, Esq. Saleiu, Mass." - 

^ The date of his death is given in The First Centenary of the North Church and 
Society in Sak-m, p. 214, as Xov. 29, 1781. This was Thursday, aud the Salem Gazette 
of Thursday, Dec. 6, 17S1, states that he died "last Friday" which was Xov. 30. It is 
erroneously given as Nov. 30, 17S9, in A Genealogy of the Descendants of John, Chris- 
topher, and William Osgood, by Ira Osgood, p. 89. 

' The Chandler Family, by Dr. George Chandler, p. 240, gives the date of her mar- 
riage as "at Salem ]Mass 23 Sept. 1773, — Lincoln's Papers say, m. at Hampton Fall, 23 
Sppt. 1773, — by license from His Excellency J. Wentworth." Others give it as Sept. 
21 and Sept. 22, 1773. 


The lieliotype liero given is taken from lier portrait, which was puiiUi .1 
when she was a child by Joseph Badger. It is now in the possession <■( 
the children of her great-granddaughter, Mrs. AVilliam G. Saltonstall, ui 

7. VL 15. William Paine, her husband, born in Worcester, ^Mass., 
died in Worcester. A physician. Residence : Worcester. 

Dr. Paine, H. C. 1768, on graduating began the study of medicine with 
Dr. Edward A. Ilolyoke, of Salem. In 1771, he entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession in Worcester, in connection with the business ct" 
an apothecary. About the year 1772, he, with two other physicians, 
formed the firm of Paine & Co., and opened the first apothecary-shop 
in Worcester County. He retired from this business soon after the bre;ik- 
ing out of the Revolution. His family were friendly to the crown ; and 
he himself was a decided loyalist, and took an active part in the politir,^ 
of the day. 

About 1774, Dr. Paine went to England, and returned to this countrv 
just after the war had begun. Finding that he was denounced as an 
absentee and loyalist, he re-embarked for Liverpool, deciding to devote him- 
self to the study of medicine abroad. After a year's attendance at tlie 
hospitals, having received the degree of M.D. from the Marischal College, 
Aberdeen, he was appointed to the office of apothecary to the Englisli 
forces in America. He held this position till 1781, when he returned 
to England, and also \'isited the continent. In 1782, he returned to 
America, as physician to the English army, and remained on duty at 
Halifax till the reduction of the forces in 1783, when he was discharged 
on half-pay. 

In tlie sunnner of 1784, Dr. Paine took possession of La Tete, an island 
in Passamaquoddy Buy, which had been granted to him by the Englisli 
government for his services in the war. He built a house o)i the island ; 
but his wife could not content herself in such a solitary abode, and he soon 
afterwards removed to St. John, and practised his profession there. lb' 
was elected a member of the Assembly of New Brunswick, was appointed 
clerk of the House, and filled a number of other offices. But when the act 
of banishment was repealed, in the summer of 1787, he went to Salem. 

[7. V[ 15] 


Miss Su^\n Tr 




After his fatlitr's deatli in 1793, he returned to Worcester, and continued to 
live in the paternal mansion till his death. His grandson, the Rev. George 
S. Paine, of "Worcester, writes that Dr. Paine liked to call himself a farmer, 
and " a great deal of money he spent to keep up the character." 

Dr. Paine was one of the founders of the American Antiquarian Society, 
and its first vice-president. In 1815, he delivered an address before the 
society at King's Chapel, Boston. This address was pinnted. He was a 
Fellow of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries of Copenhagen, of the 
American Society of Arts and Sciences, and of several other societies. 

The following letter, dated May 24, 1892, was written by Ids grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Henry P. Sturgis : — 

" He was very particular as to the manners of his grandchildren and they always 
drank his health every day at dinner with a drop of wine. He was always /r«f in the 
town of Worcester in company with his family, and to tlie day of his death did not 
understand that manners and customs had changed, and said to my mother once 
■when she was in a hurry to go to a lecture, ' They will not begin until you get there.' 
He was buried in the old cemetery on Mechanics street, "Worcester, but was removed 
later to the Rural Cemetery with his wife Lois Orne Paine. Dr. Paine travelled 
with Lord Winchilsea and his daughter Lady Charlotte Finch in Portugal, as their 
private physician, and the latter gave him a very handsome engraved silver tea-caddy, 
a gold boot, and a brush, the two latter for charms to his watch. The caddy is now 
owned in the Paine family, & the other things are in the Lee family. Dr. Paine was 
an intimate friend of the Duke of Kent when they were both at Halifax and the tradi- 
tion in the family is that the Duke kissed Mrs. Rose while a baby. 

"The island of La Tote is now uninhabited except by fishermen. I saw one hut 
on the place. 

" Dr. Paine is well remembered in St. John, and when I was there a few years 
since the Governor of New Brunswick called upon me. 1 was invited to Government 
House, Fredcricton, and was invited to send Dr. Paine's picture to hang in the Gov- 
ernor's mansion, which I did. 

"Dr. Paine was one of the early founders of the Unitarian Church in Worcester, 
having left The Old South (Orthodox) under the leadership of Dr. Aaron Bancroft." 

Several pictures of Dr. Paine are still in existence. His portrait, by 
Harding, is at the family mansion in Worcester; and a miniature on ivory 
is now in the possession of his great-grandson, Frederick AVilliam Paine, 
of Brookline, Mass. A pastel, by Earle, representing him as a young man 


in court costume, from wliicli the litliotype is tukeu, is now in the posses- 
sion of Miss Susan Trumbull, of Worcester, ]\[ass. 

Dr. Paine's residence, known as " The Oaks," is now owned by his 
grandson, the Rev. George Sturgis Paine. It is situated on Lincoln Street, 
Worcester. It was begun before the Kevolution, and finished about 1777- 
1778. For many years it had more than a local reputation; and its large 
and beautiful gardens were much \asited by lovers of nature. A heliotype 
of it is here given.' 

Dr. Paine was a son of Timothy and Sarah (Chandler) Paine, of 
Worcestei". His ancestry includes the following families : Paine, Rainsford, 
Sunderland, Clark, Clark, Anderson (?), Chandler, Douglas, Mattle, Ray- 
mond, Smith, Bourne, Gardiner, AVilemson, King, Ludlam. See Ancestey 
Tables ^\. 

7. VI. 16. Esther Orne [Timothy 6-7. V. 4], born in Salem, bap- 
tized there April 16, 1758, died in Salem." 

Her descendants, the Misses Clarke, of Chicago, III., have several inter- 
esting pieces of jewelry and old plate, which belonged to her. Among 
them is a pair of gold and enamel bracelets set in pearls. The following 
description of these bracelets was written in June, 1879, by Miss Esther C. 
Mack [7. Vni. 77] : — 

"The bracelets were made in England for grandmother Clarke, and represent 
my grandfather Clarke, said to be painted with paint from liair. The mate to it re- 
presents grandmother and grandfather Clarke, uncle Cliarlcs Clarke, aunt Esther, and 
mother. This is the whole family. Mother is picking flowers. The three dead 
branches represent the 3 other children who died in infancy." 

The following notice of ^Irs. Clarke's death appeared in the Salem 
Register of Thursday, Sept. 28, 1848 : — 

» The American Loyalists, by Lorenzo Sabine, VoL 2, pp. 144-145; The Chandler 
Family, by George Chandler, pp. 240-242 ; The Paine Family Eecords, by H. D. Paine. 
pp. 57-58, 77-78; and the History of Worcester, Mass., by "William Lincoln, 1837, 
pp. 255, 256. 

' Francis H. Lee gives the date of her marriage as June 7 ; while the Nichols 
Family Records stated it as June 17. 




kiiiii'ii'»«'<m II mail 


1 7- VI. Iti.] 

[48. VI. 77.] 

From the Portrait bv Henry .Sakgent, pvixruD i.v 1-9S, formerly tn the 



"25th inst. Madam Esther Clarke aged 90 — a daughter of Timothy Orne of 
Salem, and the respected and venerable relict of the late venerated and beloved John 
Clarke, pastor of the First Church in Boston." 

The five Orne portraits non- in possession of the heirs of Mrs. William 
G. Saltonstall [1. IX. 12], lieliotypes of which appear in tliis work, were 
said by the late Dr. William Mack [6. VIII. 54] to have belonged to 
Esther Orne and to have been sent by her to her sister, Rebecca Cabot. 

7. VI. 16. John Clavh-e, the husband of Esther Orne, born in Ports- 
mouth, N. H.,^ died in Boston. A minister. Residence : Boston. 

Dr. Chirke, H. C. 1774, at first engaofed in teaching, pursuing during 
his leisure moments the .study of theology. While in college, he gained 
the respect of his tutors by his strict obedience to the hxws, and by his 
high moral character. On July 8, 1778, he was ordained as the colleague 
of the Rev. Dr. Charles Chauncy, of the First Church, Boston. He lived 
on the most intimate terms with Dr. Chauncy for nine years, and then 
labored alone till April 1, 1798, when, in the midst of his afternoon dis- 
course, he was seized with apoplexy and fell down in his pulpit. He died 
the next morning at three o'clock. 

He possessed such a mild, cheerful temper, and such an easy polite- 
ness of manner, that he endeared liimself to all his acquaintance. He was 
always a close student and fond of literary and philosophical researches ; 
but his time was principally devoted to the investigation of every branch 
of theology, and his sermons bore the marks of penetration, judgment, and 

A particular affection and regard always existed between him and his 
uncle. Colonel Timothy Pickering. They had been in frequent coiTespon- 
dence from the time Dr. Clarke was in college. The uncle looked upon 
liim as one of his sons, and was proud of his usefulness, attainments, and 
reputation. Dr. Clarke reciprocated the personal attachment and revered 
his uncle's character.^ 

' The Xew England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. IX., p. 76, gives the 
date of his birth as April 13, 1755. The Xichols Family Eecords and Dr. Henry Wheat- 
land give it as April 20 ; while Francis Cabot gives it as April 17. 

» The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. III. p. 312. 


lu announcing his death to his miclo, Timothy Pickering, Timothy 
"Williams [52. VI. 90] writes, April 2, 1798, as follows: — 

" A more solemn affecting and distressing scene to the family and all the rela- 
tions I could not have detailed. Society and mankind will long lament the loss of so 
much learning urbanity, and good sense. A pure unimpeachable character secured 
the esteem and approbation of the nrtuous and will crown him with glory and liappi- 
ness in another world " ' 

Dr. Clarke received the degree of I).D. from tlie Uni\'ersity of Edinburgh. 
His diploma was in the possession of the late Dr. William Mack [6. VIII. 
54], of Salem. Dr. Mack had also a miniature of Dr. Clarke, and a portrait 
of him painted by Henry Sargent in 1798. The latter has been helio- 
typed for this work. 

An obituary notice of Dr. Clarke speaks of his death as "an irre- 
parable loss to his profession, to science, to his country and to man- 
kind." =^ 

Dr. Clarke was elected a counsellor of the American Academy, and was 
a corresponding secretary of the Massachusetts Humane Society. He 
was the author of " Letters to a Student at the University of Cambridge,'' 
which were several times reprinted. The student to whom these letters 
were addressed was his cousin, tlie late John Pickering, LL.D. [58. VI. 
109]. In 1799, Dr. Clarke's sermons were printed in a large octavo volume 
of about five hundred pages, ha%ang as a frontispiece an engraving of the 
author. Besides those contained in this volume, others of his sermons were 
printed. One of these is entitled " An answer to the question ' Why are 
you a Christian ? ' " Three editions of this sermon have been published in 
Boston and three in England.^ 

Dr. Clarke and his wife were second cousins. His number in direct 
descent is [48. VI. 75] : 

^ The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. III. p 313. 

* Salem Gazette, Tuesday, April 3, 179S. 

' Annals of the American Pulpit, by William B. Sprague, Vol. VIII. p. 105-112; 
Sermons by the late Reverend John Clarke, D.D., xVppenJix, pp. 1-27; New England 
Historical Genealogical Register, Vol. IX. pp. 7.5, 7G ; The American Biographical Dic- 
tionary, by William Allen, pp. 231, 232 ; and the Columbian Centmel of April 7, 1798. 


7. VI. 18. Samtiel Orne [Timotliy 6-7. V. 4], horn in Salem, bap- 
tized there Jan. 31, 17G2, died in Salem. A merchant. Residence: Salem. 

Mr. Orne graduated tVoin Harvard College in 17S1. 

The following notice of his death appeared in the Salem Gazette of 
Tuesday, :^^arch 1, 178.'j : — 

"On the 20th. instaat, in the 22d year of his age, Mr. Samdel Orne, and on the 
Thursday following his remains were very respectfully interred. He was youngest 
son of the deceased Mr. Timothy Orne, late an eminent merchant of this place." 

7. VI. 20. Mary Diman [Mary 8-9. V. 6], born in Salem, died in 
Maiden, Mass. 

By her father's will she received jointly with her sister, Lois, the orchard 
land adjoining his garden, with the store and shop thereon, also one half of 
his household goods. She also had an equal share in the remainder of his 
property after other becjuests had been paid. 

8. VI. 21. James Diman [Mary 8-9. V. 6], bom in Salem, died in 
Stratham, N. H. A farmer. Residence : Stratham.^ 

Mr. Diman, IT. C. 1768, is said by his granddaughter, the late Mrs. 
James Kimball, to have been a merchant of Newburyport and Portsmouth, 
and finally to have removed to Stratham, where he engaged in farming. 
Mrs. Kimball spoke of the old Diman house at Stratham as situated in a 
lovely, romantic spot. 

James Diman is spoken of in his father's wall as '' eldest son of Strat- 
ham, N. H." He was one of the executors of the will. 

8. VI. 21. Esther JMerviU, the wife of James Diman, died in Strat- 
ham, N. H. 

Her granddaughter, the late ^Irs. Kiuiliall, thought that she was born 
in Salem, that she was an oidy child, and that the farm on which Mr. 
and Mrs. Diman lived had been given to Mrs. Diman by her uncle, David 

' Authorities differ as to the date of his death, which is variously given as Xov. 9, 
Dec. 4, and Dec. 20. The true date is probably Dee. 4, which is given by his grand- 
dauc;hter, the late Mrs. .James Kimball. 


Mrs. Diiuaii was a daughteT of and Esther (Piper) ^lerrill. 

Ancestry Tables ^J. 

9. VI. 22. Eunice Diman [^Liry 8-9. V. 6], born in Salem, died in 

Her brother-in-law, the Rev. Aaron Green, in his diary records: — 

" Nov. 14, 179G My brother and Lady went to Salem to attend y' funeral of 
M" Harriden." 

Bv her father's will she received "five and a half acres of land very 
advantageouslv situated for making" 

The heliotype here given was taken from a portrait of ilrs. Ilaraden 
now in possession of the widow of her nephew Ezra Green, of Lancaster, 
Mass. It was given to the Green family by Hannah Haraden Ivopes more 
than forty-five years ago. 

9. VI. 22^ Thomas Mason, her first husband, born in Salem, died 
at sea. A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

The heliotype here given was taken from his portrait painted by 
Joseph Badger, which is owned by ^liss Katharine Phillips, of Salem. 
On the back of the picture it is stated that it was painted at the age 
of eight rears and six months, and that in September, 1775, he started to 
return home by sea from Charleston, S. C, in company with his cousin, 
Jonathan Peele, that a violent storm followed, and the vessel was never 
heard from. 

Thomas Mason was the son of Captain Thomas and Preserved (Lam- 
bert) Mason. His father was an opulent merchant of Salem. x\^-cestry 

TABLES y^,. 

9. VI. 22'. Jonathan Haraden, the second hu.sband of Eunice 
Diman, born in Gloncester, Mass., died in Salem, of consumption. A mer- 
chant. Residence : Salem. 

Captain Haradi-n was a verv brave and noted naval commander during' 
the Revolutionary War. Of all the naval commanders of that day, none 
were more heroic. He fought some of the most desperate actions, and 


[9. VI. -.] 

From thk Portrait in tjik possession of Mrs. Ezr.\ Green, 
OF Lancaster, M.^ss. 

■r^>r.s ^j^^.^4l^jjlt,,j | ^yj | j^jj|^ l II l j, | |>^W|IWJM ' " -.^J l HWiW 



"-^ ,.--^/^;f 

[9. vr. S2y] 

Fromthk PoRTRkrx BY JosFPH Badger, painted at the age of EIGlir 
years and six months, now in the possession of mlss katharine 
Phillips, of S\i.em, Mass. 


iuhicveil .some of the most wonderful triumphs which the ocean lias e^■e^ 
witnessed. In private life, Captain Ilaraden was amiable and upriyht, with 
a mild temper and gentle manners; but on the quarter-deck, amid the 
thunder of battle, his energies were displayed. The more imminent the 
peril, the more perfect was his self-command. He not only knew^ no fear 
himself, but he made every one around him equally fearless. This extraor- 
dinary power of inspiring- his crew rendered him invincible, and made 
his name one of terror on the ocean. A \-ivid account of a battle, which 
occurred while he was in connnand of the " General Pickering," and from 
^^ hich battle, as usual, lie came off victorious, was related by a venerable 
survivor of the crev,-. 

Silver tankards and cans, with suitable emblems upon them, were pre- 
sented to him by the owners of the Pickering, and are inscribed with the 
name of her invincible commander. Some of this silver is now in posses- 
sion of the heirs of the late J. Ingersoll Boicditch [44. VIII. 463]. During 
the war. Captain Ilaraden captured more than one thousand gnus. 

Captain ilaraden was of middle size, and of symmetrical proportions, 
remarkable for personal beauty, as well as inflexible integrity. At the 
close of tlie war. Captain Haraden successfully embarked in eomn:ierce and 
in the manufacture of cordage. His fortitude and amiability were appar- 
ent to the last moment of his life ; and his many virtues endeared him to 
an extensive circle of friends. 

Captain Haraden's first wife, to whom he was mairied June 8, 1767, 
was Hannah Deadman, of Salem. By her he had the following children, 
all baptized at the Tabernacle Church : — 

Hannah Haraden, born Sept. 1, 1768, baptized July 29, 1770, died June 29, 1845; 
married Dec. 11, 17S7, John Eopcs, merchant, of Salem, who 
was born Jan. 10. 1763, and died July 9, 1S2S. They had 
several children.' 

Jonathan Hakaden, baptized July 29. 1770, probably died young. 

Jonathan Haraden, baptized June 21, 1772. 

• Material for a History of the Ropes Family, in Vol. VII. p. 200, of the Essex 
Institute Historical Collections, in which Hannah Haraden is erroneously called a daughter 
by his second wife, Eunice Diman. 


John Hakade.v, baptized Feb. 20, 1774. 

PoLLT HAR.4DEN, baptized Oct. 15, 1775, and died Sept. 19, 1806. She married, 
Nov. 28, 1802, Thomas Pickinan, of Salem. 

Captain Haraden's third wife, to whom he was married Oct. 12, 1797, 
was Mrs. ]Mary Scallem. They had a daughter : — 

Lucy Gregory Har-^den, who -svas baptized at the Tabernacle Church Aug. 19, 1798. 
She is named in her father's will as his youngest 

Captain Haraden's house is still standing on Charter Street, Salem. A 
heliotype of it is here given. His gravestone is still standing in the Broad 
Street Burying Ground, Salem. 

Captain Haraden, when a lad, came to Salem from Gloucester and 
learned a trade. He belonged to a family famous for the exploits of its 
members in the service of the Colony, principally on the sea. His great- 
uncle, Edward Haraden, was in the Narragansett War, and was at the tak- 
ing of the Narragansett Fort. His grandfatlier, Captain John Haraden, was, 
in 1709, in the service of the Colony as master of a sloop fitted out to cap- 
ture what was supposed to be a Prench privateer, and, in 1711, was in an 
expedition against Canada as a pilot. His uncle, Andrew Haraden. was a 
man of great bravery, as his recapture of the sloop Squirrel, from the 
pirates, shows.^ 

Jonathan Haraden was a son of Joseph and Joanna ( ) Haraden, of 

Squam Parish, Gloucester, Mass. Jonathan Haraden [28. VH. 156'] was 
his nephew. His ancestry includes the following families : Haraden, Gid- 
dings, Lawrence. See Ancestry Tabi 

iLES tI 

9. VI. 24. Lois Diman [Mary 8-9 V. 6], born in Salem, died in East 
Cambridge, Mass. 

' Oration delivered at the request of the City authorities of Salem, July 4, 1842, by 
Charles W. Upham, pp. 29-31; The ^Merchants' ^Magazine and Commercial Review, con- 
ducted by Freeman Hunt; Dictionary of American Biography, by Francis S. Drake, 
pp. 405, 406 ; History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Ann, by .John J. Babson, pp. 98, 
99, 287 ; an obituary of Captain H.araden in the Columbian Centinel of Nov. 30, 1803 ; and 
The Journal and Letters of Samuel Curwen, An American in England, from 1775 to 1783, 
Fourth Edition, by George A. Ward, pp. 556-558. 


[9. VI. £--■] 




ll--..- n1 , 




By lier father's will, she received, jointly with her sister, Mary Diman, 
the orchard land adjoining to his garden, with the store and shop thereon, 
also the household furniture belonging to the house, which was to be divided 
between them. She also had an equal share in the remainder of his prop- 
erty after other bequests had been paid. 

9. VI. 24- Bernard Green, her husband, bom in Maiden, Mass., died 
in Maiden. A fanner and magistrate. Residence : Maiden. 

Squire Green inherited the farm which had been carried on by liis 
ancestors from the first settlement of the country. He was a very 
active and prominent citizen of Maiden, serving the town in various 
offices of honor. He represented the town in the General Court in 
1797, and for more than thirty years he was a justice of the peace in 
active practice. 

He saw active ser\-ice in the Revolutionary War, and was present at 
the actions of the 19th of April and the 17th of June, 1775, and at 
the battle of White Plains, Oct. 28, 1776. Squire Green was a man 
of vigorous mind and body. He excelled in conversation, and his 
memory was exact. He was a living chronicle of his time, and much 
of the traditionary matter printed in the Bi-Centennial Book of Maiden 
was derived from him.^ 

His first wife, to Avhom he was married in 1782, was Susannah Parker, 
of Reading, Mass. She died April 18, 1785, aged 25 years. By her he 
had one son : — 

Bernard Green, who was born Dec. 30, 1783, and died Jan. 2, 1829. 

He was the son of Ezra and Eunice (Burrill) Green, of Maiden. Aaron 
Gran [10. VI. 57] was his half-brother; Sarah Pkkeruig [1-70. III. i], 
was his great aunt, and Eebecra Taylor [6-7. V. 4] was his second cousin. 
His ancestry includes the following families: Green, Green, Cook, Bur- 
rill, Ivory, South, Farrington. See Ancestry Tables ^. 

* The Book of :\ralden, pp. 177-178 ; also A Genealogical Sketch of the 
Descendants of Thomas Green [e] of Maiden, Mass., by Samuel S. Greene. 


9. VI. 25. Timothy Diman [.Mary 8-1). Y. G], born in Salem, died 
in Salem. Residence : Salem. 

He appears to have been deranged. His father, by his will, bequeathe.s 
to his son Timothy his dwelling-house and garden, they to be under the 
friendly care of his executors and to be occupied and used by them for his 
benefit and advantage, for so long a time as he shall continue unwell and 
incapable of taking due care thereof for himself To Timothy's sisters 
Mary and Lois he gives the furniture belonging to the house, to be 
divided between them, hoping and trusting they will use their utmost 
endeavor to render the life of their brother Timothy comfortable as long 
as he remains unwell, and they are able to take care of him.^ 

10. VI. 2G. Lois Orne [John 10-11. V. 8], born in Lynnfield, Mass., 
died in Northampton, Mass. 

We have found no records of Mrs. Adams, which may be accounted 
for by the fact that her granddaughter, the late Miss Lucilla 0. Damon, 
wrote that her grandmother was noted for " cleaning up " wliat she con- 
sidered useless papers. 

10, VI. 26. Beujmnin AiJains, her husband, bora in L^-nnfield, 
Mass., died in Lynnfield. A physician. Residence : Lynnfield. 

Dr. Adams was a prominent citizen of Lynnfield. He was a selectman 
from 1790 to 1804, and was town clerk from 1793 to 1804. His grave- 
stone is standing in the old burying ground. 

He was a son of the Rev. Benjamin and Rebecca (Nichols) Adams, of 
Lynnfield. His ancestry includes the following families : Adams, Pettin- 
gill, Ingersoll, Longfellow, Sewall, Hunt, Dummer, Archer, Nichols. See 
Ance.stky Tables ^^. 

10. VI. 27. Eunice Orne [John 10-11. V. 8], born in Lynnfield, 
Mass., died in Lowell, Mass." 

» Essex County Probate Eecords, Vol. 360, pp. 22-24 ; files, Xo. 7,705. 
. * Different members of the family give the date of her death as Jan. 24 and Jan. 23, 


[10. VI. 37.] 

From the Crayon Portrait i;v CiiK.NtY, now in the possession of 
John Okne Gkekn, .M.D., of Boston. 

^ ;^"' 


m. I 





J ' J 


[.o. VI. 27] 

From the Cra-...)v Portrait ry Chfnf.y, now in tiif. possession of 
[oHN Orne Green, M.D., of Boston. 


The crayon portrait of Mrs. Green, of which a lieliotype is here given 
was drawn by Cheney. It is now owned by her grandson, Dr. J. Orne 
Green, of Boston. 

10. VI. 27. Anroti Green, her husband, born in Maiden, Mass., died 
in Andover, Mass. A minister. Residence : Maiden. 

Aaron Green, H. C. 1789, worked on his father's farm until he was 
nearly eighteen years old, when he began to jn-epare for college. He 
taught school daring his senior year in college, and also in the winter and 
spring after graduating. It was at this time that he began a diary, and he 
continued it daily until Oct. 23, 1853, when he was in his eighty-fifth 
year. It consists of seven volumes. They are now owned by his grand- 
son. Dr. J. Orne Green of Boston, who has also a crayon portrait of 
him, which was drawn by Cheney, and which has been reproduced for 
tliis work. 

Mr. Green records in his diary the following account of his marriage : — 

" Went to Lynnfield, nnd my brother and sister, and Mrs. Vinton and Bernard, 
whei'c we dined, after which I was married to iliss Eunice Orne. ilaj the most 
benevolent of Beinjis follow with y" most happy consequences so important a transac- 
tion. We returned home to tea — spent a social evening, whrn tlie company departed, 
Mrs. Vinton and licr Polly excepted, and are to commence the important business of 
house keeping. Very pleasant day, snowed some in y" evening. Dec. 13, 1796." 

Mr. Green continued to teach, and occasionally to preach, till Sept. 10, 
1795, when he was ordained and settled as the colleague of the Rev. 
Eliakim Willis, D.D., over the church in Maiden. Dr. Willis died in 1801, 
and then the duties of the devolved entirely upon Mr. Green. He 
was not distinguished as a preacher, but his sermons were always serious 
and practical, as well as earnest and direct. A few of them were printed 
by special request. 

He was for years the chaplain of the Fifth Regiment, and also held the 
position of chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. He was pre-emi- 
nently a peacemaker, and was greatly beloved by a large circle of friends. 
He resigned his charge, Aug. 8, 1827, after a service of thirty-two years of 
rare faitlifulness. In April of the following year he removed to Andover, 


where lie filled several positions of trust and responsibility. The married 
life of Mr. and ilrs. Green covered a period of tifty-seven years.^ 

Aaron Green was a son of Ezra and Mary (Green) Green of ]Malden. 
Ezra Green [II. C. 17G.5], who died in Dover, N. H., aged 101 ; and Bernard 
Green [9. VI. 04-'], were his half brothers. His ancestry includes the followin<^ 
families: Green, Green, Cook, Green, Cook, Pratt. See ANrEsxRv Tables ^L. 

11. VI. 28. Bridget Orne [John 10-11. V. 8], probably born in 
Lyunfield, ilass., died in New York. 

The Rev. Aaron Green in his diary has the following entry: — 

"Rose very early and rode to Lynnfield with Mrs. Green to attend Bridget's wed- 
ding where we spent the day. They were married about 4 o'clock in y^ afternoon. 
At night we returned liome. They went to Boston. We had a good time ; an 
exceedingly hot day. July 3, 1798." 

11. VI. 28. Perkins XicJioIs, her husband, probably born in Amherst, 
N. H., probably died in New York. A merchant. Residence : New 

Mr. Nichols was engaged in Boston in the importation of French goods 
up to about the year 1811, when he removed to New York. He owned a 
tomb in King's Chapel Burying Ground, wliicli he sold, Nov. 14, 1810." 
He presented his native towm of Amherst, N. H., with a clock, and the town 
of Milford with a bell. Tliere is a portrait of Mr. Nichols in tlie possession 
of his granddaughter, Mrs. George W. Embree of New York. 

Perkins Nichols was a son of General ]\Ioses and Hannah (Eaton) 
Nichols, of Amherst, N. H. General !Moses Nichols was a very prominent 
citizen of Amherst. He was moderator of the town meetings, selectman, 
justice of the peace, a delegate to the Fifth Congress, which met Dec. 21, 
1775, and delegate to a convention held at Concord. He served with 
distinction in the Revolutionary War, and at the head of his regiment he 
began the attack upon the Hessians at Bennington in 1777. He moved 

* Sketch by his son, John Orne Green, Jr. D., of Lowell, Jlass., in Chaplains of the 
Grand Lodge of !\rassachusetts, pp. 2-'5.'>-2;)8 ; his obituary in the Boston Journal, Satur- 
day, Dec. 24, 1S.>3; and A Genealogical Sketch of the Descendants of Thomas Green(_e), 
of Maiden, ^Nlass., by Samuel S. Greene, p. 20. 

■' Suffolk Registry of Deeds, Vol. 234, p. 214. 

' "-"^-J^-ars 



[n. VI. 29] 


from Reading, Mass., to Amherst, N. 11., as early as 1761. Pie was a 
physician, and remained in practice until his death in May, 1790.^ 

Perkins Nichols's ancestry includes the following families : Nichols, 
Eaton, Kendall, Perkins, Eaton. See Ancestry Tables l\. 

11. W. 29. Jolin Orne [John 10-11. V. 8], born in Lynnfield, Mass., 
died in Lynnfield, of consumption. A farmer. Residence : Lynnfield. 

He was a prominent man and bore the titles of colonel and esquire. 
It is probable that he was a magistrate. He was a selectman in 1805, 1806, 
1811, 1812, and the last two years he was the town clerk. His obituary 
which appeared at the time of his death in the Columbian Centinel of 
Dec. 5, 1812, describes him as a man of sound judgment, pure ftiorals, 
and unbending integrity. His gravestone and that of his wife are stand- 
ing in the Lynnfield graveyard. A heliotype of his house is here given. 

11. VI. 29. Pamela Prentiss, his wife, born in Reading, Mass., died 
in Lynnfield, IMass., of consumption. 

Mrs. Orne was a-daughter of the Rev. Caleb and Pamela (ilellen) 
Prentiss, of Reading. Grace Mellcn Hopk'mson [52. VIII. oS4''\ is her 
grandniece, and Frances Stone Hopkinson [52. IX. 1070~\ is her great-grand- 
niece. Her ancestry includes the following families : Prentiss, Dunton, 
Rand, Edenden, Whitman, Peirce, Whittemore, Scott, Hicks, Sill, Green, 
Mitchelson, Bushell, Mellen, Pratt, Parmenter, Prentiss, Stanton, Lord, 
Foster, Hanford, Eglin, Holland. See Ancestry Tables ^-^. 

12. VI. 30. Benjamin Mansfield [Sarah 12-16. V. 9], probably 
born in Salem. 

Nothing further has been learned of him than that he was unmarried at 
the time of the Revolutionary War. 

12-15. VI. 31. Sarah Mansfield [Sarah 12-16. V. 9], probably born 
in Salem, died in Salem. Residence : Salem.'^ 

' History of Amherst, N. H., by Daniel F. Secomb, pp. 707 et seq. 

' Her birth is given as ^lay 21, 1736, in the Eopes Bible and in Essex Institute 
Historical Collections, Vol. XIV. p. 285, while the ^Millet Bible gives it as June 21, 1736 
Her death is giveu as Jan. 31, ISll, in Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. 


The t'ullowiiig notice of her death appeared m the Salem Gazette of 
Friday, Feb. 1, 1811: — 

"In this town widow Sarah JIillet, aged 7-1. Fler death was sudden, she hav- 
ing just returned in tlie evening from a visit to her daughter's, and while sitting in 
her chair; her funeral will be from her late dwelling iu Essex-Street, which her 
friends and relations are requested to attend." 

12-15. VI, 31. Jonathan Jlillet, her husband, probably born in 
Salem, died in Salem of a fever. A cooper. Eesidence : Salem. 

It is stated in the Ropes Bible that Mr. ^lillet's house was on the corner 
of Herbert and Essex Streets, that it was torn down iu 18-48, and that the 
eastern end was one hundred and fifty years old. 

He was a son of Jonathan and Mary (Henfield) Millet, of Salem. His 
ancestry includes the following families : Millet, Greenoway, Lister, Bab- 
son, Hill, Henfield, Grafton (?), Gardner, Frier, White, Herbert, Baston. 
See Ancestry Tables ^. 

16. VI. 32. Seetli Mansfield [Sarah 12-16. V. 9], probably born in 
Salem, died in Salem. 

16. VI. 33. John CoUinSy her husband, probably born in Salem, died 
in Salem. 

Ancestry Tables ^\. 

17. VI. 35. Hannah Goodliue [Martha 17-19. V. 10], probably born 
in Salem, probably died in Salem. 

17. VI. 3o. Rohert Proctor, her husband, born in Salem, ^ prob- 
ably died in Salem. Residence : Salem. 

He was a son of Thorndike and Abigail (Wilson) Proctor. WllUam 
Procter [18. VIII. 190~\, was his grandnephew. His ancestry includes the 
following families : Proctor, Thorndike, Felton, Wilson. See Ancestry 

Tables ^1-. 

XIV. p. 285, and Vol. XVIII. p. 213. while Jan. 29, 1811, is given in Essex Institute 
Historical Collections, Vol. XIII. p. 80, and by her great-great-grandson, Nathaniel M. 

' In what is now Danvers. 


17. VI. of). Stephen Goodh.iie [Martha 17-19. V. 10], born in 
Saleui, baptized there Jan. 14, 1738-9, died in Salem. Residence : 

The followiniT account of Jlr. Goodhue is from the Goodhue Journals 
and Genealogical Kecords ^ : — 

" Stephen Goodliuc died after a short illness and was buried in the Tomb of liis 
brother Benjamin. His widow died in 1828 and was also buried in the same 

" He was a man of very good understanding and had been entered at the Uni- 
versity at Cambridge, but left it after about a year's residence, tie was of an inquisi- 
tive turn of mind, and an attentive observer of w^hat was passing in the world, and of 
a cheerful temper, and fond of conversation, but much in the habit of raising objec- 
tions to received opinions, and quite extreme in his notions of prudence and cautiim, 
whi'ther regarding the conduct of public affairs or those of private life. The Bank- 
ing System which had grown up in this country in his time, and before yet any devel- 
opement of evil had occurred, was the constant subject of his anxiety, and his 

*' In person he was rather above the common height, very erect in his carriage, of a 
complexion inclining to fair, and the expression of his countenance intelligent and 
agreeable. He was of very strict habits of economy and left a comfortable provision 
for his family, though never putting himself in the way of acquiring much i>roperty. 
He employed himself chiefly in the cultivation of his land of which he had several 
lots in the vicinity. He was a man of rigid uprightness, and affectionate in his inter- 
course with his family and friends."' 

The Rev. William Bentley, D.D. of the East Chtirch, Salem, thus writes 
of him: — 

" He joined the Friends called Quakers before the Eevolntion and has continued 
with them till the close of his life, though I believe not admitted fully. He was a 
man of strong mind and prejudices. He served Salem in many useful town offices 
and was respected by all with whom he chose to become conversant. He kept th.c 
rigid manners of the sect he joined." 

' The date of his birth is given as Jan. 10, 1738-9, while it is given as Jan. 19, 
17.18-9, both by Charles C. Goodhue and in the History and Genealogy of the Goodhue 
Family, by Jonatlian E. Goodhue, p. 20. 

^ Letter of Charles C. Goodhue, dated January, lSSr>, to Charles P. Bowditch, in which 
he gives extracts from '•my grandfather and father's journals and genealogical records." 


17. VI. oG. Jldi'tJia I*resrott, liis wife, probably born in Salem, died 
in Salem. 

Mrs. Goodhue was a daughter of Benjamin and Rebecca (Minot) 
Prescott, of Salem. Her father was a justice of the peace, and an enter- 
prising merchant of Salem. ^ Her ancestry includes the following families : 
Prescott, Piatt, Hoar, Hineksnian, Higginson, Whitfield, Sheafe, Savage, 
Symmes, Gardner, Frier, Orne, Browne, Minot, Butler, Wheeler, Brooks, 
Lane, Reyner, Whipple, Reyner. See Ancestry Taklks ^\. 

18. VI. 37. Sarah Goodhue [Martha 17-19. V. 10], born in Salem, 
baptized there Nov. 15, 1741, died in Salem.'-^ 

18. VI. c37. Gabriel llnl man, her husband, born in Salem, baptized 
there Oct. 16, 1738, died in Salem. Residence: Salem. 

Captain Holman's second wife, whom he married Aug. 9, 1774, was 
Lydia Mansfield, who was born Sept. 21, 1754, and died in October, 1828. 
She was a daughter of ]\Iatthew and Hannah (Proctor) Mansfield, of Salem. 
By her he had the following children : — 

Ltdia Holmax, born in Haverhill, Mass., Dec. 7, 1777; married Abijah Xorthey, 
who died Oct. 25, 1853, aged 79 years, 9 montlis. 

Jonathan Holhax, bora Feb. 9, 1785; married first, Xov. 9, 1815, Betsey Barr, 
who was born Feb. 18, 1786, and died Dec. 29, 1829. 
He married second, Oct. 25, 1S32, Sally Barr, who was 
born July 26, 1790, and died Dec. 29, ISGO. He died 
Sept. 3, 1855. 

Gabriel Holman was a son of Gabriel and Elizabeth (Reeves) Holman, 
of Salem. Betsey Barr Holman [24. VIII. £^9^], was his granddaughter by 
his second wife, and Samuel Ilohnan [23. VIII. 236'], was his grandnephew. 
His ancestiy includes the following families : Holman, Reeves, Collins, 
Cockerill. See A^cestet Tables ^-. 

' The Prescott Memorial, b}" William Prescott, p. 52. 

' The date of her marriage is given as Feb. 7, 17(34; while it is given as Feb. 
17, 1764, in the History and Genealogy of the Goodhue Family, by Jonathan E. Goodhue, 
p. 33. 


»»' til <H^/j//y, 

.^^ ^: 







[19. VI. 40.] 

From the Poktrait by Wricht, painted in 1790, now in the possession 
OF Mrs. Clakkson Goodhue, of New York City. 


19. VI. 38. Jonathan Goodhue [Martha 17-19. V. 10], born in 
Salem, baptized there Jan. 6, 1744—5, died in Salem. A merchant. Resi- 
dence: Salem.^ 

Mr. Goodhue, H. C. 17G4, "engaged in commerce and left his famll)- 
a competent property. He was always of a feeble constitution, tall, and 
very slender in his form. A man of sense, and cultivation, of the strictest 
integrity, of a gentle and benevolent disposition, and extensively beloved." ^ 

19. VI. oS. DorotJuj AsJifou, his wife, born in Salem, baptized there 
May 26, 1751, died in Salem.^ 

Mrs. Goodhue married, July 17, 17S7, a.s her second husband, the Hon. 
and Rev. John Treadwell, who was born at Ipswich, Mass., Sept. 20, 1738, 
and died Jan. 5, 1811. She was his second wife. By his first wife he had 
a son, John Dexter Treadwell [19. W\. 110^, who married his second wife's 
daughter, Dorothy Goodhue. 

Mrs. Goodhue was a daughter of Jacob and Mary (Ropes) Ashton, of 
Salem. WUUam Ashton [19. VII. 1111 ^^^ ^^^^ nephew. Her ancestry 
includes the following families : Ashton, Dutch, Ropes, Wells, Warner, 
Bartlett. See ancestry Tables I^. 

19. VI. 40. Benjamin Goodhtie [Martha 17-19. V. 10], born in 
Salem, baptized there Sept. 25, 1748, died in Salem. A merchant. Resi- 
dence : Salem. 

Mr. Goodhue was a prominent citizen of Salem. He was a member of 
the Constitutional Convention of 1779-80; a representative of Salem in 
the Legislature from 1780 to 1782, and a representative of Essex County in 
the Senate from 1785 to 1788. He was also a representative in Congress 
under the new Constitution, and was afterwards a senator of the United 

* The date of his birth was given by Dr. Henry Wheatland as Dec. 31, 1744; while it 
is given as Dec. 21, 1744-5 in the History and Genealogy of the Goodhue Family, by 
Jonathan E. Goodhue, p. 20. 

' Letter of Charles C. Goodhue dated January, 18S5, to Charles P. Bowditch, in which 
he gives extracts from " my grandfather and father's journals and genealogical records." 

' Her name is given as " Dorothea " in the History and Genealogy of the Goodhue 
Family, by Jonathan E. Goodhue, p. 33. 


States. The tolluwing- .sketch of hiiu was furnished by his grandson, the 
late Charles C. Goodhue, from his family papers : — 

"Benjamin Goodhue entered the University in Cambridge in 1762, where he was 
graduated in 1766. He was a resident of Philadelphia for some time, and was there 
engaged in business with Andrew Cabot, brother of the Hon. George Cabot, until the 
breaking out of the Revolutionary war, which caused them to relinquish their estab- 
lishment. He returned to Salem, and there continued to pursue business. In 1784, if 
not earlier, he wa.s elected a member of the Senate of Massachusetts for the County 
of Essex, and was annually re-elected until on the establishment of the Federal Con- 
stitution, he was elected a member of the First Congress which assembled at New 
York in 1789, when Washington was inaugurated as First President of the United 
States. He continued to be re-elected by very large majorities, until in 1796 he was 
appointed to a seat in the Senate of the United States to succeed the Hon. George 
Cabot; and he was also appointed for another term of six years. Under this appoint- 
ment, he continued to serve until Nov. 8, 1800, when he sent in his resignation. This 
was the close of his engagement in public affairs. . . . 

" In the Legislature of Massachusetts, and afterward in the Congress of the 
United States, his talents and habits of business, aided by his commercial information, 
gave him always a high standing. In the former he was the framer and the zealous 
advocate of a Navigation Law, designed to give encouragement to the commerce of the 
State in the depressed condition of the country, wiiich preceded the adoption of the 
Federal Constitution ; and in the latter he took a leading part in all the measures re- 
garding the revenue, comnierci', navigation, the fisheries, and the establishment of tln' 
Navy ; and such was the confidence in his judgment on the subjects, and in the integ- 
rity of his motives, that on all questions of this kind, not involving the particular 
interest of political parties, even those who were habitually his political opponents, 
were accustomed to yield him their support. In the House of Representatives he was 
Chairman of the Committee on Commerce, and in the Senate, he was Chairman of 
the Committee which had in charge the measures of defence against the French 
Republic in her outrages in 1798-1799. . . . 

" He was for many years a member of a Conversation Club composed of the princi- 
pal gentlemen of the town which met weekly at the house of the members alternately. 
It was established in July 1778, and continued until Thursday evening July 13, 1809, 
when it held its last meeting at his house, the age and infirmities of the members 
making it inconvenient for them to continue it longer. It had in fact been com- 
menced as early as 1767 ; but during some years its meetings were suspended. The 
members were — Joseph Orne, M. D., John Appleton, a merchant with whom the cele- 
brated Count Rumford had commenced as a clerk, Thomas Barnard, D. D., Jonathan 
Goodhue, John Pickering, Jacob Ashtou, Hon. Timothy Pickering, the Rev. x\.sa 
Dunbar. Samuel Porter, Robert Gillies, (son of the Historian) Hon. William Wetmore, 


[19. VI. 40.] 

rf Jiv^r^" 7^ W^. ■ ;"' 


- — .^ 




[19. VI. 40\] 

ROM THE Crayon Portrait ev Sharpi.kss, drawn i.\ 1798, now in the 
POSSESSION OF Mrs. Chac,li:s Clarkson Goodhiic, of New Vokk City. 


11 lu-y Oardncr, William Pickinaii, Edward Palling, the Rov. John Prince, LL. D., 
the Rev. William Bentley, LL. D.. James Jeffrey, John Cabot, Hon. John Treadwell, 
Hon. John Morris, Hon. William Gray, William Orue, aud Benjamin Goodhue." i 

The heliotype of IJciijamiu Goodluie is taken from his portrait, which 
was painted by Wright iu IT'.'O. It is now in tlie possession of the widow 
of his grandson, Charles C. Goodhne. A heliotype is also given of Mr. 
Goodhue's house, which is said to have been built in 1780, and which is 
still standing on Essex Street, Salem. 

19. VI. 40^. Frances Richie, the first wife of Benjamin Goodhue, 
died in Salem. 

The following notice of her death is taken from the Salem Gazette of 
Friday, Jan. 23, 1801 : — 

" In this town, on Wednesday last, Mrs. Frances Goodhue, wife of the Hon. 
Bonja. Goodhue, Esq., aged 49 ; deeply regretted by all her friends and acquaintance. 
Her funeral will be tomorrow afternoon (if fair weather, if not, on the Monday fol- 
lowing) when her friends and relations are iuvited to attend." 

A crayon portrait of Mrs. Goodhue, drawn by Sliarpless in 1798, is now 
in possession of the widow of her grandson, Charles C. Goodhue. A helio- 
type of it is here given. 

Mrs. Goodhue was a daughter of Edward and ]\rary (Shannon) Richie, 
of Philadelphia. Her father was a native of Ireland, who came to this 
country and married her mother in Boston. She survived him, and married 
a second husband, Robert Annesley, of Philadelphia, and died in 1803. 
AxcESTRY Tables Jj^. 

10. VI. 40^. Anna Willard, the second wife of Benjamin Goodhue, 
])robably born in Lancaster, Mass., baptized there Aug. 21, 1763, died, in 

' See also Biographical Annals of the Civil Government of the United States, second 
edition, by Charles Lanman, p. 19G; and The Journal aud Letters of Samuel Curwen, An 
American in Englaml from 177o to 1783. Fourth edition, by George A. Ward, pp. 551, 552. 

• Her name is given as Anna at baptism and in her husband's will. It is also so 
given in the Willard Memoir, by Joseph Willard, p. 417 ; while tlie History and Geneal- 
ogy of the Goodhue Family, by Jonathan E. Goodhue, p. 34, gives it as Annie. This last 



Mrs. Goodhue lived in Lanciister for many years on the Willard family 
estate. She died at the great age of ninety-five years. The following 
account of Mrs. Goodhue was written by one of her intimate friends : — 

"Her Hfe had not been wholly free from anxiety and change ; but it was, on the 
whole, an eminently happy life. It was made so by a cheerful, atlectiouate tempera- 
ment ; by great good sense ; by unwavering Christian faith ; never murmuring or 
complaining, but placing herself in position on the bright side of events ; always 
endeavoring to do her duty in her sphere, and seeking to promote the happiness of all 
with whom she was in any way connected. Hence she acquired ' troops of friends,' 
who were always welcome to her hospitable mansion, and never left without an in- 
crease of esteem and loving regard. Her presence was a benediction, while her 
winning smile revealed the beauty of the spirit within." i 

Mrs. Goodhue was a daughter of Colonel Abijah and Anna [Prentice] 
Willard, of Lancaster, Mass. Her father was in command of a company 
at the reduction of Louisburg in 1745, and commanded another company 
under Colonel ilonckton, at the reduction of the French forts in Nova 
Scotia in 1755. During the Revolution he was a loyalist, and a Mandamus 
Counsellor. Upon the evacuation of Boston, he went with the British 
army to New York, where he held the office of commissary. After the war 
he received a grant of land from the Crown, in New Brunswick, where he 
settled and died. Her ancestry includes the following families : Willard, 
Dunster, Bell, Phelps, Andrews, Prentice, Stanton, Lord, Swan, Ruck, 
Lamb, Harbottle, Bayley, Emery, Carr, Ruggles, Bright, Goldstone. See 

Ancestry Tables 


20. VI. 42. Seeth Pliippen [Seeth 20-24. V. 11], probably bom in 

20. VI. 4^. Thoinati yeedham, her husband, probably born in Salem, 
probably died in Boston. A cabinet-maker. Residence : Salem. 

Thomas Needham is said by the late Dr. Henry "Wheatland [17. VHI. 

mentioned book gives her marriage as Nov. 25, 1804, as does The Birth, ^Marriage and 
Death Register, of Lancaster, Mass., by Henry S. Xourse, p. 165, and Charles C. Goodhue; 
while it is given as ZSTov. 5, 1804, and her name as Ann, in Essex Institute Historical 
Collections, Vol. XV. p. 305. 

' Willard Memoir, by Joseph Willard, pp. 237, note, 417, note. 

Mi l l ' — l u ll H I II . -^-W~» "V^S^' ■' ' '"''*''''^*'*;-3^*.'('*'''*^''''^',\, 

^m: B-'^- 





_L_ V 



-.i^''i«/'kfcJii'V.''ui..'>i^i^ J i^jii'ia ■-■^il. Bt 

BUH.T L\ 17S2. 

VI. 45.] 


ISL)] to have removed from Salem to Boston witli lii.-s family. He was 
living in Salem as late as Sept. 29, 1771, when his child Mary was baptized. 
She was the last of his eight children whose baptisms are recorded on the 
South Church Records. He is doubtless the same Thomas Needham who 
died in Boston, July 4, 1804, aged seventy years. 

He was probably a son of Daniel and Isabella [Armstrong] Needham, 
of Salem. They had a son of this name born July 15, 1734. Ancestry 
Tables ^. 

20-21. VI. 44. Hardy PMppen [Seeth 20-24. V. 11], probably born 
in Salem, lost at sea. A fisherman. Residence : Marblehead, Mass. 

Administration on the estate of Hardy Phippen, of Marblehead, fisher- 
man, was granted, Sept. 4, 1775, to Mary Phippen, who gave bond witli 
Thomas Stevens and Joshua Phippen.^ 

20-21. VI. 44- -VrtJ'// Ash ton, his wife, probably born in Marblehead, 
Mass., died in Manchester, Mass. 

Her first husband's name was Ashton. After Mr. Phippen's death she 
removed to Manchester, where she was married, Sept. 28, 1775, to her third 
husband, William Stone of that town. 

She was a daughter of Stevens. Ancestry Tables ^. 

22-24. VI. 45. JosllTia Phippen [Seeth 20-24. V. 11], probably born 
in Salem, died in Salem. A cooper. Residence : Salem." 

In 1782 ]\Ir. Phippen built the house on the east side of Hardy Street, 
and the family moved into it on Dec. 31, 1782. The present occupants of 
the house are descendants of Joshua Phippen of the fourth generation, to 
whom it has come down in a direct line. A heliotype of the house is here 

Administration on the estate of Joshua Pliippen, of Salem, cooper, was 
granted, Oct. 21, 1811, to Ursula Phippen, who gave bond with Joseph J. 
and Isaac Knapp.^ 

' Essex County Probate Records, Vol. .351, p. 337; files, Xo. 21,748. 
' His birth is given by two authorities as Jan. 27, 1742-3. Dr. Henry Wheatland 
gave it as June 27, 1742. 

' Esses County Probate Eecords, Vol. 381, p. 303 ; files, No. 21,756. 


22-24. VI. ^^. Hannah Sibley, liis lirst wife, probably born in 
Salem, died in Salem. 

Dr. Bentlej states that she died of consumption, and that she was " very- 
active in early life, long sick and confined." ^ 

Mrs. Phippen was a daughter of Samuel and Meribah (Bartlett) Sibley, 
of Salem. Her ancestry includes the following families : Sibley, Wells, 
Bai'tlett. See Axcestut Tables j^i. 

24. VI. -^^. V^rsiila Symonds, \he second wife of Joshua Phippen, 
probably bom in Salem, probably died in Salem. 

Mrs. Phippen's first husband, whom she married May 1, 1771, was 
Jonathan Symonds, of Salem. He was born Sept. 19, 1748, and was a son 
of Joseph and Mary (Very) Symonds. By him she had the following 
children : — 

Makt Symonds, born Dec. 8, 1772 ; died Nov. 16, 1833, unmarried. 

Ursula Knapp Syjionds, born ^March 3, 1775 ; married, March IS, 1804, Hardy 

Phippen [24 VII. 139]. 
Kebecca Symonds, born July 29, 1779 ; married first, June 7, 1799, Isaac 

Needham Chapman ; second, Peter Eaton Webster [24 

Vin. 2.51-]. 

Mrs. Phippen was a daughter of Isaac Knapp of Salem. Ursula Knapp 
Symonds [24. VII. 1^55] was her daughter; Ursula Knapp Chapman [13. 
VIII. 139'] was her granddaughter, and Isaac Needham Chapman [24. VIII. 
£^] was her grandson. Peter Eaton Webster [24. VIII. 55i-] was her son- 
in-law. Ancestry Tables ,?^,. ^ 

24. VI. 46. Joseph Phippen [Seeth 20-24. V. 11], probably born in 
Salem, died at sea. A shipmaster. Residence : Salem.^ 

Mr. Phippen was lost at sea when a young man, while making the 
passage from Virginia.^ 

* Kecord of the Parish List of Deaths 1785-1819, by Rev. William Bentley, D. D., 
p. 59. 

' His birth is given as 1750, in Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. III. p. 12G; 
while the Nichols Family Records give it as March 5, 1747. 

^ Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. III. p. 126. 

-.^. ■■') 



[25-27. VI. 47.] 
From a W.^ier-Color Portkait, painted about iSoo, ndvv in- the 


Esg., OF Baio.n Rouge, La. 


25-27. VI. 47. Joseph. Peirce [Mury 23-27. \. 14], born in Boston, 
baptized there Dec. 20, 1745, died in Boston. A merchant. Residence: 

Captain Peirce graduated at the Boston Latin School in 1756, but did 
not enter college. He chose a mercantile career, and finally became es- 
tablished on State Street, Boston, as a merchant. That he was a man of 
great intelligence and a fine penman is shown by his numerous letters, 
which are among the Knox papers in the possession of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society. He was also a man of great integrity. 
Like most of his relations and family connections, lie was a member of the 
historic Old South Church of Boston, having joined that church Feb. 26, 1775. 
For many years he was on its standing committee, and on April 2, 1818, 
from reason of advanced age, he declined to serve further and received the 
thanks of the society for his long services. He was one of a committee of 
three appointed Xov. 20, 1815, to procure anew bell for the meeting-house. 
The bell was cast in London, and bears the following inscription : — 

Meaks of London Fecit 

By order of 

Joseph Peirce '\ Committe 

Edw° Phillips \ Of Old South 

JosiAH Salisbury ) Society 1816 

This bell was removed from the old meeting-house on "Washington 
Street to the tower of the new building on the comer of Boylston and 
Dartmouth streets, where it hung till the summer of 1895, when it was 
replaced by a new one. 

The various military and ci\-il positions which Captain Peirce filled give 
ex-idence of his interest in public matters. He early showed a taste for 
military affairs, and became first lieutenant of the Boston Grenadiers, of 
which he was one of the founders. Colonel Thomas Dawes, his fatlier-in- 
law, was the first commander of this corps, and was succeeded in that posi- 
tion by Joseph Peirce. This famous corps was composed of picked men, 
and elicited the admiration of General Gage when he airived in Boston 
just before the Revolution to take command of the British forces in 
America. It was in this company that General Knox acquired that love 


of militar}' affairs which subsequently raised liim to such eminence in the 
Revolutionary Army. General Knox was through life the intimate friend 
of Mr. Peirce, who was only prevented from joining the army by poor 
health and a young family. He is said to have been one of those in charge 
of the tea ship, as guard, on the night before the appearance of the 
"Indians," of whom his brother John was one. In 1769 Captain Peirce 
was a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. He was 
a justice of the peace, and a representative from Boston in the General 
Court in 1814, 1815, and 1816. 

Through his friend General Knox he became interested in the Eastern 
Lands speculation. These lands were in Maine, in what are now the towns 
of Camden, Wiscasset, Liberty, and Lincoln. They were then known as the 
property of the Twenty Associates of the Lincolnshire Company. Captain 
Peirce succeeded Nathaniel Appleton as clerk and treasurer of this com- 
pany, and held these positions many years. He acquired large tracts 
of the company's lands, partly by purchase, and partly in payment for 
his services to the company. In fact, it would seem that finally all the 
lands of the company came to him. On July 27, 1796, he had a grant 
from the Associates of one half of the land lying at the head of Negunti- 
cook Harbor in Camden, the other half of which had been granted on Sept. 
2, 1785, to the heirs of William !JIinot, deceased. This grant was " in con- 
sideration of his zeal, acti\-ity and particular attention to the Company's 
welfare." On Feb. 12, 1806, the Company voted, 

" That for the long and very faitliful services of Mr. Joseph Peu'ce, as Clerk &, 
Treasurer of this Proprietary, together with liis like service as Chairman of the Stand- 
ing Committee there be and hereby is Granted to him all the residue of the Lands as 
pr. Schedule exhibited and accepted at this meeting & annexed, excepting the lots 
now drawn to the Original Proprietors rights and the Lands granted to Mr. Lynde 
Walter, and Mr. Samuel Hunt, and that Mr. Lynde Walter execute a Deed of the 
same in the name of this Proprietary to said Peirce his heirs and assigns." 

This deed was executed Feb. 15, 1806. It transfen-ed to Captain Peirce 
nearly eighteen hundred acres of land, consisting of lots of various sizes all 
lying in Appleton Ridge, so called. Among these was Xegro Island, at the 
entrance of Negunticook or Camden Harbor. These lands required much 


of his attention and care, and were the source of great vexation and 
trouble to him, since he had great difficulty in collecting payment from 
the settlers and in ejecting squatters. His son, Joseph Hardy Peirce, acted 
as his agent, at whose death, in 1831, a large portion of the land remained 

Captain Peirce in his old age was full of anecdotes and reminiscences 
of the Revolution, which rendered him a very interesting and instructive 
companion. He was never a robust man, and for twenty years preceding 
his death he suffered from an asthmatic cough. His granddaughter, the 
late ilrs. Laura P. Holland, of Chelsea, Mass., said his hair was as white 
at twenty as it was at eighty. On her frequent visits to him, she used to 
dress his venerable locks, which were nearly a yard long, and required to 
be doubled up four times before tying the cue with a black ribbon. He 
was greatly venerated and beloved by his family. Christmas was partic- 
ularly observed in the family, he having been born on that day in the 
year 1 745, — the day that the chime of bells of Christ Church, Boston, 
was fii-st rung. 

Captain Peirce was a member of the Massachusetts Society of the 
Cincinnati, having in 1808 succeeded his brother, John Peirce, who was 
an original member. He was bmied in the family tomb in the King's 
Chapel Burying Ground, Boston. This tomb he bought of the heirs of 
Colonel Fitch, of Salem, Aug. 3, 1819, and on Dec. 23, 1819, he had sLx 
members of the family removed from the tomb at Copp's Hill and placed 
in the new tomb. 

The heliotype given of Captain Peirce is from a water color portrait 
painted in or about the year 1800, now in the possession of the heirs 
of his great-grandson, Grenville Mellen Peirce, of Baton Rouge, La.^ 

' The above sketch is made up from Family Papers ; Original Books and Papers of 
the Twenty Associates, in possession of Harrison Ellery; Memorials of the Massachusetts 
Society of the Cincinnati, edited by James ]\I. Bugbee, pp. 383-386; Peirce Family Rec- 
ord, by Edward W. West, p. 1 ; The ]\rerchants' ^Magazine and Commercial Review, 
conducted by Freeman Hunt, Vol. XX. p. 621 ; The History of the Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company, first eilition, by Zachariah G. "V^Tiitraan, p. 319; and the 
History of the Old South Church [Third Church], Boston, 1669-1884, by Hamilton A. Hill, 
Vol II. 


25-27. VI. ^r. Ann Daives, tlie wife of Joseph Peirce, born in Boston, 
baptized there May 20, IToo, died in Boston. 

Mrs. Peirce united with the Old South Church, Feb. 26, 1775. 

One of her letters to her grandson, Constantius Peirce, dated Jan. 10, 
1810, is still preserved. In it she speaks of having sent him a plum pud- 
ding. Her granddaughter, the late Mrs. Laura P. Holland, kept up the 
practice of making these English plum puddings, and sending them to 
absent members of her family, to the last days of her life. 

Mrs. Peirce's portrait in water color, painted in or about the year 1800, 
is in the possession of the heirs of her great-grandson, the late Grenville 
Mellen Peirce, of Baton Rouge, La. A heliotype of it is here given. 

Mrs. Peirce was a daughter of the Hon. Colonel Thomas and Hannah 
(Blake) Dawes. Judge Thomas Dawes was her brother. Her father was 
one of the most prominent citizens of Boston, and was devoted to the 
patriot party, the leading members of which sometimes held meetings in 
his garret, " where they smoked tobacco, drank flip, and discussed the state 
of the country." The tories nicknamed him " Jonathan Smoothing Plane." 
He took so conspicuous a part in the early scenes of the Revolution that 
he drew upon himself the anger of the royalists, and his beautiful stone 
mansion in Purchase Street was sacked by the British troops before they 
left Boston. Opposite this house was his wharf, which was known as 
Dawes's wharf. 

He was one of the fii'st great mechanics of Boston, and designed and 
built a number of its prominent buildings. 

Colonel Dawes represented Boston in the Massachusetts Senate for 
twenty successive years, and as the president of that body acted as gover- 
nor when Governor Increase Sumner died, there being no lieutenant 
governor at that time. He was three times chosen elector of Presidents of 
the United States.' He was a member and deacon of the Old South Church. 
His family tomb is in the King's Chapel Burying Ground, over which is 

' The History of the jVncient and Honorable Artillery Company, by Zachariah G. 
Whitman, p. 302 ; Tlie ]V[erchauts' ^Magazine and Commercial Review, conducted by Free- 
man Hunt, Vol. XX. p. 621 ; King's Chapel Epitaphs, by Thomas Bridgman, pp. 125, 293 ; 
and William Dawes and his Eide with Paul Kevere, by Henry W. Holland, pp. 60-67. 


[25-27- VI. 47] 

From a Water-Coi.or Pori-rait, painted about iSoo, now in tuf. 


Esq., of B.\ton Rolt.e, La. 


T -\ 

-- -'t. . 


a wliite monuuiPiu ber>ring a long iiu^cription. The line portrait of him 
by Stuart represents a distinguished looking man. It was given to Colo- 
nel Dawes's descendant, the late Hon. Thomas Dawes Elliot, by Colonel 
Dawes's great-grandson, the Hon. Henry A. Peirce. 

Mrs. Peirce's ancestry includes the following families : Dawes, Mills, 
Burastead, Story, Underwood, Plaice, Blake, Clap, Bachiler, Smitli, Gray, 
Harrison, Peirce. See Ancestky Tabli:s ^. 

27. VI. 49. Jolin Peirce [Mary 25-27. V. 14], born in Boston, 
baptized there Sept. 30, 1750, died near Vickburg, iliss. An officer in the 
United States Ai-my.^ 

Captain Peirce is said to have been one of the "Indians'' who de- 
stroyed the tea in Boston Harbor. In June, 1776, he was commis- 
.sioned second lieutenant in General Knox's Regiment of the Continental 
Artillery. In January, 1777, he was made first lieutenant in tbe 3d 
Continental Artillery, and Sept. 12, 1777, he held the position of second 
lieutenant in Callcnder's Company, Crane's Ai'tillery. On Sept. 12, 1778, 
he was captain-lieutenant, serving in Rhode Island, and was transferred to 
the Corps of Artillery, June 17, 1783, serving till Nov. 3, 1783. He saw 
much active service, beginning with the siege of Boston, and ending only 
with the close of the war in 1783. Re-entering the service under the Confed- 
eration, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the United States Artillery 
Battalion, Oct. 20, 1786 ; lieutenant of the Artillery Battalion, United States 
Army, Sept. 29, 1789 ; captain, Oct. 15, 1791 ; and captain of Artillerists 
and Engineers, May 9, 1794. 

Captain Peirce signed the roll and became one of the Cincinnati in 1783 
at the cantonment of tlie Massachusetts Line on the banks of the Hudson 
River. He was succeeded in the society by his brother Joseph. 

He died at Fort McHenry, Walnut Hills, near Vicksburg, Miss., of a 
climatic disease contracted while in garrison at Fort Adams, on the left 
bank of the Mississippi River, where he had been for some time stationed. 

* The date of his death is given by several authorities as July 22, 1703 ; wliile 
•Inly 2t, 179S is given in the Historical Eegister of Officers of the Continental Army, 
by F. B. Heitman, p. 323- 


Ill an obituary notice of him which appeared in the Salem Gazette of 
Tuesday, Nov. 20, 1798, he is spoken of as a veteran of twenty years of 
uninterrupted devotion to his country's cause, etc.^ 

27. VI. 50. Isaac Peirce [Mary 25-27. V. 14], born in Boston, bap- 
tized tliere Dec. 30, 1753, died in Boston. A soldier. Residence: Boston. 

June 7, 1776, he was appointed aide-de-camp to Major General Horatio 
Gates, with the rank of major in tlie Continental Army. lie is said to have 
been a friend of the Marquis de Lafayette. lie was buried in the Peirce 
tomb in the King's Chapel Burying- Ground. 

Tlie heliotype of him here given is taken from his miniature now in the 
possession of the heirs of his gi-eat-grandnephew, the late Greuville Mellen 
Peirce, of Baton Rouge, La." 

27. VI. 51. Hardy Peirce [Mary 25-27. V. 14], born in Boston, bap- 
tized there July 25, 1756, died in Fort Lee, New York. A soldier. Resi- 
dence: Boston. 

Hardy Peirce was a lieutenant of the American Train of Artillery of 
the Continental Army, and was killed by a cannon-ball from the enemy's 
lines. He was an active officer, and was much lamented. Major Troop 
addressed to his parents a consolatory poem on his death. It is inscribed 
as follows : — 

" A Consolatory thought addrest to iP Isaac and M" Mary Pcirco on the Suddain 
and Awful death of their Son Lieu! Hardy Peirce, who was Unfortunately killed by a 
Cannon in Fort Lee at Xew York, November S"' 1776 in the 20'." year of his age ; Sic 
transit gloria Mundi ! " ^ 

The original poem was in the possession of his grandniece, the late Mrs. 
Laura P. Holland. 

* Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revo- 
lution, April, 1775, to December, 1783, bj- F. B. Heitman, p. 323; Dictionary of the Army 
of the United States, by Charles k. Gardner ; Jlemorials of the Jfassachusetts Society of 
the Cincinnati, edited by James M. Bugbee, pp 383-3SG ; The ^lerchants' Jfagazine and 
Commercial Review, conducted by Freeman Hunt, Vol. XX. p. 621 ; Peirce Family Record, 
by Edward W. West, p. 1. 

' Peirce Family Record, by Edward W. West, p. 1. 

• Peirce Family Record, by Edward W. West, p. 2. 


From a Miniature in thk possession of the heirs of the late 
Grenville Mellen Peirce, Esq., of Baton Rouge, La. 




27. VI. 52. Sarah Peirce [Mary 25-27. V. 14], bom iu Boston, bap- 
tized there Xov. 26, 1758, probably died in Boston.* 

27. VI. 53. Mary Peirce [Mary 25-27. V. 14], born in Boston, bap- 
tized there April 12, 1761." 

27. VI. 54. Grafton Feveryear Peirce [Mary 25-27. V. 14] bom 
in Boston, baptized there Sept. 18, 1763, probably died in Boston. 

The peculiar name given to this child seems to have been chosen from 
the fact that his great-grandmother, Mary (Grafton) Hardy, married, June 
6, 1688, as her second husband, Edmund Feveryear, of Boston, and had 
a son, Grafton Feveryear, born March 31, 1689. 

28-29. VI. 55. Joseph Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably born 
in Salem, died in Salem. ^ Residence : Salem. 

The Salem Gazette of Friday, March 17, 1809, speaks of him as 
follows : — 

" In this town, Mr. Joseph Henheld aged 66, a man who has long been a faithful 
servant of the town, as an Assessor of the taxes, and whose integrity, ability and 
experience in tliat office has amidst all the conflicts of party, commanded the general 
suffrage of his fellow townsmen. It was a rare and honoraljle tribute to his worth, 
t!iat even while on his death-bed they would not consent to relinquish him, but gave 
him, as an earnest of their hopes, about 1500 votes. Funeral this day at 4 o'clock, 
which his friends and relations are desired to attend." 

28-29. VI. 55. Anna Mansfield, his wife, probably born in Salem, 
baptized there May 13, 1744, probably died in Salem.* 

^ The Peirce Family Kecord, by Edward W. West, p. 6, gives the date of her birth 
as Xov. 4, 1758 ; but this is undoubtedly wrong, as the Boston Eccords give it as Xov. 24, 

' llary Peirce probably died young, though we liave found no record of this fact. 
The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, by Thos. B. Wyman, Vol. I. p. 108, mentions 
a Mary Peirce who married Abel Boynton, both of Westford, on ilay 18, 1798 ; and the 
Xichols Family Records state that this was the Mary Peirce above mentioned. 

• His gravestone gives his death as ^March 16, 1809; while ]March 15, 1809, is given in 
Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. V. p. 209. 

* The family give the date of her death as Jan. 8, 1832, as inscribed on her gravestone ; 
while Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. V. p. 209, gives it as Jan. 7, 1832. 


Mrs. Ilcnfield's first husband was Joiiatliau ManslioIJ, of Salem, wlioin sho 
married Oct. 27, 1762. Mrs. S. x\.. Weston, of Salem, one of Mr. and Mrs. 
Mansfield's descendants, writes that Mrs. Heniield was a handsome woman, 
and that Joseph Henfield was a suitor before Mr. ilanstield. She adds, that 
the Mansfields were fond of high li^^ng•, so that when Mr. Mansfield died 
there was not much propei-ty left to support the widow and the children. 
Mr. Henfield was still unmarried at ^Ir. ^lansfield's death, and on hearing- 
the news he remarked that it was the happiest day of his life. He re- 
newed his offer of marriage to the widow, and she accepted him. Mrs. 
Weston also writes that there was a small picture of Mrs. Henfield in 
the Haraden family some years ago. 

Jonathan and Anna Mansfield had the following seven children baptized 
at the Tabernacle Church in Salem; and one was born to them whose 
name is not on that church record : 

DoECAS Maxsfield, baptized April 28, 1765. 

Anne Mansfield, baptized April 28, 1765. 

Anna Mansfield, baptized Jan 25, 1767, and died April 5, 1846. She married. 

May 8, 1785, .John Rnst, who was born April 4, 1762, and 
died May 26, 1834, having removed from Salem to Nor- 
way, Me. 

LucT Mansfield, baptized Jan. 22, 1769, died Dec. 16, 1831. She married, 

Sept. 17, 1786, Thomas Bowditch, who was born Sept. 22, 
1761, and died April 12, 1807. WilUam Henry Archer 
[22. IX. ■339'] was their grandson, and Clara Henfield Bow- 
ditch [31. IX. 511] was their granddaughter. 

Dorcas Mansfield, baptized March 31, 1771, married William Godshall. 

Mehitable JIaxsfield, born 1773, died July 25, 1825, married, Sept. 14, 1794, Wil- 
liam Luscomb, who was born in 1774, and died Feb. 8, 

Elizabeth IM-As-sffeld, baptized Jan. 9, 1774. 

Patty Mansfield, baptized March 1, 1788, married Andrew Tncker. 

Mrs. Henfield was a daughter of Miles and Hannah (Derby) Ward, of 
Salem. Her brother, Nathaniel Ward (H. C. 176.5), was librarian of Har- 
vard College. Andrew Ward [3.5-37. VI. -75] was her cousin. Her 
ancestry includes the following families: Ward, Flint, Massey, Wells, 
Warner, Derby, Hilman, Yomigs, Budd. See Ancestky Tables ^\. 


211-3)-. VI. 5G. Lydia Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably born 
in Salem, probably died in Salem. 

29-34. VI. 6G. George Chapman, her husband, probably born in 
Salem, baptized there July 26, 1741, died in Salem. A mariner. Resi- 
dence : Salem.^ 

In early life Captain Chapman was actively engaged in maritime affairs, 
and taught na^■igation in the old Henfield house on Washington Street, 
Salem. Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch is said to have been one of his pupils. In 
1798 he was appointed the first keeper of the Baker's Island light, and he 
held this position for seventeen years. During the last years of his life he 
was blind. One of his descendants says that his teeth were double all the 
v,-ay round. He is said to have been a man of a pleasant disposition. The 
Chapman family homestead stood on the upper corner of Essex and Sum- 
mer Streets, Salem, which used to go by the name of Chapman's corner.^ 

George Chapman was a son of Isaac and Hannah (Dean) Chapman. 
John Chcqnnan [40. VI. 6!^] was his nephew; Ursula Kuapp Chapman [13. 
VIII. lo9'\ was his gi-andniece, and Isaac Needliam Chapman [24. VIII. 24S'\ 
was his grandnephew. His ancestry includes the following families : Chap- 
man, Cook, Birdsall, Buxton, Dean, Daniell, Prince, Ruck, Spooner, Buf- 
fum, Pope. See A^,-CESTRT Tables ^\. 

34. VI. 57. Edmund Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably born 
in Salem, died in Salem. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Henfield is said to have been drowned at night near the South 

34. VI. 67. Marii Beadle, his wife, probably born and died in Salem. 
Mrs. Henfield was a daughter of John and Mary (West) Beadle. 
Ancestry Taeles ^'^. 

» The date of his birth is given on the Sheets as July 26, 1741. This is certainly the 
date of his baptism, and the notice of his death in the Salem Gazette, of Jlarch 23, 1824, 
speaks of him as being 84 years old. 

- Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XIII. p. 310 ; The First Centenary of 
the North Church and Society in Salem, p. 201. 


35-37. VI. 58. SaralL Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably born 
in Salem, died in Sulem.^ 

35-37. VI. oS. Andrew Ward, her husband, probably bom in Salem, 
and died in Salem. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. "Ward was a son of John and Hannah (Higginson) Ward, of Salem. 
Anna Mansfield [28-29. VI. oo'\ was his cousin. His ancestry includes 
the following families: Ward, Flint, Massey, Wells, Warner, Higginson, 
Whitfield, Sheafe, Savage, Symmes, Gerrish, Lowell, Ruck, Spooner. 

38-39. VI. 59. Mary Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], born in Salem, 
died in Salem. 

Mrs. Goodale's grandson, the late Samuel H. Gooch, wrote, that : — 

" With limited means, she maintained unstinted hospitality, and made her house 
in Cambridge Street a paradise for her children and a large circle of friends and 
relatives. ... If space permitted, numerous anecdotes might be given, illustrative 
of the social idolatry which she inspired. Her oldest grandson, now (1893) 87 years 
of age, happened to be present at the time her house was moved, subsequent to her 
death. One of the old townspeople, standing by, said, 'there has been goodness 
enough in that house to sanctify a neighborhood.' . . . One incident, apparently tri- 
fling, but remembered for so many years by one of her now aged grandchildren will 
show a certain phase of her character. It was one evening, while in company she 
felt a mouse in her dress. She calmly pinned him in the folds and when the com- 
pany had dispersed, as calmly let him out." 

Mr. Gooch remembered a beautiful ivory miniature of her, but it has not 
been found. 

38-39. VI. .5:9. Joshua Goodale, the husband of Mary Henfield, 
probably born in Salem, baptized there June 17, 1753, probably died iu 
Salem. A blacksmith. Residence: Salem.^ 

» A Family Bible gives the date of their marriage as ^lay 11, 1773. Essex Institute 
Historical Collections, Vol. V. p. 209, gives it as :May 21, 1773. 

* We have the date of his birth given as June 20, 1753; while his baptism is given as 
above in the " Eighteenth Century Baptisms in Salem, Mass.," by James A. Emmerton, 
p. 48. 


Jlr. Goodale was a son of Joahuu and Anne (Derby) Goodale, of 
Salem. Ilis ancestry includes the following families: Goodale, Beacham, 
Rhodes, Derby, Ililman, Youngs, Budd. See A_\cestkv Tables 3^. 

39. VI. 61. John Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably bom in 
Salem, died in Salem of apoplexy. 

39-40. VI. G2. Martha Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably 
bom and died in Salem. 

39. VI. G2\ I>avid Neal, her first husband, probably born and 
died in Salem. Residence : Salem.^ 

Mr. Neal was a son of David and Hannah (Webb) Neal. His ancestry 
includes the following fimilies: Xeal, Lawes, Buifum, Small, Webb, Bray, 
Collins, Cockerill. See Ancestry Tables ^i,. 

40. VI. G2-. John JDoii'st, the second husband of Martha Henfield, 
probably born in Salem, baptized there Sept. 20, 1761, probably died in 
Salem. Residence: Salem. 

Mr. Dowst belonged to a family remarkable for its strength. An article 
printed in the Salem Observer of Aug. 4, 1877, which relates to his brother 
William, entitled " Strong Men of Salem in the Past," states that the 
strongest man who ever lived in Salem was William Dowst, who was born 
in Salem and died there in 1801. He was nearly seven feet high and 
weighed three hundred and fifty pounds. During tlie Revolutionary War 
be was on board a privateer which got among the breakers off Cape Breton, 
and it became necessary to cast anchor. The anchor being in the hold of 
the vessel, the crew could not raise it ; but Dowst seized it, carried it upon 
deck, bent a cable to it, threw it overboard, and saved the vessel just as it 
was on the point of being dashed upon the rocks. The anchor weighed 
seven hundred pounds. 

* His name is given as David Xeal on page 4.50 of The Driver Pamily, by Harriet 
Ruth (\Vaters) Cooke, and on page 452 of the same work it is erroneously given as Daniel 


When on board of the Rochauipton, lie coraphiined to the captain that 
he (lid not have enough to eat. The captain told him if he could do more 
than any other man on board, he should have more. Whereupon Dowst 
went to the forecastle, took a gun, carriage and all, carried it to the quarter- 
deck and tlien good-naturedly asked the captain to see how many men it 
would take to carry it back. It was found that five were needed for this 
pm-pose. xVfter that Dowst never had reason to complain of a lack of 

John Dowst was a son of William and Jane (Abom) Dowst, of Salem. 

Ancestry TABLf:s j^j. 

40. VI. 63. Jonathan Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably 
born and died in Salem. 

40. VI. 64. Rutll Henfield [Lydia 28-40. V. 15], probably born 
and died in Salem. 

40. VI. 64- John Cliapman, her husband, born in Salem, died at 
sea. A sea captain. Residence : Salem. 

Captain Chapman was a son of Benjamin and Sarah (Buffington) 
Chapman. George Chapinan [29-34. VI. JC] was his uncle ; Urau/a 
Knapi) Chapman [13. VIII. 159'] was his niece, and Isaac Needham Chapmayi 
[24. VIII. ^^S] was his nephew. His ancestry includes the following fami- 
lies: Chapman, Cook, Birdsall, Buxton, Dean, Daniell, Prince, Ruck, 
Spooner, Buft'um, Pope, Buffington. See Ancestey Tables ^^. 

41-42. VI. 65. Benjamin Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], probably born 
in Salem, baptized there July 13, 1747. A cooper. Residence: Salem.^ 

Mr. Ropes's house was situated on the corner of North Street and a street 
leading from North Street to the laboratory in North Salem. He served 
in the Revolutionary War. In his commission as second lieutenant of 
a company of ]\Iatrosses, stationed at Salem, of which John Symonds 
was captain, he is spoken of as Benjamin Ropes, Jr., gentleman. The 

' The date of his marriria:e is given as Feb. 6, 1772, in Essex Institute Historical Col- 
lections, Vol. VII. p. 1C4, and by the Nichols Family Records as Dec. 31, 1771. 

From an EMr.RoiDERV, -wRiirour by Sarah Nichols in 179 



coiiiniission which is dated at Boston, June 21, 1777, is still in possession 
of his descendants. He appears to have seen some service in Rhode 
Island, in 1778. This we learn from a letter from his parents, dated Aug-. 
17, 1778, and addressed to •' ilr. Benja. Ropes & Brethren at Rhode Island 
in tlie Salem Company, commanded by Capt. Sam'll Flagg." ' 

41-42. VI. Go. Marfjaret Si/tnonds, his wife, probably bom and 
died in Salem. 

^Irs. Ropes was a daughter of Benjamin and Margaret (Skerry) Symonds, 
of North Salem. Her ancestry includes the following families : Symonds, 
Browning, Stone, Skerry. Lunt, Silsbee, Tompkins. See Axcestry Tables ^1^-. 

43. VI. 66. Joseph Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], probably born in 
Salem, baptized there Oct. 20, 1749, probably died in Salem. A mariner. 
Residence : Salem. 

A brief family record calls Joseph Ropes a mariner and a fine young 

43. VI. 68. Sarali Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], probably born in 
Salem, baptized there Oct. 22, 1752, probably died in Salem.^ 

From an obituary of Mrs. Peirce which appeared in the Salem Gazette, 
of Tuesday, Aug. 23, 1796, we learn that for several years before her 
death she suffered from bodily infirmity, which she bore witli patience ; that 
she was amiable in ilisposition, of agreeable manners, and charitable to the 
poor, and that in early life she publicly professed religion. 

43. VI. 6'<S. JeratJnneel Pcirrr, her husband, born in Charlestown, 
-Mass., baptized there Feb. 1, 1746-7, died in Salem. A merchant. Resi- 
dence : Salem.^ 

' Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VII. pp. 1(54, 165. 

' Several authorities give the date of her death as Au^r. 17, 17'J6. It is given as Aug. 
•■'■ 1796, in Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XVIII. p. 172. The same work, 
Vol. VII. p. 165, gives the date of her marriage Feb. 9. 1772; while the Peirce Genealogy, 
l"'ing the Eecord of the Posterity of John Pers of "Watertown, by Frederick C. Peirce, 
I'. 52, gives it as Feb. 6, 1772. 

' The date of his death is given as Aug. 19, 1827. in Essex Institute Historical Col- 
lections, Vol. VII. p. 1G5; while two Salem papers give it as Aug. 20, 1827. 



Mr. Peirce was apprenticed to the trade of a leather dres-ser hi Churl, .,^ 
town. After serving his apprenticeship, he worked at his trade for sevi i;-.] 
years in that town, his chief employment being- the manufactiu-e of diL-r- 
skin breeches. His showy sign, which represented a stag running bL-twc, n 
the distended legs of a pair of small clothes, and wliich bore the inscripii,.), 
in gilt letters : " Leather Breeches made in the neatest manner and sokl hy 
J. P.," was in existence as late as 1830. lie moved to Salem, and there en- 
gaged in foreign commerce in company with Aaron Wait under the st}!.- 
of Peirce & Wait. Their warehouse and counting-room were situated in i he- 
rear of Mr. Peirce's house. They met with success in their business, and 
the partnership continued until about 1820, when the senior member formed 
a new partnership with his sons Benjamin and Henry Peirce, and his son- 
in-law George Nichols. The new firm however met with reverses, and 
failed in 1826. The firm of Peirce & Wait subscribed two thousand dollars 
towards building the frigate Essex for the pm-pose of protecting American 

In 1782, Mr. Peirce built the mansion house on Federal Street, 
Salem, which is now occupied by his granddaughters, tlie daughters 
of George Nichols. It is still one of the most beautiful and spa- 
cious old mansions in New England, and shows no signs of its age. 
A heliotype of it is here given. Mr. Peirce gave up this house to liis 
creditors and removed to a hoitse in Warren Street, which was then 
occupied by his son. Here he died within sixty days after leaving his 
old home. 

Mr. Peirce was somewhat above the medium height, well proportioned, 
erect, of dignified and courteous manners, — a perfect gentleman of the old 
school. In tlie prime of life he was considered one of tlie wealthiest and 
most successful of tlie merchant princes of Salem. 

His obituary notice, which appeared in the Salem Register of August 
23, 1827, gives him a high character and speaks of him as one of the most 
enterprising and successful merchants of Salem. A very handsome white 
marble altar tomb, inscribed with his name and the date 1800, is in the 
Broad Street Burying Ground. A heliotype is here given of an embroidery 
of a Peirce coat of arms, which was worked by his daughter, Sarah (Peirce) 


MASS., Run:r ix 17S2. 

[43. VI. 68.\ 





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Niclio's, III 1796. It ii now in poisession of liLs granddiiuyhtL'rs, the ^Misses 
Xichols, of Salem.^ 

Jerathmeel Peirce was a son of Jerathmeel and Rebecca (Hurd) Peirce, 
of C'liailestown. His ancestry includes the following fanailies : Peirce, 
Knirrlit, Bowers, "Worthlnyton, llurd, Wilson, Tufts, Peirce, Lynde. See 
ANtEsTiiv Tables ^^. 

44. VI. G9. Lydia Ropes [Ptuth 41-47. V. 16], probably born in 
.Saleai, baptized there Dec. 8, 1754, probably died in Salem. - 

In personal appearance ]\[rs. Nichols was somewhat above the average 
height, well proportioned, rather stout, though by no means corpulent, 
very erect, and exceedingly dignified. Her remarkable executive ability 
was particularly manifested while living in Portsmouth, N. H. When 
her husband was absent at sea, she received from him consignments of 
merchandise, and attended in person to the weighing, selling, and deliv- 
ering of the goods, although at the time she had a large family of young 

After her return to Salem, she was a prominent member of the North 
Church while Dr. Barnard, John Emery Abbot, and Dr. Brazer were pas- 
tors. At the time when the " Seaman's Orphan and Children's Friend 
Society " was organized, she was made one of the managers, and she filled 
this position for many years. Three of the Society children, Lydia Eng- 
lish, Hannah Francis, and Lydia Ann Petty, were bound to her until they 
were eighteen years of age, according to the custom of the time. Hannah 
Francis and Lydia Petty were, in 1892, inmates of the Old Ladies' Home 
in Salem. 

Mrs. Nichols was very much beloved and res})ected by everyone, especi- 
ally by her grandchildren.^ 

' Essex Institute Historical C'">llections, Vol. VII. p. 1G5; the Peirce Genealogy being 
the Record of the Posterity of John Pers an early Inhabitant of Watertown, by Frederick 
C. Peirce, pp. 52-53 ; also a letter of his grandson, John H. Xichols, dated Jan. 17, 1SS8. 

' Several authorities give the date of lier death as Feb. 2."), 183.j. Tlie Eopes Bible 
ijives it as ^^lareh 2o, 183.5, and Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XVIII. p. 172, 
as Feb. 15, 1S35. 

' Letter of her grand-sou, John II. Nichols, dated Salem, Oct. 3, 1892. 


44. VI. {;£?. Ichabod JVichoIs, the husbaiul of Lydia Ropes, born in 
Salem, died in Salem. A merchant. Residence ; Salem. 

Ichabod Nichols's father died while he was young-, and his mother, a 
woman of great energy, apprenticed him to a blacksmith's trade; but, to 
his regret in after life, lie did not serve the whole term of his minority. He 
was a })erson of great energy, and wlien his master was pressed with orders, 
it was not uncommon for him to finisli liis day's work before breakfast. 
When he was eighteen years old, he walked from Salem to Kittery, Me., 
a distance of sixty-two miles in about fifteen hours. 

At the age of twenty, he gave up working at his trade and went to sea. 
He was soon put in command of one of ^Ir. Derby's vessels, and made sev- 
eral successful voyages to China. During the Revolutionary War he was 
engaged in privateering, and on that account he was read out of the Society 
of Quakers with which the entire Nichols family had been long identified, 
and of which some of their descendants are still members. 

At a critical period of the Revolutionary War, he joined a company of 
Salem merchants who offered their services to General Washington for a 
special object, and went to the Jerseys, but did not have an opportunity to 
engage in any fighting. On account of his services in the war, he was 
introduced to Lafayette at the dinner given him in Hamilton Hall, Salem, 
in 1824, at which time he was embraced by the marquis. After the war, 
he moved to Portsmouth, N. H., where he occupied the house which Gov- 
ernor Wentworth built for his son. This house is still standing on the 
southeast corner of Gardner Street. Before 1800 he returned to Salem and 
engaged in commerce with Benjamin Hodges under the firm name of 
Nichols & Hodges. Their store was on Union AYharf, at that time the 
principal wharf in Salem, since the Derby and Crowninshield ^\Tiarves had 
not been built. Mr. Nichols, when he died, occupied the house which 
adjoined the post-office on the south, on Washington Street. 

On April 27, 1798, Congress passed an act for the protection of com- 
merce, providing for the acceptance of twelve vessels of war to be built on 
the credit of the United States. Subscriptions were raised for this purpose 
in the principal cities, and among others in Salem, where it was voted to 
build a frigate of thirty-two guns. Captain Ichabod Nichols, who had sub- 


[44. VI. 6:>] 

From the Portr.\it .now in the possession of John White Tre.\d-\vei.l 
Nichols, Esq., of New York City. 


scribed one tliousand dollars for the purpose, was a member of the com- 
mittee chosen to carry the vote into effect. A vessel was built and 
naiuod the Essex.^ 

When he was about sixty years old, he bought large tracts of pasture 
land situated on both sides of the Salem and Boston turnpike. The land 
was so rocky and sterile that some one called it ''the abomination of deso- 
lation," and yet, in the course of the twenty years or more that Mr. Nichols 
owned it, he succeeded in making it a highly productive farm, yielding, as 
he told a friend, " six per cent on the iuvestment — three per cent in money 
and three per cent in health." This was probably true, for, although not a 
robust man, he lived to be ninety years old. Mr. Nichols was below the 
medium height, and was so active that he bent forward in order to make as 
rapid and long strides as possible, using for that purpose a cane longer than 
would have otherwise been needed.^ An obituary in the Salem Gazette 
of Friday, July 5, 1839, speaks of him as " for many years a distin- 
guished shipmaster and merchant." 

There is now in the possession of his great-grandson, John W. T. Nich- 
ols, of New York, a portrait of him, which is said to have been painted in 
Russia. A heliotype of it is given. 

Ichabod Nichols was a son of David and Hannah (Gaskill) Nichols, of 
Salem, both of whom were Friends in faith as were their ancestors. 
David Nichols [17. VIII. 182~\ was his grandnephew. His ancestry in- 
cludes the following families : Nichols, ^loulton, Gaskill, Southwick, Gard- 
ner, Frier. See A^-CESTKT Tables ^\. 

45. VI. 70. Samiiel Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. IG], probably bom in 
Salem, baptized there March 13, 1757, died in Salem. A ship-chandler. 
Residence : Salem. 

In early life ^Ir. Ropes was a cooper, but he afterwards engaged in the 
ship-chandlery business with Colonel John Page [3. VII. i5], under the firm- 
name of Page &. Ropes. The store of this well-known firm was in a two- 

' Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. X. part III. pp. 1-108. 
^ Letter of his grandson, John H. Xichols, dated Salem, Jan. 17, 1888, and Essex 
Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IV. p. 133 ; Vol. XVIII. p. 172. 


story building on the corner of Derby and Union Streets, Salem.' 
They subscribed one hundred dollars toward building the frigate Essex. 

His grand>on, Joseph S. Ropes, says that Samuel Ropes lived in 
Charlestown, Mass., at the time of the battle of Bunker Hill. He also says 
that he was a religious man and regularly conducted family prayers, always 
using the same words. Samuel Ropes occupied, during the latter part of 
his life, the house on the corner of Bridge and Northey streets. 

45. VI. 70. Sarah Clieevet-, the wife of Samuel Ropes, probably born 
in Salem, died in Cambridge, Mass." 

For some time Mrs. Ropes was a member of the East Church, Salem ; 
but in 1823 she joined the Tabernacle Church. 

She was a daughter of Ezekiel Cheever. Ancestry Tables ^. 

45. VI. 72. Rutll Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], born in Salem, baptized 
there Feb. 15, 1761, died in Salem.^ 

The gravestone of Mrs. Leach is still standing in the Broad Street 
Burying Ground, Salem. 

45. VI. 72. John Leach, her husband, born in Salem, died at sea. A 
shipmaster and merchant. Residence : Salem.* 

During the Revolutionary War, Captain Leach was very active, and 
commanded the following armed vessels : the ship Brutus of twenty guns 
and one hundred and ten men ; the brig Franklin of eighteen guns and 

> Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VIT. p. 198. 

* The date of her death is given on the State Eecord as Oct. 12, 1842. Essex Insti- 
tute Historical Collections, Vol. VII. p. 19S, and the Salem Gazette of Oct. 17, 1S42, give 
it as Oct. 11, 1842; while the Xichols Famil}' Kecords give it as Oct. 9, 1S42. The date 
of her birth is given as March 17, 1758, in Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. Yll. 
p. 198 ; while the same work, Vol. IV. p. 140, gives it as March 7, 1758. 

' The date of her death is given as ]May 3, 1850, in the Eopes Bible and in the Salem 
Gazette of May 4, 1850 ; while the State Eecord, Vol. 48, p. 142, gives it as :May 7, her 
gravestone as May 10, and Esses Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VII. p. 198, as 
May 18, 1850. 

* Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VII. p. 198, gives the date of his birth 
as Nov. 5, 1741, while the same work, Vol. III. p. 91, gives it as 1747. 


ninety men ; the brig- Ea^^le of fourteen guns and seventy men ; the .sclioon.r 
Dolphin of six guns and twenty-five men, and the schooner Greyhound of 
eight guns and thirtv-five men. 

Captain Leach's first wife was Sarah Hooper. He was a son of Robt rt 
and 3Iary [Trask] Leach.' See Ancestry Tablks ^^. 

46-47. VL 73. Hardy Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], probably bom in 
Salem, baptized there Jan. 23, 1763, died in Woodstock, N. H. A sliip- 
master. Residence : Orford, X. H. 

Mr. Ropes was a sliipowner of Salem, and suffered losses throuj.rh the 
spoliations of the Fr(.'iu'h Government. These losses were paid to liis 
descendants under the Frencli Spoliation Claim Act. He subscribeil two 
hundred dollars toward building the fiigate Essex for the protection of 
American commerce from the French in 1708. 

About the year ISOO, his health having failed, he purchased a farm in 
Orford, N. H., to whicli he removed, and where he lived during tlie 
remainder of a long life. 

46-47. VI. 73. ITawifih JElson, the wife of Hardy Ropes, probably 
born in Salem, baptized there May 26, 1765, died at Lyme, N. II.- 

Mrs. Ropes was a daughter of Joseph and Hepsibah (Rea) Elson. 
Ancestry Tables ^'i-. 

47. VI. 74. George Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], probably bom in 
Salem, baptized there Sept. 1, 1765, died at sea. A shipmaster. Residence : 

About the year 1800, George Ropes removed with his brother Hardy to 
Orford, N. H., but becoming weary of a farmer's life, he returned to Salem, 
and resumed a seafaring life. For a time he lived in the old Crowninshield 
house on Brown Street, Salem. He was lost at sea, off" the Rock of Gib- 
raltar, on the fourth of April, 1807, while he was master of the ship \'enus, 

* Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. III. p. 91. 

^ The date of lier death is given as February, 1823, in Esses Institute Col- 
lections, Vol. Vir. p. lOS. The Salem Gazette of Feb. 7, 1823, announces her death. The 
late Dr. Henry '^Tieatland gave it as January, 1823. 


having' Leen washed ovorbocird in a gale of wind. In the notice of his 
deatli, he is spoken of as " a very worthy man." ^ There is a photograph 
of a portrait of Captain Kopes in possession of the Salem Marine Society. 

47. VI. 74- Seeth Millet, George Ropes's wife, probably born and died 
in Salem. 

Mrs. Ropes was a member of The East Church, Salem. 

The following notice of her death is taken from the Salem Gazette of 
Aug. 1, 1823: — 

" In this town, on Wednesday, after a lingering illness, which she sustained with 
Christian fortitude, Mrs. Seeth Ropes, widow of tiie late Capt. George Ropes, aged 
64 years." 

Mr. and Mrs. Ropes were first cousins, once removed. Her number in 
direct descent is [14. VII. 97]. 

47. VI. 75. Joseph Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], probably born in 
Salem, baptized there Feb. 11, 1770, died at sea in the schooner Active. 
Residence : Salem. 

47. W. 76. Timothy Ropes [Ruth 41-47. V. 16], probably born in 
Salem, died in Salem. A cooper and shipmaster. Residence : Salem.^ 

Timothy Ropes learned the cooper's trade, but abandoned it for a sea- 
faring life, and rose to the command of a vessel, making voyages to 
European ports. He seems to have been successful, until the embargo 
and the war of 1812 checked his prosperity. Between the years 1815 and 
1825, or thereabouts, he made frequent voyages to the West Indies, bring- 
ing cargoes of molasses to Salem ; but subsequently business fell off, and 
he resorted to his trade as an occupation. His declining years were spent 
happily and in comfort in the midst of a loving family. 

In 1796 and 1799, he bought his father's house of the other heirs. It was 

> The Salem Gazette of June 5, ISO", and Essex Institute Historical Collections, 
Vol. VII. p. 19S. 

" The date of his death is given in the Salem Register of Feb. 21, 1848, as Feb. 17, 
1848, and also in Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. VII. p. 199, while the Nichols 
Family Records give it as Feb. 18, 1848. 


situated on the corner of Essex and Monroe streets. In it all his children 
were born. The house, in a reconstructed form, is now owned by his 
daughter, Mrs. John Bertram. Jan. C, IS 13, the house pas.sed into tlie 
hands of Icliabod Nichols [44. \l. GO]. Mr. Ropes moved uito a house 
nearly opposite to it, in Essex Street, wliere he died.^ 

47. VI. 76. Sarah Holmes, the wife of Timothy Ropes, probably 
born in Salem, died in Salem. 

Mrs. Ropes was a dauijhter of Thomas and Sarah (Delhonde) Holmes. 
Tier ancestry includes the foUowinjj; families : Holmes, Delhonde, Stednian, 
Remington, Gibson, Pemberton, Pike, Ormes. See ANCESTKi- Tables ^'^. 

48. VI. 77. John Clarke [Sarah 48. V. 17]. 
For an account of ^Ir. Clarke, see page 192-194. 

48. VI. 77. Esther Orne, his wife. 

Her number in direct descent is [7. VI. IG.] For an account of Mrs. 
Clarke, see pages 191-192. 

48. VI. 80. Ann Clarke [Sarah 48. V. 17], probably born in Salem, 
died in Salem, 

Mrs. Cabot was sometimes called Nancy. She was the twin-sister of 
Mary Clarke, who died young. She was admitted to the First Chm-ch 
Nov. 5, 1780. 

The following obituary of ]Mrs. Cabot is taken from the Salem Mercuiy 
of Tuesday, Sept. 19, 1788: — 

" On Tuesday evening last, was suddenly summoned by death from this frail 
existence, beloved and lamented by a numerous acquaintance, Mrs. Ann Cabot in the 
28th year of her age, consort of Mr. Fkaxcis Cabot, merchant, and eldest daugliter of 
Capt. John Clarke, of this town. In the meridian of usefulness and happiness, her 
relatives and friends had indulged the hope of enjoying her long ; Heaven has seen 
fit to cut short that hope, and claim her, we trust, a fit ornament for purer regions." 

There is a very small and unsatisfactory miniature of ]\Ir3. Cabot in the 
possession of her grandson, John II. Cabot, of Brookline. 

' Letter of his son Joseph Ropes, dated Salem, Dec. 21, 1891 ; also Esses Institute 
Historical Collections, Vol. VII. p. 199. 


48. VI. SO. Fi-ancis Cabot, her husband, probably born in Salem, 
baptized there June 19, 1757, died in Natchez, Miss. A merchant. 
Residence : Salem.^ 

Mr. Cabot was for a time engaged in business in Salem, but he after- 
wards went to Natchez, ^liss., his family, however, remaining in Salem. 
An obituary notice printed in the Salem Register of Aug. 9, 1832, says of him 
that " lie was aid to Gen. Lincoln in the days of Shay's conspiracy, marched 
as a volunteer private against the insurgents at the time of the whiskey 
insurrection, then about 45 years of age, and did duty as a private at New 
Orleans during the invasion of that city by the British in the last war." 

Mr. Cabot is said to have been a very agreeable man, and to have made 
many friends. The heliotype of him here given is taken from a small 
miniature belonging to his grandson, John H. Cabot, of Brookline. 

Francis Cabot was son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Higginson) Cabot, of 
Salem. EUzaheth Cabot [1-2. VI. 5^] was his sister; Joseph Cabot [6. VI. 
1T\ was his brother ; Francis Higginson [3. VI. 4^'] was his uncle ; 3Iarianne 
Cabot [48. VII. 264'\, vvho became his daughter-in-law, was his niece ; Eliza- 
beth PerJdns Cabot [2. VIII. lol is his grandniece; Eichanl Clarke Cabot 
[51. IX. 10S2'\ is his great-grandnephew, and Deborah Cabot [2. VI. 5^] was 
his firrst cousin. His ancestiy includes the following families : Cabot, Orne, 
Thompson, Higginson, Whitfield, Sheafe, Savage, Symmes, Gardner, Frier, 
Orne, Brown, Boardman, Bull, Truesdale, Halton. See Ancestry Tables ^\. 

48. \l. 81. Elizabeth Clarke [Sarah 48. V. 17], probably born in 
Salem, died in Salem.^ 

She was called Betsey. Her gravestone is still standing in the Broad 
Street Burying Ground. 

49. VI. S3. Mary Leavitt [Mary 49-50. V. 18]. probably born in 
Salem, baptized there Feb. 9, 1755, probably died in Salem. 

She was called Polly. There is, at the Pickering house in Salem, a full- 
length picture of her painted by Joseph Badger, when she was about ten 

1 Francis H. Lee gives the date of his birth as June 19, 1757, which is the date of his 
baptism. The Salem Records give it as June 14, 1757. 

- The date of her death is given as Oct. 4, 1810, by several authorities. It is given as 
September, 1S19, by Francis Cabot. 


[4.S. VI. SO] 

From the Miniature now in the fiis^kssion of John Higginson Cabot, 
Esq. of Bkodkline, >f\ss. 


[49. VI. 83.] 

From the Portra'it by Jo5ei'H Badgkr, painted at ARoax the age of 


Salem, Mass. 




years old. A lieliotype of it is here giveu. Her gravestone is still standing 
in the Broad Street Burying Ground, Salem. 

49. VI. 83. Joseph Orne, her husband, born in Salem, baptized there 
June 18, 1749, died in Salem, of consumption. A physician. Residence: 

Dr. Orne, H. C 1765, as a child was very precocious, and entered 
Harvai-d College when he was only twelve years old. Immediately after 
graduation he began the study of medicine nnder Dr. Edward A. Holyoke. 
In 1770, he removed to Beverly and there practised his profession. In 1777, 
he returned to Salem, where he followed his profession until his death. 

He was a man of genius, wit, and learning. His ardor for the advance- 
ment of his favoi-ite study is shown by his importing from P^urope the most 
recent valuable publications, and by his dedicating all his leisure time to 
the investigation of new subjects. He had a decided taste for poetry and 
also for painting and belles lettres. He was considered an excellent poet, 
although it is thought that none of his poems were ever printed. He was 
one of the original members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.^ 

His second wife, whom he married in October, 1781, was Theresa 
Emery, a daughter of Noah and Joanna (PeiTyman) Emery of Exeter, 
N. H. She was born Apiil 4, 1761, and died at Exeter, N. H., Nov. 14, 
1843, aged 82 years. By her he had the following child : — 

Theresa Orne, born in 1782 ; married Charles Norris, and died in 1870. 

Robert Emery [5. VII. 2o], who was her nephew, man-ied for his first 
wife Dr. Ome's half-sister, Eunice Orne. 

Dr. Orne was a son of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Putnam) Orne of Salem. 
Timothj Orne [1-11. IV. I] was his granduncle, and Charles Henry Orne 
[53. VII. oOO] was his nephew. His ancestry includes the following fami- 
lies : Orne, Thompson, Ingersoll, Felton, Putnam, Porter, Hathorne, 
Putnam, Prince. See Ancestry Tables ^'^. 

* An obituary notice of him in the Massachusetts Gazette of IMouday, Feb. 6, 1786 ; 
American .Medical Biography, by James Thacher, Vol. I. pp. 411-413, and Essex Insti- 
tute Historical Collections, Vol. IV. p. 276. 



49. VI. 84. Sarali Leavitt [Mary 49-50. V. IS], born in Salem, bap- ? 

tized there Oct. 9, 17.57, died in Portsmouth, N. H. | 

Mrs. White lived in Salem and Haverhill, ^lass., Plaistow, N. H,, North- | 

wood, N. H., and she finally removed to Portsmonth, X. II.' I 

Her portniit, taken as a small child standing by the side of her mother, | 

is now in the Pickering house in Salem. A heliotype of this painting is ! 

given focing page 112. | 

49. VI. S.^'. Isaac White, her first husband, probably born in Charles- | 

town, Mass., where he was baptized, Dec. 30, 1753; died at sea about the \ 

year 1780. A merchant. Residence: Salem. | 

The following account of him is taken from the Life of John Pickering, { 

by his daughter, Mary Orne Pickering.^ | 

" Isaac White was in active mercantile business in Salem during his married life, . 

and in the spring or summer of the year 1780, embarked for Amsterdam, Holland, to | 
purchase goods, leaving his wife and two daughters at home, the eldest of them 
between three and four years old, the other two years younger. The vessel in which 
he was returning from Holland was lost at sea." 

Isaac Wliite was a son of John and Mary (Henley) White, of Charles- I 

town, Mass. Jichecca White [58. V. 241 '^^^ ^^^^ cousin. His ancestry l 

includes the following families : White, Bowles, Heath, Green, Jones, * 

Greenwood, Allen, Henley. See Axcestkt Tables {l^. I 

49. VI. S4'- Jonathan Pauaon, the second husband of Sarah Leavitt, f 

born in Boston, died in Portsmouth, N. H. An upholsterer. Residence : ^ 

Portsmouth. I 

Mr. Payson's advertisement as an upholsterer appears in the Salem ; 

Gazette of the year 1773. He moved from Salem to Haverhill, and i 

engaged in business. The following is taken from a letter dated at Haver- ! 

hill, ]\[ay 10, 1785, written by Nathaniel Peaslee and Mary Sargeant, and \ 

addressed to Colonel Timothy Pickering : — I 

"... Your coz, Sally White, is safely married to Mr. Payson, and I hope happily ; 

too. He and llr. Johnston are in trade here, and in partnership. Their business is ^ 

llanuscript Pedigree made by Judge Charles W. Goddard. ' Page 214. 


vcrv lar;,'c for tliis place, and tlioy support a very good character ; and I hope they 
will make their business turn to guud account. I suppose you might know them both 
wlien they lived iu Salem, aliout ten years ago.'' ^ 

The following account is taken from a manuscript Pay.son Genealogy, 
wliich states that Jonathan Pickering married a Miss Pickering. This of 
course is a mistake. 

"Jonathan Payson in early life removed with his father to Boston from Rowley, 
and went into business. After lus fatlier's death he removed to Haverhill, where he 
met with hea-sy losses, and later went to Portsmouth, N. H. Here he opened a hotel 
at the Xorthcnd so called (now Market St.), near the corner of Hanover St. He was 
appointed postmaster of Portsmouth, which he held till his death iu 1826." 

Mr. Payson was a son of Jonathan Payson. Perhaps his father was the 
Jonathan Payson who was married in Boston, Dec. 27, 1743, to Anne 
Griffiths, by the Rev. Timothy Cutler, D.D. His ancestry includes the 
following families: Payson, Eliot, Phillips, Sargent, Appleton, Everard. 
See A^-CESTRY Tables ^>. 

50. VI. 85. Elizabeth Leavitt [:\rary 49-50. V. 18], probably born 
in Salem, baptized there Sept. 16, 1759, died in Salem." 

Mrs. Pickman was called Betsey. Her stepfather. Judge Sargeant, in 
writing to his brother-in-law. Colonel Timothy Pickering, Sept. 29, 1783, 
about the health of Mrs. Sargeant, says : — 

" She feels trouble for a long time, but this last [the death of her daughter, J[rs. 
Pickman] was peculiarly distressing. She certainly lost one of the most amiable 
children I ever knew. I loved her as one of my own children, and feel her loss as 
severely. It gives me a melancholy pleasure to speak, to think, to write of her." ^ 

Colonel Pickering writes to his sister, Mrs. Sargeant, Feli. 9, 17^3: "I 
should have mourned sincerely the loss of a niece so amiable as Betsey." 

1 The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. II. p. 170. 

- Francis II. Lee gives the date of her birth as Sept. lO. 1750, while the Nichols 
Family Records give it as Sept. 14, ]7.">0. Tlie date of her death is given by the Saleia 
Gazette of Thursday, Oct. 24, 1782, as Oct. 2i), 1782, while several other authorities give it 
as Oct. 13, 1782. 

» The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. II. p. 172. 


The following obituary notice of Mrs. Pickmun jippeared in tlie Salem 
Gazette of Thursday, Oct. 24, 1872 : — 

" Died last Sunday morning, Mrs. Elizabeth Pickman, Wife to ilr. William 
PiCKMAN, Merchant, and youngest Daughter of the late Reverend Dudley Leavitt, 
aged 2o years. 

" If a pure and benevolent mind : if the utmost softness and delicacy of manners : 
if the must amiable deportment in every relation of life, have merit among mankind, 
this excellent Lady truly dignified and adorned that station in which Heaven had 
placed her. The deep sorrow risibly impressed on the countenance of every friend, 
through an extensive circle of social connections, testifies the high place she held in 
their affectidns ; and the undissembled grief of the poor, who shared her bounty, 
mark the beneficence of that open and liberal heart, which death has locked up 

There is a beautiful miniature of her, very handsomely set in gold, in 
the possession of her granddaughter, Mrs. Richard Sullivan Fay, but Mrs. 
Fay was not willing that it should be reproduced in this work. 

50. VI. So. William Pickman, Elizabeth Leavitt's husband, probably 
bom in Salem, baptized there March 13, 1747-8, died in Salem. A mer- 
chant. Residence : Salem.^ 

William Pickman, H. C 17GG, was bred a merchant in the counting-room 
of his father, and embarked in business before the Revolutionary War com- 
menced. At the close of the war, he was appointed by President Washing- 
ton Naval Officer of the Port of Salem, and held the position fourteen years. 
He was a representative from Salem in the General Court in 1786, 1788, 
and 1781), and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1779-80.^ 

An unpublished letter from Mrs. Rebecca Pickering to her husband. 
Colonel Timothy Pickering, dated at Philadelphia, June 1, 1783, speaks of 
a A-isit from Captain Goodhue, and says he was " led to speak of Betty 
Pickman's death, which he lamented very much. He says Mr. Pickman is 
exceedingly dejected with the loss of his wife, and his circumstances, which 

* The date of his death is given as Xov. 3. 1815. by several authorities. It is given as 
Nov. 5, 181,"i, in the First Centenary of the North Church and Society, in Salem, p. 214. 

" The Journal and Letters of Samuel Curwen, An American in England, from 1775 to 
1783 Fourth edition by George A. Ward, pp. 628-630. 



[51. VI. S;.] 

FRONt THE Portrait by Washington Allston, now in the possession 
OF Mrs. Theodore, of Brookline, Mass. 


Captain Goodhue tell.> me uro \cvy bad. He sa\-s tlie war lia.s left him in 
.such a situation that lie scarce knows which way to support liis family." 

^Ix. Pickman was a son of the Hon. Colonel Benjamin and Love 
(^ILiwlins) Pickman, uf Salem. Colonel Pickman, WilUam Pickman s father, 
was a distinguished man, and belonged to one of the most important fami- 
lies of Salem. He was a representative in the General Court in 174-1, and 
was one of the Committee of War in 1745 for carrying- on the siege of Louis- 
burg. For the Services he performed the Prcn'ince gave him a very hand- 
some silver punch-bowl, which descended to his great-great-grandson, 
Benjamin Pickman, ^[.D., who died at Montclair, X. J., June 4, 1893. 
Colonel Pickman, in 175G, was elected a member of the governor's council, 
and in the same year he was appointed a Judge of the Superior Court. 
He was one of the richest merchants of Salem, and in 1750 he built the 
house on Essex Street, which was noted for its beauty. It is still standing.^ 

Clarke GaijtoH Pickman [6. VL iJ] was his brother, and 2Ianj Topi)an 
Ficknmti [6. IX. 72'~\ was his grandniece. His ancestry includes the follow- 
ing families: Pickman, Hardy, Lindall, Veren, Kawlins, English. See 
AxcE.sTRY Tables ^i. 

51. VI. 87. Samuel Williams [Lydia 51-52. Y. 19], born in Salem, 
died in Boston. A banker. Residence : London, England. 

Samuel Williams, H. C. 1780, first began business in Boston as a flour 
merchant. In 1793, in the early part of the French Revolution, he was 
appointed by President Washington consul at Hamburgh, and about the 
year 179G, he was transfen-ed to London, where he remained till about 1801. 
In London he acted as consul, and also as the agent appointed by President 
Adams to attend to the American claims under Jay's treaty, the pro\'isions 
of which were so beneficial to our suffering merchants. In London he 
established himself as a merchant and banker. He lived at Xo. 13, 
Finsbury Square, where he kept open house. 

In his business relations he was considered as safe as the Bank of Eng- 
land. For thirty yeai'S he was the faithful and honorable representative on 

' For an account of the Pickman ramilv. see tlie Heraldic Journal, Vol. II. pp 'iG-L'y, 
and Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. YI. p. 95. 


tlie Kxchan^^e of tlie commercial interests of the United States, and not long 
ago our older mercliants still looked bade to lam witli great respect and 
pride. He was an excellent man of business, but iiually became em- 
barrassed in his pecuniary atlairs by becoming surety for his friends. He 
returned to the United States, and died at the house of his brother in 

He is said to have been a chai-ming man, very much beloved and 
respected. He was tall, with blue eyes, and he retained his florid com- 
plexion even after he had gi-own to be an old man. 

Mr. Williams was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, and a corresponding member of the ilassachusetts Historical 

A fine lai-ge portrait of liim, painted by AVashington Allston, and another 
by Stuart [N'ewton, are in the possession of his grandnephew, Colonel 
Theodore Lyman, of Brookline. A heliotype is here given of the picture 
by Washington Allston.^ 

51. VT. 88. Henry Williams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], born in Salem, 
baptized there Jan. 3, 1762, died in Boston.^ 

51-52. VI. 89. Lydia Williams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], born in 
Salem, baptized there Oct. 2, 17G3, died in Boston. 

Mrs. Lyman is said to have been a lovely and accomplished woman. 
In the winter of 1784, Colonel Timothy Pickering visited Salem, and on his 
return to Philadelphia in a sleigh he took vnt\\ him his niece, Lydia 
Williams, who passed several months in his family, and returned by water 
July 3, 1784. Colonel Pickering often refers to the happiness which her 
visit brought the family. He expresses his estimate of her as follows, in a 
letter to his sister Lois, dated May 17, 1784: — 

* Salem Gazette, Friday, Jan. 22, 1S41; The Genealogy and History of the Family of 
Williams in America, more particularly of the Descendants of Kobert Williams of Eoxbury, 
by Stephen W. Williams, :M.D., A.Ttt., p. 329, and the note book of Colonel Theodore Lyman. 

' The date of his birth is given as Xov. 2, 17G1, by Robert il. Pratt, also in a manu- 
script genealogy of the Williams Family, of Salem. It is given as Nov. 3, 1761, by two 
other authorities. 


" Lydia id a charming girl. 'Sly wife and I .shall be very unwilling to part with 
her. I hope her mother will not be in haste to send for her, unless Lydia herself 
should desire it ; which I imagine she will not do yet." ^ 

The Rev. John Cliirke, in a letter to his uncle, Colonel Timothy Picker- 
ing', dated Feb. 16, 17'J3, says: — 

" Our friends at Salem are well. Mrs. Lyman is the same lovely woman which 
you predicted from the accomplishments of Lydia Williams. And she is happy, very 
happy, with a man who knows how to appreciate her merits, and who has few equals 
in judgment and understanding." - 

Rebecca Pickering, in a letter to her daughter, ^Irs. Elizabeth Dorsey, 
dated at Wenham, May 5, IStS. in which she writes of going to Boston to 
have her portrait b'S' Stuart finished, says : " An invitation came from Mrs. 
Lyman for me to go to her house, which I did. She looked remarkably 
well. I think she is one of the finest women I know. Your father has 
passed six weeks last winter there, much to his satisfaction." 

51-52. VI. SO. Theodore Lijman, the husband of Lydia Williams, 
born in York, Me., died in Waltham, Mass. A merchant. Residences : 
Boston and Waltliam. 

AYhile still a voung man, Theodore Lyman went to Kennebunk, Me., 
and became a clerk in the store of "Waldo Emerson. At the age of twenty- 
one he built a store and went into business on his ovrn account. His first 
wife, whom he married Nov. 21, 177G, was Sarah Emerson. She died Jan. 
21, 1784. She was a daughter of his employer, AYaldo Emerson, and 
through her he became possessed of all the property of his father-in-law. 
Tliis materially assisted him in his large business enterprises. He built and 
employed a large number of vessels, and engaged profitably in the West 
India trade. His wealth increased rapidly, and he built at great expense 
the largest and finest house in that part of the country. To this beautiful 
home he brought his second wife, Lydia "Williams, Feb. 7, 178G, But its 
splendor did not compensate for the social life of Salem, where she had been 
surrounded by a cultivated circle of relatives and friends. This fact, added 

> The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. U. p. ZH. 
= Ibid., Vol. III. p. 65. 


to his desire of enlarging the scale of his business, led him to remove to 
Boston in 1790. Here he widely extended his trade, sending his ships to the 
East Indies, to Europe, and to the northwest coast of America. His trade 
with the northwest coast was extensive. Loading his ships in Boston with a 
cargo of comparatively small value, it was there exchanged for a cargo of 
furs, which were taken to China, and there exchanged for a cargo of teas, 
silks, and the other commodities of that country. Such a voyage fre- 
quently made the owner rich. He acquired a large fortune, and was one of 
the merchant princes of his time. The names of few merchants are better 
known than that of Theodore Lyman. 

By his first wife, Sarah (Emerson), Mr. Lyman had the following 
children : — 

Waldo Lymax who died Oct. 23, 1780. 

Olive Ltman who married Jan. 25, 1805, Henry Paine. 

Sarah Lyman who died at Waltham, July 30, 1819. 

Rdth Lyman who died Jan. 16, 1784, aged 8 days. 

Mr. Lyman died at his beautiful seat in Waltham, which was one of the 
finest and oldest in America. The place, comprising several hundred acres, 
he bouglit in 1793, and on it he built a spacious house, which he made his 
summer home. The following description of the place was made after a 
visit to it, June 1, 1803, by Mrs. Eliza Southgate Bowne : — 

" I have no time to tell you of this elegant place of Jlr. Lyman's, great taste in 
laying out the grounds. It surpasses everything of the kind I ever saw ; beautiful 
serpentine river or brook, thickly planted with trees, and elegant swans swimming 
about — you can't imagine, 'twas all most like enchantment."^ 

The following is a more recent description of the place: — 

" Waltham IToiine, about nine miles from Boston, was, 25 years ago, one of the 
oldest and finest places as regards Landscape Gardening. Its owner, the late Hon. T. 
Lyman, was a highly accomplished man, and the grounds at Waltham House bear 
witness to a refined and elegant taste in rural improvement. A fine level park, a mile 

> A Girl's Life Eighty Years Ago. Edited by Clarence Cook, p. 149. It contains an 
engraving of Mr. Lyman's place. See also an account of his place in The Memorial History 
of Boston, edited by Justin Winsor, Vol. lY. p. 635. 


[52 VI. 0,] 

From the Crayon Portrait bv Chexev. now in the possession of 
Mrs. Philip H. Sears, of Boston. 


in length, enriched witli groups uf English limes, ohns ami oaks, and rich masses of 
native wood, watered by a fine stream and stocked with deer, were the leading features 
uf the place at that time ; and this and Woodlands were the two best specimens of the 
m<xlern style, as Judge Peter's seat, Lemon Hill, and Clermont, were of the ancient 
style, in the earliest period uf the history of Landscape Gardening among us." ' 

Mr. Lyman's place is nov\' owned and occupied as a country seat by liis 
gTands<in, Arthur Tlieodore L3-nuui. 

Theodore Lyman was a sou of the Rev. Isaac and Ruth (Plummer) 
Lyman, of York, Mo. His ancestry includes the following- families : Lyman, 
Osborne, Plum, Sheldon, Woodford, Blott, Warner, I'lummer, Cheney, 
Jewett, Newman, Wiuthrop, Forth, Read, Emerson, Symonds, Read. See 
A.vcESTRY Tables ilj. 

52. VL 90, Timothy Williams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], born in Sa- 
lem, baptized there Sept, 1, 1765, died in Boston. A merchant. Residence: 

Mr. Williams, H. C. 1784, was a man of sterling worth, but not widely 
known. He was an excellent specimen of the Boston merchant, honorable 
in his dealings, simple, high-minded, generous, and manly in his character. 
To worthy young men who needed aid in their first struggles to gain a 
place and a name, he was a sound ad\-iser and a generous friend. He was 
very shy and silent. As to appearance, he was a tall man with red hair. 
He died at the United States Hotel, Boston.^ 

52. VI. 91. Mary Williams [Lydia 51-52. V, 19], probably born in 
Salem, baptized there Aug. 9, 1767, died in AYaturtown, Mass. 

Mrs. Pratt was a woman of great beauty of character. She was ever 

' Landscape Gardening and Rural Architecture, by A. J. Downing, p. 33; The History 
of Wells and Kennebunk, .Me., by Edward E. Bourne, LL. D., pp. 494-495 ; The Lyman 
Genealogy, by Lyman Coleman, D.D., pp. 361-362. 

^ The Genealogy and History of the Eamily of Williams in America, more particularly 
of the Descendants of Robert Williams of Rosbury. by Stephen W. Williams, M.D., A.iL, 
pp. 327-329, in which it is erroneously stated that ^Mr. Williams's parents came from Ports- 
mouth, England, and settled in Salem. An obituary notice of him was printed in the 
Huston Daily Atlas, and was copied into the Christian Register, and again into the 
Williams Genealogy. 


kind, (lijiuterested, and thouylitfal of others, neglecting herself. The daily 
interests, the anxieties, the pleasures, and the sorrows of her friends, were 
subjects of her unfailing sympathy, and her charities were ample, but 
unobtrusive. Even when she was treading on the confines of a cen- 
tury, age had not visited her bright eye, her fair hair, nor her unruffled 

After her husband's death, she and her three daughters removed, in 1852, 
from the Summer Street house to No. 85 Mount Vernon Street. AVhen her 
daughter, Mary Pratt, died, the heirs sold the house to Miss Pratt's niece, 
Mrs. Philip H. Sears. This house is a fine example of the architecture uf 
Thomas Bulfinch. 

The excellent crayon portrait of Mrs. Pratt, by Cheney, which is here 
reproduced, is in the possession of her granddaughter, Mrs. Philip H. Sears, 
of Boston. 

52. VI. 91. WiUiam Pratt, the husband of Mary Williams, born in 
Derbyshire, England, died in Boston. A merchant. Residences : Boston 
and "Watevtown, Mass. 

Mr. Pratt left Derbyshire in 1783, and went to London. In 1784, or 
about that time, he came to Boston, where he engaged in the importation of 
dry goods, being a partner in the firm of Boott & Pratt, whose store was on 
Butler's Row," and who, in 1787, advertised in a IJoston newspaper, " Fresh 
"Woollens, Arrived by the Jfercuri/ and Neptune, the last ships from London. 
And to be sold by ichoJesale at Boott & Pratt's Store, Butler's Row." lie 
accumulated a large fortune, and is said to liave left at his death, in 1844, 
an estate of over a million dollars. 

Mr. Pratt removed from his house on Pearl Street to the residence on 
Summer Street, formerly occupied by the Hon. William Gray. It was the 
most conspicuous estate on the easterly side, next to Trinity Church and 
bordering on Hawley Street.^ " Oakley," ]Mr. Pratt's country seat at 

* Obituary in the Boston Daily Advertiser of Ausr. 29, 1S64. 

* From 1789-1835 from Merchant's Row to Spear's WTiarf. Chatham Street now 
includes a part of it. 

' The Boston Daily Advertiser of Aug. 31, 1881. 


[52. vr. 91.] 

From the Miniature now in the possession ok Robert Marion Pratt, 
Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

/ - 1 


[5=- VI. 93] 

From the Mi.viati-re, .vow in thk possEssro.v of Jeffries \Vym.i 
Esq., of Newton, M.ass. 


W.iterti'wn, now owned and kept up by liis grandson, Robert M. Pratt, 
was one of the most beautiful and extensive estates in the vicinity of Jiostou. 
It was celebrated for its tine ti-ees, and its fruit and flower gardens. 

A miniature of ^Ir. Pratt, now in the possession of his grandson, 
Robert iL Pratt, is here reproduced. 

Mr. Pratt was a son of Samuel and Anne [Storer] Pratt, of Derbyshire, 
England. Jiuie Pratt [58. VI. 11G'\ was his niece. Ancestry Tables ^\. 

52. VI. 92. Jolin 'W'illiams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], probably born in 
Salem, baptized there Aug. 13, 17G9, died in Northborongh, Mass.' 

52. VI. 93. Stephen Williams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], born in Salem, 
baptized there May 8, 1774, died in Northborough, Mass. A farmer. Resi- 
dence : i^orthborough. 

In early life he was engaged in business in Boston, at one time with 
Theodore Lyman; but he afterwards removed to Northborough, Mass., 
where he became one of the most skilful farmers of Worcester county. He 
was a justice of the peace, and his fellow citizens put the utmost confi- 
dence in him. He was public-spirited and benevolent, and a man of the 
strictest integrity. 

The miniature of him, which is here reproduced, is now in the possession 
of his great-grandson, Jeflries AVyman, of Newton, ^Mass. 

52. VI. 9J. Alice Orne, the v/ife of Stephen "Williams, born in Salem, 
baptized there April 23, 1769, died in Northborough, Mass. 

Mrs. Williams was a daughter of Captain Josiah and Alice (Palmer) 
Orne, of Salem. Edward Orne [52. VII. SSS] was her nephew, and Elizabeth 
Putnam Orne [52. VIII. 502'] and Anne Fiske Orne [52. VIII. 692-] were 
her grandnieces. Her ancestry includes the following families : Orne, Thomp- 
son, IngersoU, Felton, Elvins, Beadle, Palmer. See Ancestry Tables ^n. 

^ The date of his birth is given as Aug. 6, 1769, by his niece, Sarah P. Pratt ; as Aug. 
.", 1769, by W. Dudley Pickman ; as Aug. 16, 17G9, by his g^and^ephe\^-, Eobert M. Pratt, 
and as June, 1769, by the Gardner Family Records and by Dr. Henry Wheatland. The 
date of his death is given as June 19, 1S39, by his niece, Sarah P. Pratt ; and as June 20, 
1S.39, by the Gardner Family Records and by Dr. Henry Wheatland. 


52. VI. 94. Elizabetli Williams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], born in 
Salem, baptized there May 8, 1774, died in Salem, of consumption.^ 

52. VI. 94- Moses Little^ her husband, bom in Newburyport, Mass., 
died in Salem. A physician. Residence : Salem." 

Moses Little, H. C 1787, studied medicine with Dr. Jonathan Swett of 
Newburyport, IMass., and in 1791 began the j)ractice of his profession in 
Salem. He became very celebrated, and ranked among- the leading physi- 
cians in Essex C'ountv. He built a house which is still standing directly 
opposite Plummer Hall, Salem. He did not live to occupy it long. He 
himself, his wife, and his three children all died of consumption. At his 
request, the following lines were inscribed upon his tombstone : — 

" Phthisis insatiabilis, 
Patrem matremque 


Parce, O ! Farce, 


Dr. Little was a son of Richard and Jane fNoyes) Little. His ancestry 
includes the following families: Little, Poor, Cothn, Tliember, Stevens, 
Greenleaf, Dole, Rolfe, Brocklebank, Noyes, Parker, Brown, Greenleaf, 
Coffin, Thember, Stevens, Smith, Kent. See Ai.-cestey Tables ^\- 

52. VI. 95. Francis Williams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], probably bom 
in Salem, baptized there June 23, 1776, died in Holland. Residence: 

1 The date of her birth is given as April 2.5, 1776. by Sarah P. Pratt and Eobert :M. 
Pratt, and as 1773 by the Gardner Family Records and by Dr. Henry Wheatland. The 
date of her death is given as ;May 29, 1808, by Sarah P. Pratt and Robert !M. Pratt, and in 
The Descendants of George Little, by George T. Little, p. 94, and as May 28, 1808, in 
Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. IV. p. 83. 

' The date of his birth is given by Sarah P. Pratt, and in The Descendants of George 
Little, by George T. Little, p. 94, as July 4. 17(5G, while Essex Institute Historical Col- 
lections, Vol. IV. p. S3, gives it as July 3, 1766. 

• The Descendants of George Little, by George T. Little, p. 94 ; also Essex Insti- 
tute Historical Collections, Vol. IV. p. 83. 

* The date of his birth is given by Sarah P. Pratt and Eobert '^l. Pratt as June 17, 
1776, and by the Gardner Family Records and Dr. Henry Wheatland as 1775. The date 
of his death is given by Robert iL Pratt and Miss Sarah P. Pratt as June 22, 1847, while 
Colonel Theodore Lyman's note book, p. 5, says he died some time before 1821 in Holland. 


[52. VI. 96.] 

From the Phrtrait by Chester Harding, .vow i.\ the poss 
Mrs. C.-\THERi.N'E R. Griffith, OF Quebec, Canad.\. 


Francis Williatus, IL C. 17i)6, did not meet with much success in busi- 
ness. He wrote a very good letter. He is said to have once been engaged 
to a daughter of the banker Hottingiier, but the match was broken off. He 
Hved most of the time in Europe.' 

52. VI. 96. Anna "Williams [Lydia 51-52. Y. 19], born probably in 
Salem, baptized there March 14, 1779, as Anna, died in Boston. 
Mrs. Baldwin was called Nancy. 

52. VI. 06. Loainmi liahlwin, her husband, born in North Wobum, 
Mass., died in Charlestown, Mass., of paral}sis. A civil engineer. Residence : 

Colonel Baldwin, H. C. 1800, was fitted for college at Westford Academy. 
While in college his inclination seems to have been toward mechanical sub- 
jects, and he made with his own hands a clock which kept very good time, 
and was the wonder and admiration of his class. He does not seem to have 
found out at once for what he was intended. Upon graduating from college 
he entered the law office of Timothy Bigelow of Groton. During his studies 
here he constructed a fire engine, of which the village stood in great need ; 
and this small machine was still, in 1885, in active service after a use of over 
eighty years, and would then throw a stream over the highest roof in town. 
He completed his legal studies in 1804, and then opened an office in Cam- 
bridge. But his taste for mechanical arts asserted itself so strongly that, in 
1807, he closed his office and went to England for the purpose of examining 
the various public works of that country. On his return he opened an office 
in Charlestown, and entered upon the life of a civil engineer, for which he 
was so admirablv fitted. 

His services were in demand by very many of the States of the Union, 
as is testified to by his scientific surveys for canals, roads and aqueducts. 
' 'ue of his earliest works was Fort Strong on Noddle's Island in Boston 
harbor. From 1817 to 1820, he was engaged on public works in Virginia; 
and, in 1821, he was appointed engineer of the Union Canal in Pennsyl- 

' Colonel Theodore Lyman's note book, p. 5. 

" The date of his birth is given as May 16, 17S0, by several authorities, while the 
Ralilwin Genealogy, by Charles C. Baldwin, p. 62S, gives it as May 18, 1778. 


vania. In 1824, he went to Europe aud devoted a year to tlie public works 
of France. He also went to Antwerp to inspect the docks. At this time he 
laid the foundation of the largest and best professional librar}- of engineerir.- 
works that was to be found in America. He also owned some of the be^t 
paintings of his classmate Washington AlLston. When a committee was 
appointed to decide upon the plan of Bunker Hill Monument, he was made 
its chairman. From 1827 to 1834, he was engaged on the two great works 
of his life — the naval dry docks at Chfirlestown, Mass., and those at Norfolk, 
Va. Although he was so constantly employed that he had but little time 
for other engagements, vet he was a public-spirited man, and served as a 
member of the governor's council in 1835, and as a presidential elector 
in 1836. 

Colonel Baldwin had a keen sense of wit and humor, and was a most 
genial companion. He was the delight of all circles — the gayest of the 
young and the instructor of the old — the playful companion or wise coun- 
sellor. His friends were captivated by his wit and humor. They gloried 
in tlie purity and sternness of his principles — his avoidance of all that was 
mean, selfish, and little. His attachment to a few devoted friends began 
early in life, and ended only with his last breath. He was liberal and 
hospitable, and to his professional abilities he added those virtues which 
adorn private life, and sweeten social intercourse. He was over six feet in 
height and superbly built. Plis face, as is shown by his admirable portrait, 
presents a rare combination of intelligence, of manliness, and of dignity.^ 

On June 22, 1828, Colonel Baldwin married as a second wife Mrs. 
Catherine, widow of Captain Thomas Beckford, of Charlestown. She died 
May 3, 18G4, aged 77 years. 

Colonel Baldwin's portrait was painted in early life by Leslie. Wash- 
ington Allston made a sketch of him, and Powers a The portrait 
which we have had reproduced was painted by Chester Harding. It is in 
the possession of his niece, Jlrs. Catherine R. Griffith, of Rumford House, 
Mt. Pleasant, Quebec, Canada, and hangs in the old family mansion of the 

' Obituaries in Salem Gazette of July 3, 1838, and in the Boston Daily Advertiser of 
July 2 and July 3, 1838 ; and A Sketch of the Life and Works of Loammi Baldwin, Civil 
Engineer, by George L. Yose. 




[5--. VI. 9S.] 

From the Portrait by Leslie, pain fed in 1817, sow in the possession 
OF THE Misses Whitney, of Cambriiii;e. Mass. 


[53- VI. ;«.] 
THE Portrait ev, painted in- Caniox, China, in 1790, n^ 



Baldwins, in North Woburu. Tliis house is a fine specimen of Colonial 

Colonel Baldwin was a son of Loammi and Mary (Fowle) Baldwin, 
llis father was a distinguished citizen of Woburn, and served in the Revo- 
hitionary War as the colonel of a regiment. He was much interested in 
tlie cultivation of fruit, and to him we are indebted for the M'ell-known 
Baldwin apple, ^vhich he perfected and brought into use. His ancestry 
includes the following families: Baldwin, Ricluuxlson, Fisk, Wilson, Rich- 
ardson, Green, Blodgett, Iggleden, Fowle. See Ancestry Tables ^^. 

52. VI. 98. Charles Williams [Lydia 51-52. V. 19], born in Salem, 
baptized there Jan. 18, 1784, died in London, England. A banker. Resi- 
dence : London. 

Mr. Williams -was in business in London with his brother, Samuel 
Williams. The two brothers set up housekeeping as early as 1801, at No. 
13, Finsbury Square, London, where they entertained a great deal. He 
tliouglit it beneath a gentleman to -n-rite a book, and seems, though an 
American, to have been a tory of the old school. He is said to have been 
something of an artist, and Leslie, Allston, and Newton were frequent 
visitors at his house. He became poor.^ 

A heliotype is here given of his portrait, painted by C R. Leslie, R. A., 
in 1817. It is now in the possession of his grand nieces, the Misses Whitney, 
of Cambridge, Mass. 

53. VI. 99. ElizalDeth Gardner [Ehzabeth 53. V. 20], born in 
Salem, baptized there Feb. 11, 1759; died in Wenham, Mass. 

Mrs. Blanchard was buried in Wenham, where her gravestone is still 

53, VI. 99. Samuel Blanehai'd, her husband, born in Boston, died 
in Wenham, Mass. A surgeon. Residence : Wenham. 

Mr. Blanchard received a medical education, and for a short time was 
a surgeon in the army of the Revolution. After leaving the army, he 
became the surgeon of several privateers. After the war, he gave up his 

* Note book of Colonel Theodore Lyman. 


profession and went to France and to the East Indies as supercargo. For 
several years he was a merchant in Salem and in Baltimore. About the 
yeai- 1797, ho purchased a farm in Wenham, where he lived many years. 
He represented the town in the General Court for the years 1797, 1798, 
1799, ISOO, 1803, 1S08, 1809, and 1810. He was burled at Wenham, where 
his gravestone is still standing. 

A heliotype of his portrait is here given. It was painted in Canton, 
China, in December, 1790, by a Chinese artist. It is owned by his 
great-grandson, Robert C. Winthrop, of Boston. 

Samuel Blanchard was a son of Joshua Blanchard, of Boston, a member 
of the Committee of Public Safety. Ancestkv Tables ^\. 

53. VI. 100. John Gardner [Elizabeth 53. V. 20], born in Salem, 
baptized there Aug. 31, 1760, died in Charleston, S. C. A merchant. 
Residence : Charleston. 

Mr. Gardner lived about eight years in Charleston, where he was en- 
gaged in business with his brother, Samuel Pickering Gardner. 

53. VI. 101. Samuel Pickering Gardner [Elizabeth 53. V. 20], 
born in Wenham, Mass., baptized in Salem, May 31, 1767, died in Boston. 
A mercliant. Residence : Boston. 

Mr. Gardner, H. C. 1786, soon after leaving college, engaged in commer- 
cial pursuits in Charleston, S. C, sailing for that place Sept. 28, 1787. He 
returned to Boston, Aug. 8, 1793, and established himself in business there. 
Having acquired a fortune, he retired from active business, devoting his 
leisure to society and the enjoyment of cultivated tastes. In 1800, he 
bought the Summer Street estate, thenceforward his hospitable home. This 
house, built by Leonard Vassall, was a fine specimen of Colonial architecture. 
An excellent photograph of it is in possession of the family. 

To avoid the inconvenience of having the same name as that of two 
other persons then in Boston, he had his name changed from Samuel 
Gardner to Samuel Pickering Gardner, by an Act of the General Court of 
Massachusetts, passed the fifteenth of February, 1796.^ 

> Obituary in the Boston Daily Advertiser, Friday, Dec. 22, 1S43 ; Xew England His- 
torical and Genealogical Register, Vol. XXV. pp. 48, 50 ; and the Gardner Family Records 


[53. VI. .0..] 

From thk Portrait by Gii.hf.rt Stuart, .now in the possession of 
M153 Gf.orgina Low ell. of Boston. 

■-^ - : - :'i 

' I 


►»a..; .■■, ,VJlM:.^^..t„ 


[53. VI. 101] 
From the Portrait by Gilbert Stuart, painted i.v Nijvfmber, iSio, 



There is an excellent portrait of ^Ir. Gardner, painted by Stuart, now 
in the possession of his granddaughter. Miss Georgina Lowell. It is here 

53. VI. 101. Rebecca JRiissell LoiveU, the wife of Samuel P. Gardner, 
born in Boston, died in Boston. 

Jlrs. Gardner inherited from her father, Judge Lowell, not a little of 
that strong sense and energy which have rendered the name of Lowell dis- 
tinguished in so many tields of intellectual and material enterprise. No 
one ever enjoyed the privilege of her society without being impressed by 
her vivid intelligence and ardent enthusiasm. But the moral element of 
her character is vet more fondly cherished in the memory of her friends. 
Her devoted fidelity to every duty of life, her untiring attention to all who 
were connected with her, her unostentatious charit}^, and her unwavering 
religious faith are the characteristics which have secured for her a perma- 
nent and loving remembrance.^ 

Her portrait, painted by Stuart in November, 1810, when she was 
thirty-one j^ears old, is said to have been a perfect likeness of her at the 
time it was taken. It is now in the possession of her grandson, John 
Lowell Gardner. A heliotype of it is here given. 

Mrs. Garilner was a daughter of the Hon. John and Rebecca (Russell) 
Lowell. The Hon. James Russell Lowell, late United States Minister to 
England, and John Amory Lowell [55. VII. 51-], were her nephews; 
Mary Loicell [54. VII. ■30?'} is her niece, and Frances Temple Cordis [25-26. 
VII. 14o^] was her second cousin. Her father [H. C. 1760] was a mem- 
ber of the Continental Congress, and was appointed by that body one of 
the three judges for the trial of appeals from courts of admiralty. He was 
a member of the Convention which framed the Constitution of Massachu- 
setts. He was appointed by Washington, in 1789, Judge of the District 
Court of Massachusetts, and, in 1801, was appointed Chief-Justice of the 
First Circuit. He was also a fellow of the Corporation of Harvard College 
for eighteen years, ilrs. Gardner's ancestry includes the follo-^nng families : 

in manuscript compiled by Samuel P. Gardner, to which we are indebted for much infor- 
mation. This family record is now in possession of his grandson, George A. Gardner. 
* Obituary in the Boston Daily Transcript of Saturday, May 14, 1853. 


Lowell, Sylve.-tei-, Tditov, Shalkr, Champuty, IJiiLlye, Turrell, Mooiv, 
}Iodg-es, Rusriell, Pitt, Curw en, Herbert, Cluinibers, ratefield. Graves, 
Gray, Steduian, Avery, Sparhawk, xVugier, Newman. See Axcestry 
Tables f^. 

54-55. VI. 102. Sarah GooU [Luis 54-55. V, 22], born in Salem, 
died in Boston. 

The girlhood of Sarah Gooll was ehieil}' passed with her mother in the 
Pickering mansion, where her nncle, John Pickering, would read aloud 
tlie masterpieces of English literature to his sister and niece, who were dili- 
gently employed upon the houseliold needlework. Under her mother's 
tuition, she acquired skill in the domestic arts, those of taste and ornament 
not excluded. This early training- in practical usefulness, combined with 
intellectual culture, was a fitting preparation for the life that was before 

On her marriage her household, of which she had the direction, offered, 
as years went on, a more and more ample field for her energy and activity. 
She entered bi-avely and warmly into her husband's love for a large hos- 
pitality. When she had arranged for the material success of a dinner party, 
she was ready to enjoy the conversation of the eminent guests who met at 
her table and to enliven it In* the quickness of her apprehension and the 
readiness of her repartee. This hospitable home Avas the home of happiness 
in every sense. Xever were children more rrratefully affectionate than hers. 
The daughters, brought up under her influence and guidance, repaid her, 
not only by their devoted attention, but by renewing her example for theii- 
own children, and by the loving joy she found in their beauty, dignity, and 

Dear as she was to the yet younger generation, to whom her house was 
a paradise of pleasiire, she did not win them to it by any undue indulgence. 
She possessed their respect as well as their affection. She inculcated upon 
her grandchildren the active use of the faculties : " If you have a gift, dear, 
use it," is recollected by them as one of her precepts. 

The gift of embroidery, which she added to so many others, she contin- 
ued to practice through life. She designed her own patterns, sometimes 


[54-55. VI. .0..] 

From the Crayon PoRiR...r by CHENtv, now in t»e possession of 
RoHERi H.\LE B.\m:r..ft. E.vj., OF BovroN. 


y u . m i <IM J.- <<lSt.l»: '-W=CJ^SW,g=S^^-^ _«.AJS^<»»'!C??'!?3?^ 


^ ^- 


- .^'/ 





154-55- VI. 10^.] 

From the Portrait by Chester Harding, now in the possession of 
Augustus Lowell, Esq., of Boston. 



turiiiliii;- wix-atliri or sprays of flowers from lier garden, and transfemng 
th, 111 in crewel to aprons or little di'esses for her younger descendants. 
At tlie ago of ninety or more, she was earnestly engaged in embroid- 
^r\- for the fairs held in behalf of our soldiers. She was one of those 
woiiifu who, in their devotion to the home, do not forget that they have a 

At the time of Mrs. Putnam's death, a printed notice of her was distrib- 
uted among her relatives and frii-nds. She is therein spoken of as greatly 
n;vered by them, and as one whose daily life was of unsurpassed beautv, 
;uul whose exam))le contributed to the best influences upon society during 
every period of her lengthened days. Dr. Bartol preached a funeral ser- 
mon, Nov. 27, 18(U, the Sunday after her death. The crayon portrait, by 
(,'Iieney, which is liere reproduced, is now in possession of her grandchil- 
dren, Robert H. Bancroft and Miss Ellen Bancroft. 

54-55. VI. 102. Samuel Piitnmn, the husband of Sarah Gooll, born 
in Danvers,- ^Mass., baptized there June 19, 17G8, died in Boston. A 
lawyer. Residences : Boston and Danvers. 

Samuel Putnam, H. C. 1787, LL.D. 1825, began the study of law with 
the Hon. Theophilus Bradbury, of Xewburyport. In 1790, he opened a law 
ofHce in Salem, and soon had a large practice. Wliile at the bar, he was 
distinguished for his knowledge of commercial law, his chivalric sense of 
honor, and his pleasant manners. He was liberal in his religious views, 
and could not endure any dogmatic or ecclesiastic tyranny. In 1808, 1809, 

1813, and 1814, he represented Essex County in the ^Massachusetts Senate, 
and, in 1812, he was a representative from Salem in the General Court. In 

1814, lie w;is made a Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court. This 
position he tilled for twenty-eight years, exhibiting powers of mind and 
ili'iiu-nts of character that gained universal respect. His opinions on com- 
UK.'rcial la\v' are considered among the most valuable contributions to juris- 

' .\ large part of these facts have been kiudly giveu by a daughter-in4a\v of Mrs. 

^ The date of his birth is given as ^Nlay 13, 1768, by his daughter-iu-law, Mrs. :Mary 
1'. Putnam, and ilrs. Arthur T. Lyman. Several other authorities give it as April 
13, 17G8. 


prudence to be iouiid in tlie Reports of the State of Massachusetts. W!ii!.. 
at the bar, Judge rutnani, like his associates, was an ardent ..f 
the school of Washington, Hamilton, and Pickering, and took a decided 
interest in public atlairs. His zeal in politics had no reference to ofliee (-r 
political promotion, which he never sought, and which he was always relnr- 
tant to accept when it was pressed upon him. He removed with his flimilv 
from Salem, in 1833, to Boston, and at first lived on Essex Street, and after- 
wards on Allston Street. His summer home was the ancestral farm at 
Danvers, which had descended to him in a direct line from the tir>t 
Nathaniel Putnam. He cherished this farm, and loved to set out trees, 
whose full growth only his posterity could see. 

Judge Putnam was a man of unsullied character, and enjoyed the 
friendsliip of a wide and distinguished circle of friends. His house was 
noted for its hospitality. He was remarkably fond of music and society. 
He had a large and interesting family, the daughters being quite famous 
for their beauty and musical talent. His children all removed to Boston at 
about the same time, and all grouped themselves around him. Twice a 
week in winter the whole family came together. Many visitors joined 
these gatherings, and as there were a large number of grandcliildren, the 
rooms were always well hlled. As a host, Judge Putnam had a peculiar 
charm of manner, which made his welcome and his conversation delightful 
to his guests. He was an accomplislied horseman, and made a fine appear- 
ance on horseback. After he had grown to be an old man, he rode out 
every day till he was nearly eighty years old.^ 

The portrait of him which is here reproduced was painted by Chester 
Harding. It is now in the possession of his grandson, Augustus Lowell, of 
Boston. A heliotype of his residence in Salem is also given. 

Samuel Putnam was a son of Gideon and Hannah (Brown) Putnam, of 
Danvers. His ancestry includes the following faraihes : Putnam, Hutch- 
inson, Bosworth, Bacon, Richardson, Giles, Morse, Brown, Raymond. 
See Ancestry T.\bles -jy. 

^ A Discourse on the Life and Character of Samuel Putnam, by Rev. C. A. Bartol ; 
Obituaries in the Boston Daily Advertiser of July 6, 1853, and in the Salem Gazette of 
July 8, 1S53; also Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XV. p. 291. 

BUILT IX 1769. 




U /is^ 

1 \i^\. ■ : J 

\.r/ A \ 

SM - ■ & ^ J?^»»iaa. ■a>fe.:^.iim^w.o^^^^-JS 


'){). \l. 1(J4. Mary Wingate [Eunice 5G-57. V. 23], bom in Hamp- 
ton Falls, X. n., died in Stratham, N. H. 

Mrs. Wig-gin's gravestone is still standing in the Burying Ground of 

5G. VI. 104- Andmr Wifff/ln, her husband, born in Stratham, N. H., 
died in Stnithara. A farmer. Residence : Stratham.^ 

^Majnr "Wig-gin T^-as a prominent citizen,' holding the ofHce of magis- 
trate, lie ^vas also a major in the militia. By his first -ivife, ilary Hill, 
or Mary Bra ckett," whom he married Jan. 29, 1774, he had the follow- 
ing child : — 

Mary Ys'iggis, born Oct. 9, 1780. She married George Hilton, Esq., of New- 
market, X. H. 

Major Wiggin's ancestor, Governor Thomas Wiggin, came to New 
Hampshire in 1(331 as agent for the proprietary for the Upper Plantation. He 
returned to England on the business of the Province, and by his " good testi- 
mony," as Governor Winthrop says, " in behalf of the Massachusetts Colony," 
did much to avert the evils that threatened it from the enmity of Gorges 
and Mason. On his retm-u to New Hampshire, he brought with him a con- 
siderable lumiber of families from the west of England. He continued at 
the head of the plantation under Lords Say and Brooke. He was one of the 
principal men of the Province during his life. It is thought that at the 
present time one half of the inhabitants of Stratham can claim him as an 
ancestor. The estate owned and occupied by Major Wiggin descended to 
him from Governor Thomas Wiggin.^ 

Andrew Wiggin was a son of Andrew and Dorothy (Sweat) Wiggin. His 
ancestr\- includes the fuUuwing families : Wiggin, Bradstreet, Dudley, Sweat. 

See ANCKSTliY 'I'ablks -^|. 

» The date of his birtli is given as July 2, 1752, in Caleb Wiggiu's Family Bible, -n-hile 
the History of the Win gate Family, by C- E. L. Wingate, p. 153, and the History of 
Eockingham County, N. H., p. .550, give it as July 14, 1752. 

' Given as !Mary Hill in Caleb Wiggin's Family Bible, and as llary Brackett in the 
History of Eockingham County, X. H., p. 550. 

' The History of Eockingham County, X. H., p. 548. 


5G. VI. 103. Sarah. "Wingate [Eunice 5G-57. V. 23], born in Ilamptni, 
Falls, N. n., diud in Stnitluim, N. H.^ 

56. VI. lOo. Josiah Bartlett, her husband, born in Kingston, N. II,, 
died in Strathani, N. H. A physician. Residence: Stratham.^ 

Dr. Bartlett, like his father and brothers, was a distinguished and popular 
physician with a largo practice. He was a politician of the Jefferson schon], 
and was chosen State senator in 1809 and 1810. In 1810, he was elected ;i 
representative in Congress, ^vllere he served two years. In 1824, he was 
one of the presidential electors, was again chosen a State senator, and was 
elected president of the Senate. For several years he served as treasurer of 
Eockinghara County. He continued the practice of his profession until a 
few years before his death. In 1812, he married as a second wife Miss 
Hannah "Weeks, of Greenland, N. H., by whom he had no children.^ 

Josiah Bartlett was a son of the Hon. Josiah and Mary (Bartlett) Bart- 
lett. His father Avas a Signer of the Declaration of Independence and a 
governor of Xew Hampshii-e. His ancestry includes the following families : 
Bartlett, Emery, Webster, Shatswell, Webster, Bartlett, Emery, Webster, 
Shatswell, Hoyt, Brown, Huntington, Bayley, Hunt. See Axcestrt 
Tablks ^\. 

56. VI. lOG. George Wingate [Etinice 56-57. V. 23], born in 
Stratham, N. H., died in Stratham. A farmer. Residence : Stratham. 

George Wingate, H. C. 1796, was for a short time instructor of mathe- 
matics in Phillips Exeter Academy. He represented Stratham in the Legis- 
lature in 1847, and was a member of the Convention of 1850 for revising 
the constitution of New Hampshire. He never sought office, but was often 
called upon to serve as selectman and to give advice and assistance in his 
OAvn and neighboring towns. He was usually called " The Squire," and 

1 The date of her birth was given by the late John Wingate Thornton and by Isabel 
C. Wingate as Nov. 27, 1769, while it is given as Xov. 7, 1769, in the History of the 
Wingate Family, by C. E. L. Wingate, p. 154. 

^ The date of his death is given as April 16, 1838, by the Xichols Family Records and 
in the Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Bartlett Family in England and 
America, by Levi Bartlett, and as April 6, 1838, by the late John Wingate Thornton. 

' Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Bartlett Family in England and 
America, by Levi Bartlett, pp. 57, 58, and obituary in the Exeter News Letter of April, 1838. 


[56. VI. 106.] 

From the Daguf.rrotype, tvken akout 1847, now in the possessiom 
OF Joseph C. A. Wingate, Esq., of Stkatham, N. H. 


'i,-\ . 


V 1 







'\ \ 


V - 

i- . 


• \ ■ 






-— . 



, ■-"« 


r— - ^-^v 




\\;is [)er!i;i])s better cutitled to that uanio than any other citizen of Stratham. 
He was (.listingui:5hedfor his benevolence and urbanity.' Tliere is a daguer- 
rotypo of him, taken about tlie year 1847, which is owned by his nephew, 
J. C. xV. Wingate, of Stratham. A heliotype of it is here given. 

r)G-."i7. VI. 107. John Wingate [Eunice bQ-'u. Y. 23], born in 
Stratham, X. H., died in Sti'atliam. A fanner. Residence: Stratham. 

^Ir. Wingate inherited the family estate, and engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. During the war of 1812-1814, he was captain of an artillery 
company which was for a time stationed at Portsmouth. He was a trus- 
t>-e of Hampton Academy, and was especially prominent in the religious 
work of his own and the neighboring towns. He gave his time and money 
freely for the support of every good work. With a meekness of deportment, 
an honesty of heart, and a fixedness of purpose which gained the affection 
and respect of every one who knew him, lie seemed raised up to meet the 
needs of the church in Stratham, when its strength was fast ebbing away. 
He was a simple, sincere, and godly man.^ 

.5G-r>7. A^I. 107. Sally Piper, his wife, born in Stratham, N. H., died 
in Stratham. 

Mrs. Wingate was a daughter of Samuel and ^lary (Robinson) Piper, of 
Stratham, X. H. Ancestry Tables ^\. 

57. VI. lt)S. Elizabeth Wingate [Eunice 56-57. V. 23], born in 
Stratham, N. IL, died in Stratham. 

]\Iiss Wingate was a woman whose prominent traits were amiability and 
kindness. X Christian worker of a truly charitable disposition and of no 
ordinary piety, she was instrumental in reviving the languishing and almost 
dying hopes of the church in Stratham at a time when it was threatened 
with extinction. She was also an unwearied worker in the Sunday School. 

Miss Wingate died in 1S20, and was the second person who had ever 

* J. C. A. Wingate and Necrology of Alumni of Harvard College, by Joseph Palmer, 
p. 12. 

^ Obituary in the Xen- Hampshire Observer of Feb. 9, 1831, written by the Eev. 
Jacob Cummings, of Stratham. 



died in the old Wiugute lioiide. The other death occurred more than c-i^-hiv 
years previous, and yet the house had been most of the time inhabited b\ 
large families.^ There is a silhouette of her in the possession of her nepliL-w, 
J. C. A. Wingate. 

58. VI. 109. Jolin Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], born in Salum, 
baptized there, died in Boston. A lawyer. Residence : Salem.- 

John Pickering, H. C. 179G, LL. D. 1835, was sent by his parents to 
live in the family of his imcle, John Pickering, who occupied the home- 
stead in Salem. Here his childhood was spent attending school, and hen- 
be was fitted for college by ]Mr. Thomas Bancroft. He was an amiably 
youth of a rather retiring and studious nature. Throughout his college 
coiu'se, he maintained a very high standard of scholarship and moralit\' ; 
and he had an English oration as his part at Commencement. On July 24, 
1796, just after Commencement Day, his cousin, the Rev. John Clarke, 
wrote to the boy's father as follows : — 

" I have only time to inform you that your son did himself and the college honor 
bj his performance on the commencement Day. His elocution was excellent, and 
made the most favorable impre.ssion on an admiring auditory. It is impossible to 
describe the sentiments of respect with which he has inspired all who know him. He 
is, without exception, the leit youth in the whole circle of my acquaintance. In com- 
posing the small volume of letters which accompany this, I had your son in contem- 
plation. Consider them as addressed to your sou." ^ 

The small volume of letters spoken of was entitled, " Letters to a Stu- 
dent in the University of Cambridge, ilass.. By John Clarke, Minister of a 
Church in Boston." 

On graduating from college, he entered the office of Edward Tilghman, 
of Philadelphia, for the study of law. He continued with him about eiglit 
months, when he accepted an appointment as Secretary of Legation at Lis- 
bon. He remained at Lisbon two years, filling the position with great 
credit, and making marked improvement in his knowledge of foreign lan- 

' Obituary in the New Hampshire Observer of Sept. 30, 1S29. 

^ The date of his birth is given as Feb. 7, 1777, by several authorities ; while it is 
given as Feb. 17, 1777, in Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. XV. p. .315. 
» The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. III. pp. 203-294. 


[5S. VI. 109.] 

From the Portrait, paintkd ev Chtster Hardixg, now in the posses- 
sion OF John Pickering. Escj., of Salem, Mass. 

;5?> ^ 





guag:e3. From Lisljnii he \veiit to London, -wIilto he was Secretary of 
Legation under Rufus King, tlie United States Minister to Enghmd. Be- 
fore coming home he spent four raontlis in travel on tlie Continent. He 
left Enghiud for home in August, LSOL Just before his departure, Mr. 
King wrote, on the sixteenth of August, to Colonel Pickering as follows: — 

" As your son will in a few days leave me to return home, I cannot omit the occa- 
sion to renew to you my concrratulations upon his good conduct and amiable disjiosition. 
During the time he has been ^vitli me he has been uniformly prudent and industri- 
ous ; his information, to which he is constantly making useful additions, is much 
greater and more extensive, as well as correct, than we commonly find in young men 
of his age ; and what you will judge of equal iniportance, his moral character is pure 
and unblemished. In a word, you will find in him what I am sorry to part with, — 
an instructive companion and a prudent friend." ' 

On his return to Salem, he entered the law office of his cousin. Judge 
Samuel Putnam, to fit himself for his chosen profession. Early in March, 
1804, he was admitted to the bar, and, on the sixth of the same month, he 
opened his office in Salem. 

While in Europe, 'Sh: Pickering had collected a choice library, and in 
his leisure moments he continued to indulge in his favorite study of the 
languages. In 1806, he was chosen Hancock Professor of Hebrew and 
other Oriental languages in Harvard College, but this appointment he 
declined. In 1809, he was elected a corresponding member of the Anthol- 
ogy Society. In 1810, lie was made a Fellow of the x\merican Academy of 
Arts and Sciences; and, in 1839, he succeeded Dr. Bowditch as its presi- 
dent. He was asked to accept the Greek professorship at Harvard College, 
but this also he declined. 

In 1812, 1814, and in 1826, he represented Salem in the General Court. 
In 1814, lie Avas appointed attorney for Essex County. In 1815-1816, he 
represented Essex County in the Massachusetts Senate. In 1816, he 
published his Vocabulary.- In 1818, he was a member of the Governor's 
Council, and in the same year he was chosen one of the overseers of Har- 

* Life of John Pickering, by his daughter, :Mary Orne Pickering, p. 199. 
' A Vocabulary or Collection of Words and Phrases which have been supposed to be 
peculiar to the United States of America. 


vard College. In 182G, he published his Greek Lexicon.' In 1«27, he 
removed to Bostou, and rented a house on Franklin Street. His law ollicL' 
was on Court Street. He was welcomed with great cordiality by a large 
circle of friends, relatives, and new acquaintances. In 1828, he served as an 
alderman of the city, and in the same year was chairman of the committee 
of the Latin School. In 1829, he represented Suffolk County in the State 
Senate. In tliis year he was chosen city solicitor of Boston, and he re- 
tained this office till 1846. In the year 1829, he was also \'ice-pre3ident 
of the Boston Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. 

In August, 1832, he removed to No. 75 Beacon Street. In this and the 
adjoining house he lived for nine years. In June, 1833, he was chosen orator 
of the Phi Beta Kappa Society ; but he declined to accept the position. In 
the course of the following years, he was elected an honorary member of 
the Pennsylvania Historical Society, a corresponding memher of the Philo- 
sophical and Historical Class of the Royal Academy of Science of Prussia, 
a corresponding member of the Oriental Society of Paris, and a member of 
the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. 

Although he was much in public life, his tastes were those of a man of 
letters. He was best known as a distinguished scholar and author and by 
his connection with learned societies. There were few so eminent in schol- 
arship as he, and none so skilled in the modern and Indian languages. He 
was more or less ftimiliar with twenty-two languages. Besides being the 
author of several books, he contributed important papers to the periodicals 
of the time. 

Mr. Pickering was a tall man of commanding presence, but benignant 
and courteous. He had a small, well-formed mouth, a Roman nose, and a 
serene and ample forehead. Familiarity with the diplomatic circles of 
European Courts had added to his natural dignity of presence, and had 
given a polished refinement to the courtesy and gentleness of his manners. 
Pure and elevated in mind and heart, in taste and feeling, he was at the 
same time beloved as a Christian gentleman, and admired as a learned and 
accomplished scholar. 

' A Compreliensive Lexicon of the Greek Language, adapted to the use of Colleges 
and Schools in the United States. 

Pjya -> - - - 








"In 1839, a bust was made of 3Ir. rickeriiiy, by the sculptor Henry 
Dexter, of Boston. Several plaster casts were made from it for the family, 
who regarded the likeness as excellent in evei'}' '^vay. His portrait w\as 
painted by Chester Harding, and is now in the Pickering house at Salem. 
It was engraved for the volume of his Life, by his daughter. The engrav- 
ing is here given. A heliotype is also given of the brick block on Chest- 
nut Street, Salem, which was built l)v ^Ir. Pickering and his brother, Henry 
Pickering. ^Ir. Pickering moved into it, Dec. 10, 1815. 

The diplomas which Mr. Pickering received from the learned so- 
cieties of which he was elected a member are at the Pickering house in 

58. VI. 100. Sarah White, the wife of John Pickering, born in Salem, 
died in Salem. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pickering were doubly related, being first cousins once 
removed through the Pickering family, and second cousins through the 
White family. 

It was while on a visit to her relations in Massachusetts that she met her 
future husband. They were married in the western parlor of the old man- 
sion, and began housekeeping on Chestnut Street. According to the custom 
of the time for receiving bridal visits, they were dressed in bridal attire 
every afternoon for two successive weeks, and received the ceremonious 
visits of their friends. 

May 5, 1805, she and her husband were admitted to full communion 
with the Rev. Dr. Prince's Church in Salem. 

Mrs. Pickering's husband was greatly indebted to her for the wise judg- 
ment, the executive ability, the faithful economv, and the generous hospi- 
tality with which she conducted his household. She relieved him of domestic 
care, and gladly gave him, unasked, his quiet hours for stud^- and the society 

^ The Life of John Pickfrini:, by his daughter, ilary Orne Pickering, from which the 
greater part of the above sketch has been made ; Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American 
Biography, Vol. Y. p. 3; A ilemoir in the ^Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, 
Vol. X. pp. 204-224; The American Biographical Dictionary, by William Allen, p. GG2 : 
and Dictionary of American P.iography, by Francis S. Drake, p. 716. ^Many notices of 
him appeared in the Boj^ton and Salem papers at the time of his death. 


of his friends. Slie full}- appreciated all the knowledge aud honor the.-u 
hours gained for him.' 

Her number in direct de.-cent is [49. VII. 2G8]. 

58. VI. 110. Timothy Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], born in 
Philadelphia, Pa., baptized there, died at Starucca, Pa. Residence : Starucra. 

Timothy Pickering, H. C. 1799, did not have the scholarly tastes of his 
brother John, and left college with a strong repugnance to academical life 
and the learned professions. He was of an independent mind, and an active 
life accorded better with his tastes. He obtained a midshipman's warrant, 
and was ordered to the frigate Philadelphia. On his return from his cruise, 
he heard that his father had gone into the woods. Realizing the hardships 
incident to such a life, and seeing that war with France would not occur, 
he resigned his place in the navy and joined his father. He selected for his 
abode the Starucca tracts about two miles south of the State of New York, 
on the east bank of the Susquehanna River. His life, however, was soon 
cut short by a distressing throat disease, and he was buried at Starucca. 
Another account states that he was mortally injured by a falling tree, which 
apparently struck his neck, and that he died several weeks after.^ 

His character was strong and decided. He was a man of few words, of 
an independent spirit, of immovable integrity, of the purest morality, and 
of marked energ}'. As a naval officer he Avas intrepid and efficient. His 
integrity and meekness gained him the esteem of all, and the poor neigh- 
bors whom he employed viewed him with the respect and affection that 
children feel for a father.'' 

58. VI. 110. Lurena Cole, the wife of Timothy Pickering, born in 
Farmington, Conn., died in Boston. 

On the death of her husband, Mrs. Pickering and her children became 
inmates of Colonel Timothy Pickering's family, — an event which added 
great happiness to his life. At this time he writes of her: " I am more and 

* Life of John Pickering, by his daughter, ifary Orne Pickpriug. 
' Told by bis widow, Lureua Pickeriug, to her daughter-in-law, Charlotte Pickering. 
' The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. III. pp. 43, 325-326, 
and VoL IV. pp. 31, 32, 113, 117, 111). 



[5S- VI. III.] 
FkOM THK Miniature by Richard, PAiNxrD in Paris, Fr.^nce, ix 



inore pleasod witli the g-ood sense and discretion of Lurena." ^ In a letter 
to his wife, dated at Washington, Feb. 21. 1808, lie thus alludes to her: 
" Tier p-ood sense and amiable qualities entitle her to our love. For these 
and for her husband's sake she will be ever dear to us." Iler sweet and 
b(.'autiful temperament, her cheerful spirit and manners, and her practical 
wisdom were of great value to all the inmates of tlie family. She was the 
companion of Colonel Pickering and his wife to the end of their days, and 
proved a constant blessing to tliem. She gradually assumed the manage- 
ment of the household, and relieved them, as they grew older, of burdens 
they were becoming less able to bear." 

3Irs. Pickering was a woman of decidedly scholarly tastes, and read 
Rees' Cyclopa}dia from beginning to end. During the latter part of her 
life she was much interested in the treatment of the Indians, in travels in 
the East, and in various matters, such as the treatment of ]\Iary Queen of 
Scots and the mystery of the Man in the Iron Mask. She devoted a great 
deal of labor and time to tapestry work, and executed about thirty large 
pictures of landscapes, figures, flowers, etc. She continued this tapestry 
work even to the last year of her life. 

She was a daughter of Zebulon and Sarah (Hart) Cole, of Wells, \t. 
See A2,-CESTRY Tables |V. 

58. VI. 111. Henry Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], born at New- 
burgh, N. Y., probably baptized in Philadelphia, died in Xew York, of 
apoplexy. A merchant. Residence : Salem.^ 

Henry Pickering did not go to college, but entered the counting-room 
of a merchant in Philadelphia. When his father decided to go into the 
woods, Henrv felt it his duty to join him, and at once gave up his situation 
and went with liim. From that time his life was one of filial love and duty, 
watching over and caring for his parents with the utmost constancy, fidelity, 
and tenderness. On the removal of the family to Massachusetts, he resumed 

1 The Life of Timotliy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. IV. p. 110. 

^ Ibid. Vol. IV. p. 120. 

» The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. IV. p. 396, gives the 
date of his death as May 9, 1S3S ; but the Salem Gazette of May 1.5, 1S38, the Gardner 
Family Records, and Francis H. Lee, all give it as May 8, 1S38, as it is given on the Sheets. 


his business life, and in November, 1803, he entered the countiny-rooui cf 
his cousin, Pickering Dodge, of Salem. He engaged successfully in com- 
mercial enterprises, and accumulated a haudsome estate. A commercial 
re%Tilsion swept away his property, and he went to New York to make a 
new start. He failed, liowever, in this, owing to the previous embarrass- 
ments of the firm with which he was connected. Finding that all endeavor,> 
to recover his affairs were useless, he went to Newburgh, N. Y., where he 
maintained himself by literary work. In 1837 he was editor of the Scien- 
tific Journal, published in Boston. 

Although not a college graduate, he was familiar with Latin, Greek, and 
French literature. He collected works of art, was a connoisseur in statuary, 
had studied architecture as a science, and was something of a poet. An 
edition of his poems was published in 1831. He took an interest in the 
genealogy of his family, and made notes upon the subject. Mr. Pickering 
used a bookplate engraved with the crest of a demi-lion. He also had a 
seal engraved with a demi-lion and his initials under it; also one of Picker- 
ing quartering the arms of White. These are in the possession of his nephew, 
Henry Pickering. He was a man of great refinement and cultivation, and 
was very much beloved by all his kindred and friends. In person he was 
five feet eleven inches in height, with a dignified and commanding presence. 
His countenance was of a Roman cast. He was at one time (1S07) engaged 
to Elizabeth Peirce [43. VII. 211]. 

A miniature of him, painted in London, is in the possession of his grand- 
nephew. Dr. Henry Pickering Bowditch. Another, of wdiich a heliotype is 
here given, was painted in Paris in 1812 by Piichard. It is owned by his 
nephew, Henry Pickering.^ 

58. VI. 112. Charles Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], born at Phila- 
delphia, Pa., baptized there, died at Germantown, Pa., of consumption. 

He was a boy of brilliant promise and engaging qualities, distinguished 
for his sagacity and fortitude, as well as for generous and amiable virtues." 

1 The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham. Vol. IV. pp. 412-425 ; 
Dictionary of American Biography, by Francis S. Drake, p. 716 ; Cyclopaedia of American 
Literature, Vol. II. pp. 25-2S, by Evert A. and George L. Duyckinck, which contains a 
portrait; also an obituary notice in the Salem Gazette of May 15, 1838. 

» The Life of Timothy Pickering, Vol. III. p. 286. 







I ") 


3J^na.VA;4^.1J-*,-iMi ...^ .-a.JKf.i.V.tHTlift-t.-l. 

[5S. VI. .16.] 

From the N'ecati\ e 

< THE P0S3K 

jK Henkv Pickering, Es 


58. VI. llo. William Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], bom at 
riiiliidelphia, Pa., baptized there, died at Phihidelphia. 

In the winter of 1802-3 lie showed signs of mental derangement. The 
disorder gradually increased, and in 1807 he was sent to the Pennsylvania 
Hosj)ital, Philadelpliia. He did not improve, however, and his mind became 
more and more feelde until the time of his death.^ 

58. VI. 115. George Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], born in Wilkes- 
barrc, Pa., died at Charlestown, Mass. 

George Pickering was a youth of fine promise. lie attended both the 
Exeter and Andover Academies, and was admitted to Harvard College at 
the same time witli his brother Octavius. From a letter of his father, dated 
March 29, 180G, it appears that he had decided to study divinity. xVbout a 
year after entering college, he shoTv'ed signs of mental derangement, and 
was taken home to Wenham. For a while he did a little work on tlie farm ; 
])ut he grew worse, and was finally sent to the asylum at Charlestown, 
where he remained until he died.^ 

58. VI. 116. Octavius Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], born at 
WilkesbaiTe, Pa., died in Boston. A lawyer. Residence : Boston. 

Octa\-ius Pickering, H. C. 1810, created a favorable impression on his 
friends while he pursued his studies in college. Under date of March 29, 
ISOG, his father viTites to his wife as follows : — 

"The capacity and disposition of Octavius vrill insure him all the advantages 
which a young man can wish for, in any profession he shall choose — divinity, law 
or physic, or in merchandise, should he prefer that course of life. Should he go into 
the counting room of a wealthy and honorable merchant I persuade myself he would so 
recommend himself to his patronage as to insure him an early establishment in 
Inisinoss." ^ 

Mr. Pickering chose law as a profession, and began its study in the office 
of his brother, John Pickering. He was a(buitted to the Suffolk Bar March ' 
*>, 1816, and opened an office in Boston. His great accuracy and fidelity led 

' The Life of Timothy Pickerin-, by Charles W. Uphain, Vol. IV. p. G9. 
- From a manuscript volume of letters in possession of Ileury Picliering. 


to his being eniployL'rl in the most responsible trusts. He was one of tin- 
reporters of the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention in 1820, and was 
the writer of " Pickering Reports." These reports of the decisions of the 
Supreme Court of Massachusetts consist of twenty -four volumes, and cover 
a perioil of eiglitoen years, from 1822 to 1840. Soon after giving up li;> 
position of reporter, 3Ir. Pickering took his family abroad, and remained 
in England and on the continent for seven years, returning home in 1841). 
Neither before nor after his stay abroad was he ever actively engaged in 
the practice of his profession. 

Octavius Pickering was an assiduous reader and student of history. 
For many years he w^as engaged in arranging and preparing for publica- 
tion the large collection of papers left by his father. The first volume of 
the life of his father, which came down to the year 178G, was published bv 
him in the fall of 1867. This was the first of several volumes which lie 
proposed to publish as fast as circumstances would permit, but he was pre- 
vented from carrying out his plans.' 

He was much interested in science and natural history, and was for 
many years a memljer of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and 
was one of those who, in December, 1814, organized " The New England 
Society foi- the Promotion of Natural History." Mr. Pickering's religious 
views were those of a Unitarian. He was of a quiet, retiring disposition, 
domestic in his habits, fond of study and of book.s, a genial, witty companion, 
a kind friend, and was beloved and respected by those who knew him best.^ 
His son, Henry Pickering, has an excellent crayon portrait of his father. 
The heliotype here given is from a photograph from life. 

58. Yl. 116. J<tne Pratt, the wife of Octax-ius Pickering, born in 
England, died in Boston. 

Mrs. Pickering lived in Turtenham Court Road, just out of London, 

* The Life of Colonel Timothy Pickering was finished by Rev. Charles W. Upiiam in 
three additional volumes. 

^ The Life of Timotliy Pickering, by Charles W. Uphara, Vol. IV. pp. 410-111 ; obit- 
uary notices in the Boston Daily Advertiser of Friday, Xov. 6, 18(38 ; and in the BostoTi 
Evening Transcript; Dictionary of American Biography, by Francis S. Drake, p. 717; 
Appletou's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. V. p. 4. 

[58. VI. /;';.] 

From the N'euativl now in ihf. possession ok Henry Pickering, Esq., 
OF Boston, M.vss. 

J." .» 

> «> V 


f^iglaud. She was a good deal of a traveller, and undertook three Atlantic 
voyages without escort before the days of steam navigation. Iler journal 
gives daily records of these voyages, which took place in sailing vessels of 
from seven to nine hundred tons. Her first voyage was made for the 
purpose of visiting her uncle, William Pratt [52. YI. 91]. It was on this 
visit to Boston in the year 183.') tliat she met Octavius Pickering, whom she 
afterwards married. The heliotype here given of ]Mrs. Pickering was taken 
from ji photograph from life. 

Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of Joseph and (Peace) Pratt, of 

iMigland. WiU'ojm Pratt [52. VI. 91] was her uncle. Her ancestry in- 
cludes the following families: Pratt, Storer, Peace. See Axcestky Tables l\. 

58. VI. 117. Mary Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], twin of Eliza- 
beth [58. VI. 118], born in Philadelphia, Pa., died in West Roxbury, Mass. 

Mrs. Nichols' enrly childhood was passed in Philadelphia, where her 
father resided. In 1801, Colonel Pickering removed to his native home in 
Essex County, ^lass., — tlie family making the long journey in a private 
carriage. They lived successively in Beverly and Danvers, and afterwards 
on Colonel Pickering's farm in Wenham, where the education of herself 
and sister was for a time intrusted to the Rev. Dr. Anderson, a noted divine 
of AVenham or its vicinity. 

In 1813, on her marriage, slie removed to Salem, where her hu.sband 
was settled as a lawyer. In 1824, they removed to Boston, in which place, 
and in Canton, Mrs. Nichols resided until a few years after the death of her 
husband. In 1854, Mrs. Nichols removed with her children to West 
Roxbury, where she resided until her death, in 1863. Mrs. Nichols, like 
her father, was a great lover of country life, and devoted much time to 
horticultural pursuit.s. 

She was a woman of great activity, energy, and industry, though not 
possessing great physical health. These qualities were shown in the care 
of her famil}-, in clerical assistance given to her husband in early years, 
upon the many changes of the family residence, and in long and frequent 
journeys taken on account of the health of her husband and children. 
She made two journeys with him to South Carolina and Georgia in 1835 


and 1837, travelling home, before the day of railroads, through the d.-, t, 
sands and corduroy roads of the Carolinas, and fording- streams. Of the».- 
journeys she often spoke. In 1857-58, she passed a year in Europe with 
her children and a niece, travelling for weeks by carriage in Italy, tli.' 
Tyrol, and Switzerland, and crossing the Alps many times, sometimes on 

She was a most devoted wife and mother at all times ; and this was 
especially shown during frequent illnesses in her family, and a long, 
painful, and fatal illness of a daughter. 

She was fond of literature, and had a decided poetic taste, and wrote 
much poetry for the amusement of her children. She was familiar with tht- 
poets of the eighteenth century, and often cjuoted from them, especially 
from Goldsmith and her favorite, Cowper. 

Mrs. Nichols was a woman of a very affectionate and gentle natm-e, and 
at the same time was distinguished for firmness, endurance, decision, and 
good judgment. 

58. VI. 117. Benjamin Hopes XiclioJs, the husband of ^lary Picker- 
ing, born in Portsmouth, N. H., baptized in Salem, Aug. 13, 17'JS, died in 
Boston. A lawyer. Residence : Boston. 

When Mr. Nichols was about seven years old his parents returned from 
Portsmouth, N. IL, to Salem. He gi-aduatcd at Hai-vard College, in 1804, 
with distinction. Ow leaving college he studied law. and became a promi- 
nent lawyer in Salem. He was clerk of the town of Salem, and as such he 
put the ancient town records in admirable order. In 1818, he was appointed, 
by the Legislature of Massachusetts, a commissioner, with the Rev. Dr. 
James Freeman and the Hon. Samuel Davis, to arrange the records of the 
Plymouth Colony, and a large part of the work was done by him. SeA'enteen 
large volumes of copies of the records were made by him, and are preserved 
in the office of the Secretary of State. In 1824, he removed to Boston, and 
continued in the practice of his profession until his decease. About the 
year 1825, he was employed by the corporation of Harvard College to ar- 
range and systematize the accounts of the college. He was also employed 
by the Trustees of the Charity of Edward Hopkins, in a long and laborious 

"""" '^ ""' --■-■ 








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[58- VI. ,,s]. 


Mrs. Tho.mas Do\aldso.\, of Maryland. 


iiue.stigiitiou oi" the title to their large triict of laud in the towiid of iloi/kin- 
""ton anil Upton, ^la.-^.s. lie wa.s elected a trustee of this charity, June 30, 1831, 
and was its treasurer, from May 3, 1838, to April 30, 184^<, when he was suc- 
ceeded by his sou, Benjamin White Nichols, and, in 1872, by his grandson, 
Charles Pickering Bowditch, the present treasurer, — the office thus having 
been held for more than half a century in one family, and, with the excep- 
tion of one year, uninterruptedly. 

Mr. Nichols was solicitor for the l>oston and Lowell Railroad, and was at 
at one time clerk of the Bo.^tou and Providence Railroad. He was treasurer 
of the Proprii'tors of the Mill Pond Wharf, of Boston, and president and 
counsellor of the South Cove Cori)oratiou. Plis services to the latter com- 
pany were very important at the time of its financial embarrassment. He 
was a director and counsellor of the Sufi'olk Bank, and was also a director 
of the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company. Mr. Nichols had 
a great taste for historical research, and ^'i'as a member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. He was distinguished for great energy, industry, and 
thoroughness, both in his profession as a lawyer and in all the offices which 
he filled.^ 

His number in direct descent is [44. VII. 218]. 

- 58. VI. 118. Elizabeth Pickering [Timothy 58. V. 24], twin of 
Mary Pickering, born in Philadelphia, Pa., died at Elk Ridge, Maryland. 
As a young lady, she was of a most interesting character, and of uncommon 
personal attractions. She resembled her father so remarkably, especially in 
the nobihty of her mion, that no one coidd fail to recognize the likeness. 
Of this resemblance to himself, her father writes : — 

" Wlicn Elizalieth has appeared in the jiallery of the House of Representatives, 
she has been at (jin'e ilistinguislu-d and known in a row of her sex, by iier resemblance 
to me." 

In November, 1S15, while her father was in Congress, she accepted an 
urgent invitation to visit his friends, the Hon. and Mrs. Alexander Contee 
Hanson, whose estate, Belmont, was about twelve miles from Baltimore. It 

1 Obituary in the Salem Gazette of Friday, .^tay 5, 1S4S ; the :\rassachusett3 Histori- 
cal Society's Proceedings, ISSS-l^.w, p. 427; also sketch by Benjamin W. Nichols. 


was while on tliis viait that she became engaged to Mr. Dorsey, who was Mrs. 
Hanson's brother. Miss Pickering remained with her father through the 
winter and into the spring. During this time they were the recipients of 
distinguished social attention, and Miss Pickering's beauty and charming 
manners were very much admired. Colonel Pickering appears to have 
been very proud of his daughter. In a letter to his wife, dated at "Wash- 
ington, Feb. 12, 181(3, he writes as follows: — 

" Her beauty and good seuse procure attention wherever she goes. I have seen 
many young ladies since I left home, and some handsome and agreeable, but not one 
equal to E. in beauty, and of beauty you know I profess to be a judge, and in this in- 
stance I am sure that E. is not indebted to the partiality of a father." 

Again, after a ball at ^Yashington, he says: "For personal beauty I 
saw not one equal to a certain Wenham girl." 

It was during this visit to her father that a large miniature was painted 
of her by Wood of Philadelphia. It was considered at the time a beautiful 
picture, but it faded out almost entirely, and consequently was destroyed 
by its owner. The pictm-e here reproduced was painted by Stuart. It is 
owned by Mrs. Dorsey's daughter, Mrs. Thomas Donaldson. A copy of it 
by Hunt is owned by the family of Mrs. Dorsey's niece, the late Mrs. J. 
IngersoU Bowditch. 

58. W. lis. Hammond Dorset, the husband of Elizabeth Pickering, 
born at Belmont, Howard County, Md., died in Baltimore. A planter. 
Residence: "The Manor," Baltimore County, Md. 

The following description of Hammond Dorsey is taken from a letter of 
Colonel Timothy Pickering to his wife, announcing the engagement of his 
daughter Elizabeth. It is dated Washington, Jan. 14, 1816 : — 

" Of Mr. Dorsey's person you vrill wish to know something. In stature I should 
say he was above the height of Mr. Putnam — in figure well proportioned, in features 
not homely, nor handsome, and yet y'ou may see a plain reseml)lance between him and 
liis sweet sister Mrs. Hanson. He was educated at Princeton College, and in the 
conversation in which liis modesty permitted him but in a small degree to participate, 
he expressed himself with propriety. In age he is younger than Elizabeth, which I 
should not have suspected but his sister Hanson accidentally mentioned that he was 
twenty-one when I was at Belmont in Christmas week." 



^F!^.>.--^> ,>" 

^ mu.. 

r v,_>- 


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Of Mr. Dor.-iLV, Colonel rickeriiijjr a^'-uin -writfS a.s follows: — 

" Having in repeated conversations, become better acquainted with him, I am able 
to prououuce him possessed of an excellent understanding; and he manifests the evi- 
dences of a pure, liberal, and good heart. He is also attentive to the management of 
liis farm." 

Mr. Dovsey was left an orphan at an early age, and was educated at 
Princeton College. His father, ^vho had large iron furnaces on the Patapsoo 
at a place, about two miles from his home, called Avalon, was a large landed 
proprietor, from whom ]\Ir. Dorsey inherited an estate called " The Manor." 
It is one of the finest country places in Maryland, situated in Baltimore 
Count)', eight miles from Baltimore, and commanding a view of the bay. 
Colonel Timotliy Pickering describes the place in a letter to his wife as 
follows : •' Mr. Dorsey's house is roomy and very convenient. It 
presents from its elevated site an uncommonly fine prospect of great 
extent." Belmont, the homestead of Mr. Dorsey's grandfather, was built 
in 1752 of English birch. The lands were given under Lord Baltimore, 
and the deeds bear his signature, and begin thus : " To Caleb Dorsey, 
Gent." Caleb Dorsey owned such an amount of land that though his 
coimtry estate of Belmont was nine miles from Baltimore, he could ride 
to that city on his own land. A heliotype of Hammond Dorsey's residence, 
which was built in 1818, is here given.^ 

Mr. Dorsey died suddenly, and his remains were interred in the family 
burying ground at Belmont. An obituary notice of him which appeared in 
the Baltimore Patriot of Monday, Feb. 10, 1823, speaks of his dying 
suddenly on Friday morning at his residence in Charles Street, Baltimore, 
of his leaving a numerous circle of friends, and of the sensibility, disinter- 
estedness, and frankness uniformly displayed in his life. 

He was the son of Edward and Elizabi.-th (Dorsev) Dorsey. Thomas 
BunaUson [58. VII. SJ6'] was his nephew. His ancestry includes the ful- 
lowing families : Dorsey, Ely, Warfield, Hill, Dorsey, Todd, Hammond, 
Bowan. See Ancestry Tables Jl. 

' The Life of Timothy Pickering, by Charles W. Upham, Vol. lY. p. 318 ; and letter 
of Mrs. Thomas Donaldson, dated Sept. 28, 1S93. 


59. Vi. 110. Liicia Dodge [Lucia 59. V. 25], probably born in 
Salem, baptized tliere Dec. 1, 17»!S, died in Salem. 

Mrs. Gardner was admitted to the First Chxu-ch, Salem, in September, 
180G. Tlicre is a silhouette of lier in the possession of her grandnephew, 
John Kobinson. 

59. VI. IID. Jonathan Gardner, her husband, probably born in 
Salem, baptized there March 16, 1755, died in Salem. A merchant. Resi- 
dence : Salem. 

Mr. Gardner is said to have been a man of large property. He o-vM:ied 
a tan-yard on Winter Street, Salem. His house stood on the site of the 
mansion of the late Tucker Daland, on Essex Street. 

His first wife, whom he married Nov. 26, 1791, was Sarah Faii-field. 
She was a daughter of Dr. "William and Sarali (White) Fairfield, of Wenham. 
By her he had the following child: — 

William F. Gakdxer (II. C. 1815), who died June 12, 1851.i 

Jonathan Gardner was a son of Jonathan and Sarah (Putnam) Gardner. 
Samuel Gardner [3-5. V. S] was his granduncle, and Jolin Gardner [53. V. 
W] was his first cousin once removed. His ancestry includes the following 
families : Gardner, Frier, White, Herbert, Porter, Hathorae, Gardner, Frier, 
Orne, Browne, Weld, Clap, 3[itchelson, Bushell, Putnam, Porter, Hathorne, 
Putnam, Prince. See Ancestry Tables |g. 

59. VI. 120. Israel Dodge [Lucia 59. V. 25], probably born in Salem, 
died in Salem. A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

Mr. Dodge was of the firm of Pickering Dodge & Co., merchants, of 

59. VL 121. Caleb Dodge [Lucia 59. V. 25], probably born and died 
in Salem. 

He drowned himself in the cistern of a distillery in a fit of derangement.^ 

59. VI. 122. Henry Dodge [Lucia 59. V. 25], probably born in 
Salem, died in Salem. 

' Essex Institute Historical Collectioos, Vol. IV. pp. 78, SO. 
^ Nichols Family Records. 

~. ■«»• 



[59 VI. ,23] 

From the Portratt bv Kkothincham, painted about iS;o, ni 
POSSESSION OF Mrs. Wii.lia.m .\ Lander, of Salfm, M.' 


k^._ .^_ 


[59- VI. i:'3] 

From THE Portrait BY Osr.ooD, i'aim eh i:, 1S40. now in thf po^^Es^Io^ 
OF Mr>. William A. Landkr, of Salem, Mass. 


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[59. VI. 123.] 


59. VI. 123. Pickering Dodge [Luci.a 59. V. 25], born in Salem, 
died in Salem. A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

^Ir. Dodge was long known as one of the most active, enterprising, and 
honorable merchants of Salem. He was universally esteemed, and his loss, 
while in the midst of a career of enterprise and usefulness, was regarded as 
a public calamity. His funeral was attended by a larger number of people 
than had been seen on such an occasion for years. The flags of the ship- 
ping in Salem harbor were at half-mast during the day of the funeral. 

Pickering Dodge was frank and affable in manner ; kind, open-hearted, 
and truthful in his disposition ; sincere and benevolent in his feelings, and 
free from all envy or jealousy. He was hospitable, liberal, and public- 
spirited, and won the esteem of all with whom he came in contact. He 
accomplished more than most men, and lived a long life in a short period.^ 

The portrait of Pickering Dodge, which is here reproduced, was painted 
by Frothingham about the year 1820. It is owned by his daughter, Mrs. 
William A. Lander, of Salem. His residence was on Chestnut Street A 
heliotype of it is here given. 

59. VI. 123. liehecca Jenks, the wife of Pickering Dodge, probably 
born in Salem, died in Salem. 

Mrs. Dodge was admitted a member of the First Church in Salem, July 
10, 1804. 

An obituary notice of Mrs. Dodge appeared in the Salem Gazette 
of April 1, 1851. It speaks of her as a woman of rare excellence in 
her social, domestic, and religious relations, and adds that she was 
gentle, kind, affectionate, and confiding, charitable in her construction 
of the acts of others, and that her every thought and deed was of a high 

Her portrait was painted by Osgood about the year 1840. It is owned 
by her daughter, Mrs. William A. Lander. It is here reproduced. 

Mrs. Dodge was a daughter of Daniel and Mary (Masury) Jenks, of 
Salem. WUUatn A. Lander [59. VII. 342'] was her nephew. Her ancestry 

' Obituary notices iu the Salem Register of Monday, Aug. 19, 1833, and in the Salem 
Gazette of Aug. 20, 1833. 



includ'.s the folliiwiiiij: ffimilies: Jeiiks, Merriaiu, Barry, Newhull, Potter, 
FaiTar, Breed, Ballard, Masury. See Ancestky Tables ^\. 

59. VI. 125. Catherine Dodge [Lucia 59. V. 25], probably born in 
Salem, baptized there Oct. 13, 1782, died in Salem. 

Her aunt, Mrs. Timothy Pickering, in a letter to her daughter, Mrs. 
Donsey, dated at Wenham, May 5, 1818, speaks of her death as follows: 

" I presume you have heard of Catherine Stone's death. It is a great loss to her 
mother as well r,s to all her friends. I felt it sensibly. Her attention to me had 
always been marked with affection and sincerity. The babe when I saw it, I thought 
scarcely as large as Mary's first. It looked healthy. . . ." 

In an obituary notice of Mrs. Stone, which was printed in the Salem 
Gazette of Friday, ilarch 27, 1818, it is stated that in her death society 
had sustained a loss ; that she engaged, both from principle and inclination, 
in the active charities of life ; that she had a refined and enlightened mind, 
while in domestic scenes she displayed those affections and virtues which 
can alone sweeten life. 

There is a poor oil cabinet-size portrait of her in possession of her grand- 
son, Arthur R. Stone. There is also a good silhouette of her in possession of 
her grandson, John Robinson. 

59. VI. 125. John Stone, the husband of Catheiine Dodge, bom in 
Reading, Mass., died in Salem. A merchant. Residence : Salem, 

John Stone was brought up in the store of Messrs. Saxon & Wheel- 
wright, wholesale dealers and importers of crockery and glassware, Boston. 
In 1803 he moved to Salem, where he became active both as a citizen and 
as a merchant. He was an ensign in the Salem Independent Corps of 
Cadets, and a captain in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.^ For many 
years he was a deacon of the First Church in Salem. 

An obituary notice of him, printed in the Boston Atlas, was copied into 
the Salem Gazette of Satm-day, Nov. 24, 1 849. It speaks of his warm and 
generous heart, his kind and benevolent disposition, his affectionate and 
cheerful spirit, and the rectitude of his life and character. It also speaks of 
him as an upright citizen, sincere Christian, and honest man. 

» Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. III. pp. 182-183. 


[59. VI. U5] 

From the Portrait by ( isooor., paintkh in 1S28, .now i.n the possession- 
OF Arfhir Stone, Esq.. of Sat.eni. Mass. 

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[59. VI. 126] 
)M ti;r Portrait pv Gii.Fi-kT Stuart, paintf.d in September, iSry, now 



lie inarried liis second wife May 2, ISli). She was Mary HoJj^es, and 
was born in Salem, Nov. 17, 1791, and died Dec. 18, 18G9. Her father was 
Jonathan Hodges, of Salem. 

The hehotype here given is taken from a portrait painted by Charles 
Osgood in 1S28. It is in the possession of Mr. Stone's grandson, Artluu- R. 
Stone. Another grandson, John Robinson, has a silhonette of him. 

John Stone was a son of the Rev. Eliab and Sarah (Hubbard) Stone, of 
Reading. Francis II. Storer [52. VIH. oSol is his grandnephevv, and John 
H. Storer [51. IX. 10^2'] is his great-grandnephew. His ancestry includes 
the following families: Stone, Garrad, Howe, Moore, Brown, Stone, Stearns, 
Jones, Reed, Jennison, Peirce, Cole, Hubbard, Merriam, Rice, King, Conant, 
Horton, "Walton, Raymond. See Ancestry Tables Y^. 

59. VI. 126. Eliza Dodge [Lucia 59. V. 25] probably born in Salem, 
baptized there Dec. 18, 1785, as Elizabeth, died in Salem. 

Mrs. Devereux was admitted a member of the First Church in Salem 
Feb. 3, 1811. 

The first chapter In " A Half Century in Salem," by her daughter, M. 
C. D. Silsbee, entitled " Old Letters," is made up of extracts from the letters 
of Eliza Dodge, and they give a very good account of the social life of 
Salem when it was in its glory. In closing this chapter Mrs. Silsbee adds : 

" The old yellow papers will now be laid carefully aside, perhaps never to be looked 
at again. The writer who exulted in prosperity, a loving happy home, and health so 
perfect as to call for constant gratitude, was in ten years from the last date, 1806, a 
confirmed invalid ; but cheerful resignation took the place of high spirits ; the un- 
selfish heart never taxed the sympathies of those with whom, so far as was possible, 
she kept her place as a kind and cordial friend. Conversation that she Hked so much, 
and in which she was acknowledged to be most delightful, was often from necessity 
relinquished ; but to the utmost extent of diminishing strength she availed herself of 
the possibilities of enjoyment. To deep religious feeling, she added a philosophy that 
kept her cnlm and self-reliant in every trial. A wise and efficient household guide, 
she ruled it with firm and gentle sway, and she was ably described in a few words by 
the elder Dr. Pcirson, who although not our family physician, made her occasional 
friendly visits : ' Mrs D is an alive woman.' " 

A portrait of Mrs. Devereux, by Gilbert Stuart, painted in September, 
1817, is in the possession of her grandson, "William E. Silsbee, of Boston. 
On the back of the picture is the following inscription : — 


" Portrait of Mrs. Eliza Devereux aged 31 years 10 mo. 

"This picture was painted 29th. Sept. 1817 by Gilbert Stewart. The head from 
the upper part of the nose upward is thought a likeness — the lower part is wanting 
m resemblance. The figure is stiff much too erect and totally unlike. 

" The figure from the Ruff downward including drapery, painted anew by Chester 
Harding 1835." 

A heliotype is here given of this portrait. Her granduephew, John 
Robinson, has a silhouette of Mrs. Devereux. 

59. VI. 126. Huinphreij Devereux, the husband of Eliza Dodge, 
bom in Marblehead, Mass., died in Salem. A merchant. Residence : Salem. 

Humphrey Dodge, H. C. 1798, was for two years the sole survivor of 
his class. He began the study of law in the office of John Lowell, and was 
admitted to the Suffolk Bar ; but soon after he pelded to a strong natural 
taste for an active business life, and gave up his profession to engage in 
commerce. As factor, agent, and owner, he made voyages to various parts 
of the world, visiting the East Indies and the chief marts of Europe. He 
lived for some time on the continent, and made himself thoroughly familiar 
with the business, resources, and institutions, of Europe, thereby qualifying 
himself for the character he sustained through life, of an enlightened mer- 
chant. During the war of 1812, while in one of his vessels, he was captured 
by the enemy and can-ied to Bermuda, where he remained for many months. 
He retired early from the sea, and devoted his attention to directing- his 
commercial enterprises. Neither his tastes nor his ambition tempted him 
toward public life ; but for more than half a century he was an active, 
efficient, and eminent citizen of Salem. He was a man of remarkable 
courtesy, and of great hospitality. His love of society was the most 
prominent of his characteristics. He delighted in the company of intelli- 
gent people, and particularly sought the companionship of the cultivated 
and learned. He had striking pecuharities of character and ways, as all 
strong minds have. He sometimes misunderstood others, as others some- 
times misunderstood him. His decisive opinions, energetic expressions and 
methods attracted occasional comment ; but he held on his own course and 
followed his own convictions and tastes.^ 

» Obituary in the Salem Gazette of June 4, 18C7. 


[59. VI. Uti.] 
From the Purirait by Gilbert Stuart, painted in Septemrer, 1817, 


OF Boston. 



n-Jiiiw ii'.i i y<!iwwj|! i , i imiisJJ~4ii<inii^i 






[59. VL 136.] 


He owned a farm near Marblehead, at the ])lacc wliicli is still called 
Devereux. It was while on a visit to this farm that Longfellow wrote 
his " Fire of L»riftwood." A hehotype of his house in Salem is here 

Mr. Devereux was admitted a member of the First Church, Salem, 
Feb. 3, 1811. His portrait was painted by Gilbert Stuart in September, 
1817, at the age of thirty-eight years, and is owned by his grandson, 
Nathaniel D. Silsbee. A heliotype of it is here given. 

Humphrey Devereux was a son of Dr. Burrill and Elizabeth (GeiTy) 
Devereux. His father graduated at Harvard College in 1767, and was a 
physician of ]\[arblehead. His mother was a sister of Elbridge Gerry, a 
signer of the Declaration of Independence. Sarah BurriU [1-70. III. T\ 
was his great-grandaunt ; Lijdia Gerry [1. VII. 3^1^ was his lirst cousin, and 
Bebecca Taylor [6-7. V. 41 ^'^is his first cousin once removed. His ancestry 
includes the following families : Devereux, Blaney, King, Guy (?), Burrill, 
Ivory, South, Jarvis, Gerry, Greenleaf, Russell, Elbridge. See Ajjcestry 
Tables |L. 

60-62. VI. 127. Hannali Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], boni in 
Salem, died in Andover, Vt. 

60-62. VI. 137. Samuel Wellington, her husband, died in Brattle- 
borough, Vt. Residence : Andover and Royalton, Vt. 

Samuel Wellington was the eldest of his father's chiklren. He was one 
of the "Green Mountain boys," and enlisted in the Revolutionary army 
when he was but fifteen or sixteen years old. He was in the battles of 
Lexington and Bunker Hill, and also at the battle of White Plains, where 
he received a severe wound in his neck. In consequence of this injury he 
was discharged from the service. He is said to have served in the war 
of 1812. 

By his second wife, Experience Bemis, he had — 

Olivia Wellington. She was married. 

He was a son of Jonathan and Lydia (Fiske) "Wellington. Ancestet 
Tables ^. 


02. VI. 128. Nathaniel Pickering [John G0-G8. V. 21i]. born in 
Salem. Residence: Richmond, X. H. 

Mr. Pickering moved from Richmond to the State of Vermont, and after- 
wards he removed to Pennsylvania. 

&2.\1.12S. Olive Jin ffum,hh^ife. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pickering were second and third cousins. Her first hus- 
band, whom she married Oct. 28, 1787 ,was Jedediah Biift'um. Mr. Buifum 
had before this man-iage, by Abigail Cook, daughter of Jonathan Cook, a 
son, Jedediah Buffum, wiio was bom April 7, 1785.^ Mr. Buifum com- 
mitted suicide June 29, 178D. By him his wife Olive had the following 
child: — 

Olive Buffdm, born March 3, 1789. She married Samuel Pickering [G8. YI. 

Mrs. Pickering's third husband was a Mr. Wilcox. The following 
account of Mr. and Mrs. Pickering is taken from a letter of Mr. Vi. H. 
Guernsey to Mrs. Pickering's great-grandson, Emmet H. Rixford : — 

" After the death of Jedediah Buffum, your great-grandmother married Nathaniel 
Pickering by vrhom she had a considerable family of children. They removed to 
Pennsylvania, the ' Susquehanna country.' 

" After the death of Xathaniel Pickering she again married a Wilcox to -whom the 
children became much attached, and they all removed together to a southern state, 
Alabama, my mother thinks." 

Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of Jonathan and Hannah (Estes) Gaskill, 
of Cumberland, R. I. Olive Buffum [68. YI. loS] was her daughter; 
Jane Hohhij [1-70. III. 4'] '^^^ her great-gi-andmother ; and WUUam 
Pickering [60-70. IV. 10-'\ was her granduncle. Her ancestry includes the 
following families: Gaskill, Southwick, Gardner, Frier, Pickering, Flint, 
Hobby, Estes. See Axcestky Tables Ji-. 

62. VI. 129. William Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], born in Salem, 
probably died at sea. 

> The History of the Town of Richmond, X. H., by "VTilliam Bassett, p. 342. 


63. Vr. 131. Eunice Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], bom in Salem, 
died in Barre, Vt. 

Mrs. Gale's gravestone was standing in 1886 in the cemetery at Barre. 

63. VI. lol. Ebenexet' Brooks Gale, her husband, born in Worcester 
County, Mass., died in Barre, Vt.' A farmer. Residence : Barre. 

Mr. Gale was a prominent citizen of Barre. His gravestone was still 
standing in 1886 in the Baire cemetery. 

Mr. Gale's father was a soldier of the Revolution. On tlie Lexington 
Alarm, in April, 177.'), he promptly volunteered as a private in the com- 
pany commandoil by Captain John Crowl. In 1777, he served four months 
in Colonel Cushing's regiment in the Xorthem Anny, and participated in the 
victory over General Burgoyne in October of that year. He lived in 
Princeton, Mass., in comparative independence, was a man of good educa- 
tion, and occupied a high social position. After the close of the Revolu- 
tion, he joined heartily in the discussions of the day, and became one of the 
leaders in the famous Shaj-s Rebellion, in which he was captain of a com- 
pany. For this offence he was arrested and sentenced to be hanged ; but 
he was afterwards pardoned. He removed to Barre, Vt., about 1790, where 
he was a highly respected citizen.^ 

Ebenezer Gale was a son of Captain Henry and Elizabeth (Drury) Gale, 
of Barre, Vt. Sampson Gale [68. VI. 137-'\ was his brother. His ancestry 
includes the following fiimilies : Gale, Fiske, Parkhm-st, Brown, Garfield, 
Drury. See A-vcestry Tables J^. 

64-65. \a 132. Elizabeth Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], bora in 
Salem,^ died in Wallingford, Vt. 

Mrs. Ballou's gravestone was standing in 1886 in the Wallingford 

1 The date of his birth is given as Nov. 10, 1772, by his grandson Orlando C. Gale. It 
is given as Xov. 10, 1773, in the Gale Family Records, by George Gale, p. 83. 

» Ibid. pp. 78-S-i and p. 111. 

• The date of her birth is given as 1774, by her granddaughter, Mrs. John Wells, and by 
another authority as March o, 1774 ; while in the History and Genealogy of the Ballou.-^, by 
Adin Ballou, p. 415, it is given as Feb. 2, 1773. This same work, p. 415, gives her marria^re 
as certified Xov. 29, 1791 ; while it is given in the History of the Town of Richmond, 
N. H., as Nov. 29, 1792 ; and by Jlrs. Wells, as 1790. 


64-65. VI. 1J:2. John Ballon, her husband, born hi Cumberland, 
R. I.,^ died in WalUngford, Vt. xV farmer. Residence : WaUingford. 

Mr. Ballou resided for some time in Richmond, N. H., from which 
pLace lie moved to Shrewsbury, Vt. He afterwards removed to Walling- 
ford, Vt. 

He was a .son of Seth and Margaret (Bartlett) Ballou, of Cumberland, R. L, 
who removed to Richmond, N. H. His ancestry includes tlie following 
families: Ballou, Pike, AVhitman, Arnold, Peak, Smith, Carpenter, Arnold, 
Harris, Cook, Bartlett See Axcestrv Tables }\. 

66. VI. 133. Theopliiliis Pickering [John 60-08. V. 29], born in 
Salem, probably died in Barre, Vt. A carpenter. 

Mr. Pickering removed from Richmond, N. H., to Montpelier, Vt., where 
he worked at his trade on the State House. He then removed to Plainfield, 
and finally to Barre, Vt. 

66. VI. 133. Sarah Bnllock^ his wife, probably bom in Richmond, N.H. 

Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of Jeremiah and Adah (Cass) Bullock, of 
Richmond, N. H. Her ancestry includes the following families : Bullock, 
Cass. See Ancestry Tables y-j-. 

66. VI. 134. Lois Pickering [John 60'-68. V. 29], born in Salem, 
died in Delhi, N. Y.- 
Mrs. John A. Parshall, of Delhi, N. Y., her granddaughter, says that 
Lois Thurber had the first side-saddle ever brought to Cooperstown, and 
that the other women of the settlement were frightfully jealous. The 
popular sentiment was finally voiced by one old lady, who arose in prayer- 
meeting and asked for prayers that Lois Thm-ber's pride over her new side- 
saddle might not lead her to eternal damnation, — or words to that efi'ect. 

I The date of his birth is given as Feb. 2, 1773, in the History and Genealogy of the 
Ballous, by Adin Ballou, p. 169, as well as by another authority. On p. 415, of the same 
■work, it is given as jNIarch 5, 1774, which is the date given in the History of the Town 
of Richmond, X. H., by William Bassett, p. 284. Emmet H. Paxford gives it as Feb. 2, 1770 ; 
while John Ballou's granddaughter, Mrs. John Wells, gives it as 1771. 

^ The date of her birth is given on her gravestone as 1779, per John A. Parshall. 


Mrs. Parshall has an old and somewhat faded daguerrotype of Mrs. 

66. VI. 134- ^bner Ihurber, her husband, probably born in Richmond, 
N. H., died in Coopersto^vn, N. Y. Residence : Cooperstown. 

Mr. Thurber was a son of Jonathan and Lydia (Kingsley) Thurber, who 
came to Richmond, N. II., from Rehoboth, Mass., in 1762.^ His ancestry 
includes the following families: Thurber, Bliss, Harmon, Kingsley. See 
Ancestry Tables ^^. 

66. VI. 135. Timothy Pickering [John GO-68. V. 29], bom in 
Salem, died in Richmond, N. H. A carpenter and builder. Residence : 

Mr. Pickenng was a \qvj prominent citizen, and held various offices in 
the town. He was moderator of the town-meetings in 1833, town treasurer 
in 1830, 1832, and 1836, and a justice of the peace in 1834.^ The following 
account shows that he possessed many of the characteristics of the Pickering 
family : — 

"He bore a striking resemblance to the picture of old Judge Timothy Pickering 
which hangs in the Old South church at Boston. The similarity between the two does 
not end with the physical likeness ; their mental characteristics apparently were much 
the same ; each possessed a clear argumentative turn of mind and were endowed with 
a forcible use of language. Favoring surroundings and early educational advantages 
attended the Judge, while his namesake here had to contend with adverse influences 
which may have hindered his growtli and development. The Esquire was always in- 
terested in polities ; he never wearied in discussing the merits of candidates, or the 
policy of parties ; was a strong partisan, unyielding and defiant in his opposition to 
the Federalists and Whigs ; his vocabulary of epithets containing the most withering 
sarcasm, was inexhaustible, which he did not fail to use when occasion required 
which was not seldom in times of political excitement. In religion he was a Liberal. 
He was favorably disposed toward tlie Unitarians and took an active and foremost 
part in the formation of that society here. He was by trade a carpenter, a 

» Letter of Lois Thurber's great-grandson, Leland 0. Howard, dated at Washington, 
D. C, April 16, 1S93. 

' History of the Town of Richmond, X. H., by William Bassett, p. 509. 
« Ibid. pp. 250, 252. 


thorough workman. He built many houses and was the contractor for building the 
Brick meeting-house. Ho was temperate in his habits and a despiser of hypocrites 
and shams." ' 

His gravestone was standing in 1886 in the graveyard at Richmond, X. H. 

66. W. loo'. Martha Kelton, the first wife of Timothy Pickering. 

Mrs. Pickering's gravestone was standing in 1886 in the graveyard at 
Richmond, N. H. 

She was a daughter of Thomas Kelton, of "Warwick, Mass., and a sister 
of her husband's second wife. Aa-cestky Tables /|i. 

66. VI. loo\ Nellie Kelfon, his second wife. 

Mrs. Pickering's gravestone was standing in 1886 in the graveyard at 
Richmond, N. H. 

She was a daughter of Thomas Kelton, of "Warwick, Mass., and a sister 
of her husband's first wife. Axcestky Tables y^a. 

67. VI. 136. Jonathan Ingersoll Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], 
bom in Salem, died in Worcester, N. Y. A hatter. Residence : Worces- 
ter, N. Y. 

About the year 1817, Mr. Pickering moved from Richmond, N. H., to 
Worcester, Otsego County, X. Y., where he had a general store and hat 
manufactory. He also engaged in farming, and for many years preceding 
his death was a justice of the peace. He stood high in the Masonic 

67. VI. 136. Mary Cass, his wife, bom in Richmond, N. H., died in 
Coles^•ille, N. Y. 

Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of Joseph and Molly (Hews) Cass, of 
Richmond, N. H. Axcestet Tables Y^. 

68. VI. 137. Sarah Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], bom in Rich- 
mond, N. H., probably died in Barre, Vt. 

Mrs. Marshall's gravestone was standing in 1886 in the Barre cemetery. 
She is said to have had no children by either husband. 

' History of the Town of Richmond, N. H., by William Bassett, p. 548. 


G8. VI. 13P. Xathaniel JUarshall, lier first liusbaiul. 

Mr. Marshall lived for a time in Eiclimond, N. li., but he removed to 
Vermont. Pie was called the Rev. Nathaniel Marshall, a Free Will Baptist. 
Ancestry Tables ^ j,. 

68. VI. ISr. Samjtsoti Gale, her second husband, probably bom in 
Princeton, Mass., probably died in BaiTe, Vt. Residence : Barre. 

Mr. Gale's gravestone was standing in 1886 in the cemetery at Ban-e. 
His second wife was Rebecca Lawsou. 

He was a son of Captain Henry and Elizabeth (Drury) Gale, of Barre, 
Vt Ehenezer Broohs Gale [63. VI. 13T\ was his brother. His ancestry 
includes the following families: Gale, Fiske, Parkhurst, Brown, Garfield, 
Dniry. See A^-cESTRT Tables y^-,, 

68. VI. 138. Samuel Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], born in Rich- 
mond, N. H., probably died in Winchester, Is. H. A housewright. Resi- 
dence : Winchester. 

In 1824, he moved from Richmond to Winchester, the two towns adjoining 
each other. Here he lived the remainder of his life. He bore the title of 
captain, presumably a military one, but he was familiarly called " Uncle 
Sam." He was a very positive character, carried himself very erect, and 
had quite an aristocratic bearing. He was a strong Methodist, one of the 
pillars of the church, and a great eshorter in the prayer-meeting, one of his 
favorite expressions being, " We are poor miserable worms of the dust." 

He and his son Ferdinand were quite deaf; and there are many amusing 
stories told of interviews between tliem, particularly in public. Samuel 
Pickering gave out that he was going to remove to Michigan, and wished 
to sell his farm. Having sold it, he bought another about a mile from town 
on the north side of the village, and lived on it many years. The towns- 
people from that time gave the locality the name of " Michigan," and as 
such it has been known to this day.' 

Samuel Pickerings gravestone was standing in 1886 in the Winchester 

' The above facts were communicated by Dr. Peirce, of Winchester, N. H. 


68. VI. 138. Olive Buffttm, his wife, probably born in Richmond, 
N. H., died in Winchester, N. H. 

Mrs. Pickering's gravestone was standing in 18S6 in the Winchester 

She was a daughter of Jedediah and Olive (Gaskill) BufFum. Olive 
Buffiim [(32. VI. US'] was her mother. 

Mrs. Pickering's ancestry includes the following families : Buffum, 
Pope, Taft, Gaskill, Southwick, Gardner, Frier, Pickering, Flint, Hobby, 
Estes. See Axcestrt Tables y^. 

68. VI. 139. David Pickering [John 60-68. V. 29], born in Rich- 
mond, N. H., died of bronchitis in Ypsilanti, i\Iich. A minister. 

David Pickering is said to have been one of the best and brightest of 
boys, and an excellent scholar. His appearance and manners were particu- 
larly interesting and agreeable. When he was about sixteen years old, he 
was converted, and joined the Free Will Baptists, under the preaching of 
Elder Nathaniel Marshall. The young fellow would sing, exhort, and pray 
surprisingly for one of his age ; but on going to Barre, Vt., to leam a trade, 
he became acquainted with the Rev. Paul Dean, and was converted by him 
to Universalism. This second conversion seems to have determined him to 
give up his trade and study for the ministiy. In a few years he became a 
preacher; and in September, 1809, he received a letter of fellowship from the 
General Convention at Barnard, Vt. He preached in various places, and was 
very much admired. About the year 1810, he removed to Shrewsbury, Vt., 
and a few years later, he was invited to settle in Lebanon, N. H. He re- 
mained in this \acinity for several years, and was quite successful in his min- 
istry. After the death of his wife matters seemed to take an unfavorable tm-n 
in the society at Lebanon, and he went to Boston. Afterwards he preached 
for a time in St. Johnsbury, Vt., and then in Hudson, N. Y., where he 
labored successfully until 1823, when he took charge of the First Univer- 
salist Society in Providence, R. I. Here he remained some eight or ten 
years. The society finally became divided under Mr. Pickering, and it 
became necessary for him to give up his work in that city. He removed 
to the city of New York, and became the pastor of the society fomierly 


under tlie churge of the llev. Edward Mitchell. That society fell to pieces 
under his aduiinistration, and he removed to Western New York. He 
preached for r. few years at Butternuts (afterwai'ds Morris), Otsego, N. Y., 
and in 1846 gave up preaching and went to Aui-ora, Erie County, to live 
on a farm which belonged to his third Avife. In 185-4-1855, he was living 
at Alden, Erie County, whence he removed to Ypsilanti, a few years previous 
to his death. From 1824 to 1828, he took charge of the " Christian Tele- 
scope," published in Providence. He was author of "Lectures on Defence 
of Divine Revelation," 1831 ; was editor of the " Gospel Preacher " in 1828, 
and the same rear published a hymn-book of no inferior merit. He was 
a preacher and writer of ability, and during liis earlier life occupied a high 
position in his denomination. He withdrew from the General Convention 
and joined the " Restorationists," so-called. 

Mr. Pickering was a pleasant, social, and generous man, of agreeable 

68. VI. IJfy. Louisa Bice, his first wife, born at Hinsdale, Vt., died at 
Lebanon, N. II. 

Mrs. Pickering was beautiful and amiable, and one of the best young 
ladies of Barre." 

Ancestry Tables |X-,. 

68. VI. i.5P-. Sallij B. Jennison, his second wife, born in Boston, 
died in New York. 

Ancestry Tables ^^^,. 

68. VI. 139^. Angeline Ch'eene, his third wife, born in Newport, 
Herkimer County, N. Y., died, in Aurora, Erie County, N. Y. 

Mrs. Pickering's first husband, whom she manied May 31, 1826, was 
Stephen B. Greene. By him she had the following children : — 

Almira Grf.f.n-e, born July, 1827; died in infaucy. 

John Clark Greene, born July, ISoO ; died May, 1S49. unmarried. 

Sarau C. Geeexe, born April 5, 1833; died Oct. 2, 1875. 

' The Trumpet and Universalist :Ma^aziue of Jan. 29, 1859, and of March 12, 1S59; the 
Christian Repository of Feb. 4, 1859. and the History of the Town of Richmond, N. H., by 
William Bassett, pp. 46.5-4Gf-), -which contains a portrait of ^Ir. Pickering. 

" The Trumpet and Universalist Magazine of March 12, 1859. 


Mrs. Pickering was a daughter of Stephen and Estlier (Whipple) Clark, 
of Newport, N. Y. iV^vcESXRY Tables |^,. 

68. VI. 139*. Lucena Ferry, his fourth wife, born in Wales, N. H. 
At the time of her mamage, which took place in Buffalo, N. Y., she was 

living at Alden, Erie County, N. Y. She removed with her husband to 
Ypsilanti, Michigan. 
AircESTET Tables J^.. 

69. Yl. 141. Hannali Pickering [William 69. V. 30], probably born 
in Wiirwick, Mass., died in Warwick.^ 

When she was eight years old, she went to live with her aunt, Mrs. 
Abigail Baldwin, of Salem, who at her death bequeathed to her the whole 
of her estate, a part of which, consisting of an old desk, an embroidered 
Pickering coat of arms, and an embroidered landscape, is still (1886) in the 
possession of Mrs. Simonds' daughter, Mrs. Clark, of Lynn, Mass. Mrs. 
Simonds' gravestone is still standing in the graveyard at Warwick. 

69. VI. 1^2. Laban Simonds, her husband. Residence: Warwick, 

Mr. Simonds' gravestone was standing in 1886 in the graveyard at 

Ancesthy Tables -Jj. 

69. VI. 147. Tamar Pickering [William 69-70. V. 30], probably 
born in Warwick, Mass., died in Warwick.^ 

69. VI. 148. William Pickering [William 69-70. V. 30], probably 
bom in Warwick, Mtiss., died in Westmoreland, N. H. Residence : Warwick. 
He moved from Warwick to North Carolina, separated from his wife, and 
finally came North to Westmoreland. 

69. VI. 14s. Emiyia Owen, his wife. 
Her husband separated from her. 
Ancestry Tables ^. 

' The date of her birth is given in the Family Bible as Oct. 8, 1785, while the History 
of the Town of Pdchmond, X. H., by William Bassett, p. 466, gives it as Oct. 8, 1784. 
' History of the Town of Warwick, Mass., by Jonathan Blake, p. 225. 


69-70. VI. 150. Eunice Pickering [William G'J-70. V. 30], born in 
Wcirwick, Mass., died in Turner, 111.^ 

69-70. VI. loO^. David Battles, her first husband, born in Fitchburg, 
Mass., died in Westmoreland, N. li. A carpenter. Residence : West- 

Mr. Battles settled in Richmond, N. H., m 1819, and was a miller at 
Sprague's Mills until 1831." He finally removed to Westmoreland. 

Ancestry Tables J^,. 

70. VI. 150^. Barnes Kuhn, her second husband. A jjliysician. 

Ancestry Tables 


* The date of her death is given as Feb. 9, 1877, by her son, Lorenzo D. Battles, and 
March, 1876, by her daughter, Mrs. Eufus Lamb. 

* History of the Town of Richmond, X. II., by William Bassett, p. 310.